Survival Rate on the Titanic 60  % 40  % 25  % 24 %
The Global Economic Titanic and Our Health Stephen Bezruchka
Agenda <ul><li>CLASS Discussion on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producing health in populati...
CURRENT POLITICAL SITUATION <ul><li>Intellectually stimulating, compared with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studying quantum mecha...
CURRENT POLITICAL SITUATION <ul><li>MADE IN AMERICA  </li></ul><ul><li>Crash </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD COLLAPSE </li></ul><u...
Impacts of recession? <ul><li>what have you noticed? </li></ul>
Economics <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What does recession mean? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it come about? </li></...
PRESUMED HEALTH IMPACTS <ul><li>Individual? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanism? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population? </li></ul>...
HISTORY OF Last WXYZ years <ul><li>5000 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>500 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>80 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Slavery <ul><li>Work until you die </li></ul>
Feudalism <ul><li>Lord takes half your crop </li></ul>
 
Capitalism <ul><li>Free market (best way to run the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible hand (each follows own greed) </li>...
Capitalism <ul><li>Free market (best way to run the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible hand (each follows own greed) </li>...
Harvey 2005
 
Harvey 2005
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
http://video.google.com/googleplayer.swf?docId=-9050474362583451279
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
 
 
Critical of Economic Growth rich countries <ul><li>Georgescu-Roegen </li></ul><ul><li>Boulding </li></ul><ul><li>Daly </li...
Economic Growth  & Population Health <ul><li>Sweden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 ~1950 mortality declined with economic grow...
Wilkinson & Pickett 2009 Spirit Level Economic growth and health
Easterlin 1999
 
 
Wilkinson & Pickett 2009 Spirit Level Income and health
Health during US Great Depression
Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN IMR
Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN Non-Infant Death Rates
Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN Relief and IMR decline
 
Recession & Population Health <ul><li>USA:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tapia Granados  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruhm (aggrega...
Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Mortality is procyclical in rich countries studied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases i...
 
Tapia Granados 2005
Tapia Granados 2005
Tapia Granados 2005
Tapia Granados 2005 Periods 1900-19 1920-44 1945-70 1971-99 John Stuat Mill: If two phenomena vary  simultaneously, one is...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Poor countries : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peru:  increased CMR 1989 </li></ul></ul><ul>...
PERU  economic indicators 1978-98 Paxson  & Schady 2005 PERU  IMR surveys 1978-98
Paxson  & Schady 2005 PERU  IMR High/Low Terrorism Departments 1978-98 Low-terrorism Departments:  Amazonas, Arequipa,  Ca...
Paxson  & Schady 2005 PERU  economic indicators  1978-98 PROCYCLICAL PERU  IMR surveys 1978-98 PERU public health spending...
Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
Simms & Rowson 2003 Provincial Indonesia IMR changes 1996-9
Simms & Rowson 2003 Indonesia Provider Contact  changes 1995-9
Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
 
2002 Andreev IJE 2003
Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Poor countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia after fall of communism </li></ul></ul>...
 
Remedies <ul><li>Rethinking how world should function economically </li></ul><ul><li>What is an economy for? </li></ul><ul...
Feb 2, 2009
 
 
 
 
ONE TRILLION DOLLARS
ONE TRILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE?
TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
ONE MILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
ONE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
ONE BILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
ONE TRILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE One billion hundred million million
Grave  New World
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Stephen Bezruchka Economic Titanic Health

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  • Transcript of "Stephen Bezruchka Economic Titanic Health"

    1. 1. Survival Rate on the Titanic 60 % 40 % 25 % 24 %
    2. 2. The Global Economic Titanic and Our Health Stephen Bezruchka
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>CLASS Discussion on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producing health in populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current economic situation causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rich countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor nations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remedies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MY PERSPECTIVE </li></ul>
    4. 4. CURRENT POLITICAL SITUATION <ul><li>Intellectually stimulating, compared with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studying quantum mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General theory of relativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central limit theorem and normal distributons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sliced bread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers and internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS: ARE NOT </li></ul>
    5. 5. CURRENT POLITICAL SITUATION <ul><li>MADE IN AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>Crash </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD COLLAPSE </li></ul><ul><li>trillions to bankers </li></ul><ul><li>pennies to people </li></ul>
    6. 6. Impacts of recession? <ul><li>what have you noticed? </li></ul>
    7. 7. Economics <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What does recession mean? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it come about? </li></ul><ul><li>What is happening in your country? </li></ul><ul><li>What is happening in the US? </li></ul>
    8. 8. PRESUMED HEALTH IMPACTS <ul><li>Individual? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanism? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanism? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Details in your country? </li></ul><ul><li>Details in the US? </li></ul>
    9. 9. HISTORY OF Last WXYZ years <ul><li>5000 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>500 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>80 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>50 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>25 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>7 YEARS? </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 YEARS? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Slavery <ul><li>Work until you die </li></ul>
    11. 11. Feudalism <ul><li>Lord takes half your crop </li></ul>
    12. 13. Capitalism <ul><li>Free market (best way to run the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible hand (each follows own greed) </li></ul><ul><li>Competition (relentless) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation, productive forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery to do away with human labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wealth production (how?) </li></ul>
    13. 14. Capitalism <ul><li>Free market (best way to run the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible hand (each follows own greed) </li></ul><ul><li>Competition (relentless) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation, productive forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery to do away with human labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wealth production (how?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surplus value of labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(unpaid portion into pockets of capitalists) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alienation of labor (worker has no control) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Harvey 2005
    15. 17. Harvey 2005
    16. 18. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    17. 19. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    18. 20. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    19. 21. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    20. 22. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    21. 23. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    22. 24. http://video.google.com/googleplayer.swf?docId=-9050474362583451279
    23. 25. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    24. 26. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    25. 27. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    26. 28. Rick Wolfe Capitalism Hits the Fan 2009
    27. 31. Critical of Economic Growth rich countries <ul><li>Georgescu-Roegen </li></ul><ul><li>Boulding </li></ul><ul><li>Daly </li></ul>
    28. 32. Economic Growth & Population Health <ul><li>Sweden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 ~1950 mortality declined with economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weaker with increasing economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1950-2000 no impact on health </li></ul></ul>
    29. 33. Wilkinson & Pickett 2009 Spirit Level Economic growth and health
    30. 34. Easterlin 1999
    31. 37. Wilkinson & Pickett 2009 Spirit Level Income and health
    32. 38. Health during US Great Depression
    33. 39. Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN IMR
    34. 40. Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN Non-Infant Death Rates
    35. 41. Fishback et. al. 2005 TRENDS IN Relief and IMR decline
    36. 43. Recession & Population Health <ul><li>USA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tapia Granados </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruhm (aggregated & individual data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edwards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishback et. al. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehejia & Lleras-Muney </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japan: Tapia Granados </li></ul><ul><li>Germany: Neumeyer </li></ul><ul><li>Spain: Tapia Granados </li></ul><ul><li>Australia: Potts </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden: Tapia Granados & Ionides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gerdtham & Johannsson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Korea: Khang </li></ul><ul><li>OECD: Gerdtham & Ruhm </li></ul>
    37. 44. Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Mortality is procyclical in rich countries studied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases in economic upswings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sweden: small study from 1980-86 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counter-cyclical in men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No effect in women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployed have worse health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate of unemployed doesn't affect unemployed health </li></ul></ul>
    38. 46. Tapia Granados 2005
    39. 47. Tapia Granados 2005
    40. 48. Tapia Granados 2005
    41. 49. Tapia Granados 2005 Periods 1900-19 1920-44 1945-70 1971-99 John Stuat Mill: If two phenomena vary simultaneously, one is causing the other is there is a third factor causing both of them
    42. 56. Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Poor countries : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peru: increased CMR 1989 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand: increased adult mortality 1996-99 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia increased CMR 1996-99 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia after fall of communism </li></ul></ul>
    43. 57. PERU economic indicators 1978-98 Paxson & Schady 2005 PERU IMR surveys 1978-98
    44. 58. Paxson & Schady 2005 PERU IMR High/Low Terrorism Departments 1978-98 Low-terrorism Departments: Amazonas, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Cusco, Ica, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Piura, Puno, Tacna, Tumbes High-terrorism Departments: Ancash, Apuprimac, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Junin, Lima, Pasco, San Martin, Ucayali
    45. 59. Paxson & Schady 2005 PERU economic indicators 1978-98 PROCYCLICAL PERU IMR surveys 1978-98 PERU public health spending 1978-2000
    46. 60. Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
    47. 61. Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
    48. 62. Simms & Rowson 2003 Provincial Indonesia IMR changes 1996-9
    49. 63. Simms & Rowson 2003 Indonesia Provider Contact changes 1995-9
    50. 64. Hopkins 2006 Indonesia Malaysia Thailand
    51. 66. 2002 Andreev IJE 2003
    52. 67. Recession & Population Health <ul><li>Poor countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia after fall of communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand: increased adult mortality 1996-99 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peru: increased CMR 1989 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia increased CMR 1996-99 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOOD CRISIS </li></ul>
    53. 69. Remedies <ul><li>Rethinking how world should function economically </li></ul><ul><li>What is an economy for? </li></ul><ul><li>Global planetary health </li></ul><ul><li>Managing without growth </li></ul><ul><li>Geonomy </li></ul>
    54. 70. Feb 2, 2009
    55. 75. ONE TRILLION DOLLARS
    56. 76. ONE TRILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE?
    57. 77. TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
    58. 78. ONE MILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
    59. 79. ONE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
    60. 80. ONE BILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE
    61. 81. ONE TRILLION DOLLARS LOOKS LIKE One billion hundred million million
    62. 82. Grave New World

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