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Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
Sevier 6+1 Traits
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Sevier 6+1 Traits


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  • 1. Big Picture Writing Workshop Traits Writing Process
  • 2. 6+1 TRAIT Model is… … a vocabulary teachers use to describe their vision of what good writing looks like-any kind of writing. Ruth Culham, pg 7
  • 3. Keep in mind that the six traits are not a curriculum, not a program. They are a way of thinking about writing that leads to understanding Vicki Spandel Creating Young Writers 2004 6 + 1 Trait Writing
  • 4. Two Groups of Traits
    • Revision Traits
    • Ideas
    • Organization
    • Voice
    • Word Choice
    • Sentence Fluency
    • Editing Traits
    • Conventions
    • Presentation
  • 5. Ideas … … make up the content of the piece of writing- the heart of the message. Ruth Culham, pg 11
  • 6. Ideas
    • The heart of the message
    • The theme plus the details
    • Interesting, important and informative details
    • Details that the reader would not normally anticipate
    • The extraordinary, the unusual that others may not see
  • 7. Literature Models for Ideas
    • Saturday Market
    • By Patricia Grossman and Enrique Sanchez
    • Momma, Where Are You From
    • By Marie Bradby
  • 8. Organization… … is the internal structure of the piece, the thread of meaning, the logical pattern of the ideas. Ruth Culham, p 11
  • 9. Organization
    • Design and structure of a piece
    • Holds the information together
    • Presents information that is both comprehensible and memorable
    • For example: Interesting lead, problem/solution, interesting ending
  • 10. Literature Models for Organization
    • Strong Leads
      • How I Became a Pirate
        • By Melinda Long and David Shannon
    • Surprise Ending
      • Too Many Tamales
      • By Gary Soto
  • 11. Voice … … is the soul of the piece. It’s what makes the writer’s style singular, as his or her feelings and convictions come out through the words. Ruth Culham, p 12
  • 12. Voice separates writing that is read from writing that is not read. Donald Murray
  • 13. Voice
    • Personality of writer on paper
    • Confidence of writer to reveal her passion for topic
    • Reveals the writer’s true self
    • Writer’s “inner voice” on paper
    • Shows the writer’s honesty
  • 14. Literature Models for Voice
    • Diary of a Spider
      • By Doreen Cronin and Harry Bliss
    • Voices in the Park
    • By Anthony Browne
  • 15. Word Choice… … is at its best when it includes the use of rich, colorful, precise language that moves and enlightens the reader. Ruth Culham, p 12
  • 16. Word Choice
    • Using the right words at the right moment
    • Contributes to clarity (specific words)
    • Evokes feelings, moods, likes and dislikes
    • Paints pictures for the reader
    • For young writers it often means learning new words
  • 17. Literature Models for Word Choice
    • Hello, Harvest Moon
    • By Ralph Fletcher
    • The Weighty Word Book
    • By Levitt, Burger, and Guralnick
  • 18. Sentence Fluency… … is the flow of the language, the sound of word patterns-the way the writing plays to the ear, not just to the eye. Ruth Culham, p12
  • 19. Sentence Fluency
    • The rhythm and flow of language
    • Both word choice and sentence fluency contribute to voice
    • It’s what makes the language flow
    • The way words play to the ear
    • Sentence variety
  • 20. Literature Models for Sentence Fluency
    • How I Spent My Summer Vacation
    • By Mark Teague
    • Something Beautiful
    • By Sharon Wyeth
  • 21. Conventions… … represent the piece’s level of correctness- the extent to which the writer uses grammar and mechanics with precision. Ruth Culham, p12
  • 22. Conventions
    • Spelling
    • Punctuation
    • Capitals
    • Grammar and usage
    • Paragraphing
  • 23. Literature Models for Conventions
    • Punctuation Takes A Vacation
    • By Robin Pulver
    • Eats, Shoots, and Leaves
    • By L. Truss
  • 24. Presentation… … zeros in on the form and layout- how pleasing the piece is to the eye. Ruth Culham, p12
  • 25. Presentation
    • How text is formatted and presented
    • Varies if text is hand written or word processed
    • Text is readable and understandable
    • Integration of visuals
    • Use of white space
    • Titles, page numbering and bullets
  • 26. Literature Models for Presentation
    • The Great Fuzz Frenzy
    • By Janet Stevens and Susan Stevens Crummel
    • Science Verse
      • By Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith
  • 27. When learners are well served, assessment becomes a learning experience that supports and improves instruction. The learners are not just the students but also the teachers, who learn something about their students. Regie Routman Conversations (2001)