Disaster Risk Preparedness & Management: Gjirokastër case

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Group of work: Lefter Qirici (PMNZSH); Ilirlluri (Archaeological Park of Antigonea); Dritanloloci (Municipality of Gjirokastra); Pablo Ballo (Civil Emergency); and Marsela Plyku Demaj (IMK)

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Disaster Risk Preparedness & Management: Gjirokastër case

  1. 1. TRAINING WORKSHOP ON DISASTER RISK PREPAREDNESS AND MANAGEMENT PREPARED BY: LEFTER QIRICI (PMNZSH) ILIR LLURI (ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF ANTIGONEA)CASE OF GJIROKASTRA DRITAN LOLOCI (MUNICIPALITY OF GJIROKASTRA) PABLO BALLO (CIVIL EMERGENCY) BERAT 2011 MARSELA PLYKU DEMAJ (IMK)
  2. 2. WORLD HERITAGE SITE SINCE 2005 – EXTENSION IN 2008
  3. 3. ATTRIBUTES VALUES-Around the 13th century citadel it has -The historic centre is remarkablya vernacular houses with turrets well-preserved(Turkish Kule) characteristic of the -It has been continuously inhabitedBalkans region (17th century – 19th from ancient times to nowadayscentury -Bears witness to the wealth and-Architectural character typical of the diversity of the urban andOttoman Period architectural heritage of this region-Retains a Bazaar, 18th century -The vernacular architecture hasmosque and two churches of the some remarkable examples of housessame period -Bears outstanding testimony to the-Its urban centre reflects a vernacular diversity of urban societies in thehousing typical of the Balkans, Balkans and to longstanding ways of-It is a citadel town built by notable life which have today almost vanishedlandowners whose interests were -Bear outstanding testimony ofdirectly linked to those of the central various types of monuments andpower vernacular urban housing
  4. 4. Stakeholders to be involved in making DRM Plan- Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports- Municipality of Gjirokastra- Institute of Cultural Monuments- Regional Directorate of National Culture - Gjirokastra- Police for Fire Protection and Rescue- Office of Coordination of Historical Centre (WH) UNESCO- Directorate of Water Supply and Sewage- Institute of Archaeology- CEZ (Power Supply)- Other
  5. 5. TYPES OF HAZARDS AND VULNERABILITIESLANDSLIDE(IN THE STEEP SLOPE OF THE CASTLE HILL) LOCATION OF THE CASTLE
  6. 6. SNOW FALL LOAD ON THE FIRE ROOFS (BURNING OF GARBAGE, LIMITED ELECTRICITY, HUMAN MISTAKES, SHEPHERDS FIRE, GAS HEATER, CANDLES, ELECTRICITY SYSTEM)COVERAGE OF THE ROOFS WITH SLATESNO COLLECTION OF GARBAGE
  7. 7. ELECTRICAL CABIN LOCATED RIGHT NEXT TO THE CASTLE AREAFESTIVAL AREA (WITHIN THE WALLS OF THE CASTLE)
  8. 8. RAIN FALL - STREAMS CREATED IN DESTROYED HOUSES BECAUSE OFTHE STONE STREETS UNHABITATIONBAD RESTORATION OF THE STONE PAVEMENTSUNSUFFICIENT SEWAGE SYSTEM
  9. 9. DEVELOPMENT OF A SCENARIO HUMAN MISTAKE (COOKING WITH GAS IN OPEN AIR) SUMMER TIME - EVENING FIRE IN THE FIRE IN THE ADJACENT BUILDING OPEN SPACE (GRASS) MINIMUM 10 MIN FOR THE FIRE FIGHTERS TO COME – TURN OFF THE ELECTRICITY RISK OF DEVELOPMENT OF FIRE IN 4 DIRECTIONS – CRITICAL FOR THE WHOLE BAZAAR AREA PANIC TOURISTS EATING IN THE LIGHT OF CANDLES IN THE OTHER RESTAURANTS – RISK OF OTHER FIRES
  10. 10. PREVENTION AND MITIGATIONSHORT TERMFIRE EXTINGUISHERSSMOKE DETECTORS IN AND OUTSIDE THE BUILDINGSCOMMUNITY AWARENESS OF RISK FROM FIRELONG TERMHIDRANTS IN THE HISTORICAL CENTRESPECIAL CONDITIONS FOR GAS USAGEREGULAR MAINTENANCE OF THE GREEN AREAS
  11. 11. EVACUATION PLAN GATHERING SPACE
  12. 12. RECOVERY AND REHABILITATIONPEOPLE RESCUEIMMEDIATE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT (RDNC, MUNICIPALITY, UNESCO Office)IMMEDIATE PROTECTION FOR DAMAGED HERITAGE – INTERVENTION FORFALLING STRUCTURES (RDNC)DETAILED DAMAGE ASSESSMENTPREPARATION OF A PROJECT OF RESTORATION (RDNC, ICM)RESTORATION

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