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10 Myths About STDs
 

10 Myths About STDs

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Debunking the myths about Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs) and importance of testing.

Debunking the myths about Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs) and importance of testing.

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    10 Myths About STDs 10 Myths About STDs Presentation Transcript

    • STDs – Sexually Transmitted DiseasesBe Aware. Protect Yourself. Use Your Body Wisely.
    • I use contraceptives, 10 I don’t need to worry about STDs.FACT: Contraceptive methods (pill, patch, ring, IUD, Depo),prevent pregnancy, but not STDs.Condoms are the only method of protection against BOTHpregnancy and STDs.For max protection use both a contraceptive method and condoms.
    • You can reduce your risk of STDs by getting tested beforegetting intimate and talk openly with your partner(s). Take care of yourself and each other – use protection.
    • Oral sex & anal sex 9 are “safer” sex – or not sex at all.FACT: Almost all STD’s that can be passed through vaginalsex can also be passed through unprotected oral and anal sex.The possibility of contracting an STD from oral sex is generallyless risky as compared to vaginal or anal sex, although anyunprotected sex with someone who has HIV or an STD carriessome risk.*Unprotected anal sex is riskier then oral or vaginal sex.
    • Male latex condoms, when used consistently andcorrectly (every time from erection to completion ofgenital contact), can greatly reduce risk of spreadingSTDs.
    • 8 There is a cure for HIV/AIDS.FACT: Although medication can help individuals with HIVinfection live longer and healthier lives…  There is no vaccine to prevent HIV  There is no cure for those who are already infected. Condoms are highly effective in preventing the spread of HIV through sex.
    • Two condoms are 7 better than one.FACT: One condom does the job.Condoms when used consistently and correctly are highlyeffective in preventing the spread of STDs.Each latex condom manufactured in the U.S. is tested for holes before packing. Before use, check theexpiration date and make sure the condom hasn’t been damaged.Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
    • How to Use a CondomDONT store condoms in a hot place.DO keep condoms in a cool, dry place.DONT use out of date condoms or ones whose packaging is tornor damaged.DO check the expiration date. Old condoms can be dry and canbreak more easily.DONT use scissors or your teeth when opening a condom--you might tear it.DO open condoms with care.DONT try to put a condom on before the penis is erect (hard).DO put the condom on an erect penis before there is any contact with a partners genitals.DONT use oil-based lube with latex condoms. The oil can cause latex condoms to break.DO use a water-based lube with latex condoms.DONT flip a condom over and reuse it if you put it on the wrong way.Throw it out and get a new one.DO throw out a condom after you use it. Never reuse a condom. American Social Health Association (ASHA)
    • In most cases, when people usingcondoms get pregnant or infectedwith an STD, it’s NOT because thecondom broke, it’s because theyeither did not use the condom… Correctly The entire time they were having sex.
    • Sex in a hot tub, sex standing up, 6 douching after sex, jumping up and down after sex… will prevent STDs and pregnancy.FACT: The ONLY way to prevent the spread of STDs andpregnancy is to use a condom.None of the above will reduce risk of an STD or pregnancybefore or after sex.
    • 5 STD testing is for cheaters and players.FACT: Anyone who has unprotectedsex, regardless of the number ofpartners, is at risk for STDs.Many STDs do not show symptoms andare very common. The only way to know if to get yourself tested.
    • 4 If he pulls out, I can’t get pregnant or an STD.FACT: Withdrawal or pulling out is NOT aneffective means to prevent STDs or pregnancy.Withdrawal is significantly less effective atpreventing pregnancy as compared tocontraceptives.The only safer sex option that protects againstboth pregnancy and STDs is condoms.
    • If I get an STD, 3 including HIV, there’s nothing I can do about it.FACT: Many STDs are curable andmost, including HIV, are treatable.The sooner you know if you have anSTD, the sooner you can get treatmentand take steps to prevent passing it on.There are different treatments for different STDs.
    • For any STD medical treatment: Do what your health care provider orders Continue your medication until it is finished, even if yoursymptoms have already gone away. Avoid having sex until your infection is fully cleared Tell your partner(s) so they can be tested and treated as well.
    • If I needed to get 2 tested for STDs, my health care provider will test me.FACT: Even though some STD testing may be recommendedas part of routine health care, you may need to ask to gettested.STDs often show no symptoms, so not even your health careprovider can know for sure if you have an STD without testingyou.A Pap test is not a test for STDs.
    • You can tell by 1 looking if you or someone else has an STD. I would know if I had an STD.FACT: 1 in 2 sexually active people will get an STD by age 25and most won’t know it.Many STDs, often show no symptoms, so many people whohave an STD do not know it.You can’t tell if someone else has an STD by looking.
    • Some STDs are so commonamong teens and young adults that annual testing is recommended. Talk to your healthcare provider about what testing is right for you.
    • What’s Involved with Testing? Getting a DiagnosisThe type of STD test(s) you need can vary with Sometimes a diagnosis can be made based onage, sex, sexual orientation, sexual history and symptoms or a physicalwhich STD you are getting tested for. exam. Treatment could be prescribed right away.There is no single test that can screen for all STDs. Other times, your health care provider may need to send a sample to a labYour test might include: and you will have to wait for results. • Physical exam • Urine sample If you don’t get your • Discharge, tissue, cell or oral fluid sample results back by the time your health care provider • Blood sample tells you they will be available you need toMake sure you know what you are being tested for. call. Don’t assume your test is negative. call all don’t assume your test is negative. If your test comes back positive for an STD, BREATHE. Remember, most STDs are treatable and many are curable.
    • Telling Your Partner you have an STDThis is going to be hard, but your partnerneeds to know so he or she can get testedand treated, if necessary. Bring it up to your partner as soon as you can and you are ready. Practice what you are going to say. You could journal about it or practice talking into a mirror or write a letter to your partner. Find a time when you can really have time to talk. Find a quite place with privacy. Tell them all that you know and encourage them to be tested. The key thing is to communicate!
    • GET TESTED @UNHHealth Services offers STD testing, counseling and education  Get tested by calling (603) 862-2856  Get education/counseling by calling (603) 862-3823  Get FREE condoms, dental dams, and lubricant from Health Services, Room 249Fees: Education and counseling is available for free to students who have paid the health fee. The cost for STD testingvaries depending on what STDs you get tested for. In most cases, we can bill your insurance provider. Get information on STDs and get tested! unh.edu/health-services/ohep/stis.html itsyoursexlife.com/gyt U N H H e a l t h S e r v i c e s University of New Hampshire (603) 862-1530