KVM presentation - Save Ecology - Save Punjab
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

KVM presentation - Save Ecology - Save Punjab

on

  • 4,371 views

What are the issues for ecological activism in Punjab

What are the issues for ecological activism in Punjab

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,371
Views on SlideShare
4,367
Embed Views
4

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
106
Comments
1

2 Embeds 4

http://www.slideshare.net 3
https://twitter.com 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • Very Good Umendra ji,
    Dr. Prem Khosla
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

KVM presentation - Save Ecology - Save Punjab KVM presentation - Save Ecology - Save Punjab Presentation Transcript

  • Ecological Crisis in Punjab Umendra Dutt Kheti Virasat Mission VATAVARAN PANCHAYAT Jaitu, Faridkot, Punjab, India
  • The Context: Violence Against Nature: Destruction of Lives and Livelihoods
    • Punjab (India): A Symbol?
    • I. WATER
    The Land of Five Rivers Becoming a Dry Desert ? What is the Future in next 50 years ?
  • The Ecocide of Punjab Turning PUNJAAB into BE-AAB Highest % of DARK ZONES in country
    • TOTAL DEVELOPMENTAL BLOCKS-- 138
    • DARK ZONES- 108
    • GREY ZONES- 4
    • WHITE ZONES- 26
  • Land of five Waters becomes land of highly contaminated water
    • The deadly Contaminators
    • Chloride
    • Selenium
    • Nitrates
    • Arsenic
    • Cadmium
    • Zinc
    • Lead
    • Mercury
    • Sulphate
    • Organochlorines
    • Sodium & Magnesium
  • Contaminated Rivers
    • Satluj
    • Beas
    • Kali Bein
    • East Bein
    • Buddha Dariya
    • Gagghar
    • Pesticides, POPs and other hazardous chemicals in ground water, surface water, rivers, rivulets, wetlands and ponds
  • Water Crisis in Punjab Death of Wetlands
    • Bhupindra Sagar -1280 Hectares - Sangrur district
    • Chhangli Chhamb – 1000 Ha - Ferozpur district
    • Chhangli Tabo-140 Ha
    • Rababsar – 100 Ha - Tarantaran
    • Chhamb Gurditwala -100 Ha.
    • Sangeri 41 Ha - Mansa,
    • Sharmkot -12 Ha - Gurdaspur,
    • Gaunspur Chhamb -100 HaHoshiarpur
    • Jandwal Chhamb -100 Ha
    • Narayanpur Terkiana
    • Rahon Chhamb 300 Ha – Nawanshahar.
    • Jasterwal, Khanuwan, Lobana , Mand Bharthala, Bareta
  • Punjab : Fact File – 3 Punjab : Heading towards desertification
    • Highest water exploitation rate in the country
    • Highest % of dark zones in country
    • All most entire wetland area destroyed in last two decades
    • One of the highest rate of fall in ground water level
  • Water Extraction Unsustainable
    • Increase in the Number of Tube wells in Punjab
    • 1970-71 - 1.92 lakh
    • 1980-81 - 6 lakh
    • 1990-91 - 8 lakh
    • 2000-01 - 10 lakh and
    • now - 14 lakh Approx .
    In 2004 90% area of Punjab is drawing water from the depth of more then 10 meters. 30% area of Punjab has depth of 20 meters or even more.
  • Water Crisis in Punjab Drinking water problem villages
    • 1980 - 3712
    • 1990 - 6287
    • 2000 - 8518
    • 2004 - 11849
    • villages or habitations out of total 12423 in Punjab are facing drinking water problems
  •  
  • School going children taking water from canal – A scene of Mansa district
  • Punjab Remote Sensing Centre at Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana and National Bureau of Soil Survey and use planning survey says:
    • Very high concentration of sodium carbonate and salinity in tube well water
    • 57% of ground water is unfit for irrigation
    • More over some districts of Malwa region are in deep crisis
    • Muktsar- 38% quality water ,Faridkot – 33%
    • Mansa -35%, Sangrur-34%, Bathinda -19.77% Moga - 14.98% of ground water fit for irrigation.
    • 7.7% ground water in Punjab is totally unfit, 5.3% has high salt contents and 42.1% contains sodium bicarbonate
  • Punjab The land of dark zones
    • In 1984 there were 53 blocks as dark zones, in 1995 they were 84 and in 2005 the figure went up to 108 out of total 138 development blocks in Punjab.
    • Area
    • 1.5 % of total geographical area of the country.
    • 2.5 % agriculture land of country
    • 4.2 % of total cropped area of country
    • Contribution in Central Pool of food grains
    • 60% Wheat
    • 40% Rice
    II.AGRICULTURE
    • The cost of contribution
    • Highest Cropping intensity – 188 %
    • Using Highest % of Pesticides – 18 %
    • Highest % of Chemical Fertilizers -10 %
    • Highest Tractor population – 24 %
    • Highest tube well density in country
    • Highest rate of ground water exploitation
    • Lowest forest cover
    • Thinnest wetland cover
  • Punjab’s Heavy Pesticide Use : The poisoned paradise
    • Facing worst Environmental Health Crisis in country
    • Contaminated and degraded eco system.
    • Large population exposed to pesticides – acute and chronicle
    • Highest loss of bio-diversity in country
    • High residues of pesticides found in food, fodder, Water, Milk, fruit and vegetables
    • Socio-economic implications
  • The Myth called Punjab Pesticides also kills economy
    • 43% farmers of India still dependent on money lenders for loans- 52% in Punjab
    • More then 10,000 crores debt on Punjab farmers
    • 65% Punjab farmers facing average debt of Rs 41,576 each – National average 12,585
  • Mechanization of Agriculture
    • Implements 1950-51 2004-05
    • Tractors 4200 4,07,000
    • Tillers 3100 3,00,000
    • Disc harrow 3000 3,15,000
    • Spray Pumps 2000 6,00,000
    • Reapers - 5,000
    • Combine TD - 3,50,000
  • Punjab : Consumption of Pesticides
    • Year Total Consumption
    • (in 000 tones)
    • 1960-61 624
    • 1970-71 2215
    • 1980-81 3200
    • 1990-91 6500
    • 2000-01 7005
    • 2001-02 7200
    • 2002-03 6400
    • 2003-04 6900
    • 2004-05 6490
  • The Impact: Environmental Health Catastrophe
    • Abnormally high incidences of Cancer
    • Severe Reproductive health crisis
    • High number of Children with Neural Tube Defects
    • High number of Congenital abnormalities
    • Even banned pesticides like DDT and BHC have been found in all breast milk samples
    Contd…
    • Enhanced losses of female fetuses
    • Large-scale Infertility cases
    • Premature Graying
    • Abnormally high number of Kidney failure cases
    • Enhanced cases of Respiratory disease
    The Impact: Environmental Health Catastrophe
    • BATHINDA
    • MANSA
    • MUKTSAR
    • FARIDKOT
    • ABOHAR –FAZILKA area of Ferozepur
    III.CANCER IN MALWA (COTTON BELT)
  • Cotton belt of MALWA : Cancer, death, debt and suicides
    • Government says cancer deaths 2472 in last ten years
    • But, public estimates more then 10,000
    • Cancer engulfs entire cotton belt.
    • Worst effected districts Muktsar and Bathinda.
  • Cancer : The new tragedy of Punjab
    • Most common sites of cancer among deaths and confirmed cases- Esophagus, Lymphoma, Uterus / cervix, Breast, liver, Skin and Ovary
    • Punjab Pollution Control Board sponsored epidemiological study by PGIMER, Chandigarh in 2005 confirms the Pesticide link
  •  
  • Results of CSE Study in Punjab
    • Found 15 different types of pesticides in 20 blood samples tested.
    • Each blood sample contains a cocktail of 6-13 different pesticides.
    • Level of certain organo-chlorine pesticides (OCs) were found to be 15-605 times higher than those found in blood samples of US population.
    • Found residues of the newer and so-called ‘non-persistent’ pesticides – organophosphates.
  • Cancers in Punjab
    • Source of data and information
    • National Cancer Registry Program (ICMR)
    • Hospital Based Registry
    • Population Based Registry
    • Districts surveyed in population based registry: Bhatinda, Faridkot, Muktsar, Patiala, Rupnagar
  • Cancers in Punjab – 2002
    • Source Bhatinda Patiala Chandigarh
    • Acharya Tulsi RCC, Bikaner 328 33
    • Govt.Med.Col., Patiala 29 327
    • PGIMR (Histo.), Chandigarh 22 147 237
    • PGIMR (Cyto) , Chadigarh 18 105 389
    • MDOCT, Ludhiana 17 21
    • HBCR, Mumbai 1 5 9
    • PBCR, Delhi 7
    • All others 2 3 11
    • …………………………………………… .………………………………………..
    • Total 424 641 646
    • Mohan Dai Oswal Cancer Treatment & Res Foundation
    • PBCR=Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital AIIMS Delhi
  • Minimum Crude incidence of cancer per 100,000 population 82.5 59.6 Chandigarh 32.1 17.2 Muktsar 32.3 19.8 Faridkot 33.6 33.5 Patiala 40.9 27.4 Rupnagar 43.2 28.4 Bhatinda Female Male District
  • Leading 10 cancers (In both sexes)
    • Oesophagus
    • Gall bladder
    • Lymhoma Leukaemia
    • Urinary Bladder
    • Liver
    • Distinctly High
    • In women Breast Cancer highest in all places
  • Present scenario
    • Cancer spreading/detecting in new areas.
    • No government initiative for cancer cure
    • Cancer deaths toll rising every week
    • It is epidemic like situation
    • Pesticide companies started campaign citing – No link between pesticide and cancer
    • Pesticide companies [UPL] sued KVM in Bombay High Court for loss of business due to KVM campaign
  • Pesticide exposure and Cancer morbidity and mortality
    • PGI Chandigarh and Punjab Pollution Control Board study.
    • Unequivocal association demonstrated between high exposure to pesticides/heavy metals and cancer morbidity and mortality in pesticide intensive cotton cultivation area as compared to matched population low exposure area.
  • INSECTICIDES RESIDUE IN DIFERENT FOOD AND FEED COMMODITIES IN Punjab during 1976-1996 18.5 NIL 100.0 86.0 DDT HCH/ BHC 54 Infant formula 35.0 32.0 100.0 100.0 DDT HCH/ BHC 228 ANIMAL FEED 71.0 NIL 100.0 100.0 DDT HCH/ BHC 283 Butter 41.0 40.0 97.7 100.0 DDT HCH/ BHC 1110 Milk NIL NIL 38.3 43.7 DDT HCH /BHC 189 Fruits 15.8 1.9 87.4 67.6 DDT HCH/ BHC 1088 Cereals ABOVE TOLERANCE LIMITS (%) CONTAMINATED (%) INSECTICIDES DETECTED ANALYSED Commodities
  • INSECTICIDES RESIDUE IN DIFERENT FOOD AND FEED COMMODITIES IN Punjab 1976-1996 NIL NIL 75.0 31.0 DDT LINDANE /HCH 16 BUTTER 10.0 NIL NIL 22.5 77.5 38.5 DDT HCH/ BHC MALATHION 31 ANIMAL FEED NIL 53.3 2.2 53.2 DDT HCH/ BHC 92 MILK 18.0 71.0 ENDOSULFAN,QUINALPHOS CHLOFPHYRISPHOS,MALATHION, PARATHION,MONOCROTOPHOS 147 VEGETABLES 11.0 85.0 PHOSPHAMIDON QUINALPHOS 27 FRUITS 9.0 97.0 HCH/ BHC 99 RICE ABOVE TOLERANCE LIMITS (%) CONTAMINATED (%) INSECTICIDES (S) DETECTED ANALYSED Commodities
  • IV. The Ecocide of Punjab : Pushing Punjab out of life
    • Animal and plant diversity wiped out.
    • Almost entire peacock population, common sparrow, firefly, butterflies and earthworms lost.
    • Large number of medicinal plants and herbs vanished.
    • Pesticide contamination at alarming level in Ramsar site Harike wetland endangering aquatic life.