Disaster Risk Preparedness & Management: GJIROKASTRA - II

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Disaster Risk Preparedness & Management: GJIROKASTRA - II

  1. 1. DISASTER RISK PREPAREDNESSAND MANAGEMENT CASE OF GJIROKASTRA 2012 PREPARED BY: LEFTER QIRICI (PMNZSH) ILIR LLURI (ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF ANTIGONEA) DRITAN LOLOCI (MUNICIPALITY OF GJIROKASTRA) PABLO BALLO (CIVIL EMERGENCY) MARSELA PLYKU DEMAJ (IMK)
  2. 2. WORLD HERITAGE SITE SINCE 2005 – EXTENSION IN 2008It is a citadel town built by notable landowners whose interests were directly linked to those of the central power. Aroundthe 13th century citadel it has a vernacular houses with turrets (Turkish Kule) characteristic of the Balkans region (17thcentury – 19th century)
  3. 3. Historical Centre and Buffer Zone 1st Category Monuments Historical Centre 2nd Category Monuments Buffer Zone
  4. 4. The historic centre is remarkably well- preserved It has been continuously inhabited from ancient times to nowadays Bears witness to the wealth and diversity of the urban and architectural heritage of this region Bears outstanding testimony to the diversity of urban societies in the Balkans and to longstanding ways of life which have today almost vanishedIts urban centre reflects a vernacularhousing typical of the Balkans,Architectural character typical of theOttoman PeriodRetains a Bazaar, 18th century mosqueand two churches of the same period
  5. 5. Bear outstanding testimony of various types of monuments andremarkable examples of vernacular housing (2-story houses with turrets)
  6. 6. Stakeholders to be involved in making DRM Plan- Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports- Municipality of Gjirokastra- Institute of Cultural Monuments- Regional Directorate of National Culture - Gjirokastra- Police for Fire Protection and Rescue- Office of Coordination of Historical Centre (WH) UNESCO- Directorate of Water Supply and Sewage- Institute of Archaeology- CEZ (Power Supply)- Other
  7. 7. TYPES OF HAZARDS AND VULNERABILITIESLANDSLIDE(IN THE STEEP SLOPE OF THE CASTLE HILL) ARD HAZ ITY B IL E RA LN VU LOCATION OF THE CASTLE
  8. 8. SNOW FALL LOAD ON THE FIRE (BURNING OF GARBAGE, LIMITED ELECTRICITY, ROOFS D HUMAN MISTAKES, SHEPHERDS FIRE, GAS AR HAZ HEATER, CANDLES, ELECTRICITY SYSTEM) ITYCOVERAGE OF THE ROOFS WITH SLATES BIL ANO COLLECTION OF GARBAGE N ER V UL
  9. 9. FIRE(BURNING OF GARBAGE, LIMITED ELECTRICITY,HUMAN MISTAKES, SHEPHERDS FIRE, GASHEATER, CANDLES, ELECTRICITY SYSTEM)
  10. 10. ELECTRICAL CABIN LOCATED RIGHT NEXT TO THE CASTLE AREA D FESTIVAL AREA (WITHIN THE WALLS OF THE CASTLE) AR A HAZ
  11. 11. DESTROYED HOUSES BECAUSE OF RDRAIN FALL - STREAMS CREATED IN A UNHABITATIONTHE STONE STREETS HAZBAD RESTORATION OF THE STONE PAVEMENTSUNSUFFICIENT SEWAGE SYSTEM
  12. 12. PRELIMINARY WORKAll kinds of inventories, including lists of staff members, heritage components of the property andequipment likely to be damaged as a result of a disaster, need to be prepared and made easilyaccessible.Preparation of thematic maps (hazards and vulnerability maps) in GISDetermine the probability of different disaster scenarios, severity and loss of values for each.DRM Plan should not be seen isolated but should be integrated to other management plans of theproperty (such as the general urban plan of the city)MITIGATION MEASURES- Preventing Hazards- Mitigating the impact of hazards- Reducing the vulnerability of the property- Training the staff in self protection strategies**The definition of the property and its buffer zone as well as the existing management plan of theproperty are a good start of mitigation measures**
  13. 13. SHORT TERMDEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DETAILED AND APPROPRIATE MONITORING INDICATORS RELATED TO THEATTRIBUTES WHICH CARRY THE OUTSTANDING UNIVERSAL VALUE OF THE PROPERTY BASED ON DETAILED INVENTORIES;SUPPLY OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS and SMOKE DETECTORS IN AND OUTSIDE THE BUILDINGSPERIODIC MAINTENANCE OF MAIN MONUMENTSCOMMUNITY AWARENESS OF RISK FROM FIRELONG TERMPREPARATION OF MEDIUM TERM TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ACTION PLAN (IN RELATION TO THE ACTUALMANAGEMENT PLAN)PREPARATION OF MEDIUM / LONG TERM ACTION PLAN TO ADDRESS ACTUAL VIOLATIONS AND PREVENTFUTURE ONES (WITH TIMESCALE)PREPARATION OF FIRE RESPONSE PLANEFFECTIVE MONITORING SYSTEMHIDRANTS IN THE HISTORICAL CENTRESPECIAL CONDITIONS FOR GAS USAGEREGULAR MAINTENANCE OF THE GREEN AREASKNOWLEDGE / STUDY AND USAGE OF TRADITIONAL SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONAGAINST EARTHQUAKE
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES AND...Mitigation measures help in preventing hazards or mitigating the impact of hazards (such as installationof hidrants and supply of smaller vehicles for prevention of fire risk in narrow streets of the historicalcentre).The community awareness as well as an effective monitoring system and periodic maintenance in thehistorical district are key measures against the risk of various types of hazards (fire, destroy because ofunhabitation etc)DISADVANTAGES OF MITIGATION MEASURESMeasures such as installing hydrants or water pressure mechanisms, can have a detrimental effect onthe outstanding universal value of a heritage property.Emergency activities such as flood control, fire prevention, and humanitarian relief efforts can lead toresettlement areas being selected at the expense of protected areas. Site managers should ensure theirinvolvement or availability for consultation on strategic decisions during the emergency response periodof a catastrophic event.

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