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# Tools for Problem Indentification and Analysis

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Presentation delivered during the URBACT Training for Elected Representatives Seminar 1 (8-10 April 2013, Brussels) "Integration. How to break silos and develop integrated and place-based solutions that cross the boundaries of government bodies, disciplines, or municipal borders?"

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### Tools for Problem Indentification and Analysis

1. 1. Tools for problem indentification and analysis
2. 2. Problem tree analysis• Identifying problems, their causes, their roots• In a collaborative setting• Designing solutions and objectives• There are alternative methods
3. 3. Title of presentation I Wednesday 14 December 2011 I Page 3
4. 4. Title of presentation I Wednesday 14 December 2011 I Page 5
5. 5. Step 1 - Formulate the problemsGroup brainstormParticipants should discuss and try and agree onone focal problem.
6. 6. Step 2: Elaborate the problem treeIdentify the causes of the focal problem – the rootsof the Tree –…. and then identify the consequences – whichbecome the branches.
7. 7. The heart of the exercise is the discussion,debate and dialogue
8. 8. Exercise: Make a problem tree, in groupsCore Problem: A very high % of unemployed migrants inone city quarterThe discussion group has the following members:1. School teacher2. Owner of a large multinational company3. Unemployed immigrant4. Director of the cities’ employment office5. Owner of a small retail shop in the area6. Social worker7. xxxCreate a problem tree. You have about 30 minutes!!!
9. 9. Discussion issues:Which causes and consequences are getting better, which aregetting worse and which are staying the same?What are the most serious consequences?Which causes are easiest / most difficult to address?Where could a policy change help address a cause orconsequence?
10. 10. From problems to solutionsA solution (also called objectives) tree is developed byreversing the negative statements that form the problemtree into positive ones.
11. 11. Title of presentation I Wednesday 14 December 2011 I Page 12
12. 12. From solutions to objectives"Objectives are statements of specific outcomes that are tobe achieved”Example: “more people going to work by bike”SMART:SpecificMeasurableAttainableRelevantTime-bound(Evaluate)(Re-evaluate)Title of presentation I Wednesday 14 December 2011 I Page 13
13. 13. Solutions to objectivesRe-statesolutions asobjectivesScreen by thoseLSG can addressIdentify partners’priority objectives(i.e.. by voting)
14. 14. Prioritisation GridImpactFeasibilityLow HighLowHigh
15. 15. ExerciseMake a solutions treeIf your group is fast:Turn solutions into objectivesPut them in the prioritization grid
16. 16. Advantages of the Problem TreeThe problem can be broken down, which helps to prioritize andfocus objectives;Better understanding of the problem and its causesIt can help establish whether further information, evidence orresources are needed to make a strong case, or build aconvincing solution;The process of analysis helps build a shared sense ofunderstanding, purpose and action.
17. 17. QuestionsWhat are the 3 keylessonsfrom the seminarthatyoucouldapply in your cityHow and whatwillyou report back to your local supportgroupTitle of presentation I Wednesday 14 December 2011 I Page 18