Socio-spatial polarization in Europe
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Socio-spatial polarization in Europe

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Presentation delivered by Emmanuel Moulin, head of the URBACT secretariat. ...

Presentation delivered by Emmanuel Moulin, head of the URBACT secretariat.
Summer University
CFDU (Conseil Français des Urbanistes / French Council of Town Planners)
Amiens August 2012

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  • 1. Socio-spatial polarization in Europe Summer University CFDU (Conseil Français des Urbanistes / French Council of Town Planners) Amiens August 2012
  • 2. I 25 July 2013 I Page 2 › SOCIO-SPATIAL POLARIZATION: TRENDS in EUROPE › NATIONAL PROGRAMMES in EUROPE: WHAT ARE THE LESSONS? › EUROPEAN URBAN POLICY › THE URBACT PROGRAMME ACHIEVEMENTS
  • 3. I 25 July 2013 I Page 3 SOCIO-SPATIAL POLARIZATION: TRENDS in EUROPE SOCIAL POLARIZATION ON THE INCREASE › Income equality is increasing rapidly › Work activities and jobs going through complete restructuring › There is more and more immigration
  • 4. I 25 July 2013 I Page 4 SOCIO-SPATIAL SEGREGATION IS INCREASING › The most affluent increasingly keep together: gentrification, gated communities, urban sprawl › Impoverished neighbourhoods are becoming increasingly impoverished › Access to jobs and services and social mobility are more difficult in the most impoverished neighbourhoods SOCIO-SPATIAL POLARIZATION: TRENDS in EUROPE
  • 5. I 25 July 2013 I Page 5 SOCIO-SPATIAL POLARIZATION: TRENDS in EUROPE WIDELY VARYING CONTEXTS › In 2011 unemployment ranged from 2.5% in the Salzburg and Tyrol regions (Austria) to 30.4% in Andalusia (Spain) and for the 15-24 age group it ranged from 4.3% for Tübingen (Germany) to 54.4% for Andalusia. › Various different urban forms and histories: housing blocks in socialist countries, French ZUPs (priority development areas) etc. › Minorities and citizenship: the Rom population in Eastern countries, English communitarianism, etc. › National contexts: social benefits, housing policy, governance and government
  • 6. NATIONAL PROGRAMMES in EUROPE: WHAT ARE THE LESSONS? › Few states have an urban policy : Germany ( social city ),ʺ ʺ ʺ ʺ England (New Deal for Communities), Netherlands ( 40 Neighbourhoods Programme), … income inequality is rising rapidly › Discussion about carrying on with these neighbourhood targeted programmes: in Germany, in France › Very provisional lessons: - physical improvements in neighbourhoods seen positively even if other social indicators have not improved - combine mobilization of public policies at city level (housing, employment, mobility, and so on) with those at neighbourhood level - analyse the path neighbourhoods follow - assessment is rarely carried out but very necessary I 25 July 2013 I Page 6
  • 7. I 25 July 2013 I Page 7 EUROPEAN URBAN POLICY BACKGROUND › Urban planning is a competence of the States › European Acquis Urbain :ʺ ʺ - URBAN (1990-2002) community initiative, integrated urban policyʺ ʺ - 2007 Leipzig Charter: the States agree about a concept of integrated urban development › 2007 Lisbon Treaty: the goal of territorial cohesion is added to the goals of social and economic cohesion › 2007-2014: Integration into common law of the integrated and sustainable urban development approach
  • 8. I 25 July 2013 I Page 8 EUROPEAN URBAN POLICY 2014-2020 GUIDELINES › European draft regulations for cohesion policy published on 4th October 2011 › EU 2020 strategy taken into account: an intelligent, holistic and sustainable Europe › Strengthening the territorial and urban dimension › New mechanisms and instruments for sustainable and integrated urban development: - 5% of the ERDF national share for urban use - Overall delegation of budget monies to cities as part of integrated territorial investments - Local development led by local players: action programme through a local action group - 0.2% of the ERDF European budget monies for innovatory work - European urban platform structured around the URBACT programme
  • 9. THE URBACT PROGRAMME ACHIEVEMENTS › European territorial cooperation programme › Promotion of sustainable urban development based on exchanging and capitalizing on experience in cities › Since 2007: 56 thematic projects bringing together over 400 cities › An URBACT method to ensure exchanges have local impact :ʺ ʺ transnational exchanges, local support groups, local action plans › For 2012, 6 themes promoting exchange of information, including divided citiesʺ ʺ › URBACT projects on this theme: CO-NET (Berlin as leader with Vaulx en Velin): social cohesion in disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Reg Gov (Duisburg as leader): regional/city/neighbourhood cooperation for urban renovation. SUITE (Santiago de Compostela with Nantes and Rennes metropolis): social housing as a tool for social inclusion. › For 2012, 6 themes promoting exchange of information, including « divided cities » see above? I 25 July 2013 I Page 9
  • 10. I 25 July 2013 I Page 10 URBACT project partner cities
  • 11. I 25 July 2013 I Page 11 Find out more about URBACT project outcomes ›Subscribe to the URBACT Newsletter ›Join us on and ›And also on www.ville.gouv.fr
  • 12. e.moulin@urbact.eu www.urbact.eu