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Class10b

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Published in: Spiritual, Technology

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • Basics of diffusion
    • Sports: from folk to popular
    • The blues: from Mali to Memphis
    Class 10b: Diffusion and popular culture
  • 2. Definitions
    • Diffusion: the process by which some characteristic spreads over space
      • Concepts or ideas
      • Practices or activities
      • Material objects, diseases
    • Hearth: where a characteristic originates
  • 3.  
  • 4. Relocation diffusion
    • Spread through physical movement of people
    • Languages to Western Hemisphere
    • Islam to North Africa, Spain
    • Foods to and from New World
  • 5.  
  • 6. Expansion diffusion
    • “ Snowball” method of diffusion
    • Spread from person to person in place
    • Diseases through Western Hemisphere
    • Democracy from U.S. to France
    • Christianity in Roman Empire
  • 7. Contagious diffusion
    • Person-to-person contact
    • Distance-decay effect
    • S-shaped adoption curve
  • 8. Hierarchical diffusion
    • Among levels of a hierarchy
    • Usually top-down
    • Based on cities or organizations
  • 9. Diffusion of folk vs. popular culture
    • Folk culture
      • Anonymous or multiple hearths
      • Relocation, not expansion
    • Popular culture
      • Deliberate innovation, advanced economies
      • Mass production
      • Expansion (hierarchical or contagious)
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Diffusion and sports: soccer
    • English, Scots, Vikings, Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Chinese, Japanese, Toltecs, Native Americans
    • Folk origin: 11 th century England
    • Village-wide contests
    • Banned between late 1300s and 1600
  • 13. Diffusion and sports: soccer
    • Transition to popular culture
    • Industrial Revolution: more time, income
      • Professional soccer leagues (1863)
      • Standardized rules
      • Distinguished from rugby
  • 14. Diffusion and sports: soccer
    • Spread by contagious diffusion
      • Exchange students from Netherlands
      • English engineers to Spain
      • Expatriates throughout British Empire
    • Rugby modified in U.S.: American football
    • Rapid spread through television
  • 15. Diffusion and sports: baseball
    • Based on British “rounders”
    • 1846: first game with U.S. rules: leisure game for wealthy
    • Contagious diffusion via Union Army
    • 1871: first professional league
    • 1903: first “World” Series
  • 16. Diffusion and sports: baseball
    • Relocation diffusion
      • Via military: Japan, Caribbean
      • Via elite students: Latin America
    • Shifting center of population
    • New leagues; real World Series?
  • 17.  
  • 18. Diffusion and music: the blues
    • Folk music of African-Americans
    • Based on slavery, religion
      • Call-and-response
      • Hidden messages
      • Subject matter
  • 19. Diffusion and music: the blues
    • Hearth: Mississippi Delta
    • Relocation diffusion: Memphis, Chicago, Texas, St. Louis, Detroit, Piedmont
    • Contagious diffusion: radio, TV
    • Popular culture: jazz, rock-and-roll, hip-hop
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. Diffusion and music: the blues
    • Original hearth: Africa?
    • Similar sounds, rhythms
    • Griot or traveling storyteller/musician
    • Banjo/guitar, percussion

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