Workshop on  Higher Education and Professional Responsibility      in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology        Across t...
INTRODUCTION The deep meaning of a real    development is Human.       It includes boththe economic development and  the e...
It happens too often thatUniversities , in accomplishing  their duty to transmit theknowledges, focus exclusively  on scie...
The result is that we havemore easily good techniciansand engineers, that basicallyfail understanding the topic of the « l...
In various countries of oursub mediterranean region we  have to form the human being to human values and  inhence the educ...
The development consists of the   capacity of the individuals tofunction towards the personnal aswell as the social transf...
Questions of debate:    -How can we move towards goods and                   citizens?             -What tools we need?  -...
In many countries, the ethical dimension iseither not evident or insufficiently elaborated,so there is a clear need to giv...
• In Algeria, since the ratification of the  Protocol, very few debates concerning  information on biotechnology and  bios...
Development of training in    biotechnologies, bioethics and     biosafety is a reality just as   Information, Communicati...
Network of 34 academic institutionsinvolved in the Training and Research inareas of life sciences and biotechnology.
First program launched in 1991 andamended in1995 and expanded in 1998 Law No. 08-05 of February 23, 200834programmes dedic...
• 6000 to 8000 graduate students/ year  across different studies: biotechnology,  genomes,     molecular    genetics,human...
• So, reinforcing capacity building social  groups    via  young    students    and  researchers could be a feasible  appr...
From the scientific point of view, everyresearch project has to address ethicalquestions; therefore there is a need forinf...
• On      an     other     level,   teacher  training/formation (particular attention  to university instructors) was test...
The results     expected are that thisunderstanding may clarify the relevantchallenges that the education systemshave to f...
Research     in    developing    countriesrepresent a very wide and constantlychanging variety of situations. Many ofthe e...
ACTION PLAN
-Summarize the programs and       activities of different            stakeholders-Formulate, with the coordinating      bo...
-Identification and analysis of options for carrying  out the terms of the protocol and the results of  studies and survey...
-evaluation mechanisms and risk  management with participants frominstitutions and structures of control and  monitoring, ...
- mechanisms of public participation in  biosafety process with focusing on theknowledge of GMOs, regulatory systems,  adm...
The National Committee for Biosafety    and Biotechnology has to publish   guidance on genetic testing, on the regulatory ...
it is highly recommendedongoing communication with     different researchparticipants with different     understandings an...
Thank you for your    attention
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NAutonomy and Advice: Preparing and Encouraging Young Scientists to be involved into Decision Making Process [Khammar Farida, The University of Science and Technology - Houari Boumediene, Algeria]

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Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology across the Sub-Mediterranean Region
3-4 April 2012. Palazzo Zorzi, Venice
Session 4. Future Directions - Higher Education and Responsible Science

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
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NAutonomy and Advice: Preparing and Encouraging Young Scientists to be involved into Decision Making Process [Khammar Farida, The University of Science and Technology - Houari Boumediene, Algeria]

  1. 1. Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology Across the Sub-Mediterranean Region Autonomy and Advice:Preparing young scientists to be involved in Decision Making ¨Process Farida KHAMMAR Sciences and Technology University Houari Boumediene Algiers,Algeria
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The deep meaning of a real development is Human. It includes boththe economic development and the essential values of the equity among humans
  3. 3. It happens too often thatUniversities , in accomplishing their duty to transmit theknowledges, focus exclusively on science and technology, overshadowing arguments linked to citizenship, international friendship and humanities
  4. 4. The result is that we havemore easily good techniciansand engineers, that basicallyfail understanding the topic of the « learning together for greater security and safety culture and responsible science »
  5. 5. In various countries of oursub mediterranean region we have to form the human being to human values and inhence the educational goals of the citizenship
  6. 6. The development consists of the capacity of the individuals tofunction towards the personnal aswell as the social transformations;it should orientate the individuals in order to ameliorate them and adjust the economic inequalities
  7. 7. Questions of debate: -How can we move towards goods and citizens? -What tools we need? -How to put all scientific knowledge at the service of human development? (a development that creates « complete » human being responsible about themselves, the others and the environment) -In which ways young students, researcherscan help to change societies and favour a real human development?
  8. 8. In many countries, the ethical dimension iseither not evident or insufficiently elaborated,so there is a clear need to give guidance toapplicants especially in CBRN Applied Sciencesand Technology. However, ethical awarenessvaries considerably both among differentdisciplines and different national contexts. So adeeper understanding of ethical considerationsshould lead the way towards better protectingthe rights and welfare of participants in varioussituations. The implementation/application ofthe Carthagena Protocol of from theBiodiversity Convention still needs much help.
  9. 9. • In Algeria, since the ratification of the Protocol, very few debates concerning information on biotechnology and biosafety reinforcing capacity building of social groups have taken place.• Nevertheless trumps for the development of biotechnologies, bioethics and biosafety as human potential, research institutions, economic enterprises and transition towards economic market exist:
  10. 10. Development of training in biotechnologies, bioethics and biosafety is a reality just as Information, Communication and Technologies (ICTs); in fact young scientists are attracted to thesedisciplines because they are oriented towards possible employment andretributions by economic enterprises
  11. 11. Network of 34 academic institutionsinvolved in the Training and Research inareas of life sciences and biotechnology.
  12. 12. First program launched in 1991 andamended in1995 and expanded in 1998 Law No. 08-05 of February 23, 200834programmes dedicated research including:AgricultureHealthEnvironmentBiodiversityBioethics,Bio Food Security
  13. 13. • 6000 to 8000 graduate students/ year across different studies: biotechnology, genomes, molecular genetics,human genetic, biosecurity and nutrition. These are important figures of human potential (young researchers) and many institutions supported by the National Fund for Research also promote these programs.
  14. 14. • So, reinforcing capacity building social groups via young students and researchers could be a feasible approach.
  15. 15. From the scientific point of view, everyresearch project has to address ethicalquestions; therefore there is a need forinformed professional ethical judgmenton how research should be carried out;what are the risks and benefits ofindividual participation in the researchand how the risks and benefits tosociety as a whole are carefullybalanced.
  16. 16. • On an other level, teacher training/formation (particular attention to university instructors) was tested in an European research project (19 countries). It was aimed to understand how biology, health and environmental education can promote better citizenship, including their affective and social dimensions
  17. 17. The results expected are that thisunderstanding may clarify the relevantchallenges that the education systemshave to face to maximize theirefficiency in order to reinforce aknowledge based society.Citizenship is rooted in values. So wehave to work on interactions betweenscientific knowledge and values.
  18. 18. Research in developing countriesrepresent a very wide and constantlychanging variety of situations. Many ofthe ethical issues that are specific tothese countries originate from thepotential vulnerability of localstakeholders. Ethical acceptability ofthe research must be suitable with thecustoms and traditions of the societyconcerned. So scientists have to explainhow their research is bringingsomething extra to the community.
  19. 19. ACTION PLAN
  20. 20. -Summarize the programs and activities of different stakeholders-Formulate, with the coordinating bodies of scientific and technological research, proposalson the impact of new technologiesin various sectors of research and economic output.
  21. 21. -Identification and analysis of options for carrying out the terms of the protocol and the results of studies and surveys, with individuals Es quality,members of the National Coordinating Committee, National Committee of Biotechnology, the multi- sectorial commission to draft the national law on GMOs, the Scientific Council of the National Development Agency University Research and Scientific Council for Health Research, and other resource persons.
  22. 22. -evaluation mechanisms and risk management with participants frominstitutions and structures of control and monitoring, which could play a role in the biosafety process
  23. 23. - mechanisms of public participation in biosafety process with focusing on theknowledge of GMOs, regulatory systems, administrative management of GMOs,presenting the project implementation of national biosafety frameworks andmechanisms for public participation in the Biosafety Protocol.
  24. 24. The National Committee for Biosafety and Biotechnology has to publish guidance on genetic testing, on the regulatory aspect of the use of gene therapy products, on experiments incell therapy and use of these productsfor transplantation on a patient, as well as opinions and proposals on human cloning or animal and the development of biotechnology.
  25. 25. it is highly recommendedongoing communication with different researchparticipants with different understandings anddifferent cultural contexts.
  26. 26. Thank you for your attention

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