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Situation of Women in Internally Displaced Communities in North & South Upi & Significance of Magna Carta to the Indigenous Women
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Situation of Women in Internally Displaced Communities in North & South Upi & Significance of Magna Carta to the Indigenous Women


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The Event of IYV+10 Month for MDG 3 & International Women’s Month on March 31

The Event of IYV+10 Month for MDG 3 & International Women’s Month on March 31

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  • 1. Situation of Women in Internally Displaced Communities in North & South Upi & Significance of Magna Carta to the Indigenous Women Prepared by: FROILYN MENDOZA Teduray Lambangian Women’s Organization, Inc. (TLWOI)
  • 2. Ethnic Dimensions of Conflict
    • Mindanao population 2000 census:
      • Lumad (35 tribes/subtribes) - - - - - - 8.9%
      • Moro (Muslim/ 13 ethnic groups) - 18.5%
      • Migrants and descendants - - - - - - - 72.5%
    • But in 1890 and in the previous three centuries, Lumad occupied the larger territory of Mindanao
  • 3. Teduray Lambangian Dulangan Manobo The Lumad/IP Women in ARMM
  • 4. Population: Lumad/IP Women in ARMM
    • Out of the 23 barangays of Upi municipality, 18 barangays are permamently dominated by Teduray.
    • All the 11 barangays of South Upi municipality are predominanly inhabited by Teduray
    • Barangay Kuya is a stronghold of Lambangian tribe.
    Barangays Tubak, Feris and Temikur in Ampatuan Municipality are permamently settled by Dulangan Manobo and Teduray tribe all in the province of Maguindanao.
  • 5.
    • In 1996, the MILF established camp in the area and declared it as one of their Satellite Camp during peace negotiations
    • In 2000, Estrada declared war against MILF and overran the camp, the Tedurays fled once more
    • Until now, Tedurays do not have permanent places to live in
    • Since 1970, more than 10,000 Teduray families from 4 Barangays in Firis Complex have fled due to armed confrontation between the ILAGA and the Moro
  • 6. Due to armed conflicts, Tédurays find it hard to establish permanent houses and more secure communities.
  • 7. Environment degradation On top of the displacements brought about by armed conflicts; the Teduray Lambangian and Dulangan Manobo women also experience displacement from massive logging and floodings, agro-industrial plantations, and mining activities.
  • 8. UN CEDAW Concluding Comments to the Philippines, 2006 August
    • paragraph 30
    • Pay special attention to the needs of rural women, indigenous women and Muslim women living in ARMM, ensuring that they have access to health care, social security, education, clean water and sanitation services, fertile land, income generations opportunities and participation in decision making processes.
  • 9. Priority Issues ( CEDAW Sectoral and Localization Study, TLWO- 2007)
    • Priority issues: Education, Health, Safe & Potable Water, Livelihood, Environment and Peace
    • Highlights:
    • Early marriage
    • * Cases of early marriage, girls aged 9-14 esperience arranged marriage often for economic gains
    • b) Education: high illiteracy rate – 65% in Brgy Rifao and 85% in Brgy. Kuya.
    • * During elections, 85% would need assistance in voting
    • c) Health : health centers, services, facilities and health workers are very limited; availability of medicines is wanting
    • d) Water : problem of source of water
    • e) Livelihood : Poverty is prevalent in Teduray communities as people commonly engaged in shifting “slash and burn” cultivation. Income derived from farming is approximately P1,000 – 2,000 a year.
    • f) Environment : Forest denudation is also a major concern among the Tedurays as logging and mining operations threaten their ancestral lands.
    • g) Peace : initiatives – active participation in the Lumad Peace Summit
  • 10. Initiatives
    • Conduct of the Lumad Women Peace Summit
    1 st Lumad Women Peace Summit, 2003 2nd Lumad Women Peace Summit, 2005 3rd Lumad Women Peace Summit, 2007
  • 11.
    • * Human Rights Advocacy and Research on Lumad Women
    • Baseline Social, Economic, and Political Profiling of the Lumad Women
    • Model farm development, 3 hectares, South Upi
    • Organic rice production (traditional varieties, 20 Teduray women)
    • Human Rights Advocacy and Training
  • 12. Establishment of model farm and promotion of organic fertilizer
  • 13. Promotion of spirituality culture and tradition “Tenines”
  • 14. Community-based trainings & education on organic fertilizer and soap making
  • 15. Food security and Environment
  • 16. Organizational Strengthening
  • 17. Advocacy networking and International Solidarity
  • 18. Teduray Lambangian Women’s Organization Inc. Vision: Teduray & Lambangian Women are endowed with qualities that are nourished by their historical contemporary experiences and this inner strength can enable them to participate in community development towards freedom social justice and equal opportunity. We envision the Teduray and Lambangian Women in enhancing their capacities according to their own realization .
  • 19. Fiyo Bagi! Meuyag!