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A on Mars
SOCIAL COGNITION DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM
FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN

Project by Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
“...much of the time, I feel like
an anthropologist in Mars”
Temple Grandin
A on Mars

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

What?
A on Mars is a system
designed to develop social cognition
skills of users affected by
autistic spectrum ...
A on Mars

Autism
The term autism refers to development
disorders spectrum, usually called
Autistic Spectrum Disorders (AS...
A on Mars

Autism

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Autism
Social
interaction
•Empathy
•Social cognition

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Autism
Social
interaction
•Empathy
•Social cognition

Paolo Decaro

Behavior
•Stereotypes
•Global focus
A on Mars

Autism
Social
interaction
•Empathy
•Social cognition

Paolo Decaro

Behavior
•Stereotypes
•Global focus

Commun...
A on Mars

Autism
Social
interaction
•Empathy
•Social cognition

Paolo Decaro

Behavior

Communication
A on Mars

?

SAS therapy
The SAS therapy (Sviluppo Abilità Sociali,
social skills development)
is made of three levels, t...
A on Mars

SAS therapy

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

SAS therapy

?
Puppets

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

+

+
Situations

Expressions
A on Mars

SAS therapy
Level 1
Imitation
•Recognize facial expressions
•Activate mirror neurons

?

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

SAS therapy
Level 1
Imitation

Level 2
Empathy

•Recognize facial expressions
•Activate mirror neurons

•Cause-...
A on Mars

SAS therapy
Level 1
Imitation

Level 2
Empathy

Level 3
Mentalism

•Recognize facial expressions
•Activate mirr...
A on Mars

Happy

Surprised

Sad

Fearful

Disgusted

Angry

How can A on Mars help?
It uses a facial expression
recogniti...
A on Mars

What do they need?

THP
Interviews

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

What do they need?

THP
Interviews

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

Parents
Interviews
A on Mars

What do they need?
User test
1

THP
Interviews

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

Parents
Interviews

User test
2

THP...
A on Mars

Genitore

Terapista

Paziente

Genitore

Terapista

Estranei

Estranei

Relations between patients, therapists ...
A on Mars

What do they need?
Interests
•Technology
•Play
•Personal Interests

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

What do they need?
Interests
•Technology
•Play
•Personal Interests

Paolo Decaro

Needs
•Motivation
•Support
•D...
A on Mars

What do they need?
Interests

Objectives

•Technology
•Play
•Personal Interests

Paolo Decaro

Needs
•Motivatio...
A on Mars

The system
A on Mars’ aims to offer a complete service, able to create
contacts between parents and therapists,...
A on Mars

The system

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

The system

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

A-face

The system

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

A-face

The system
A-doll

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

A-face

The system
A-doll

A-cam

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

A-face

The system
A on M

A-doll

A-cam

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

The system

A on M

Principal connections
Users
Stakeholders

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Devices
Each device has a different and defined function,
they all are also connected to each, in this way they...
A on Mars

56 mm

A-cam

32 mm

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

13 mm
A on Mars
A-cam
Camera

56 mm

CPU

32 mm

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

13 mm

wi-fi
A on Mars

42 mm

A-face

42 mm

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

10 mm
A on Mars

42 mm

A-face

42 mm

Wrist-band

e-ink

10 mm

CPU
wi-fi

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
A-face

Wrist-band

e-ink
CPU
wi-fi

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

150 mm

A-doll

100 mm

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
A-doll
Shell

150 mm

A-face casing

Solenoids
A-cam casing

100 mm

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

CPU
A on Mars
A-doll + A-face

Happy

Surpised

Fearful

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

Sad

hangry

Disgusted
A on Mars

The experience
There are four possible use scenarios, mobility,
therapeutic center therapy,
home therapy, paren...
A on Mars
Mobility

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
Therapeutic center therapy

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
Home therapy

A on M

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars
Parents’ training

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Results
The daily use of
A on Mars will improve patient’s
ability in recognizing people facial expressions.

Pa...
A on Mars

Results

Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Results

Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Results

Patients

•Social skills
•Empathy
•Emotions
Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro
A on Mars

Results

Therapists

•Thp tracking
•Engage
•Communication
Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

Patients

•Social skills
•...
A on Mars

Results

Therapists

Parents

•Thp tracking
•Engage
•Communication
Paolo Decaro
Paolo Decaro

Patients

•Social...
Thanks !

A on Mars
“The world needs all kinds
of mind...”
Temple Grandin
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A on Mars: social cognition development system - Paolo Decaro

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Improving social skills in autistic children. The speech given by Paolo Decaro at UXconference 2013.

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Transcript of "A on Mars: social cognition development system - Paolo Decaro"

  1. 1. A on Mars SOCIAL COGNITION DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN Project by Paolo Decaro
  2. 2. A on Mars “...much of the time, I feel like an anthropologist in Mars” Temple Grandin
  3. 3. A on Mars Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  4. 4. A on Mars What? A on Mars is a system designed to develop social cognition skills of users affected by autistic spectrum disorders. Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  5. 5. A on Mars Autism The term autism refers to development disorders spectrum, usually called Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Paolo Decaro
  6. 6. A on Mars Autism Paolo Decaro
  7. 7. A on Mars Autism Social interaction •Empathy •Social cognition Paolo Decaro
  8. 8. A on Mars Autism Social interaction •Empathy •Social cognition Paolo Decaro Behavior •Stereotypes •Global focus
  9. 9. A on Mars Autism Social interaction •Empathy •Social cognition Paolo Decaro Behavior •Stereotypes •Global focus Communication •Gaps in the language •Verbal stereotypes
  10. 10. A on Mars Autism Social interaction •Empathy •Social cognition Paolo Decaro Behavior Communication
  11. 11. A on Mars ? SAS therapy The SAS therapy (Sviluppo Abilità Sociali, social skills development) is made of three levels, that gradually increases child’s cognitive skills. Paolo Decaro
  12. 12. A on Mars SAS therapy Paolo Decaro
  13. 13. A on Mars SAS therapy ? Puppets Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro + + Situations Expressions
  14. 14. A on Mars SAS therapy Level 1 Imitation •Recognize facial expressions •Activate mirror neurons ? Paolo Decaro
  15. 15. A on Mars SAS therapy Level 1 Imitation Level 2 Empathy •Recognize facial expressions •Activate mirror neurons •Cause-effect relation •People interaction ? ? ? 2A Paolo Decaro 2B
  16. 16. A on Mars SAS therapy Level 1 Imitation Level 2 Empathy Level 3 Mentalism •Recognize facial expressions •Activate mirror neurons •Cause-effect relation •People interaction •Anticipate reactions •Adjust behaviors ? ? Paolo Decaro
  17. 17. A on Mars Happy Surprised Sad Fearful Disgusted Angry How can A on Mars help? It uses a facial expression recognition system, offering help to understand people’s emotions. Paolo Decaro
  18. 18. A on Mars What do they need? THP Interviews Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  19. 19. A on Mars What do they need? THP Interviews Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro Parents Interviews
  20. 20. A on Mars What do they need? User test 1 THP Interviews Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro Parents Interviews User test 2 THP Review
  21. 21. A on Mars Genitore Terapista Paziente Genitore Terapista Estranei Estranei Relations between patients, therapists and caregivers Paolo Decaro
  22. 22. A on Mars What do they need? Interests •Technology •Play •Personal Interests Paolo Decaro
  23. 23. A on Mars What do they need? Interests •Technology •Play •Personal Interests Paolo Decaro Needs •Motivation •Support •Dialog •Exercise •Discretion
  24. 24. A on Mars What do they need? Interests Objectives •Technology •Play •Personal Interests Paolo Decaro Needs •Motivation •Support •Dialog •Exercise •Discretion •Engage •Usability •Create relations •Versatility
  25. 25. A on Mars The system A on Mars’ aims to offer a complete service, able to create contacts between parents and therapists, and help them during the SAS therapy. Paolo Decaro
  26. 26. A on Mars The system Paolo Decaro
  27. 27. A on Mars The system Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  28. 28. A on Mars A-face The system Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  29. 29. A on Mars A-face The system A-doll Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  30. 30. A on Mars A-face The system A-doll A-cam Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  31. 31. A on Mars A-face The system A on M A-doll A-cam Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  32. 32. A on Mars The system A on M Principal connections Users Stakeholders Paolo Decaro
  33. 33. A on Mars Devices Each device has a different and defined function, they all are also connected to each, in this way they create a unified and complete system. Paolo Decaro
  34. 34. A on Mars 56 mm A-cam 32 mm Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro 13 mm
  35. 35. A on Mars A-cam Camera 56 mm CPU 32 mm Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro 13 mm wi-fi
  36. 36. A on Mars 42 mm A-face 42 mm Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro 10 mm
  37. 37. A on Mars 42 mm A-face 42 mm Wrist-band e-ink 10 mm CPU wi-fi Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  38. 38. A on Mars A-face Wrist-band e-ink CPU wi-fi Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  39. 39. A on Mars 150 mm A-doll 100 mm Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  40. 40. A on Mars A-doll Shell 150 mm A-face casing Solenoids A-cam casing 100 mm Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro CPU
  41. 41. A on Mars A-doll + A-face Happy Surpised Fearful Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro Sad hangry Disgusted
  42. 42. A on Mars The experience There are four possible use scenarios, mobility, therapeutic center therapy, home therapy, parents’ training. Paolo Decaro
  43. 43. A on Mars Mobility Paolo Decaro
  44. 44. A on Mars Therapeutic center therapy Paolo Decaro
  45. 45. A on Mars Home therapy A on M Paolo Decaro
  46. 46. A on Mars Parents’ training Paolo Decaro
  47. 47. A on Mars Results The daily use of A on Mars will improve patient’s ability in recognizing people facial expressions. Paolo Decaro
  48. 48. A on Mars Results Paolo Decaro
  49. 49. A on Mars Results Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  50. 50. A on Mars Results Patients •Social skills •Empathy •Emotions Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro
  51. 51. A on Mars Results Therapists •Thp tracking •Engage •Communication Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro Patients •Social skills •Empathy •Emotions
  52. 52. A on Mars Results Therapists Parents •Thp tracking •Engage •Communication Paolo Decaro Paolo Decaro Patients •Social skills •Empathy •Emotions •Engagement in Thp •Family bonds •Continuous help
  53. 53. Thanks ! A on Mars “The world needs all kinds of mind...” Temple Grandin
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