Assessora alemanya nov 2012

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  • 1. Living & Working in Germany - Opportunities in the ICT Sector - Barcelona, 16./17. November 2012 Welcome to Germany!
  • 2. Agenda ZAV – The International Placement Services of the German Federal Employment Agency Some facts about Germany German labour market The labour market for IT-Specialists Access to German labour market Salaries and deductions Looking for jobs in Germany The application processLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 2
  • 3. ZAV – Our Services for Jobseekers The International Placement Services (ZAV) EURES Germany Provides services for: jobseekers from abroad German employers Our responsibilities include: Information and advice about the German labour market and employment opportunities Placement for jobseekers from abroad (only selected professions) Specific recruitment events in country of origin Consulting for foreign graduates of German universitiesLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 3
  • 4. Some Facts about Germany Surface area: 357.000 km² Population: 82.6 million  ~ 15 mill. with a migration background Capital: Berlin 16 Federal StatesLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 4
  • 5. The German Labour MarketUnemployment rates inOctober 2012: Germany: 6,5 %  Western States: 5,6 %  Eastern States: 9,8 % number of unemployed persons: 2.753.354Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 5
  • 6. The German Labour Market: Where is the Demand right now? Labour shortage mainly in the following technical occupations:  Engineers in mechanical engineering and in the automotive sector  Engineers in mechatronics and electronics  Engineers in technical research & development (R&D)  Engineers in construction departments including model making  Engineers in metal construction and in welding engineering  Experts in computer science, SW-development/programmingLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 6
  • 7. The Labour Market for IT-SpecialistsDemographic changes (employees 55 years and older - in 1.000) People retired in:600 Because of retirements 2008-2017 546 Germany will need: 509 2018-2027500 169.000 IT-Experts 2028-2037 455 in the years 2008 - 2017 438 406400 384 311.000 in 2018 - 2027 339 346 406.000 in 2028 - 2037 327 311300 295200 194 195 169 175 140 124 129 118 108100 63 67 59 48 39 31 17 0 Natural Latheoperat. Machinebuild., Doctors, IT-Specialists Engineers Nurses etc. social Teacher Scientists Grinder maintenance Chemists ProfessionsDatenquelle: Statistisches BundesamtLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 7
  • 8. The Labour Market for IT-Specialists no general shortage in the Computer Science, Softwaredevelopment, IT- ICT-Sector Consulting – June 2012 - a shortage of experts in SW/HW- and application development, Schleswig-Holstein programming, consulting Hamburg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern no need of IT-analysts/-sales, Bremen network engineering Niedersachsen Berlin Brandenburg shortage only in some regions Sachsen-Anhalt (mainly in Bavaria and Nordrhein-Westfalen Baden-Württemberg) Thüringen Sachsen a surplus of IT-Experts in Berlin, Hessen Brandenburg, Sachsen-Anhalt Rheinland-Pfalz Saarland Bayern Baden-Württemberg= real shortage (Period of a vacancy is at least 40% longerthan average period regarding all occupations and there are = signs for a real shortageless than150 candidates per 100 registered job offers orthere are less candidates than job offers) = no shortage yet = no results indicated due to too few dataLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 8
  • 9. The Labour Market for IT-SpecialistsMost wanted skills: C#, C, C++, Java/J2EE, JavaScript, JSP, Delphi, PHP, HTML, CSS, XSL, .net, jQuery SQL, MySQL, Oracle, MS-SQL SW-design, SW-engineering, IT-testing, design and development of testing methods (Hardware-in-the-Loop – HIL) Automotive bus systems (CAN, LIN, AUTOSAR, FleyRay, OSEK etc.) SPS-ProgrammingLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 9
  • 10. Access to the German Labour Market Free access to the German labour market for citizens of EU/EEA member states (except Bulgaria and Romania until 2014) Members of third party countries (= anybody who is not an EU/EEA citizen), who are interested to work in Germany, usually need a residence permit including a work permitLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 10
  • 11. How much do I earn ? - Salaries in Germany There is no general minimum wage regulation (exceptions for special branches) Wages depend on collective agreements (Tarifvertrag) which exist for most sectors Regional differences (East-West/North-South) Wages: monthly salary (gross) – the net salary is lower Talking about monthly salary means 12 month/yearLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 11
  • 12. How much do I have to deduct from my Salary?Social Security System: Health Insurance 15,5 % Unemployment Insurance 3,0 % Pension 19,9 % Long-Term Care Insurance 1,95 % Work Accident Insurance paid by employerTaxation Income tax  14 % - 42 % (Depending on income and marital status) Church tax  8 % - 9 % of income tax Solidarity tax  5,5 % of income tax Automatically deducted from the salary Registration to the social insurance system is done by the employerLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 12
  • 13. IT-Engineer in the automotive sector (approx. 2 years work experience),single, no kids, in NRW, tax class 1, 40h/week - Sample Salary Statement: Month Year Salary 3.583,33 € 43.000,- € Social security contributions Pension Plan (Rentenversicherung, -19,6 %) 351,17 € 4.214,04 € Unempl. insurance (Arbeitslosenvers., - 3 %) 53,75 € 645,00 € Health insurance (Krankenversicherung, - 15,5 %) 293,84 € 3.526,08 € Long-term care insurance (Pflegevers., -2,2 %) 43,90 € 526,80 € Total Social Contributions 742,66 € 8.911,92 € Taxation Solidarity tax (Soli-Abgabe) 34,86 € 418,27 € Church tax (Kirchensteuer) 50,70 € 608,40 € Income tax (Lohnsteuer) 633,75 € 7.605,00 € Total Taxation 719,31 € 8.631,67 € Salary after deductions 2.121,37 € 25.456,41 €Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 13
  • 14. How to find a job in Germany Internet  www.eures.europa.eu  German Federal Employment agency www.arbeitsagentur.de -> Jobbörse (currently 767.634 vacancies registered)  Company websites  Specific websites for different branches (see www.ba-auslandsvermittlung.de/deutschland) NewspaperLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 14
  • 15. The Jobörse on www.arbeitsagentur.de choose language Register/ Log in Quicksearch/ advanded SearchLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 15
  • 16. The Application Process: How to read a job offer The offer at a first glance Living and Working in… (region, town, city) Requirements – all that is a must Qualifications which can be an asset My qualifications/experiences vs. the requirements The aim: a congruence of 70% Any additional qualifications you can offer Are there any questions left after you read the job offer carefully?Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 16
  • 17. The Application Process: CV and cover letter –Recommendations and No-Gos Recipient of your application (name, address, position ) Structured design – uniform appearance Your contact information – are you available any time? Cover letter related to the requirements Work experience when important for the future job CV: No photo from your last vacation It does not make sense to spread a generalised application Apply the way the employer has indicated ! Don‘t waste the employer‘s time by providing unnecessary information !Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 17
  • 18. Useful Links online application training http://www.berufe.tv/BA/weitereFilme/?familyID=1000027&fa mily=Bewerbungstraining online application training for academics https://lernboerse.arbeitsagentur.de/aktiv/media/akademiker/ 101005_bewerbungstraining/index.htm www.bewerbungsdschungel.de www.europass-info.de (CV) Living and working in Germany: http://www.make-it-in-germany.comLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 18
  • 19. ContactZentrale Auslands- und FachvermittlungInternationaler PersonalserviceVillemombler Str. 7653123 Bonn, GermanyPhone: +49 228 713-1313e-mail: workingermany@arbeitsagentur.dewww.zav.deLiving & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite 19
  • 20. Living and Working in Germany Thank you for your attention!