The implementation of the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in the country
Seventh Annual Regional meeting on Intangible CulturalHeritage in Southeastern EuropeThe implementation of the UNESCOConvention for Safeguarding ofIntangible Cultural Heritagein Republic of MacedoniaBy Velika Stojkova SerafimovskaethnomusicologistMinistry of Culture of Republic of MacedoniaInstitute for folklore “Marko Cepenkov” - Skopje
Republic of Macedonia legally ratified theConvention for the Safeguarding of the IntangibleCultural Heritage on the 28th April, 2006.* The instrument of ratification was registeredwithin UNESCO on the 13th June 2006.* Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia – International Agreements, No.59/06.
Legal instruments on national level for Safeguarding ofIntangible cultural heritage1. Law on Copyright and other Related Rights (1996);2. Law of culture (1998) and Law on the MacedonianLanguage Use (1998);3. Law on libraries September 20044. National Program for Culture for the period 2004-2008and 2008 - 2012;5. Law for archival materials and documents 36/90 and36/956. Law on Cultural Heritage Protection enacted March 19th2004, entering into force on 1stof January 2005;
1. Local legislature has implemented Articles 11 and 13 of the Convention, as well asSections a, c, and partially d-i and d-iii from Article13. Regarding article 12 of the Convention aninventory was prepared known in Macedonianlegislature as the National Classification ofMacedonian Cultural Heritage. Official Gazette No. 37/06.
The Macedonian law for protection of Cultural heritage,provides two main categories of values of cultural heritage Cultural heritage of exceptional value, divide into twosubcategories:- cultural heritage of extraordinary value;- cultural heritage of great value; Important Cultural heritage
2. National classification (March, 2006) as Nationalinventory of cultural heritageThree categories of spiritual/intangible heritage: Macedonian Language with its alphabet and dialects; Toponymastic system in Republic of Macedonia Folklore goods which accumulate all five categories fromthe Convention (Paris, 2003)3. In the second half of 2006 the Government of the Republicof Macedonia approved the foundation of the specialIntangible Cultural Heritage Department as part of theCultural Heritage Protection Office in the Ministry ofCulture of Republic of Macedonia.
Cultural HeritageProtection OfficeDepartment forDepartment forPrevention andPrevention andSupervisionSupervisionDepartment forDepartment forIdentification,Identification,Protection and UseProtection and Useof Cultural heritageof Cultural heritageDepartment forDepartment forDocumentation andDocumentation andInternat. cooperationInternat. cooperationSection forIntangibleheritageSection forMovableheritageSection forImmovableheritage
Authorized institutions/protectors for Intangible heritage:1. The “Marko Cepenkov” Institute of Folklore in Skopje, a legal entityfor safeguarding folk goods http://ifmc.ukim.mk/2. The “Krste Misirkov” Macedonian Language Institute in Skopje, alegal entity for safeguarding the Macedonian language, its dialectsand the ethnic minority dialects spoken in the Republic ofMacedonia http://imj.ukim.edu.mk/3. The Museum of Macedonia made a quiet entrance in the system ofsafeguarding intangible goods http://www.musmk.org.mk/4. Institute for Old Slavic Culture in Prilep, which gave greatcontribution in researching, documenting and elaborating the ICHfrom the region of the western part of the Republic of Macedoniahttp://www.isk.edu.mk
Collaboration with other government agencies1. Joint project of Ministry of Local Self-Government and Ministry ofCulture for mapping 170 barriers of spiritual and cultural heritage atnational level;2. The State Survey Office reviewed 30 toponyms on the topographicalmaps;3. Adaptation of the Cultural Heritage Protection Law to the Local Self-Government Territorial Organization Law;4. The toponyms were registered in the Global Mapping database – 613toponyms were transcribed: 291 localities, 84 municipalities, 19 lakes,219 rivers.5. The Cinematheque of Macedonia and the Museum of Macedonia hasbeen working on mutual project for digitalisation of the film archiveand organizing joint school projections of the movies.6. Notation: It is important to note that the Republic of Macedonia is the first countryin Europe to supply data for this base.
4. Period of eight years of enforcing the legalinstruments: During the last eight years, the Culture Heritage Protection Office hasidentify and validate Cultural Heritage Protection Law and hasidentified and validated 88 intangible goods which are inscribed inthe National Registry:- 58 folk creations- 19 dialects of Macedonian and- 10 dialects of the ethnic minority languages in Macedonia,- 1 cultural good in the category of toponyms.
5. Ministry of culture promote the dialoguebetween cultural expressionsConvention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity ofCultural Expressions was ratified on 22 May 2007: Safeguarding of the ethnic minority dialects is already inmotion; The identification and validation of wedding and funeral ritualsof Macedonians and Albanians is also in process; Inscribing in the National registry the holiday St. George –Gjurgjovden/ Hidrellez,/Erdelezi/Shen Gjergji/ Ayiu Georghicelebrated by ethnic Macedonians and all the ethnic minoritiesliving in Macedonia - Turks, Romani, Vlachs, Albanians.
6. Ministry of Culture has been preparing specialapplications Local cultural operators receive funds forsafeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage. Among the state projects involving the intangiblecultural heritage, we would like to single out thefollowing strategies of the Ministry of Culture:- The Strategy for Digitalizing the Cultural Heritage,promoted on 25th January 2010, and- The Strategy for Reviving the Old Bazaar in Skopje,promoted on 17th February 2010.- Cultural strategy for safeguarding and protectingthe Intangible Cultural Heritage 2013 – 2017
Cultural strategy for safeguarding and protecting theIntangible Cultural Heritage 2013 – 2017, financed by theMinistry of Culture of Republic of Macedonia Ongoing projects proposes by the licensedInstitutions for protecting and promoting the ICH inRepublic of Macedonia- Digitalization of the archive of the Institute forFolklore;- Creating web page of ICH elements of the Republicof Macedonia;- Preparing movies about already enlisted ICHelements on the National Registry
Media actions to raise the awareness forsafeguarding the intangible culture resulting The Cyrillic Alphabet Song: www.mojatakirilica.com.mk; Digital archives of the Macedonian language,http://damj.manu.edu.mk/materijali_en.html, as well as the recently promoted firstMacedonian dialectal atlas at the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences; Macedonia Timeless: http://www.macedonia-timeless.com/;Macedonian Cultural Heritage:http://soros.org.mk/konkurs/038/Kultura.htm; Macedonian folk songs: http://pesna.org/; The Living Heritage Network: http://www.zivonasledstvo.org.mk/default_en.asp; Exploring Macedonia – Short documentary movies about the archaeological sites, artcrafts, monuments, myths and legends. The Movies are mostly aimed to promoteeducation, culture and tourism among the youth in Republic of Macedonia whichincreases the visibility of the Cultural Heritage in general;http://www.exploringmacedonia.com/ „Талкачи“ – Wanderers, a serial of short documentary movies broadcasted on theMacedonian National television, financed by the Government. The movies are verypopular among the young population. They represent the Culture and ICH elementsfrom all regions of the Republic of Macedonia.
7. The Cultural Heritage Protection Office has also carried outactivities for implanting Article 9 and 13 section b from theConvention In November of 2008, 8 nongovernmental and non-profitorganizations from Macedonia were nominated for theUNESCO List, 6 of which sent in written corroboration fortheir participation in the list. Establishing the Coordinating Agency/Body for IntangibleCultural Heritage Protection within the National CulturalHeritage Council of the Ministry of Culture.
MinistryofcultureCultural HeritageProtection OfficeDepartment forCultural activities,Perform. arts andCultural heritageDepartment forCopyright andOther RelatedRightsUNESCOMacedonianNationalCommissionNational Council forcultural heritageBoard for protectionofintangible heritage
New Challenges / Public Debates Replace the expression spiritual and cultural heritagewith intangible cultural heritage: the procedure is underway and the new changes to the Cultural HeritageProtection Law are to be approved this year; Completing the definitions of intangible cultural heritagewith the changes, since there are differences in the scopeof the term.
Public debates: Macedonian Composers Association, publicly supported by a numberof ethnomusicologists and ethnochoreologists have reacted to theexclusion of Macedonian classical music from the definitions in theLaw. the Centre for Byzantine Studies and the Clement of Ohrid Faculty ofTheology from Skopje objected to the fact that none of the forms ofByzantine chant – heirmologic, sticheraric, papadic, prosomia –wereconsidered when defining the intangible cultural heritage of theRepublic of Macedonia. In September 2009 in Struga there was a conference on this subject Special forum in March 2010 Most print and electronic media supported this initiative, so thesesuggestions should be validated, and we expect the abovementionedintangible cultural goods to be included in domestic legislature.
Expecting the law to be expanded with an additional set of legalmechanisms: Public accessibility of intangible goods; Transfer and nurture of cultural goods in original and other settings; Improvement of the function and social importance of the goods insociety and its inclusion in the planning processes and programmes; Securing of sustainability of the goods through education,identification and documentation, academic research, preservation,protection, improvement of their function in society, transferringknowledge through formal and informal education andrevitalization of the neglected aspects of the goods; Popularization and promotion of cultural goods through exhibitions,concerts, electronic media, audio and video recordings, etc.; Education of experts for the transfer of knowledge and skills atseminars, workshop, etc.; Raising the awareness of the public which is expected to support thesafeguarding of goods in the processes of globalization and socialtransformation so as to avoid the danger of disappearance,destruction and commercialization of the goods.
In 2011 Republic of Macedonia submitted three files forUNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage1. The male social dance “Kopachkata” from Dramche –Representative list2. Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip - Representativelist3. Glasoechko, male two-part singing in Dolni Polog – Urgentsafeguarding
International cooperation and networking1. In April, 2012, an international conference of the ICTMStudy group on Music and Dance in SEE was held. Duringthe conference, the 54 participants from SE Europe, aswell as from other parts of the world, ethnomusicologist,ethnochoreologists and anthropologists who are workingon traditional music and dance of this region, had theopportunity to enjoy presentation of traditionalMacedonian music and dance from eastern part ofrepublic of Macedonia. Mutual project with UNESCO National Commission ofTurkey - Sharing the same taste
International cooperation and networking3. On initiative of Turkey, together with Croatia, Serbia, Romania andMoldova, Republic of Macedonia participated in the MultinationalNomination file of inscribing the Spring Celebrations: Hıdrellez/SaintGeorge’s Day on the UNESCO ICH Representative list. The file havebeen submitted for possible inscription in 2014.4. In April, 2013, Republic of Macedonia participated in the preliminarymeeting held in Eskishehir, Turkey, for preparing anotherMultinational Nomination filpe of inscribing the Anecdotes ofNaasredin Hodja on the UNESCO ICH Representative list. Theinitiative in again given by Turkey UNESCO National Commission.5. In June, 2013 Republic of Macedonia will participate in the preliminarymeeting which should take place in Bucharest, Romania, for preparinga Multinational Nomination file of inscribing “Martinki” on theUNESCO ICH Representative list. The initiative is taken by theUNESCO National Commission of Romania.
At the end of September, 2013, theICTMM National Committee of Macedoniaand the Ministry of Culture will organize aconcert of which ICH music and danceelements from the region of SE Europewill be presented. The event is part ofmarking the 10thanniversary of theUNESCO ICH Convention.