December 1 Office of Health Education and Promotion Health Services, University of New Hampshire (603) 862-3823 www.unh.edu/health-services
How do I get HIV?•Found in blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.•Unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex•Sharing needles / syringesHow do I protect myself & my partner from HIV?•Abstain from any type of sexual activity with another person.•Do not share needles if you use steroids, hormones, or other drugs.•Use a condom for all vaginal, anal, & oral sex.•Vaginal and anal intercourse are the highest risk activities. Source: UNH Health Services Web Site
Get It On! If you choose tobe sexually active, wear a condom. Free condoms available at Health Services.
How To Use a Condom Usea condom once the penis is erect for vaginal, anal, and oral sexual activity. Check expiration date. Do not use old, lambskin, or temperature-exposed (to heat or cold). Carefully remove condom from packet. If desired, put water-based lubricant in the tip of condom before putting it on. Oil-based lubricants destroy latex, but are OK with non-latex condoms.
How To Use a Condom •Squeeze tip of condom to create a space for semen. Condom may break if there is no space created. Ifpenis is uncircumcised, roll foreskin over head of penis before putting condom on. Holdcondom from tip with one hand and roll down condom over erect penis with the other hand to the base of penis. If desired, gently apply lubricant on outside of condom. Afterejaculation, hold the base of the condom while withdrawing to prevent semen from leaking.
Condom Into A Dental DamDental Dams•Used for oral-genital/oral-anal contact•Used to protect both partners from contracting STIs(Sexually Transmitted Infections).How to turn a condom into a dental dam 1. Remove condom from package 2. Partially unroll condom 3. Cut horizontally across the top, removing the tip (Cut 1) 4. Cut vertically up the side and unroll (Cut 2).
•50% of new HIV infection in the U.S. occur in African Americans. •40 million people worldwide areestimated to be infected with HIV.90% of them don’t know they are infected•The increased lifespan for a person with HIV if they are taking antiretroviral drugs is 8 years, although many patients are doing well 10 years into therapy.
•HIV replicates10 billion to 1 trillion times a day in the body. •HIVs "dormancy period" (when aninfected person doesnt experience symptoms) can be up to 10 years.•In a 2006 survey, 23% of Americans incorrectly thought HIV can be transmitted by sharing a drinking glass with a HIV-positive person.
•A gene mutation protects a small percentage of people against HIV. •Being married is the biggest HIV risk factor for women in many developing countries since women do the most caretaking in the family (including for those living with HIV). Any violence and fearinterfere with the option of safe sex, getting treatment, or getting tested.
•HIV first crossed the species barrier from a simian (chimpanzee) virus to a human virus in the 1930’s.•The dominant strain of HIV first emerged from southeastern Cameroon (Africa).
MYTHS •HIV/AIDS can be cured. •HIV/AIDS is a gay disease.REALITY•There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS.•There are no vaccines to prevent HIV infection.•Anyone is at risk regardless of sexual orientation. Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008, http://www.thebody.com/content/whatis/art33051.html
MYTHSYou can get HIV from an HIV-positiveperson by breathing their air, huggingthem, or touching them.REALITYHIV can’t be transmitted from: Touching, hugging, holding hands, or cheek kissing. Sharing eating utensils, toilet seats, or doorknobsHIV can be transmitted from: Contact with infected body fluids (semen, pre-ejaculate fluid, vaginal fluids, blood, or breast milk). Contaminated needles with infected blood. Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008, http://www.thebody.com/content/whatis/art33051.html
MYTHS •You can get HIV from sweat and tear contact of an HIV-positive person. •You can get HIV by kissing an HIV-infected person. REALITY•Sweat / tears has never been shown to transmit HIV. •No cases of HIV have been attributed to kissing. Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008, http://www.thebody.com/content/whatis/art33051.html
MYTHS•I can only have one sexuallytransmitted infection (STI) at a time.•I would know if a loved one or I had HIV.REALITY•A person can be infected with more than one STI.•An untreated STI may increase HIV transmission risk 6-10times.•A person with HIV may not show symptoms for up to 10years and it effects everyone differently, so you can nevertell if someone has HIV unless they are tested. Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008, http://www.thebody.com/content/whatis/art33051.html
MYTHS •You can’t transmit HIV when doing HIV therapy. •You can’t get HIV if you are using birth control methods (diaphragms, cervical caps, sponges, spermicides, DepoProvera, Norplant, or the Pill). REALITY •Therapy can keep the viral level down, but HIV is stillpresent in the body and can be transmitted to others. •None of these birth control prevent the transmission of STIs. They only help prevent pregnancy. The surest way to prevent both is through abstinence. Use a condom in combination with another form of birth control. Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008,
MYTH•Getting tested for HIV is pointless.REALITY•Knowing if you are HIV-positive willallow you to seek early treatment tohelp you stay healthy longer.•You can learn how to prevent future infection from HIVor other STIs through counseling offered at many HIVtesting centers, including Health Services. Source: UNH Health Services Web Site Source: American Association for World Health, last accessed November 5, 2008, http://www.thebody.com/content/whatis/art33051.html
•December 1st, 1988 was the first day of bringingmessages of awareness of HIV/AIDS to each country.•World AIDS Day emerged from the World Summit ofMinisters of Health on programs for AIDS Prevention toopen channels of communication on information andexperience, and forge a spirit of social tolerance. •World AIDS Day now receives support of the World Health Assembly, the United Nations, government, communities and individuals around the world. •It is the only international day of coordinated action against AIDS.
This interactive web-based timeline is an ongoing reference tool for many of thepolitical, scientific, cultural, and communityevents that have occurred over the global history of the HIV epidemic.www.kff.org/hivaids/timeline/hivtimeline.cfm Source: Kaiser Family Foundation
•Is an international symbol of AIDS awareness•Worn by people to demonstrate care and concernabout HIV/AIDS.•A reminder to others of the need for their support andcommitment.•Started as a "grass roots" effort, and as a result there is noofficial red ribbon, and many people make their own.Make Your Own Ribbon!Get red ribbon 1.5 cm wide and cut it into a stripabout 15 cm long. Fold at the top into an inverted"V" shape and put a safety pin through the center,which you use to attach the ribbon to your clothing.
Wear The Red Ribbon•If its the only thing you do forWorld AIDS Day, wear the RedRibbon on December 1st, toincrease awareness. •By wearing it, youre showing support for over 36.1 million people across the world who are living with a disease for which there is still no cure.
Get TestedHealth Services offers confidential HIV testing/counselingThursdays 11:30-1:30pmto UNH students for $25. Call (603) 862-3823for more information.
• Persons who have had multiple sexual partners.• Persons who have had unprotected anal, oral, or vaginal sex.• Pregnant women and women who plan to become pregnant.• Partners of injection drug users.• People who have contracted other STIs or who have been sexually abused.• Tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C patients.• Individuals who have received blood transfusions from 1978 to 1985. The United States has mandated testing for: Immigrants entering the US and inmates of Federal prisons.
Learn More UNH sponsors events each year to educate the community about AIDS/HIV. Check out the Campus Calendar for this year’s events.
Get Involved AIDS Response Seacoast (Portsmouth) is a nonprofit to help improve the quality of life of those infected and affected by the disease and to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. They are always seeking volunteers to assist with prevention education and client services.www.aidsresponse.org
Create change.What are you going to do this World AIDS Day?
UNH World Aids Day Thursday, Nov. 29th (11 am – 3 pm) Strafford Room UNH is hosting a portion of the AIDS Memorial Quilt. The NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt (abbreviated to AIDS MemorialQuilt) is an enormous quilt made as a memorial to and celebration of the lives of people who have died of AIDS-related causes. Stop by to view the quilt and remember those whom we have lost. Open to the public.
UNH Health Services (603) 862-3823 |www.unh.edu/health-services Provides counseling, testing, and education on HIV/AIDs , sexually transmitted Infections (STIs), and sexual health to UNH students. The Body - www.thebody.com/index.html World AIDS Day Organization - www.worldaidsday.org World AIDS Campaign - http://www.worldaidscampaign.org ONE Campaign - http://www.one.org AIDS Memorial Quilt - http://www.aidsquilt.org