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Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
Grammar Workshop
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Grammar Workshop

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This workshop seeks to explain the eight parts of speech. You will find definitions and examples to help you understand their function and use.

This workshop seeks to explain the eight parts of speech. You will find definitions and examples to help you understand their function and use.

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  • 1. LAD GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD/FIPSE/FAR
  • 2. What is a sentence? <ul><li>A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. This gift is for you. </li></ul><ul><li>Every sentence has two parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicate </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Subject <ul><li>The subject tells who or </li></ul><ul><li>what the sentence is about . </li></ul><ul><li>Complete subject : </li></ul><ul><li>My tutors are outstanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple subject : </li></ul><ul><li>Yvette is a tutor. </li></ul>
  • 4. Predicate <ul><li>Complete predicate : </li></ul><ul><li>words that tell what the subject is or does </li></ul><ul><li>Verb : the key word of </li></ul><ul><li>the complete predicate – </li></ul><ul><li>also known as simple predicate </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The girl runs real fast . </li></ul>
  • 5. Noun A noun is the name of a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. Computer Table
  • 6. Kinds of Nouns <ul><li>Proper Noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common Noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abstract Noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>love </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collective Noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>class </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Plural Forms of Nouns <ul><li>Regular Plural Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Bus -------buses </li></ul><ul><li>Student- students </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular Plural Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf ------leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Child----- children </li></ul><ul><li>Woman-- women </li></ul><ul><li>City ------ cities </li></ul>
  • 8. Pronouns <ul><li>Kinds of Pronouns </li></ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Relative </li></ul><ul><li>Object </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogative </li></ul><ul><li>Possessive </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrative </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive </li></ul>A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun.
  • 9. Kinds of Pronouns <ul><li>Subject Object Possessive Possessive Adjectives Pronouns </li></ul><ul><li>I Me My Mine </li></ul><ul><li>You You Your Yours </li></ul><ul><li>He Him His His </li></ul><ul><li>She Her Hers Hers </li></ul><ul><li>It It It Its </li></ul><ul><li>We Us Our Ours </li></ul><ul><li>You You Your Yours </li></ul><ul><li>They Them Their Theirs </li></ul>
  • 10. Kinds of Pronouns <ul><li>Reflexive Relative Interrogative Demonstrative </li></ul><ul><li>Myself That Who This </li></ul><ul><li>Yourself Which Whose That </li></ul><ul><li>Himself Who What These </li></ul><ul><li>Herself Whom Whom Those </li></ul><ul><li>Itself Whose Which </li></ul><ul><li>Ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Yourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Themselves </li></ul>
  • 11. Kinds of Pronouns <ul><li>Indefinite </li></ul><ul><li>All Another Any Anybody </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone Anything Both Each </li></ul><ul><li>Either Everybody Everyone Everything </li></ul><ul><li>Few Many More Most </li></ul><ul><li>Much Neither Nobody None </li></ul><ul><li>No one One Other Several </li></ul><ul><li>Some Somebody Someone Something </li></ul><ul><li>Such </li></ul>
  • 12. Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Action - Ex. Dive </li></ul><ul><li>Linking - Ex. Am </li></ul><ul><li>Helping or auxiliary - </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. have, do, be </li></ul>
  • 13. Verb Tenses <ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><li>Present Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Past Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Future Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Future Perfect </li></ul>
  • 14. Adjective <ul><li>An adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers the questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What kind ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li> I like the long, green rectangle. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which one? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I want that dress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I see twelve circles. </li></ul>
  • 15. Adverb <ul><li>A word that modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers the questions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When ? I will see you tomorrow . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where ? The dog is outside . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> How? She worked happily. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> To what extent or degree ? They swam deeper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>into the ocean . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> In what manner ? Mary sang beautifully . </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Prepositions <ul><li>A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other words in the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>The students of this university are dynamic. </li></ul>
  • 17. List of Prepositions <ul><li>Along </li></ul><ul><li>Among </li></ul><ul><li>Around </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>At </li></ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>Behind </li></ul><ul><li>Below </li></ul><ul><li>Beneath </li></ul><ul><li>Beside </li></ul><ul><li>Besides </li></ul><ul><li>Between </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond </li></ul><ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Despite </li></ul><ul><li>Down </li></ul><ul><li>Except </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>In </li></ul><ul><li>Near </li></ul>
  • 18. More Prepositions <ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>Off </li></ul><ul><li>On </li></ul><ul><li>Onto </li></ul><ul><li>Out </li></ul><ul><li>Outside </li></ul><ul><li>Over </li></ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul><ul><li>Since </li></ul><ul><li>Through </li></ul><ul><li>Till </li></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><li>Toward </li></ul><ul><li>Under </li></ul><ul><li>Underneath </li></ul><ul><li>Until </li></ul><ul><li>Up </li></ul><ul><li>Upon </li></ul><ul><li>With </li></ul><ul><li>Within </li></ul><ul><li>Without </li></ul>
  • 19. Compound Prepositions <ul><li>According to </li></ul><ul><li>As of </li></ul><ul><li>As well as </li></ul><ul><li>Aside from </li></ul><ul><li>Because of </li></ul><ul><li>By means of </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to </li></ul><ul><li>In front of </li></ul><ul><li>In place of </li></ul><ul><li>In regard to </li></ul><ul><li>In respect to </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of </li></ul><ul><li>On account of </li></ul><ul><li>Out of </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to </li></ul>
  • 20. Conjunction <ul><li>A conjunction is used to join words or group of words </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of conjunctions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating conjunctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correlative conjunctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conjunctive Adverbs </li></ul></ul>
  • 21. Coordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>A coordinating conjunction connects individual words or groups of words that perform the same function. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. I dance and sing. </li></ul><ul><li>And </li></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>Nor </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Yet </li></ul>
  • 22. Correlative Conjunctions <ul><li>A correlative conjunction consists of two or more words that function together. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Either Bill or Mary wrote the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Either...or </li></ul><ul><li>Neither…nor </li></ul><ul><li>Whether…or </li></ul><ul><li>Not only…but (also) </li></ul><ul><li>both…and </li></ul>
  • 23. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses, which are clauses that cannot stand by themselves as a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><li>The subordinate conjunction connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause, which can stand by itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. We will go whale watching if we have time. </li></ul>
  • 24. List of Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>After </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>As long as </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as </li></ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>In order that </li></ul><ul><li>So that </li></ul><ul><li>That </li></ul><ul><li>Since </li></ul><ul><li>Until </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever </li></ul><ul><li>While </li></ul>Time Purpose Time
  • 25. List of Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>Manner </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>As if </li></ul><ul><li>As though </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Because </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>Than </li></ul>Cause Comparison
  • 26. Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition While Provided that Even if Unless If As long as Though Even though Although
  • 27. Conjunctive Adverbs <ul><li>A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that functions somewhat like a coordinating conjunction. </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctive adverbs usually connect independent clauses. </li></ul>
  • 28. Conjunctive Adverbs <ul><li>A semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb, and a comma usually follows it. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. I have to clean my room; therefore , I can’t go to the movies with you. </li></ul>
  • 29. List of Conjunctive Adverbs <ul><li>Accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>Also </li></ul><ul><li>Besides </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently </li></ul><ul><li>Finally </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore </li></ul><ul><li>However </li></ul><ul><li>Indeed </li></ul><ul><li>Instead </li></ul><ul><li>Later </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>Still </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore </li></ul><ul><li>Thus </li></ul>
  • 30. Interjection <ul><li>An interjection is a word that expresses strong feelings </li></ul><ul><li>It is followed by an exclamation mark (!) </li></ul>
  • 31. List of Common Interjections <ul><li>Really! </li></ul><ul><li>Whoops! </li></ul><ul><li>Good grief! </li></ul><ul><li>Honestly! </li></ul><ul><li>Good! </li></ul><ul><li>Oh! </li></ul><ul><li>What! </li></ul><ul><li>Well! </li></ul><ul><li>Sh! </li></ul><ul><li>Ugh! </li></ul><ul><li>Alas! </li></ul><ul><li>Yes! </li></ul><ul><li>Ahem! </li></ul><ul><li>My! </li></ul><ul><li>Please! </li></ul><ul><li>No! </li></ul><ul><li>Unbelievable! </li></ul><ul><li>Congratulations! </li></ul><ul><li>My goodness! </li></ul>
  • 32. Acknowledgments <ul><li>Faculty Enrichment and Educational Technology Center </li></ul><ul><li>Zobeida Rosado </li></ul>
  • 33. LAD GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Prepared by Professors Delia Serrano and Jennifer Soler University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities copyright © August 2002

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