Traditional drugs by Dr.U.Srinivasa, Professor and Head, Srinivas college of pharmacy, Mangalore
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Traditional drugs by Dr.U.Srinivasa, Professor and Head, Srinivas college of pharmacy, Mangalore Traditional drugs by Dr.U.Srinivasa, Professor and Head, Srinivas college of pharmacy, Mangalore Presentation Transcript

  • DR.U.SRINIVASA,M.Pharma, Ph.D
  • KANTAKARI Latin name: Solanum xanthocarpum Sanskrit name: Kantakari Vernacular names: Eng- Kantakari , Hindi- Kateli, Kan- Nelagulla
  •  Biological source : It consists of whole plant of Solanum xanthocarpum ( solanum surattense ) Family : Solanaceae It is very spiny herb,1.2 meters height found all over India. The leaves are ovate or elliptic, flowers bluish purple, fruits are globular.
  • Active constituents : It contains Steroidal alkaloids Like Solasodine, Solamergine, β- Solamergine, Solasonine. It also contains Sterols like Cycloartenol, Norcarpesterol, Chlolestrol
  •  Category : Expectorant Uses : 1.Used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, cough. 2. Used as an antipyretic drug 3. Used as an antidiabetic drug 4. Used as an anticancer drug 5.Solasodine has antispermatogenic activity, hypochlolesterolaemic activity.
  • SHATAVARI Common Names: Asparagus, Indian Asparagus, Asparagus Racemosus. Sanskrit and Hindi Names: Shatavari, Satavar, Satmuli.
  •  Biological source: It consists of tuberous root of Asparagus racemosus. Family: Liliaceae. Geographical Source: It is widely distributed throughout the tropical regions of Africa, Australia, Asia and India.
  • Chemical constituents : It contains Saponin glycosides Two new steroidal saponins, shatavaroside A and shatavaroside B together with a known saponin, filiasparoside C, were isolated from the roots of Asparagus racemosus.
  •  Five steroidal saponins, shatavarins VI-X, together with five known saponins, shatavarin I, shatavarin IV, shatavarin V.
  • Uses : Used as antioxytocic agent Used as refrigerant Used as demulcent Used as an aphrodisiac Used as an antiseptic Used in the treatment of leprosy and Tuberculosis Used in rheumatism and gonorrhoea
  • APAMARG San -   Pratyakpuspa,  Ben -   Apamg. Hin -    Chirchita , Latjira Kan -   Uttarani. Mal -   Katalati.
  •  Biological source :  It consists of the dried  entire plant of Acharanthes aspera Family : Amaranthaceae  It is found throught  out  India  and  in the  South Andaman  Islands
  • Chemical constituents : It contains alkaloids – Acharanthine and  betaine  It  also  contains  triterpenoids    saponins    – Oleanolic acid 
  • Uses : Useful in cough, asthama, bronchitis,  leprosy  Skin diseases, cardiac disorder
  • Guduchi Synonyms –   Hindi    -   Amrita ,                          English – Tinospora  Biological source –  Guduchi  consists  of  the  dried  stems  of  the  plant  Tinospora cordifolia  Family -  Menispermaceae G.S  –  Widely  distributed  throughout    tropical  and  subtropical india
  • Chemical constituents 1.Alkaloids- Berberine,  Palmatine,  Jactrorhizine,  Tinosporine,  Tembeterine  2. Glycosides-  Tinocardiside,Tinocardifolioside,Syringin,  Furanoid diterpene glucoside 3. Sesquiterpenoid – Tinocordifolin 
  •  4. Diterpenoid lactones –  Furanolactone, Tinosporon, Columbin 5. β – Sitosterol 6. Choline 7.Tinosporic acid 8. Tinosporal 
  •  Category – Antipyretic, analgesic Uses -- 1.Used as an anticancer drug 2. Used as an antipyretic drug 3. Used in the treatment of asthama 4. Acts as an anti hypolipidaemic drug 5. Used as an antioxidant 6. Used as an antiulcer drug 7. Used as an antidiabetic drug 8. Used as an antihepatitis drug
  • Gokhru Ayurvedic name:  Gokhru/Gokshura Botanical source:  It consists of dried ripe seed of Tribulus terrestris (chota gokhru), Pedalium murex (Bara gokhru). Family: Zygophylaceae (chota gokhru)                  Pedelliaceae ( Bara gokhru) 
  • Chemical constituents 1.Saponin glycosides:  Steroid  sapogenins   -     Protodiosin, Hecogenin, Notiogogenin  2.Flavones  glycosides  –  Kaempferol  3-  rhamnoside and tribuloside 3. Trace alkaloids and Fixed oils 
  • Uses -
  • Chirata Synonym – Bitter stick , Indian gentian Hindi – Chirayata Sanskrit- Kirata-tikta Kannada – Kirata kaddi Malayalam- Kiriyattu Biological source: It consists of dried entire plant of Swertia chirata. Family: Gentianaceae
  • Chemical constituents It contains bitter glycosides – Gentiopicrin, Chiratin, Ophelic acid, Amarogentin, Swerthin. Xanthone derivatives- Chiratol, Swertianin, Mangiferin Triterpenoids – Masilinic acid its trisaccaride esters Alkaloids – Gentianine, Gentiocrucine
  • Uses - Bitter tonic Stomachic Febrifuge Laxative Liver disorders Anemia Skin diseases
  • Karaveera Synonyms – Indian oleander Sanskrit – Karavira Hindi – Kaner Kannada – Kanagile Malayalam – Arali Biological source – It consists of the dried aerial parts of the plant Nerium indicum Family – Apocyanaceae
  • Chemical constituents - It contains Toxic principles Neriodorin and Karabin (These are powerful cardiac poisons similar to the constituents of digitalis ) .It also contains Odorin Uses – 1.Used as a Cardiotonic drug 2.Used in Heart diseases
  • Tylophora Biological source – It consists of dried leaves of Tylophora indicia (Tylophora asthamatica) Family - Asclepiadaceae Chemical constituents – It contains Phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids – Tylophorine, tylophoranine, tylophoranidine
  •  It also contains Cetyl alcohol , phytosterol Wax, resin, pigments tannins , glucose, quercetin, kaempferol and tyloindane. Uses-1. The dried leaves are emetic , diaphoretic, and expectorant.2. It is useful in dysentery, catarrh
  •  3.The roots possesses stimulant, emetic, expectorant, stomachic, diaphoretic properties and used in the treatment of asthama, bronchitis, diarrhoea. 4. They are recommended in rheumatism and gout pain.
  • Rasna Synonyms – Galanga, Chinese ginger, Rasagadde (Kannada), Sugandha (Hindi) Biological source – Rasna consists of the dried rhizome of Alpinia officinarum Family - Zingiberaceae
  • Chemical constituents- It contains – 1.Volatile oil – 1,8 cineole, alpha and β- pinene, camphene 2.Flavonoids – Kaempferrol, galangin and alpinin 3. Tannins – Phobaphenes 4.Resin- Galangol 5.Starch
  • Uses- 1. Used in Rheumatism 2. Used as Stomachic 3. Used as Carminative 4.Used as Stimulant 5. Used as an Aphrodisiac 6. Antibacterial and antifungal properties 7. Flavouring agent 8. Tonic and spice
  • Malkangni Biological source – It consists of the dried seeds of the plant Celastrus paniculatus ( Celastrus montana) Family – Celastraceae Chemical constituents – 1.Fatty oil – Palmatic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid
  •  2.Sesquiterpene alkaloids – Celapanin, celapanigin 3. Sesquiterpene polyesters - Malkangunin Uses – 1.Used as emetic, febrifuge, diaphoretic, nervine properties 2. Used for the sharpening the memory
  •  3. Used to cure ulcers, rheumatism, gout 4.Used in the traditional system of medicine as a sedative.
  • Bhilva Biological source – It consists of the dried fruits of the plant Semicarpus anacardium Family - Anacariaceae Chemical constituents – It contains anacardic acid, anacardiol, semicarpol, volatile oil - cardol
  • Uses - Used as tonic, syphilis, epilepsy, anti- inflammatory, rheumatism, asthama, bronchitis, piles, skin diseases, worms
  • Kalijira Biological source – It consists of the dried whole plant of Veronia anthelminticum Family – Asteraceae Chemical constituents – 1.Flavonoids – 7-o-β-D- glucopyranosyl- alpha- D- xylopyranosides 2. It also contains sterols like palmatic acid,lauric acid, carbohydrates, lipids etc
  • Uses- Anthelmintic Tonic Stomachic Diuretic Antiseptic Asthama
  • Shankapushipi Synonyms – Vishnukranti Biological source – It consists of the dried plant of Convolvulus pluricaulis (Convolvulus microphyllus) and Evolvulus asinoides (Convolvulus asinoides ) Family : Convolvulaceae
  •  Chemical Constituents- It contains glycosides, coumarins, flavonoids and alkaloids.o Shankhapushpine (the alkaloid) has been identified as active principle. Others like Convolvine, Convolamine etco β- sitosterol glycosideo Hydroxy Cinnamic acid
  • Uses- Used as a brain tonic, febrifuge. It is used as a psycho stimulant and tranquilizer. It is reported to reduce mental tension(Hyper tension).
  • Talk doesn’t cook rice”. - Chinese Proverb THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION