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Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
Class5b
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Class5b

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Transcript

  • 1. Class 5b: Population and Migration
    • Push and pull factors
    • Types of migration
    • Determining destinations
  • 2. Migration basics
    • Long-distance change of residence and “activity space”
    • Pull and push factors
    • International or internal
    • Voluntary or forced
    • Affects both receiving and sending places
  • 3.  
  • 4. Pull and push factors
    • Pulls: economic opportunity, natural resources, climate, freedom
    • Pushes: war or conflict, natural disaster, population pressure
    • Political or economic trends
    • Changes in life cycle or career cycle
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. International migration
    • 3% of world population
    • Wide range of push and pull factors
    • Major cultural and political impacts
    • Remittances to home country
  • 8. U.S. 11% California 26.2%
  • 9. California 26.2% Sacramento Co. 16.1%
  • 10. Sac. Co. 16.1% Folsom 2.5% Fruitridge 39.6%
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. New England Plymouth, MA Jamestown, VA
  • 14. Harlem Schuylkill, NY Holland, MI
  • 15. Baton Rouge, LA Sault Ste. Marie, MI Fond du Lac, WI
  • 16. Germantown, PA Frankfort, KY New Berlin, WI
  • 17. New Uppsala, WI Bergen, MN Denmark, IA
  • 18. Little Italy (NY, SF) Pulaski Ave. (Chi) Ukrainian Village (Chi)
  • 19.  
  • 20. Internal migration
    • From one region or state to another
    1998-1999 (thousands)
  • 21. Internal migration
    • Rural to urban migration
      • Push: land or income shortage
      • Pull: jobs
    • Historically goes with industrialization
    • Population shift in developing countries
  • 22. Voluntary or forced
    • Voluntary: free choice
    • Forced: not your choice
      • Slavery
      • Refugees
      • Redevelopment
  • 23.  
  • 24. Where to?
    • Hierarchy of destination decision-making
    • Different scales mean different factors
      • Country
      • Region or city
      • Neighborhood
  • 25. Where to?
    • Migration field: for a given place, where people tend to come from and go to
      • Distance or accessibility
      • Cultural or social similarity
      • Personal contacts
  • 26.  
  • 27. Where to?
    • Channelized migration: historical patterns matter
    • Great Migration (1890-1920)
      • 500,000 African-Americans
      • Economic/social push
      • Economic pull
      • North to South and rural to urban
  • 28. Where to?
    • Return migration: back to place of origin
    • Up to 25% of all migrants
    • Unsuccessful trip, or the goal all along
    • Guestworkers: intended to be temporary
  • 29. U.S. Immigration and California
    • Unrestricted immigration till 1880s
    • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    • National Origins Act of 1924
    • 1934 restrictions on Filipinos
    • Bracero program of 1942-1964
    • Today, preference to families or skilled workers
  • 30.  

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