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  • Citizens of the EU face more frequent and often intense disasters . Climate change increases the frequency and magnitude of extreme meterological events, such as heat waves, storms, and heavy rains. These disasters often go along with huge economic damages.
  • This year for instance the Mechanism contributed to the response provided to the Aquila earthquake in Italy, and to the floods in Namibia and Tadjikistan. Last year, the Mechanism was involved in 20 events worldwide, including the dramatic earthquake in China and cyclone Nargis in Myanmar.
  • European Commission

    1. 1. <ul><li>EUROPEAN COMMISSION </li></ul><ul><li>WORK IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (DRR) </li></ul>
    2. 2. THE EU STRATEGY SUPPORTING DRR IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES <ul><li>Overall objective is to “contribute to sustainable development and poverty eradication by reducing the burden of disasters on the poor and the most vulnerable countries and population groups, by means of improved DRR” </li></ul><ul><li>Five priority areas for intervention - in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action </li></ul><ul><li>Covers all developing countries and EU overseas countries and territories (OCTs) </li></ul><ul><li>Covers disasters caused by natural & technological hazards </li></ul>
    3. 3. IMPLEMENTATION PRIORITIES <ul><li>Political dialogue on DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Action Plans on DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of DRR at EU level </li></ul><ul><li>National level support </li></ul>
    4. 4. Disasters in Europe Source: CRED, 2009 EUROPEAN COMMUNITY CIVIL PROTECTION MECHANISM
    5. 5. COMMUNITY CIVIL PROTECTION MECHANISM <ul><li>Facilitates and supports the provision of European civil protection assistance in the event of a major disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Both natural and manmade disasters </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission + 30 participating states (EU & EEA) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) </li></ul>
    6. 6. COMMUNITY MECHANISM OPERATIONS 2008 Ecuador floods 06/03-21/03 Technical assessment expert team (AT, FR, DE, SE, ES) Bolivia , floods 28/01-26/02 Water sanitation experts (AT, SE) 216 Drinking water filters (AT) Haiti , hurricane 04/09-03/10 Expert team (AT, BE, DE, IT, FR, SE) 120000 water purification tablets, sandbags (AT) Romania floods 28/07-08/08 105 Generators, geotextil 10 countries Montenegro forest fire 21/08-29/08 Fire fighting aircraft IT Greece , forest fire 24/07-28/07 1 fire fighting module, coordination plane, 2 fire fighting aircrafts, helicopter CY, FR, IT Ukraine , floods, 28/07-11/08 Expert team (DE, EE, FR) shelter, 31 pumps, generator, 6 rubber boats, 31 fire cars, 200 fisherman trousers, CZ, EE, PL, SK, AT, LT, HU Moldova , floods, 31/07-22/08; Expert team (FR, DE, EE, FI,UK) 38 rubber boats; 24 generators; 16 pumps; 5 water pumps; 1200 water proof clothes; 1800 rubber boots; 2 water purification units; AT, CZ, EE, LT, SK Bulgaria forest fire 05/09-17/09 2 fire fighting modules (total 4 Canadairs), coordination plane FR, ES Georgia conflict 11/08-12/09 expert team (DK, FR, UK) Fire protection equipment, relief items AT, FR, SK, BG Kyrgyzstan earthquake 01/01-14/01 AT Expert 135 tents and heaters, 1000 warm clothing AT, BG, SK, SE China earthquake 12/05-27/06 Expert team (IT, UK) shelter, first aid and medicines, water purification module, sanitation, 19 countries Myanmar Cyclone 07/05-13/06 SE Experts shelter, 4 water purification modules, sanitation, medicines 10 countries Philippines Capsized ferry 04/07-29/08 Assessment experts FR, SE Turks and Caicos Islands hurricane 3 waste managements experts offered but not deployed Pre-alert was issued in the following emergencies: China – cold wave (21 Feb), Albania – ammunition blast (15 Mar), Sweden – forest fire (2 Jun), Norway – forest fire (13 Jun), Cyprus – forest fire (18 Jun), India/Nepal – floods (5 Sept) The MIC was activated on 06/10 in relation to the earthquake in Kyrgyzstan but other assistance channels/instruments were applied. The MIC was also activated regarding Honduras (30/10), Yemen (31/10) and Guatemala (04/10) but no assistance could be provided. India Terrorist attack 27/11- Experts (SE, FR) MEDEVAC aircraft from SE Aircrafts on bilateral bases from ES, FR
    7. 7. PREVENTION – WHAT IS THE AIM? <ul><li>Creating the conditions for the development of knowledge-based disaster prevention policies at all levels of government </li></ul><ul><li>Linking the actors and policies throughout the disaster management cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Making existing instruments perform better for disaster prevention </li></ul>Communication «  A community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters » COM(2009)82 Preparedness Reconstruction Prevention Response
    8. 8. ECHO STRATEGY ON DISASTER RISK REDUCTION <ul><li>Three priority areas of intervention for the Commission’s Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) </li></ul><ul><li>disaster preparedness programmes with mitigation components (DIPECHO Programme) </li></ul><ul><li>integration of DRR into emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>advocacy, coordination, capacity-building and dissemination of good practices </li></ul>
    9. 9. THE DIPECHO PROGRAMME <ul><li>Addresses DP in a regional framework, targeting areas most prone to natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-up, community based approach targeting most vulnerable and poorest communities </li></ul>
    10. 11. ADDRESSING NATURAL HAZARDS: EUROPEAN RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME <ul><li>DG Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programme Infrastructures ( http://cordis.europa.eu/infrastructures ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programme Environment (including climate change): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressures on Environment and Climate, Natural Hazards, Earth Observation, Environmental Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ec.europa.eu/research/environment/index_en.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DG Information Society & Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and Communication Technologies for the Environment (research on ICT applications for crisis and emergency management. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/environment/index.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DG Enterprise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GMES (Global mechanism for Environment and Security) mostly in support of a satellite Earth Observation capacity for crisis management) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.gmes.info/2.0.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JRC Joint research centre Ispra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and applications in support to EC policies (Institute for Environment &Sustainability; Inst. for the protection & security of the citizens) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.irc.cec.eu.int/ </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. PROGRAMME ENVIRONMENT (INCLUDING CLIMATE CHANGE): FP7 ACTIVITY 6.1 CLIMATE CHANGE, POLLUTION AND RISKS SUB ACTIVITY NATURAL HAZARDS <ul><li>Main areas covered by the work programme calls for proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard assessment, triggering factors and forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>2007 European storm risk </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Methodology and tools for earthquake hazards in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Forest fires in the context of climate and social changes </li></ul><ul><li>2010 no call </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability assessment and Societal impacts </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Frame for better vulnerability assessment </li></ul><ul><li> - Investigating Europe's risks from drought </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Social perception, behaviour and response to risks </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Costs of natural hazards </li></ul><ul><li> - Vulnerability of buildings, lifelines related to earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Building a culture of risk prevention in Europe </li></ul>
    12. 13. PROGRAMME ENVIRONMENT (INCLUDING CLIMATE CHANGE): FP7 ACTIVITY 6.1 CLIMATE CHANGE, POLLUTION AND RISKS SUB ACTIVITY NATURAL HAZARDS <ul><li>Main areas covered by the work programme calls for proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Risks assessment and management </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Assessment and management of volcanic threat </li></ul><ul><li> - Avalanche forecasting and risk mapping ( no project selected) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Prediction of triggering and risk assessment for landslides </li></ul><ul><li> - Risk management for flash floods and debris flow </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Risk prevention and management of urban floods </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Early warning and drought risks in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Multi risk evaluation and mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>2007 European multi-hazard database (no project selected) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Coordinated research strategy between European and national levels (no project selected) </li></ul><ul><li>2009 no open call </li></ul><ul><li>2010 New methods for multi-hazard and multi-risk assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Social science, natural hazards and decision making process </li></ul>

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