Implementation of the
Convention for the Safeguarding of
Intangible Cultural Heritage
in Romania
Limassol, Cyprus, 15-16 M...
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage,
adopted during the 2003 General C...
In order to implement the goals of the Convention, in 2008 we adopted the
Law no. 26 regarding the protection of the intan...
The law contains rules and regulations concerning the National Commission
for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural ...
The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural
Heritage has been created in 2007, by the Ministry...
According to recommendations from UNESCO and international commitments
that Romania has part, the National Commission for ...
This synthesis was named The National Repertory of Intangible Cultural
Heritage and it is updated periodically. The Nation...
First tome Inventory of Immaterial Cultural Heritage
• Chapter 1. Oral traditions and expressions / Formes de l’art du réc...
First tome of Repertory of the Immaterial Cultural Heritage, published in 2009,
has the following structure:
– Oral tradit...
The second tome, part A - Knowledge and practices concerning man, nature
and the universe - is ready for printing and has ...
This year, the Commission start to work the part B of the second tome of the
Repertory, regarding space and habitat as ele...
Thanks to the work performed by the National Commission for Safeguarding of
the Intangible Cultural Heritage between 2005 ...
Programs in 2013-2014
Nominations submitted for the Representative List of UNESCO
Cooperation
Trans-national
On a regional...
Trans-national
Romania has initiated the drafting of a trans-national application - Mărţişorul -
together with Bulgaria, t...
Application files for the Representative List 2015
Some members of The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the
Int...
MONITORING OF THE REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS
One of the objectives pursued by the National Commission for the Safeguarding
of...
One of the conclusions resulted from the activity of the Commission was that,
during last years, a lot of special programs...
INVENTORY
The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
recommends also the elements su...
After the validation of the Low no. 26/2008, Romania, as state member of the
UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the...
Until now, Romania implemented four sessions of this program, from 2010 to
2013, and, as a result, there are 30 Living Hum...
In 2013, the Romanian National Commission for the Safeguarding of the
Intangible Cultural Heritage has been represented in...
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania
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Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania

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SESSION 1
Eighth Annual Meeting of the South East European Experts Network
on Intangible Cultural Heritage
15-16 May 2014. Limassol, Cyprus
Author: Corina Mihaescu, Scientific researcher at the National Heritage Institute
DISCLAIMER
The ideas and opinions expressed in the above presentations are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the documents do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city of area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Romania: Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania

  1. 1. Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Romania Limassol, Cyprus, 15-16 May 2014 Eighth Annual Meeting of the South East European Experts Network on Intangible Cultural Heritage
  2. 2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, adopted during the 2003 General Conference of UNESCO, was also adopted in Romania in 2005, by the Law no. 410 and ratified in 2006. The primary goals of the Convention have been: – to safeguard intangible cultural heritage; – to ensure respect for the intangible cultural heritage of the communities groups and individuals concerned; – to raise awareness and appreciation of the importance of intangible cultural heritage al the local, national and international levels; – to provide for international cooperation and assistance.
  3. 3. In order to implement the goals of the Convention, in 2008 we adopted the Law no. 26 regarding the protection of the intangible cultural heritage, which “established the general frame work necessary to identify, to document, to research, to protect, to promote, to revaluate, to value and revitalize the elements on the intangible cultural heritage” (art. 1, par. 1). The law defined the term in the Convention as “the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills - as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces, associated there with - that communities, groups and, in some cases, individual recognized as part of their cultural heritage” (art. 2.1.).
  4. 4. The law contains rules and regulations concerning the National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, the Inventory of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Living Human Treasures program. The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage represents a scientific body without legal personality in the subordination of the Ministry of Culture. It is comprised by specialists representing Romanian cultural institutions, such as the Romanian Academy, museums and universities.
  5. 5. The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has been created in 2007, by the Ministry of Culture - Order no. 2203 - and its main attributions are “the coordination of the activities of protection and promotion of the intangible cultural heritage, developed on the basis of the cultural politics of the Ministry of Culture” (art. 5), as well as the National Program of Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage (art. 6). These foresights regarding The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage have been included in the Law no. 26/2008 regarding the protection of the intangible cultural heritage.
  6. 6. According to recommendations from UNESCO and international commitments that Romania has part, the National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has proposed to comprise a repertory of cultural elements that constitute the national intangible cultural heritage. This resulted in a synthesis of all types of Romanian traditional culture as well as the traditional culture of of Romania’s minorities . REPERTORY
  7. 7. This synthesis was named The National Repertory of Intangible Cultural Heritage and it is updated periodically. The National Repertory of Intangible Cultural Heritage may be considered a central basis for concrete actions to identify and to define the elements that have a spiritual dominant in Romanian traditional culture. This approach is accomplished on three different levels: elements that are still present in community life, elements that are endangered and elements which represent the passive fund of traditional culture.
  8. 8. First tome Inventory of Immaterial Cultural Heritage • Chapter 1. Oral traditions and expressions / Formes de l’art du récit et expressions orales traditionnelles • Nicolae Constantinescu, PhD, prof., Ioana Ruxandra Fruntelată, PhD, lecturer- Universty of Bucharest / Université de Bucarest • • Chapter 2. Traditional music / Musique folklorique • Marian Lupaşcu, senior researcher, PhD – Ethnography and Folklore Inst. „Constantin Brăiloiu” • / Institut d’ethnographie et de folklore «Constantin Brăiloiu» • • Chapter 3. Traditional dance / Danse folklorique • Zamfir Dejeu, PhD, prof., Academy of Music „Gheorghe Dima”, Cluj-Napoca / Académie de musique «Gheorghe Dima» de Cluj-Napoca • • Chapter 4. Children and teenagers’ games / Jeux d’enfants et d’adolescents • Nicolae Constantinescu, PhD, prof. - University of Bucharest / Université de Bucarest • Sabina Ispas, PhD, member of Romanian Academy / Institut d’ethnographie et de folklore «Constantin Brăiloiu» • • Chapter 5. Hollidays, traditions and rituals / Fêtes, rituels et traditions • Otilia Hedeşan, PhD, prof. - West University, Timişoara / Université de Timişoara • Doina Işfănoni, PhD – National Village Museum „Dimitrie Gusti” / Musée national du village «Dimitrie Gusti» • • Chapter 6. Traditional medicine: practices in preventing, combating and healing / Médecine traditionnelle: pratiques de prévention, de traitement et de guérison • Ilie Moise, PhD, prof. - University „Lucian Blaga”, Sibiu / Université «Lucian Blaga» de Sibiu • • Chapter 7. Traditional handicrafts / Les métiers artistiques traditionnels • Corina Mihăescu, PhD, senior researcher - National Village Museum „Dimitrie Gusti” / Musée national du village «Dimitrie Gusti» • Steluta Pârâu, PhD – Ethnography and Traditional Art Museeum, Tulcea / Musée d’ethnographie et d’art populaire de Tulcea • • Chapter 8. Traditional food / Cuisine traditionnelle • Narcisa Alexandra Ştiucă, PhD, lecturer – University of Bucharest / Université de Bucarest • • Second tome A: Knowledge and practices concernig man, nature and the universe • Chapter 1. Astronomy and Meteorology • Capter 2. Earth Sciences (mythology, geology and mineralogy) • Chapter 3. Traditional Representation of the Human Body • Chapter 4. Ethnobotany • Chapter 5. The Wild World (ethnozoology)
  9. 9. First tome of Repertory of the Immaterial Cultural Heritage, published in 2009, has the following structure: – Oral traditions and expressions/Formes de l’art du récit et expressions orales traditionnelles – Traditional music/Musique folklorique – Traditional dance/Danse folklorique – Children and teenagers’ games/Jeux d’enfants et d’adolescents – Holidays, traditions and rituals/Fêtes, rituels et traditions – Traditional medicine: practices in preventing, combating and healing/Médecine traditionnelle: pratiques de prévention, de traitement et de guérison – Traditional handicrafts/Les métiers artistiques traditionnels – Traditional food/Cuisine traditionnelle.
  10. 10. The second tome, part A - Knowledge and practices concerning man, nature and the universe - is ready for printing and has the following structure: – Astronomy and Meteorology – Earth Sciences (mythology, geology and mineralogy) – Traditional Representation of the Human Body – Ethnobotany – The Wild World (ethnozoology).
  11. 11. This year, the Commission start to work the part B of the second tome of the Repertory, regarding space and habitat as elements of intangible cultural heritage. Third national tome will be dedicated to minority ethnic groups living on Romanian territory. The Repertory of the Intangible Cultural Heritage from Romania is available online in a bilingual version (Romanian-French) on the website of the Ministry of Culture, www.cultura.ro.
  12. 12. Thanks to the work performed by the National Commission for Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage between 2005 and 2013, Romania has now a total of four items included in the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage - UNESCO: – The Ritual of Căluş (in 2005, it was included on the List of the Master pieces of the Humanity Intangible Cultural Heritage, since 2008 it is on the Representative List); – Doina (2009, a taditional romanian lyric song); – Techniques related to the traditional ceramics of Horezu (2012); – Men’s Group Colindat/Christmas time ritual (2013 - file Romania - Republic of Moldavia). REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE
  13. 13. Programs in 2013-2014 Nominations submitted for the Representative List of UNESCO Cooperation Trans-national On a regional plan, Romania has collaborated with a series of states (Turkey, Republic of Moldavia, Croatia and Serbia) for the drafting on the Spring Holydays trans-national application: Hidrellez/St. George coordinated by Turkey, for the entry on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The file has been submitted to UNESCO in March 2013.
  14. 14. Trans-national Romania has initiated the drafting of a trans-national application - Mărţişorul - together with Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Moldavia, for the entry on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The file has been submitted to UNESCO in March 2014. National files – Pilgrimage of Moisei (2013) – Lad’s dances in Romania (2014)
  15. 15. Application files for the Representative List 2015 Some members of The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, together with other specialists in this field from Romania and the Republic of Moldavia, started the drafting of Carpet Weaving Techniques file, in order to be submitted for the registration in the Representative List of the year 2016.
  16. 16. MONITORING OF THE REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS One of the objectives pursued by the National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage is the monitoring of the elements included in the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. In monitoring projects, the National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has closely followed how traditions and good practices are transmitted to young generation.
  17. 17. One of the conclusions resulted from the activity of the Commission was that, during last years, a lot of special programs dedicated to the promotion of cultural heritage have been developed, through the optinal educational school curricula, as well as through specialised cultural projects launched by national institutions, such as museums, the National Center for the Promotion and Conservation of the Traditional Culture, the centers for the promotion and conservation of the traditional culture from the counties of Romania and several universities.
  18. 18. INVENTORY The National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage recommends also the elements submitted in the Inventory of the living elements of intangible cultural heritage. According to the Law no. 26/2008 for the protection of the intangible cultural heritage, the National Inventory is organized and administered by the National Center of the Promotion and Conservation of the Traditional Culture, institution subordinated to the Ministry of Culture; present day, the Center is included in the National Institute for Patrimony. The Inventory is available online on the web page: www.centrul-cultura- traditionala.ro/noutăţi/inventar.
  19. 19. After the validation of the Low no. 26/2008, Romania, as state member of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, assumes to elaborate and to implement the Living Human Treasures program. The Program, adopted by the Ministry of Culture (Order no. 2491/2009) includes rules regarding the selection criteria used in order to accord the title of Living Human Treasure, as well as the contents of the application, the examination and analysis of each application file. LIVING HUMAN TREASURES
  20. 20. Until now, Romania implemented four sessions of this program, from 2010 to 2013, and, as a result, there are 30 Living Human Treasure honorary titles that have been awarded. In April this year the Commission initiated the 5th session for 2014 nominalisations. Since 2013, the 17th of October has been proclaimed the National Day for Intangible Culture Heritage by order of the Ministry of Culture.
  21. 21. In 2013, the Romanian National Commission for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has been represented in The International UNESCO’s meeting such as 7th Annual Meeting of The South East European Experts Network on Intangible Cultural Heritage in Sofia, The Ceremony of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention in Skopje and also the 8th Session of The Intergovernmental Committee in Baku.

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