How OER Use Fosters Policy and Practice Change

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Community and technical colleges are increasingly advocating for open educational practices and policies to fulfill their open access mission. Affordability can be a significant access barrier for the high percentage of non-traditional students at community college. Non-traditional students often work to support themselves and family members while they attend college. As funding cuts have lead to higher tuition costs, many are unable to afford the expensive instructional materials.

Faculty have responded by adopting open educational resources (OER) and open textbooks to make college more affordable for their students. In the process, they are improving instructional practices as they customize materials to meet the unique needs of students at their college. A focus on online and interactive materials and regional workforce education has been noted. College administrators and trustees noting these successes are proposing open policies to encourage the use of OER in an increasing number of disciplines and in district-wide implementations.

Hear case studies from members of the Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources (CCCOER) at OCWC on how adoption and creation of OER and open textbooks has improved affordability and teaching practice.


Faculty at College of the Canyons in Sociology, Water Technology, and statistics have created and adopted OER and open textbooks saving students $235,000 over a single year. An OER repository and a flexible infrastructure for supporting the sharing of faculty developed learning objects has been developed. Their Dean of Distance Education leads the CCCOER Advisory Board representing the consortium at conferences throughout the world.

Maricopa District, one of the largest community college districts in the U.S., has endorsed “the development and use of OER to support innovative and creative opportunities for all learners,” in its 5-year District-Wide Information and Instructional Technology Strategic Plan. Math faculty at three of the district colleges: Scottsdale, Paradise Valley, and Phoenix are sharing resources and strategies to provide multiple sections of high-enrollment math courses using OER. Pilots of OER math at three additional Maricopa community colleges will begin in Spring 2013. Scottsdale College alone has saved students over $200,000 in fall 2012.

CCCOER was founded in the Foothill–De Anza College District to create awareness and build a community of practice around OER at public two-year colleges. As proof of concept, the Collaborative Statistics textbook was openly licensed and imported into the Connexions repository at Rice University. The textbook was widely adopted by math faculty at De-Anza college and 20 other colleges in North America and has saved students at De-Anza over a million dollars to date.

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How OER Use Fosters Policy and Practice Change

  1. 1. Una Daly, OpenCourseWare ConsortiumJames Glapa-Grossklag, College of the CanyonsDr. Donna Gaudet, Scottsdale Community CollegeDr. Barbara Illowsky, ACE Educator 2013Una Daly, OpenCourseWare ConsortiumJames Glapa-Grossklag, College of the CanyonsDr. Donna Gaudet, Scottsdale Community CollegeDr. Barbara Illowsky, ACE Educator 2013How OER AdoptionFostersPractice and Policy ChangesCommunity College Panel
  2. 2. Agenda•Community College History•Community Colleges & Open Education•College of the Canyons Journey•Scottsdale College Community ofPractice•California Open Textbooks•Q & A
  3. 3. History of Community Colleges• Grew out of vocational and technicalschools of early 20thcentury• Tracked growth of middle classfollowing WWII• Expanded access to education byopen enrollment and lower costs.– Transfer curriculum for university
  4. 4. Community Colleges in US1948-2013
  5. 5. U.S. Community CollegesOpen access to high-quality affordableacademic programs (1166 nationwide):– Transfer to 4-year collegesand universities– Enter careers in high-demand occupations– Prepare for college-level workCommunity College Consortium for OER
  6. 6. Community College Consortiumfor OERDr. Martha KanterU.S. Undersecretary ofEducation• Founded at Foothill-DeAnzaCollege District in 2007• Joined OCW Consortium2011• Growth to 200+ colleges inNorth AmericaFunded by William & Flora Hewlett Foundation
  7. 7. CCCOER Mission• Promote adoption of OER to enhanceteaching and learning–Expand access to education–Support professional development–Advance community college missionFunded by the William & FloraHewlett Foundation
  8. 8. 200+ Community & Technical College
  9. 9. Open Education College JourneyJames Glapa-GrossklagDean, Distance LearningOCWC Board MemberPresident of CCCOER Advisory Board
  10. 10. • Playlists• Open Textbooks• Local repository
  11. 11. Community College Students
  12. 12. $100$100$200$200
  13. 13. OER PlaylistsWe gratefully acknowledge thesupport of a U.S. Department ofEducation FIPSE (Fund forImprovement of Post SecondaryEducation) Special Focus grant
  14. 14. What is aPlaylist?Introductorytext, learningoutcomes, unitobjectives, etc.Websitewithtext/articlesMediaTransition textAnotherwebsitearticle/textTransition text
  15. 15. Open Textbooks• Water Technology• Sociology• Statistics115 classes = $400,000student savings per year
  16. 16. Local Repository• 0  520 objects in 3 years• Pros• Cons
  17. 17. Lessons Learned
  18. 18. Maricopa College District, AZDr. Donna GaudetMath ProfessorOCW Award for Excellence Course
  19. 19. Communities of Practicearound Open EducationalResourcesScottsdale Community CollegeMathematicsDr. Donna Gaudet
  20. 20. History• Hybrid classes were the genesis of our efforts• Need for student resources• Desire to save students moneyHybrid Bus: http://www.flickr.com/photos/trimet/8270609588/Money Clip: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34148992@N07/3343577010/
  21. 21. History (continued)• Began with a couple of facultycreating materials separately (2008 –2012)– Some were creating videos– Some were creating written materials– Some were researching open sourcetextbooks– Some were investigating an open onlineassessment toolImage :http://froshellin.deviantart.com/art/Icon-folder-red-videos-284155812?q=gallery%3Afroshellin%20randomize%3A1&qo=0
  22. 22. Evolution• Spring 2012 two faculty members put thepieces together and piloted all the pieces– Student Workbook with lesson videos– Open Source Textbook– Open Source online assessment tool• Summer 2012– Team of about 8 faculty worked to restructurematerials and create instructor guides
  23. 23. Fall 2012 Implementation• Completely open source for IntroAlgebra through PreCalculus (5classes)• 42 instructors (full time and adjunct)• 65 sections (around 1820 students)• Roughly $182,000 student textbookdollars saved Fall 2012 alone
  24. 24. Community Development• Our effort would not have been successfulwithout the work of many people• Team approach to materials development wascritical• Resulting materials were at a higher level thanan individual could do alone• Team members participated in areas of strength(i.e. videos, writing materials, editing, etc…)Image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nooku/5170154324/
  25. 25. Sharing Resources/Processes• Dropbox– Critical tool for developers– Sharing of resources and collaborationdocuments• Online Site– Discussion forums for faculty– Errata, use of materials, other suggestions• Twice a month meetings– Discuss errata, changes, how is it going?Calendar Icon: http://www.flickr.com/photos/krcla/3041607076/
  26. 26. Policy Change Thru OER• SCC Mathematics Department– goals to increased use of OER• SCC College– 2020 Goals: Provide a broad array of learnersupport resources (e.g. Develop open sourcematerials to reduce costs)• Maricopa College District– Information & Instructional Technology Strategic Plan(2011-2016): “Support development and use of OpenEducational Resources (OER) to promote innovativeand creative opportunities for all learners”.
  27. 27. Thorns and RosesRoses•Cost savings for students•Department communitybuilding and support•Energy of the new users•Support of department andadministration•Introduction of creativeteaching approaches•Revamp of the curriculum•Working as a team made theproduct betterThorns•Huge amount ofdevelopment time•Maintenance and updates•Distribution (bookstore!)•Adjunct faculty buy-inImage: http://juno-janus.deviantart.com/art/Roses-and-thorns-197405243
  28. 28. California Open Textbook StoryDr. Barbara IllowskyMath Instructor and open textbook co-authorOCW ACE Individual Educator 2013
  29. 29. OER: Saves $$$Amazon $171.25 hardcopy Web - $0POD - $26.20 + SHWiley & Sons Connexions
  30. 30. De Anza Collegestudent savings…One course, one OER text, onecollege*:Estimated student savings of over$1,000,000•Elementary Statistics using Collaborative Statistics atDe Anza College since 2008-09 academic year
  31. 31. Return on Investment• Cost savings to students• Provides faculty with opportunities to share andremix learning content for customized andlocalized use• Supports low-cost crowd-sourcing of contenttranslation to other languages• Fast feedback loop on quality and relevance oflearning content• Supports continual and improvement and rapiddevelopment• Supports greater diversity of peer reviewers
  32. 32. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesTeachers and LearnersTeachers and Learners Tailored content Students and teachers asco-creators of knowledge Enhanced engagementand interaction withmaterials Increased student-student, teacher-teacher,and teacher-studentcommunication aroundcurriculum Navigate and viewcontent with ease Modify, mix and remixcontent to meet individualand classroom needs Communicate with peersaround content Join workgroups withpeers around content
  33. 33. Formats: CC-By license-Connexions: free (Web 1.0)-PDF: free to download and/or print-Lulu: softbound print of pdf ($26)-iTunesU: free chapter videos-WebAssign: $27 with hw system-Kno/20 Million Minds: interactive multimedia(Web 2.0)-OpenStax College: update, vetting, graphics
  34. 34. Adaptations•Other technology incorporated• Excel, Statcrunch, Minitab, Stataco••Saylor Foundation• paired sections with Khan Academy videosCalifornia Learning Resources Network•high school OER instead of texts
  35. 35. California Community Colleges• Largest U.S. educational institution• 2.5 million students• 112 colleges• Joined OCW Consortium in 2012
  36. 36. Questions, comments?
  37. 37. Thank you for attending!Contact InformationUna Daly, unatdaly@ocwconsortium.orgDonna Gaudet, donna.gaudet@scottsdalecc.eduJames Glapa-Grossklag, James.Glapa-Grossklag@canyons.eduBarbara Illowsky, illowskybarbara@deanza.edu

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