Writing Effective Sentences

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Writing Effective Sentences

  1. 1. Writing Effective Sentences University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>To help the student write clear and effective sentences. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Four Cornerstones of Writing Clear Sentences <ul><li>Write a clear subject and a clear predicate </li></ul><ul><li>Place modifiers close to what is being modified </li></ul><ul><li>Use appropriate punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the meaning can be clearly understood </li></ul>
  4. 4. Use the Appropriate Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions help you write clear sentences by connecting words or groups of words in a sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating conjunctions: And, but, or… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions: As, because, if, since, until, while… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conjunctive adverbs: Accordingly, however, instead… </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Examples <ul><li>Mary traveled to Florida, but she could not visit Disney World. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary traveled to Florida because she had an important business meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary traveled to Florida to meet some business people; however , she had to return to Puerto Rico before the meeting. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Things to Avoid
  7. 7. Wordiness <ul><li>The lack of responsibility of John made him </li></ul><ul><li>fail the class. </li></ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul><ul><li>John failed the class because of his </li></ul><ul><li>irresponsibility . </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>John’s lack of responsibility made him fail the </li></ul><ul><li>class. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Unnecessary Phrases <ul><li>Students in the present time have to work to pay for college. </li></ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul><ul><li>Today , students have to work to pay for college. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Eliminate Unnecessary Words and Phrases <ul><ul><li>The movie was kind of disturbing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The movie was disturbing. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Avoid Saying the Same Thing Twice (Redundancy) <ul><li>The computer is a new innovation . </li></ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul><ul><li>The computer is an innovation . </li></ul>
  11. 11. For More Information <ul><li>Index English Grammar and Composition </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Tons of Fun with Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.seasite.niu.edu/flin/103_handouts/sentences_and_phrases.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Book Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.grammarbook.com/exercises/grammar/cnt_gram.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Culture April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano (January 2005) August 2004

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