WELCOME TO THE UNITED NATIONS!

karibUNi: IT’S YOUR WORLD!
1
History
• United Nations (UN) formed by 51 states after World War II
to: “save succeeding generations from the scourge of ...
Organization Structure

3
The Secretariat

4
The Secretariat
• Administrative arm of the United Nations
• Services the other organs of the United Nations
• Informs the...
Secretary-General
The current Head of
the UN Secretariat:
Mr. Ban Ki-Moon
(South-Korea)

6
UN Secretaries General
Ban Ki-moon

South Korea

1 January 2007 - present

Kofi Annan

Ghana

1 January 1997 –31 December ...
UNON
Director-General
Ms. Sahle-Work Zewde
(Ethiopia)

8
UNEP
Executive Director
Mr. Achim Steiner
(Germany/Brazil)

9
UN-HABITAT
Executive Director
Mr. Joan Clos
(Spain)

10
The International
Court of Justice

11
The International Court of Justice
• Principal judicial organ of the UN.
• Established in June 1945 by the Charter of the ...
Security Council

13
Security Council
• Main role: maintenance of international peace & security.
• 15 members; 5 permanent and 10 non-permanen...
Actions the Security
Council may take:
• Peaceful settlement of disputes (i.e. negotiations,
peace talks, good offices of ...
16
17
18
Trusteeship Council

19
20
Trusteeship Council
• Has suspended it’s work, no longer active!
• Previously supervised the administration of Trust
Terri...
The World today

22
Economic and Social Council
(ECOSOC)

23
ECOSOC
• Main goal: to improve the world’s living standards and to
promote the respect of human rights – no peace & securi...
25
26
Mandated by the General Assembly to:
•be the leading global environmental authority that sets
the global environmental age...
Mandated by the General Assembly to:
•promote socially and environmentally sustainable
towns and cities with the goal of p...
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Are to be succeed by

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs)
 Post-2015 Development Ag...
General Assembly

30
General Assembly
• Main deliberative, policymaking and representative
organ of the UN, also “World Parliament”.
• Comprise...
Learn more about the UN
• Official website: www.un.org
• United Nations on Facebook:
www.facebook.com/unitednations
• UN c...
Facebook
www.facebook.com/UnitedNationsVisitorsServiceNairobi

33
The United Nations Visitors’ Service
Nairobi
Contact Us!
Email: un.tours@unon.org
Phone: +254 20 762 2043
Twitter: @Unvisi...
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United Nations Overview - by UN Visitors' Service Nairobi - January 2014

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United Nations Overview - by UN Visitors' Service Nairobi - January 2014

  1. 1. WELCOME TO THE UNITED NATIONS! karibUNi: IT’S YOUR WORLD! 1
  2. 2. History • United Nations (UN) formed by 51 states after World War II to: “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war […]” • UN Charter signed on 24th October 1945: UN Day. • Main Headquarters in New York, USA. • 193 Member States to date, newest member South-Sudan • 6 official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian & Spanish. 2
  3. 3. Organization Structure 3
  4. 4. The Secretariat 4
  5. 5. The Secretariat • Administrative arm of the United Nations • Services the other organs of the United Nations • Informs the world's media about the work of the United Nations (Public Information) • Organizes international conferences on issues of worldwide concern; interprets speeches & translates documents into the Organization's official languages. 5
  6. 6. Secretary-General The current Head of the UN Secretariat: Mr. Ban Ki-Moon (South-Korea) 6
  7. 7. UN Secretaries General Ban Ki-moon South Korea 1 January 2007 - present Kofi Annan Ghana 1 January 1997 –31 December 2006 Boutros Boutros-Ghali Egypt 1 January 1992 –31 December 1996 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Peru 1 January 1982 –31 December 1991 Kurt Waldheim Austria 1 January 1972 –31 December 1981 U Thant Burma (Myanmar) 30 November 1961 –31 December 1971 Dag Hammarskjöld Sweden 10 April 1953 –18 September 1961 Trygve Lie Norway 1 February 1946 –10 November 1952 7
  8. 8. UNON Director-General Ms. Sahle-Work Zewde (Ethiopia) 8
  9. 9. UNEP Executive Director Mr. Achim Steiner (Germany/Brazil) 9
  10. 10. UN-HABITAT Executive Director Mr. Joan Clos (Spain) 10
  11. 11. The International Court of Justice 11
  12. 12. The International Court of Justice • Principal judicial organ of the UN. • Established in June 1945 by the Charter of the UN. Work commenced in April 1946. • 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council for 9 year terms. • Main role: settles legal disputes submitted to it by States & to gives advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs & specialized agencies. 12
  13. 13. Security Council 13
  14. 14. Security Council • Main role: maintenance of international peace & security. • 15 members; 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent. • Non-permanent members elected from different regions in the world to serve 2 year terms. • Council on a 24-hr call (can meet any day, at any time) • 9 out of 15 votes required to pass a resolution (no veto from the permanent members!). • Only UN-Organ which can enforce it’s resolutions – they are legally binding! 14
  15. 15. Actions the Security Council may take: • Peaceful settlement of disputes (i.e. negotiations, peace talks, good offices of the Secretary-General, also Special Representatives of the SecretaryGeneral) • Establish Peacekeeping Operations • Enforcement measures (i.e. targeted sanctions, multinational forces) 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Trusteeship Council 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. Trusteeship Council • Has suspended it’s work, no longer active! • Previously supervised the administration of Trust Territories placed under the Trusteeship System. • Main goal: to promote the advancement of the inhabitants of Trust Territories and their progressive development towards self-determination. • Special Committee on Decolonization still active to date! • 17 non-self-governing territories remaining today! 21
  22. 22. The World today 22
  23. 23. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) 23
  24. 24. ECOSOC • Main goal: to improve the world’s living standards and to promote the respect of human rights – no peace & security without economic & social stability! • Coordinates the work of UN funds, programmes & specialized agencies; i.e. UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNEP, UN-HABITAT, ILO, World Bank… • Sets international standards; i.e. Children’s Rights • World’s economic, social & environmental challenges are discussed, debated and recommendations made by this organ. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Mandated by the General Assembly to: •be the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda and •serve as an advocate for the environment. Focus areas: •Climate Change, Disasters & Conflicts, Ecosystem Management, Environmental Governance, Harmful Substances, Resource Efficiency 27
  28. 28. Mandated by the General Assembly to: •promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. Focus areas: •Urban Development & Management, Land & Housing, Environment & Climate Change, Water & Sanitation, Urban Economy & Financing Shelter, Risk & Disaster Management 28
  29. 29. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Are to be succeed by SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs)  Post-2015 Development Agenda 29
  30. 30. General Assembly 30
  31. 31. General Assembly • Main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN, also “World Parliament”. • Comprises of all 193 member states. • Provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion. • Six main committees. • Meets from September to December for it’s main session each year. However, session lasts a year. • Currently in 68th Session. 31
  32. 32. Learn more about the UN • Official website: www.un.org • United Nations on Facebook: www.facebook.com/unitednations • UN channel on YouTube: www.youtube.com/unitednations • UN on Twitter: @UN • UN Foundation: www.unfoundation.org • Email: inquiries@un.org • Job opportunities: https://careers.un.org 32
  33. 33. Facebook www.facebook.com/UnitedNationsVisitorsServiceNairobi 33
  34. 34. The United Nations Visitors’ Service Nairobi Contact Us! Email: un.tours@unon.org Phone: +254 20 762 2043 Twitter: @Unvisitorsnbi #karibUNi Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/user/UNVisitorsService THANK YOU…karibUNi tena! 34

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