URBACT Summer University 2013 - Labs - Low Carbon Transition - Input


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Materials from the URBACT Summer University Lab "Low Carbon Transition" managed by Laura Colini

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URBACT Summer University 2013 - Labs - Low Carbon Transition - Input

  1. 1. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 1 LAND CONSUMPTION 'Consumption' of land cover means: (a) The expansion of built-up area which can be directly measured; (b) the absolute extent of land that is subject to exploitation by agriculture, forestry or other economic activities; and (c) the over-intensive exploitation of land that is used for agriculture and forestry. [definition source: EEA. 1997. The concept of environmental space. Copenhagen] Terminology source: http://glossary.eea.europa.eu
  2. 2. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 2 Europe is one of the most intensively used continents on the globe, with the highest share of land used for settlement, production systems and infrastructure. Artificial land cover increased by 3.4 % in Europe between 2000 and 2006 — by far the largest proportional increase in all land use categories. Although artificial cover accounts for just 4 % of the EU's land area, the fact that it is dispersed means that more than a quarter of EU territory is directly affected by urban land use http://www.plurel.net/ ( peri-urban futures) Land uptake by urban development and transport infrastructure has been slightly faster than in the previous decade. EEA analysis of land-cover http://www.eea.europa.eu/ ( data source Corine land cover) EU report (2006), Urban Sprawl in Europe, the ignored challenge http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2006_10 BOOK: Couch, Chris, G. Petschel-Held, and L. Leontidou. Urban Sprawl in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 2007. LAND CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE
  3. 3. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 3
  4. 4. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 4
  5. 5. • UMZs are defined as built-up areas lying less than 200 m apart. • Example of Rotterdam urban growth URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 5
  6. 6. • At the local scale, for example, most urbanisation in Madrid in recent decades has occurred on former agricultural land, which is typical for urban expansion in Europe. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 6
  7. 7. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 7 By 2020, approximately 80 % of Europeans will be living in urban areas. This expansion, often occurring in a scattered way throughout Europe's countryside, is called urban sprawl.
  8. 8. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 8 • Land is a finite resource, non renewable (according to a human time scale) • how it is used constitutes one of the principal reasons for environmental change, with significant impacts on quality of life and ecosystems, as well as on the management of infrastructure. • Land is a critical resource for food and biomass production and land use strongly influences soil erosion and soil functions such as carbon storage. WHY IT IS CRITICAL
  9. 9. KEY MESSAGES • Policy responses are needed to help resolve conflicting land-use demands and to guide land-use intensity to support environmental land management. • Land use decisions involve trade-offs between the current high attention to food and energy security, and more policy emphasis on multi-functionality taking into account ecosystem and natural resource management objectives. • The diversity of land resources and the sustainable use of territorial assets is an aspect of the EU territorial cohesion objective. URBACT LAB 1 SESSION 2 9