Using CPSC Data to Drive Product Safety


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What data can you use to drive your business and improve product design? CPSC has databases you can use to look for product problems by searching through consumer product-related incidents, injuries and deaths to take proactive action and minimize risk. CPSC experts will discuss how these databases are used by CPSC internally to examine potential actions; how to search and use CPSC’s national injury database (NEISS) and to identify problems; and how these databases may benefit business and industry in promoting safer products.

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  • Be prepared for questions asking for more detail on how these decisions are made, what level triggers action, etc.
  • Level 1: injuries seen in ED are reported to CPSC on a daily basis 365 days a year. The data is collected from patients and entered into a patient’s medical record. Coded data are sent to CPSC, the data are subjected to daily quality checks, and reviewed by CPSC’s triage teams.
  • In 1992, an estimated 25,700 children younger than 15 months of age were treated in hospital emergency rooms for injuries associated with baby walkers, most from stair falls.
  • In recent years, the number of injuries from baby walkers has decreased to 3,600, or an 87 percent decrease.
  • Using CPSC Data to Drive Product Safety

    1. 1. PANEL: USING CPSC DATA TO DRIVE PRODUCT SAFETY NJ SCHEERS, DIRECTOR, INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS  STEPHEN HANWAY, DIRECTOR, HAZARD ANALYSIS  TOM SCHROEDER, DIRECTOR, DATA SYSTEMS  These comments are those of the CPSC staff and have not been reviewed or approved by, and may not necessarily reflect the views of, the Commission.
    2. 2. PURPOSE OF PANEL  How to use CPSC databases to help you mine incident data related to your products: • • NEISS √ What this panel is not: • a discussion of policy issues related to each database
    3. 3. SIZE OF THE PROBLEM EACH YEARAnnual Estimated LossesAssociated with ConsumerProducts 35,900 Deaths 38.6 Million Injuries $900 Billion in Societal Costs
    4. 4. CPSC COLLECTS DATA FOR: Other FederalCPSC Agencies Children’s – cribs, highchairs,  Automobiles toys  Boats Electrical – toasters, hairdryers,  Airplanes holiday lights  Food Lawn/Garden – mowers, chain  Medical Devices saws  Pesticides Household – portable generators,  Tobacco Products furnaces, water heaters  Firearms Recreational – bicycle helmets, ATVs Household Chemicals
    5. 5. DATA IS IMPORTANT TO CPSC  CPSC is data driven.  Decisions flow from the data:  annual projects  recalls  outreach and education
    6. 6. CPSC DATA SYSTEMS  Surveillance Data  Minimal information on hazard  Identify trends  Generate Hypotheses  Assign investigations  In-Depth investigations
    7. 7. SURVEILLANCE DATA: DEATHS  Death Certificates are:  Purchase from the states with codes likely to be related to consumer products  Collect 8,000 certificates annually  Obtain all certificates in 3 years, most in 2 years  Medical Examiner/Coroner Reports  Consumer-product related deaths reported immediately  Collect about 5,500 reports each year  Important early warning system
    8. 8. PRODUCT-RELATED INJURY DATANational Electronic Injury Surveillance System(NEISS) • Stratified national probability sample of 96 hospitals with emergency rooms • System collects 400,000 product-related injury reports each year • Provides national estimates • Data available on
    9. 9. NEISS: MULTILEVEL SYSTEM Level 1: Routine surveillance of emergency department injuries Level 2: Special emergency department surveillance activities Level 3: In-depth telephone investigations Level 4: In-depth on-site investigations
    10. 10. IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATIONS Collect additional information on cases of special interest:  Collected by telephone or on-site investigation  Trained investigators collect the data  Protocols developed by subject matter experts  Analysis by staff helps determine potential Commission actions
    11. 11. SURVEILLANCE DATA: SAFERPRODUCTS.GOV• Required by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act passed by Congress in 2008• Data collected since 3/11/2011• Allows public to report and search for risks of harm• Permits business to submit comments and other information electronically• Allows public to search for recall information• Allows firms registered with to receive notification of reports of harm as quickly as possible
    12. 12. SURVEILLANCE DATA – OTHER SOURCES More than 30,000 reports annually  News Clips  Hotline Reports  Poison Control Centers  National Fire Incident Reporting System  National Burn Center Reporting System
    13. 13. HOW IS THE DATA USED AT CPSC?  Voluntary Standards  Mandatory Standards  Compliance Activities  Outreach/Education  FOIA Requests
    15. 15. INCREASING INJURY TREND Before Voluntary Standard
    16. 16. DATA ANALYSIS (NEISS, ON-SITE INVESTIGATIONS)  83% of the injuries were falls downstairs.  84% of the severe injuries resulted from falling downstairs.  Infants 9 months old, under 28 pounds.  Occurred during normal use with caregiver nearby.
    17. 17. DECREASING INJURY TREND Baby Walker-Related Injury Rate: 1981 to 2001 8 Injury Rate Per 1000 Live Births 7 6 5 4 3 2 After Voluntary Standard 1 0 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001
    18. 18. OUTCOME  NEISS data helped identify major injury scenario with baby walkers.  Industry used NEISS data - designed a safer baby walker.  NEISS allowed CPSC staff to track and evaluate the successful reduction of baby walker injuries.