Child and Parent Behaviors Involved in Ingestion Incidents Presentation Transcript
Child and Parent Behaviors Involved in Ingestion Incidents Jonathan Midgett, Ph.D. Office of Hazard Identification and Reduction ICPHSO, Arlington, VA, USA February 27, 2013These comments are those of the CPSC staff, they have not been reviewed or approved by, and may not necessarily reflect, the views of the Commission.
“Why are you eating that?!”• Nutrition, comfort, exploration, teething• Primary circular reactions• 26 items per day peak average (Smith & Norris, 2003) – Average daily mouthing time: 1 hour, 3 minutes – Longest maximum mouthing time: • On toys= 03:46:46 • On other objects= 02:57:58
“That’s yucky!”• Children will taste anything (Davis, 1939).
“Look out!”• 1 injury per 167 hours awake (Garzon, Lee & Homan, 2007) Percent of injuries occurring during supervision: 80%
“Peek-a-boo!”• Out of view: 20% of awake time (78 min.)• Unsupervised time: – 4-5 year olds: 8% of awake time (32 min.) – 2-3 year olds: 1% of awake time (5 min.) (Morrongiello, Corbett, McCourt & Johnson, 2006)
Safety Hierarchy Effectiveness Design Guard Warn
Injury Mitigation Possibilities• Design: – Decrease lethality – Make shapes that cannot be swallowed• Guard: – Prevent or slow access• Warn: – Enhance public awareness – Interactive warning labels
CPSC Stands For SafetyJonathan Midgett, Ph.D.Children’s Hazards Team CoordinatorOffice of Hazard Identification and ReductionU.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission5 Research PlaceRockville, MD 20850(301) firstname.lastname@example.org