Ec the importance of research cooperation with western balkan countries

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Presented during the Ministerial Round Table on Science and Higher Education. From Bilateral to pan-European Cooperation held over 21-22 May 2010 in Tirana, Albania

Presented during the Ministerial Round Table on Science and Higher Education. From Bilateral to pan-European Cooperation held over 21-22 May 2010 in Tirana, Albania

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  • 1. Round Table Strengthening scientific research and higher Education The importance of Research Cooperation with WBCs. Tirana, 21 May 2010 Tania Friederichs DG Research European Commission tania.friederichs@ec.europa.eu
  • 2. Importance of Research General • Need to increase research capacity: in support of economic development; quality of life and well being of citizens • Research and Innovation at core of “Europe 2020”strategy • Research necessary to address common challenges/find common solutions • Strategy also valid for wider Europe • WBC - EU perspective: research facilitates integration into EU
  • 3. Importance of Cross border cooperation • Research no longer done in isolation: need to cooperate at all levels: national; regional; EU; international • Cross border cooperation: increase transfer of knowledge and improve scientific basis • Allows for best practices and comparison • Necessary to join forces: share experience and scientists and equipment • Science has no borders: need to rely on best scientists wherever in the world • Regional dimension: relevant (same language/problems)
  • 4. Research at EU level • Research and Innovation on political agenda: 2020 strategy • How: policy measures and funding • Policy mix: involve all stakeholders (public and private/business) • Cross-cutting policy: education, fiscal, digital agenda; industry; IPR; Innovation; SMEs…
  • 5. How • European research Area (ERA) • Instrument/funding: FP7 • Joint Programming: by MS on specific research themes • ERA open to world → strategy for cooperation
  • 6. ERA • Avoid fragmentation • Create critical mass: compete with other major partners (US, China, Brazil, Japan); • Fifth Freedom: free flow of knowledge and researchers • Ljubljana process: governance (administrative capacity) • 5 building blocks: • Single labour market for resarchers (Steering Group on Human Resources and Mobility) • World-class research infrastructures (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructure) • Coordination and joint programming (GPC) • Effective knowledge sharing (CREST w/g) • Opening of the ERA to the world (SFIC)
  • 7. FP7 • Framework for 2007-2013 • budget: 50 billion euro • 4 Specific Programmes: – Cooperation (collaborative research/ 10 themes) – IDEAS (European Research Council) – People (Marie Curie Actions) – Capacities (Support for research capacity) • Based on calls for proposals/evaluations/selection • Always cross border element; always added value for EU
  • 8. FP7 participants • Member States (27) • Third countries associated to FP7 (13): • EEA: Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein • Enlargement countries: all WBCs and Turkey • S&T agreements: Switzerland, Israel, Faroe Islands • Other third countries: • Industrial countries: US; Japan, NZ, Gulf States • ICPC partners: Mediterranean, Africa, South America, Kosovo (UN 1244), etc.
  • 9. Associated countries • Same research opportunities as MS: - eligible for all calls and instruments - fulfil minimum requirement (3 participants MS/AC) - no dedicated calls - eligible for research potential (convergence regions) • Participate as observer in Programme Committee: - well informed about Work Programmes - possibility to network with MS and other AC • Invited to participate in ERA governance bodies: - becoming familiar with EU research policy - share best practices
  • 10. WBC Strategy • “Doors ERA wide open to WBC” (Potočnik, Vienna, June 26, 2006) • 3 pillars: (1) Engage together in research cooperation: association to FP7; observer CREST and ERA bodies; (2) How improve research capacity: a) human capital and infrastructure b) design S&T strategy (3) Create synergies with other instruments & stakeholders: IPA, RCC,COST, EUREKA, UNESCO 10
  • 11. (1) Research cooperation • Since 1 January 2009: all WBCs associated to FP7 • Kosovo UN 1244: ICPC partner (eligible for funding) • Increased research opportunities since association • Also consider other options (bilateral/regional/multilateral)
  • 12. (2) Research capacity • Human capital and Infrastructure: important • But post war situation: very weak; IMF recommendations; financial crisis • Support for capacity building at EU level: limited → ownership • Put research on national research agenda: design S&T strategy • Prepare for EU accession
  • 13. (3) Synergy • With other stakeholders and programmes • Bilateral: Norway; neighbours; Turkey • COST; Eureka; NATO • UNESCO, OECD, World Bank • RCC • Programmes: IPA, CIP 13
  • 14. WBC Steering Platform • Launched in June 2006 in Vienna • Supported by FP7 WBC.Inco.Net project • Bringing EU MS and WBCs together • Open to AC: Turkey; Norway, Switzerland • Ad hoc members: Cost; Eureka, RCC • Share information and join efforts • Create synergies 14
  • 15. Regional dimension • Regional: same problems; background; need for common solutions • Small Region: need to cooperate • Role of RCC: Sarajevo Ministerial declaration April 2009 • Regional initiatives: Technology Fund; Centre of excellence? 15
  • 16. Some remarks • Important to focus on research fields/areas • Engage more in research collaboration • Implement/follow-up National S&T strategies • Use more IPA for research 16
  • 17. Thank you for attention!!