Science Policy Ministerial Meetings of South East Europe                    Sarajevo, Bosnia and HerzegovinaExpert Meeting...
Current Situation in Serbia: HE # of 1st Year students         100,0%             19,3%                  18,1%            ...
Current Situation in Serbia: R&D• Good:  – Private R&D and HEI legally have the same rights,    responsibilities (accredit...
Some General Comments about      Current State of R&D in SEE• R&D has low impact on society and economy  – No ROI for publ...
Some General Comments about       Current State of R&D in SEE• Research community achieved to be autonomous, isolated  and...
What to do?1. Change public financing of R&D and higher   education (HE)  –   Public support only for very focused nationa...
How to do it?     Change public financing of R&D                                                     Public money• R&D bud...
How to do it?         Change public financing of HE                                                % of students• Financia...
How to do it?      Change public financing of HE• Contract-based education  – HEIs have contracts with future    employers...
How to do it? Promote and build a   competitive R&D&HE environment• All R&D and HE organisations should have equal rights,...
How to do it? Much more emphasison market- and needs-driven R&D&HE• R&D for needs:  – Very focused national priorities est...
How to do it? Much more emphasison market- and needs-driven R&D&HE• Market- and needs-driven HE  – Public financing or co-...
An Example: BMU Initiative for Partnership     in Global Software Devlopment                                              ...
Challenges• Can we give priority to more general, national  interests than to our private, organisational  priorities?• Ca...
My Recommendations• Equal rights and responsibilities: In all R&D programs  and HE, only performance should be taken into ...
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Mr Dragan Domazet - Rector, Belgrade Metropolitan University, ‘’Contribution of Private Universities to Research and Higher Education”;

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SEE Ministerial Round Table and Expert meeting – Sarajevo, 22-23 November 2012

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Mr Dragan Domazet - Rector, Belgrade Metropolitan University, ‘’Contribution of Private Universities to Research and Higher Education”;

  1. 1. Science Policy Ministerial Meetings of South East Europe Sarajevo, Bosnia and HerzegovinaExpert Meeting on Science, Technology and Innovation for South East Europe Sarajevo, 22 November 2012Contribution of Private Universities to Research and Higher Education Dragan Domazet Rector, Belgrade Metropolitan University dragan.domazet@metropolitan.ac.rs 1
  2. 2. Current Situation in Serbia: HE # of 1st Year students 100,0% 19,3% 18,1% 17,5% 80,0% 29,5% 29,8% 30,9% 60,0% 40,0% 49,8% 52,4% 52,7% 20,0% 0,0% 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 Students with free education Students in public HEI paying tuition fees Studehts in private HEI pazing tuition fees• Half of students don’t get any public support for their education• Tuition fees in public HEIs are much lower than the cost per student paid by the Government, and in private HEIs – this is an example of of unfair competition 2
  3. 3. Current Situation in Serbia: R&D• Good: – Private R&D and HEI legally have the same rights, responsibilities (accreditation) and access to public funding of R&D activities• Bad: – Private R&D and HEI cannot use the academic compute network, and – Cannot use e-journals and digital libraries from the National Library – Only PhD students in public HEIs are getting (if any) public money for their tuition fees – PhD students in private HEIs have to pay their tuition fees 3
  4. 4. Some General Comments about Current State of R&D in SEE• R&D has low impact on society and economy – No ROI for public money spent on R&D – In general, no new products and technologies based on previous R&D by national research projects• Low public financing of R&D – But, are we sure that we will get the needed impact of R&D on national development if we increase research budgets, for instance, 5 times? • Not very likely, as our R&D systems are created “for researchers” not for national development – If so, probably it is better to save public money and invoke real reform of our national R&D systems 4
  5. 5. Some General Comments about Current State of R&D in SEE• Research community achieved to be autonomous, isolated and practically irrelevant part of the society – “Give us more money and let us to do what we are interested for” – Mostly interested for basic research and publications – Criteria for getting new project grants, and for academic promotions (KPIs) motivate researchers to publish as much as possible – No evaluation of their impact on development – Use of very narrow performance indicators for researchers, research organizations and national R&D systems (# of publications) – “Project production industry” is mostly virtual, no real link with real industry 5
  6. 6. What to do?1. Change public financing of R&D and higher education (HE) – Public support only for very focused national research priorities2. Promote and build a competitive R&D&HE environment – Only competition force us to perform better! – Remove all monopolies, our heritage for socialistic era3. Much more emphasis on market- and needs- driven R&D&HE – Very focused national priorities – for needs – Support of innovations – new products based on R&D 6
  7. 7. How to do it? Change public financing of R&D Public money• R&D budget allocated to the ministry spent responsible for R&D, should be spent for: – Up to 30% for basic research, curiosity 100% driven research and R&D infrastructure • for PhD projects and development young researchers Applied and • for long-term R&D inline with national needs/market priorities driven R&D • Research infrastructures – Minimum 70% for joint and co- financed programs and projects 30% Basic & free • with industry, local municipalities, research & special agencies, and line ministries infrastructures (responsible for health, ICT, agriculture, 0% industry etc.) 7
  8. 8. How to do it? Change public financing of HE % of students• Financial support to students, not to HE institutions (HEI) 100% – For education -HEIs are paid through Credits (loans) tuition fees only, – For other activities – from markets• Top performing 10% of students get education grants – 100% paid tuition fees Grants• All other students get combined: 10% – education grants (vouchers)– based on performance – credits (loans) - to be paid back after 0% 100% Level of graduation (5-10 years payback public period, low interest rates) support 8
  9. 9. How to do it? Change public financing of HE• Contract-based education – HEIs have contracts with future employers of students – Students get paid tuition, HEI Company scholarship and job upon graduation • They can loose of all it for low performance Student – Study programs are flexible and modified according to the needs of employers (as specified in the contracts) Public Funds – Public money should cover 50% of the tuition fee 9
  10. 10. How to do it? Promote and build a competitive R&D&HE environment• All R&D and HE organisations should have equal rights, but also should satisfy the same standards and requirements, no monopolies – Regardless they are public or private, profit of non-for profit – Project grants, access to research infrastructures, grants for research equipments • Positive example: Private HEIs get project and equipment grants in Serbia from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Development • Negative example: Currently, private HEIs in Serbia, may not use the academic computer network and cannot use e-journals and digital libraries of the national library (only public HEIs are allowed) 10
  11. 11. How to do it? Much more emphasison market- and needs-driven R&D&HE• R&D for needs: – Very focused national priorities established – Research grants and co-financing only R&D in line with these priorities – Financing of obtained results, not promises• Market-driven R&D: – Only co-financed programs and projects (public money up to 50%) with business partners – Not only local, but global markets and partners 11
  12. 12. How to do it? Much more emphasison market- and needs-driven R&D&HE• Market- and needs-driven HE – Public financing or co-financing of students only • according quotas of grants & loans specified per disciplines and categories of study programs (goal: relevant education) • For studies at HEIs with accreditation and efficient supervision (goal: quality education) – Quotas determined based on projected needs and labour market demands • Some are specified based on national needs, no market • Professionally determined needs and quotas – Support of contract-based education (HEIs and companies) 12
  13. 13. An Example: BMU Initiative for Partnership in Global Software Devlopment Market Demand BMU FIT Niš BMU Software Development Centre Software Education SW R&D Development Business Development expenses Scholarship Foundation Dividents BMU SDC Shareholders 13
  14. 14. Challenges• Can we give priority to more general, national interests than to our private, organisational priorities?• Can we understand that only performance and positive impact on society should be important, and not who is the founder (public vs. private) of the R&D or HE institution or whether it is for profit or not for profit?• Can we abandon our mental inertia and ideological legacy from socialistic era? 14
  15. 15. My Recommendations• Equal rights and responsibilities: In all R&D programs and HE, only performance should be taken into account, regardless of founders (public or private) or type of organization (profit or non-profit). – Access to infrastructures, project grants etc.• No monopolies, as much competition as possible.• Global and European dimension: Implement EU policies and world best practice. Think and act globally, but provide local impact.• Support R&D for national development, not only for libraries 15

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