Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy in Croatia

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Croatia – Ms. Mirela Hrovatin, Senior Advisor, Section for Movable and Intangible Cultural Heritage, Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture

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Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy in Croatia

  1. 1. Intangible Cultural HeritageIntangible Cultural Heritage PolicyPolicy in Croatiain CroatiaMirela HrovatinEthnologist and Cultural AnhropologistSenior Expert AdvisorService for Movable and Intangible Cultural HeritageDirectorate for the Protection of Cultural HeritageMinistry of Culture of the Republic of CroatiaAddress: Runjaninova 2, 10 000 ZagrebTel.: ++385 1 4866 601Fax: ++385 1 4866 680E-mail: mirela.hrovatin@min-kulture.hrWeb: http://www.min-kulture.hr7th regional meeting of ICH expertsSofia – Bulgaria27-28 May 2013
  2. 2. ICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIACROATIAN LEGISLATURE• Article 9 of the 1999 Act for the Protection of Cultural Heritage- definition“the intangible cultural goods may be various forms and expressions of spiritual origin transmitted orally or otherwise, especially:1. language, dialects, speeches, toponyms, oral expressions and oral literature of all kind;2. folk creativity in the area of music, dance, play, customs, ceremonies, rituals, as well as other traditional and folk values;3. traditional artistry and craftsmanship”- obligation of safeguarding• Regulations Book on the Registry of Cultural Goods- possibility of inscription in the national Registry• 2003 UNESCO Convention- signed in 2005
  3. 3. ICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIAIMPLEMENTATION1999 Act- 2004: first inscriptions in the national Registry- until today: 130 inscribed, 100 or more in preparation- support for the programmes- raising awareness for safeguarding2003 Convention- 2003 and 2005: 2 propositions from Croatia for the Masterpieces- 2009: first 7 elements inscribed on the Representative list- until today: 12 elements on the Representative and 1 on Urgent Safeguarding List- 1 nomination for 2014 and 2 multinational nominations for 2013 and 2014- 2008 – 2012: Croatia member of the Intergovernmental Committee- various safeguarding activities and awareness about the ICH value
  4. 4. ICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY OF CULTURAL GOODS OFTHE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA- public book- kept by the Ministry of Culture- several thousand cultural goods1. movable2. immovable3. intangible- criteria for the inscription- inscribed by a document (Resolution) thatcontains: description of the good withchanges and its’ current state, geographicalrange, list of communities (bearers),safeguarding measures, photo, audio and/orvideo documentation
  5. 5. ICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIAFROM APLLICATIONS TO INSCRIPTION - REGISTRYMinistry of CulturePROPOSAL/APPLICATIONEXPERTSEVALUATIONOFFICIAL DOCUMENT• Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research• Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics• Faculty of Humanities (Zagreb, Zadar)• museums• other• communities, associations, individuals and others• experts● conservation departments(Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage)
  6. 6. Conservation departmens - Ministry of CultureIzvor karte: http://www.arhitekti-hka.hr
  7. 7. RESULTS OFRESULTS OF INSCRIPTIONRegistry- legal document:legal document:1. obligation and motivation for the bearers, the local1. obligation and motivation for the bearers, the localcommunity and the state to secure the transmition of ICHcommunity and the state to secure the transmition of ICH2. inclusion in various projects (education, tourism,2. inclusion in various projects (education, tourism,development, etc.)development, etc.)3. financial support: Ministry of Culture and other state3. financial support: Ministry of Culture and other stateinstitutions, regional and local authorities, other sources (sponsors)institutions, regional and local authorities, other sources (sponsors)Registry and UNESCO listsRegistry and UNESCO lists- planning (bearers, experts)- positive environment (motivation – local and state authorities)- informal and formal education- cooperation of various subjects (state, expert, local) and sectors(development, entrepreneurship, tourism, agriculture, culture)- prevention of negative effectsprevention of negative effects- regional centres for ICH (several regions in Croatia)- ecomuseums- research, documenting, media coverage, international cooperationICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIA
  8. 8. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIACUSTOMS AND RITUALS• The Picoki Legend, Durdevac• Traditional Carnival Customs, Medimurje• St. George’s Customs, NW Croatia• St. George’s Customs, Turopolje• Spring Custom Queens, Gorjani• Wine Growing Custom Grgurevo, Pozega• Traditional Carnival Custom, Kastav• Social Gathering Customs, Lika• Festivity of Our Lady, Zadar• Burrial Customs, Dalmatian Hinterland• Chilvaric Torunament, Sinj• Procession Following the Cross, Hvar• Sword Dance Moresca, Korcula• Traditional Carnival Custom, Lastovo• Festivity of St. Blaise, DubrovnikMap source: http://www.sucuraj.com/hr.htm notice: geographical positioning of the IC goods is approximate
  9. 9. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAannual spring custom queens – Gorjani village – E Croatiagodišnji proljetni ophod na Duhove kraljice ili ljelje iz Gorjana krajĐakovaUNESCO
  10. 10. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAannual carneval custom bellringers – Northern Coastal Croatiagodišnji pokladni ophod zvončari na području KastvaUNESCO
  11. 11. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAfolk and liturgical procession Following the Cross –island of Hvar - S Croatiapučko-liturgijska procesija Za Križen, Hvar UNESCO
  12. 12. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAcustoms on St. George’s holiday – Central Croatiajurjevski običaji Turopolja
  13. 13. sword dance and play –city of Korcula - S Croatiabojna mačevna igra Moreška - KorčulaREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA
  14. 14. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OFREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIAannual carneval customs from NW Croatiagodišnji pokladni običaji iz Međimurja
  15. 15. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTSREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAOF ICH IN CROATIAannual carneval custom from the islandof Lastovo - S Croatiaobičaj Lastovski poklad
  16. 16. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIACRAFTS AND SKILLS• Lacemaking, Sveta Marija• Christmas Mangers Making, NW Croatia• Lacemaking, Lepoglava• Traditional Easter Egg Decorating,Podravina• Fur craft and Rope Handicraft, Slatina• Wool Processing Craft, Gradiste• Gourd Decorating, E Croatia• Traditional Toy Making, NW Croatia• Traditional Shoe Handicraft, Cent. Croatia• Pottery Handicraft, NW Croatia• Traditional Fishing, Lonjsko polje• Gingerbread Craft, Northern Croatia• Making of Wooden Roof, Lika• Building of Batana Boat, Rovinj• Lacemaking, Pag• Traditional Head Cap Making, Sibenik• Pottery Handicraft, the Island of Iz• Lacemaking, Primosten• Lacemaking, Hvar, etc.Map source: http://www.sucuraj.com/hr.htm; notice: geographical positioning of the IC goods is approximate
  17. 17. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAlacemaking – island of Pag – S Croatiapaška čipka – umijeće izrade - PagUNESCO
  18. 18. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAlacemaking – island and city of Hvar -S Croatiahvarska čipka – umijeće izrade – HvarUNESCO
  19. 19. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAgingerbread craft – NW Croatiamedičarski obrt – SZ HRUNESCO
  20. 20. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAartistry of making of traditional toys for children – NW Croatiaumijeće izrade tradicijskih dječjih igračaka – SZ HRUNESCO
  21. 21. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAartistry of gourd decorating – Eastern Croatiaumijeće šaranja tikvica na području Slavonije
  22. 22. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAtraditional craft of wood processing – E Croatiatradicijski obrt za preradu vune
  23. 23. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAmaking of traditional garnment – E Croatiaumijeće izrade slavonskog kožnog prsluka
  24. 24. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAmaking of wooden roofs, Lika and surrounding areaumijeće izrade šindre za pokrivanje krovova, Lika
  25. 25. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAtraditional fishing – central Croatiatradicijsko ribarstvo – središnja Hrvatska
  26. 26. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAartistry of making traditional Christmas decorations – NW Croatiaumijeće izrade tradicijskog nakita - božićnog lustera – SZ Hrvatska
  27. 27. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAmaking of wooden Christmas mangers- NW Croatiaumijeće izrade tradicijskih božićnih jaslica - SZ Hrvatska
  28. 28. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAskill of decorating Easter eggs - NW Croatiaumijeće ukrašavanja uskršnjih jaja, pisanica - SZ Hrvatska
  29. 29. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAMUSIC AND DANCE• Pipe building and playing, Northern Croatia• Becarac singing and playing, Eastern Croatia• Svatovac singing and playing, EasternCroatia• Solo playing on samica, Eastern Croatia• Walking circle dances, setana kola, EasternCroatia• Two-part singing and playing, Istria andLittoral Croatia• Violine and bass music, Istria• Glagolic singing, Littoral• Bitinada singing, Rovinj• Kanat singing, Pag• Silent circle dance, nijemo kolo, DalmatianHinterland• Ojkanje singing, Dalmatian Hinterland• Ganga singing, Dalmatian Hinterland• Singing in groups klape, Dalmatia• Lindo – circle dance, Dubrovnik , KonavleMap source: http://www.sucuraj.com/hr.htm notice: geographical positioning of the IC goods is approximate●
  30. 30. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAtraditional singing and dancing – becarac from E Croatiabećarac - tradicijski vokalno instrumentalni napjev – istočnaHrvatskaUNESCO
  31. 31. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAtwo-part singing and playing from Istria and Croatian Littoraldvoglasje tijesnih intervala Istre i Hrvatskog primorjaUNESCO
  32. 32. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAcircle dance- silent kolo – Dalmatian hinterlandnijemo kolo – dalmatinsko zaleđeUNESCO
  33. 33. ojkanje singing, Dalmatian Hinterlandglazbeni izričaj ojkanje, Dalmatinsko zaleđeREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAUNESCO
  34. 34. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAplaying of violine and bass in Istriaglazbena praksa violine i bajsa u Istri
  35. 35. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAFOOD PREPARATION• Preparation of holiday bread lucišćak,Plemenšćina, NW Croatia• Preparation of holiday bread koledo,Plemenšćina, NW Croatia• Preparation of traditional meal zagorskistrukli, NW Croatia• Preparation of traditional meat kulen/kulin,Slavonia, E Croatia• Preparation of traditional cake greblica,Central Croatia• Preparation of traditional cheese, Lika• Preparation of traditional cheese,Dalmatian Hinterland, Velebit, Lika• Preparation of traditional cheese, island ofPag• Preparation of traditional meal sinjskiarambasi, Dalmatia• Preparation of traditional meal soparnik,Dalmatia• Preparation of traditional meat meal, islandof Brac• Preparation of traditional cake starogrojskipaprenjok, island of HvarMap source: http://www.sucuraj.com/hr.htm, geographical positioning is approximate
  36. 36. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIApreparation of traditional meal soparnik - S Croatiapriprema tradicijskog jela soparnik – južna Hrvatska
  37. 37. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIApreparation of traditional meal sinjski arambasi – S Croatiapriprema tradicijskog jela sinjski arambaši - južna Hrvatska
  38. 38. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIApreparation of traditional holiday ritual bread – NW Croatiapriprema blagdanske pogače lucišćak – SZ Hrvatska
  39. 39. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIApreparation of traditional meal bracki vitalac – S Croatiapriprema tradicijskog jela brački vitalac - južna Hrvatska
  40. 40. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAtraditional cheese making, Dalmatian hinterlandpriprema sira iz mješine, Dalmatinsko zaleđe
  41. 41. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIApreparation of traditional pie cake greblica – Central Croatiapriprema tradicijskog kolača greblica - središnja Hrvatska
  42. 42. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIASPEECH AND ORAL EXPRESSIONS• Microtoponyms of Saint Maria village• The Legend about Picoki, Durdevo• Speech of Bednja village• Speech of Hum on Sutla village• Kajkavian Ikavian Speech of Donja Sutla• Speech of Sice village• Speech of Zminj village• Istro-Romanian Speech• Speech of the Island of Susak• Speech and Toponyms of VidonjeMap source: http://www.sucuraj.com/hr.htm notice: geographical positioning of the IC goods is approximate
  43. 43. SCHOOL PROGRAMME- regular- extra-curricular- workshops
  44. 44. • only one bearer, island• after inscription interest grew• cooperation with museum• support of local authorities and communitySAVED KNOWLEDGE
  45. 45. NEW IDEAS
  46. 46. PRESENTATION ANDFRIENDSHIP
  47. 47. FESTIVALS- competition and rewards- exhibitions- internationalKLAPA SINGINGUNESCO
  48. 48. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAlacemaking – city of Lepoglava – NW Croatialepoglavska čipka – umijeće izrade – Lepoglava UNESCO
  49. 49. ECOMUSEUMS INCLUSION OFAND BASED ON ICH
  50. 50. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAbuilding of the batana boat, Rovinjumijeće izrade rovinjske batane
  51. 51. ECOMUSEUMS
  52. 52. SEARCHING FOR SPONSORS
  53. 53. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAchivalric competition The Alka of Sinj– city of Sinj – S Croatiaviteška igra Sinjska alka - SinjUNESCO
  54. 54. LOCAL DATABASES
  55. 55. DATABASE OF MUSEUMSMuseums of Hrvatskozagorje – special ICHdatabase
  56. 56. DATABASE OF THE MINISTRYOF CULTURE
  57. 57. PRESENTATION FOR TOURISM
  58. 58. EKO ETHNO INITIATIVE• non-profit and profit• connecting Croatian areas and people• systematizing information about activities inrural areas• advertising cultural tourism based on tradition• International cooperation and involvement
  59. 59. WEB PORTALS
  60. 60. PUBLICATIONS
  61. 61. PUBLICATIONSBY REGIONSEASTERNCROATIASOUTHERNCROATIA
  62. 62. BY THEME/TYPEOF HERITAGEPUBLICATIONS
  63. 63. FASHION- new use- inspiration
  64. 64. CROATIAN RADIOTELEVISION• special format about traditional culture –bothtelevision and radio – since 1960s• various shows on regions and documentarieson different types of ICH – festivals andrewards• news about inscription on UNESCO’s lists
  65. 65. ETHNOGRAPHIC FILM• part of University programme for students• various competitions and festivals
  66. 66. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION• on research• projects
  67. 67. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAaking of pottery – NW Croatiančarski obrt – SZ HrvatskaCRAFTATTRACT PROJECT- international- sustainability of old crafts- Forum of Slavic Cultures and Museumsof Hrvatsko zagorje- www.craftattract.com
  68. 68. REGISTRY - INSCRIBREGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIAfolk and lithurgical festivity of Saint Blasius – city ofDubrovnik – S Croatiapučka i liturgijska svečanost Festa svetog Vlaha –DubrovnikUNESCOINTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE- EU FONDS- ECUMENICAL DIALOGUEINTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE- EU FONDS- ECUMENICAL DIALOGUE
  69. 69. CHALLENGES• transmission- is it really done?- time and patience• improvement and changes- new ideas – how?• bearers’ decision and participation- active role• tourism- presentation – preventingoveruse• market- rightsICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIAPROPOSITIONS• multinational nominations• choosing one ICH category – project• expanding on-going international projects• mutual scientific research on shared ICH
  70. 70. Thank you for your attentionMirela HrovatinEthnologist and Cultural AnhropologistSenior Expert AdvisorService for Movable and Intangible Cultural HeritageDirectorate for the Protection of Cultural HeritageMinistry of Culture of the Republic of CroatiaAddress: Runjaninova 2, 10 000 ZagrebTel.: ++385 1 4866 601Fax: ++385 1 4866 680E-mail: mirela.hrovatin@min-kulture.hrWeb: http://www.min-kulture.hrICH IN CROATIAICH IN CROATIA

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