Living and working in estonia it sector 2012

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Living and working in estonia it sector 2012

  1. 1. Living and working in ESTONIA IT sector Piret Ustav, EURES adviser Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund
  2. 2. 20.11.2012 2
  3. 3. Facts about Estonia Small country of 45 227 km2 Population - 1 294 236 Parliamentary republic since 1918 EU member since May 2004 Currency EURO since January 2011 Capital Tallinn – 600 000 inhabitants 3
  4. 4. Living in Estonia …● Four seasons: cold winters, warm summers● Extremes: -28 C and + 35 C● Official language - Estonian- easy to communicate in English on daily matters● Neighbouring countries: Russia, Finland, Sweden● Ethnic groups living in Estonia: (Estonians 68,7%, Russians 24,8%, other 6,4% )● Religions: Lutheran, Orthodox, Catholic● Active cultural scene● Well-preserved nature, wildlife
  5. 5. Estonian Labour Market• Population - 1 294 236 (Population Census, 2011)• Tallinn and Harjumaa more than 600 thousands inhabitants• Economically active population (labour force) - 656 400• Number of employed persons - 635,2 thousand (2012 IIIQ)• Number of unemployed - 38 479 (2012 III Q)• Unemployment rate - 5,9 % (2012 III Q) Source: Statistics Estonia• Average gross monthly salary 900 Euro (2012 III Q)• Minimum wage 290 EUR/month• Surpluses: construction, elementary occupations• Shortages: professionals (IT, engineers, medicine) Eesti Töötukassa 5
  6. 6. Average monthly gross salaries, III Q 2012 Eesti TöötukassaSource Statistics Estonia www.stat.ee 6
  7. 7. Situation on the labour market 160.000 140.000 120.000 NUMBER OF PEOPLE 100.000 80.000 60.000 40.000 20.000 0 I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Number of unemployed (aged 15-74) Registered unemployed (aged 16 - pension age) Inflow of registered unemployed Outflow of registered unemployedNumber of unemployed in Estonia (2012, II Q)Source: Unemployment Insurance Fund 7
  8. 8. Craft and Elementary Machine occupations related operators and 18% trades Managers assemblersworkers 8% 11% 18% Professionals 7% Technicians and associate professionals Service and sales 9% workers 17% Skilled agricultural, Clerical support forestry and workersfishery workers 10% 2%Registered unemployed by previous occupation(August 2012) 8
  9. 9. Reasons for hiring foreign work forceThe main reason, why Estonian employers are interested in foreign work force, is labourforce shortage in specific regions (61%). The second reason is the low qualification ofEstonian employees in specific works or services (35%). Some employers assess theEstonian work force to be too expensive (15%). 2005 2008 2011 Can’t find necessary/ 64 suitable work force from 51 Estonia 57 It was economically 35 profitable for the 13 enterprice 4 The person in question 21 offered himself/herself 28 for employment 4 17 Other 8 19 0 10 20 30 % 40 50 60 70
  10. 10. Positions to be filled by foreign labour force 2005 2008 2011 61 Specialist 38 39 27 Skilled worker 61 28 12 Unskilled worker 26 17 10 Manager 6 6 2 Other 3 0 10 20 30 % 40 50 60 70Source: Survey “Demand for foreign labour force in Estonian companies, May 2011 10
  11. 11. Meeting on Opportunities for Spanish-Estonian Cooperationon Employment in the IT sector, May 2012 TallinnParticipants• Ambassador of Spain• Director, Office of the President• Executive Board, Tehnopol www.tehnopol.ee• Executive Board, Estonian Association of Information Technology and Telecommunications www.itl.ee• Political Officer, European Commission in Estonia• Site leader, Skype Estonia• EURESAgenda included overview of cooperation between Spain andother European countries in the field of employment:-E.g. Permanent cooperation between EURES-Spain and EURES GermanyPossibilities to set up a similar scheme between Spain and Estonia 11
  12. 12. European EURES portal eures.europa.eu20.11.2012 Eesti Töötukassa 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. SKYPE recruitment needs Number of positions: 105 positions worldwide and 19 positions in Tallinn. During the first half of 2012, Tallinn office grew by about 70 people, and we expect to grow and add more during the next 12 months. People can be placed in London, Prague, Stockholm, Moscow, New York, Tallinn or Luxembourg. SKYPE also help with relocation http://www.microsoft-careers.com/content/skype/home/http://www.microsoft-careers.com/content/skype/sneak-peek 14
  15. 15. Life at SKYPEWere global thinkers with offices in Hong Kong, London, Luxembourg, Palo Alto,Prague, Singapore, Stockholm, Tallinn, Tartu and Tokyo. Our wonderful offices are relaxed, funky, innovative and dog friendly - were morelike family around here. A super productive bunch, we are performance driven anddedicated to unleashing wonder! The living standards are very high; we have an overall very good technological infrastructure, and a good business environment. 15
  16. 16. How to apply 16
  17. 17. EURES network in EstoniaInformation about livingand working in Estonia5 EURES adviserswww.eures.ee/kontaktSkype consultationson Fridays 12.00-15.00eures.eesti 17
  18. 18. Estonian EURES website www.eures.ee 18
  19. 19. Searching for a job in Estonia European Job Mobility portal eures.europa.eu Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund www.tootukassa.ee Local job-search portals: www.cv.ee; www.cvkeskus.ee Head hunter companies: www.areserv.ee; www.fontes.ee Eesti Töötukassa 19
  20. 20. Working in EstoniaTemporary or permanent contracts: (Employment Contracts Act www.ti.ee)=> 4 months probationary employmentFull time 40 hours per week: salary paid once a month;Employer deducts from the gross wages:income tax (21%) unemployment contribution (4,2%) 20
  21. 21. Estonia in web: useful links The State portal of Estonia www.eesti.ee/eng/ Official gateway to Estonia http://estonia.eu/ http://www.visitestonia.com/en Registration procedures:Police and Border Guard Board www.politsei.eeMinistry of the Interior www.siseministeerium.eeMinistry of Foreign Affairs www.vm.ee Social Insurance Board www.ensib.ee Estonian Tax and Customs Board www.emta.ee Estonian Health Insurance fund www.haigekassa.ee Eesti Töötukassa 21
  22. 22. Thank You!piret.ustav@tootukassa.ee 22

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