Biological source : It consists of whole plant of Solanum xanthocarpum ( solanum surattense ) Family : Solanaceae It is very spiny herb,1.2 meters height found all over India. The leaves are ovate or elliptic, flowers bluish purple, fruits are globular.
Active constituents : It contains Steroidal alkaloids Like Solasodine, Solamergine, β- Solamergine, Solasonine. It also contains Sterols like Cycloartenol, Norcarpesterol, Chlolestrol
Category : Expectorant Uses : 1.Used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, cough. 2. Used as an antipyretic drug 3. Used as an antidiabetic drug 4. Used as an anticancer drug 5.Solasodine has antispermatogenic activity, hypochlolesterolaemic activity.
SHATAVARI Common Names: Asparagus, Indian Asparagus, Asparagus Racemosus. Sanskrit and Hindi Names: Shatavari, Satavar, Satmuli.
Biological source: It consists of tuberous root of Asparagus racemosus. Family: Liliaceae. Geographical Source: It is widely distributed throughout the tropical regions of Africa, Australia, Asia and India.
Chemical constituents : It contains Saponin glycosides Two new steroidal saponins, shatavaroside A and shatavaroside B together with a known saponin, filiasparoside C, were isolated from the roots of Asparagus racemosus.
Five steroidal saponins, shatavarins VI-X, together with five known saponins, shatavarin I, shatavarin IV, shatavarin V.
Uses : Used as antioxytocic agent Used as refrigerant Used as demulcent Used as an aphrodisiac Used as an antiseptic Used in the treatment of leprosy and Tuberculosis Used in rheumatism and gonorrhoea
APAMARG San - Pratyakpuspa, Ben - Apamg. Hin - Chirchita , Latjira Kan - Uttarani. Mal - Katalati.
Biological source : It consists of the dried entire plant of Acharanthes aspera Family : Amaranthaceae It is found throught out India and in the South Andaman Islands
Chemical constituents : It contains alkaloids – Acharanthine and betaine It also contains triterpenoids saponins – Oleanolic acid
Guduchi Synonyms – Hindi - Amrita , English – Tinospora Biological source – Guduchi consists of the dried stems of the plant Tinospora cordifolia Family - Menispermaceae G.S – Widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical india
Category – Antipyretic, analgesic Uses -- 1.Used as an anticancer drug 2. Used as an antipyretic drug 3. Used in the treatment of asthama 4. Acts as an anti hypolipidaemic drug 5. Used as an antioxidant 6. Used as an antiulcer drug 7. Used as an antidiabetic drug 8. Used as an antihepatitis drug
Gokhru Ayurvedic name: Gokhru/Gokshura Botanical source: It consists of dried ripe seed of Tribulus terrestris (chota gokhru), Pedalium murex (Bara gokhru). Family: Zygophylaceae (chota gokhru) Pedelliaceae ( Bara gokhru)
Chemical constituents 1.Saponin glycosides: Steroid sapogenins - Protodiosin, Hecogenin, Notiogogenin 2.Flavones glycosides – Kaempferol 3- rhamnoside and tribuloside 3. Trace alkaloids and Fixed oils
Chirata Synonym – Bitter stick , Indian gentian Hindi – Chirayata Sanskrit- Kirata-tikta Kannada – Kirata kaddi Malayalam- Kiriyattu Biological source: It consists of dried entire plant of Swertia chirata. Family: Gentianaceae
Chemical constituents It contains bitter glycosides – Gentiopicrin, Chiratin, Ophelic acid, Amarogentin, Swerthin. Xanthone derivatives- Chiratol, Swertianin, Mangiferin Triterpenoids – Masilinic acid its trisaccaride esters Alkaloids – Gentianine, Gentiocrucine
Karaveera Synonyms – Indian oleander Sanskrit – Karavira Hindi – Kaner Kannada – Kanagile Malayalam – Arali Biological source – It consists of the dried aerial parts of the plant Nerium indicum Family – Apocyanaceae
Chemical constituents - It contains Toxic principles Neriodorin and Karabin (These are powerful cardiac poisons similar to the constituents of digitalis ) .It also contains Odorin Uses – 1.Used as a Cardiotonic drug 2.Used in Heart diseases
Tylophora Biological source – It consists of dried leaves of Tylophora indicia (Tylophora asthamatica) Family - Asclepiadaceae Chemical constituents – It contains Phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids – Tylophorine, tylophoranine, tylophoranidine
It also contains Cetyl alcohol , phytosterol Wax, resin, pigments tannins , glucose, quercetin, kaempferol and tyloindane. Uses-1. The dried leaves are emetic , diaphoretic, and expectorant.2. It is useful in dysentery, catarrh
3.The roots possesses stimulant, emetic, expectorant, stomachic, diaphoretic properties and used in the treatment of asthama, bronchitis, diarrhoea. 4. They are recommended in rheumatism and gout pain.
Rasna Synonyms – Galanga, Chinese ginger, Rasagadde (Kannada), Sugandha (Hindi) Biological source – Rasna consists of the dried rhizome of Alpinia officinarum Family - Zingiberaceae
Chemical constituents- It contains – 1.Volatile oil – 1,8 cineole, alpha and β- pinene, camphene 2.Flavonoids – Kaempferrol, galangin and alpinin 3. Tannins – Phobaphenes 4.Resin- Galangol 5.Starch
Uses- 1. Used in Rheumatism 2. Used as Stomachic 3. Used as Carminative 4.Used as Stimulant 5. Used as an Aphrodisiac 6. Antibacterial and antifungal properties 7. Flavouring agent 8. Tonic and spice
Malkangni Biological source – It consists of the dried seeds of the plant Celastrus paniculatus ( Celastrus montana) Family – Celastraceae Chemical constituents – 1.Fatty oil – Palmatic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid
2.Sesquiterpene alkaloids – Celapanin, celapanigin 3. Sesquiterpene polyesters - Malkangunin Uses – 1.Used as emetic, febrifuge, diaphoretic, nervine properties 2. Used for the sharpening the memory
3. Used to cure ulcers, rheumatism, gout 4.Used in the traditional system of medicine as a sedative.
Bhilva Biological source – It consists of the dried fruits of the plant Semicarpus anacardium Family - Anacariaceae Chemical constituents – It contains anacardic acid, anacardiol, semicarpol, volatile oil - cardol
Uses - Used as tonic, syphilis, epilepsy, anti- inflammatory, rheumatism, asthama, bronchitis, piles, skin diseases, worms
Kalijira Biological source – It consists of the dried whole plant of Veronia anthelminticum Family – Asteraceae Chemical constituents – 1.Flavonoids – 7-o-β-D- glucopyranosyl- alpha- D- xylopyranosides 2. It also contains sterols like palmatic acid,lauric acid, carbohydrates, lipids etc
Shankapushipi Synonyms – Vishnukranti Biological source – It consists of the dried plant of Convolvulus pluricaulis (Convolvulus microphyllus) and Evolvulus asinoides (Convolvulus asinoides ) Family : Convolvulaceae
Chemical Constituents- It contains glycosides, coumarins, flavonoids and alkaloids.o Shankhapushpine (the alkaloid) has been identified as active principle. Others like Convolvine, Convolamine etco β- sitosterol glycosideo Hydroxy Cinnamic acid
Uses- Used as a brain tonic, febrifuge. It is used as a psycho stimulant and tranquilizer. It is reported to reduce mental tension(Hyper tension).
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