Biofuel production in india and its implication on food, water and energy security abstract
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Biofuel production in india and its implication on food, water and energy security abstract

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A paper title: "Biofuel Production in India and its Implication on Food, Water and Energy Security" co-authored by Ms. Ruchi Goyal, Sr Research Fellow, UPES, Dr. Avanish k. Tiwari, Senior......

A paper title: "Biofuel Production in India and its Implication on Food, Water and Energy Security" co-authored by Ms. Ruchi Goyal, Sr Research Fellow, UPES, Dr. Avanish k. Tiwari, Senior Principal Scientist, UPES and Dr. Parag Diwan, Vice Chancellor, UPES was presented at the symposium on Energy-Food-Water Security Challenge: A Multi-dimensional Perspective at University of Technology, Sydney Australia (16-18th July, 2013)

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  • 1. White Paper on Biofuel Production in India and its Implication on Food, Water and Energy Security Authors: Ms. Ruchi Goyal1 , Dr. Avanish k. Tiwari2 and Dr. Parag Diwan3 Abstract Energy security is an essential building block for a developing country like India. In spite of several energy sector reforms, country is facing serious energy shortages and is forced to rely heavily on imports especially to meet the demand of transport sector. In such a scenario biofuel has emerged as a potential option which can not only reduce country’s dependence on foreign oil but could also help in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Biofuels apart from contributing towards energy security have various impacts on food and water resources. Although, the National Biofuel Policy of India has limited the production of bioethanol to molasses (a by-product of sugar industry) and biodiesel to non-edible seed oil such as jatropha, pongamia etc., the experts anticipate that biofuel program in country will disturb food market and result in depletion of water resources. In this paper different biofuel production technologies (using different feedstocks), their implications on food, water, environment/climate change etc. and meeting the ambitious blending targets set by the Government of India in the current scenario have been analysed. 1 Senior Research Fellow, Center for Alternate Energy Research, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies 2 Senior Principal Scientist, Center for Alternate Energy Research, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies 3 Vice Chancellor, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Corporate Office: PHDCCI, 3rd Floor, 4/2 Siri Institutional Area, August Kranti Marg, New Delhi 110016 Corresponding authors: rgoyal@upes.ac.in