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SESSION 1 ...

SESSION 1
Eighth Annual Meeting of the South East European Experts Network
on Intangible Cultural Heritage
15-16 May 2014. Limassol, Cyprus
Author: Martina Šimunnkovic, Senior Expert Advisor, Service for Ethnographic Movable and Intangible Cultural Heritage Ministry of Culture
DISCLAIMER
The ideas and opinions expressed in the above presentations are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the documents do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city of area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Croatia: Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Croatia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 15-16 May 2014 Eighth Annual Meeting of the South East European Experts Network on Intangible Cultural Heritage Limassol, Cyprus
  • 2. DIRECTORATE FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION PROTECTION OF THE INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE IN CROATIA MINISTRY OF CULTURE SECTION FOR ETHNOGRAPHIC AND INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia Martina Šimunković Senior Expert Advisor
  • 3. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia CROATIA
  • 4. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA annual spring custom queens – Gorjani village – E Croatia godišnji proljetni ophod na Duhove kraljice ili ljelje iz Gorjana kraj Đakova
  • 5. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA annual carneval custom bellringers – Northern Coastal Croatia godišnji pokladni ophod zvončari na području Kastva
  • 6. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA folk and liturgical procession Following the Cross – island of Hvar - S Croatia pučko-liturgijska procesija Za Križen, Hvar
  • 7. sword dance and play –city of Korcula - S Croatia bojna mačevna igra Moreška - Korčula REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA
  • 8. REGISTRY - INSCRIBED ELEMENTS OF ICH IN CROATIA gingerbread craft – NW Croatia medičarski obrt – SZ HR
  • 9. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia MEASURES TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT THE 2003 CONVENTION •The Act on the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Goods (1999) •Department for Intangible Cultural Heritage at the Ministry of Culture •Commission for Intangible Cultural Heritage at the Ministry of Culture •The ratification of the 2003 Convention
  • 10. MINISTRY OF CULTURE •Directorate for Cultural Heritage Protection Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia • Division for Ethnographic and Intangible Cultural Heritage DIVISION: • Issuing a National representative list • Activities of the Advisory Committee for Intangible Cultural Heritage • Coordination of the activities for inscription on the UNESCO Lists
  • 11. ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR ICH • Since 2002 •7 experts from from various scientific and expert institutions • Experts for specific types of intangible heritage • Encouraging its legal and practical protection • Preservation and promotion Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 12. DEPARTMENT FOR UNESCO • Croatian Committee for UNESCO • Raise awareness of the value of ICH • Promote it in Croatia and throughout the world Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 13. •Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research •University of Zagreb, Faculty of Humanities, Department for Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology •Croatian Cultural Congress •Istrian Centre for Intangible Culture •Traditional Craft Centre, Otocac •University of Zadar, Department for Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology •Croatian Chamber of Trade •Ethnographic Museum in Zagreb •Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics •Folk Dance Ensemble of Croatia “Lado” •Croatian National Tourist Board Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaOTHER COMPETENT BODIES
  • 14. •19 conservation departments •local administrative bodies •regional and local ethnographic museums •nongovernmental organizations •amateur cultural-artistic societies •tourist boards Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaPROTECTION ON THE LOCAL AND REGIONAL LEVEL
  • 15. •New Law: 1999 Croatian Act on the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Goods •intangible cultural property may be a variety of forms and phenomena of spiritual creativity that are transferred from one generation to another or through other methods •inscribed as intangible heritage goods in the Register of Cultural Goods of the Republic of Croatia Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaTHE LAW
  • 16. Act for the Protection of Cultural Heritage: “intangible cultural goods may be various forms and expressions of spiritual origin transmitted orally or otherwise, especially: Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia THE LAW
  • 17. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaLANGUAGES, DIALECTS, IDIOMS, TOPONYMS, ORAL LITERATURE
  • 18. MUSIC, DANCE, TRADITIONS, GAMES, CEREMONIES, CUSTOMS Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 19. TRADITIONAL SKILLS AND CRAFTS Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 20. 1.List of registered cultural goods (131) 2.List of cultural property under the preventive protection (6) 3.List of cultural property of the national significance (emerging) THE REGISTRY OF CULTURAL GOODS Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 21. Each element: - a number and a name - an official document (resolution) - in addition: photographs, video and audio recordings Available online on the official page of the Ministry http://www.min-kulture.hr/default.aspx?id=621 FORMAT OF THE REGISTRY Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 22. DATABASE OF THE MINISTRY OF CULTURE Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 23. 137 different ICH elements 150 phenomena under procedure for inscription The List is continuously amended by the addition of new intangible cultural goods The Assistant Minister issues a formal decision REGISTERED ELEMENTS Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 24. Ministarstvo kulture Republika Hrvatska RESOLUTION
  • 25. 1. PROPOSALS 3. INSCRIPTION ● Conservators – experts from the Ministry of Culture • Experts from the Advisory Committee or other associate • Confirmation of the bearers ● To the one of 19 Conservation Departments of the Ministry of the Culture • Proposals by the NGOs, individuals, experts, local museums, institutions ● Application Form ● Expert Commission in charge of establishing and confirming the properties of cultural Goods • Official Document - Resolution 2. EVALUATION PROCESS Ministarstvo kulture Republika Hrvatska FROM APPLICATION TO INSCRIPTION
  • 26. Ministarstvo kulture Republika Hrvatska APPLICATION FORM
  • 27. 1. The element belongs to one or more categories of intangible heritage, according to Article 9 of the Act for the Protection of Cultural Heritage; 2. The element is in accordance with international human rights instruments, requires mutual respect between communities and is in harmony with sustainable development; 3. The community has identified the element as part of its cultural heritage; 4. The element gives the community and individuals a sense of identity and continuity; Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia NATIONAL LIST - CRITERIA FOR INSCRIPTION
  • 28. 5. The element is part of the community and is transmitted and constantly recreated; 6. The element contributes to the diversity of the ICH in the Register, testifying to cultural diversity and human creativity; 7. The element is submitted with the free, prior and informe consent of the community concerned following the participation of the community at all stages of identification, definition, documentation and nomination; 8. The above-mentioned consent of the community concerned is accompanied by appropriate documentation and feasible safeguarding measures according to the official Application Form for proposal to Establilsh the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia NATIONAL LIST - CRITERIA FOR INSCRIPTION
  • 29. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia • Inscription of the elements - awareness raising • Increasing the activities on ICH protection and promotion • Bottom up principle of popularisation and promotion of ICH • The authorities provide moral and economic support INCREASING ACTIVITIES
  • 30. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia FINANCIAL SUPPORT • Financial support from the Ministry of Culture • Public Call for Proposals for Programs in Culture in the Republic of Croatia • Since 2008 – more than 300 projects: • research, collecting, enlisting, education for transferring knowledge and skills, seminars, workshops or regular education programmes, exhibitions, classes, performances, audiovisual recordings • Report on the implementation of the safeguarding projects
  • 31. Safeguarding measures are decided upon jointly by the bearers, experts and state institutions. Various measures have been undertaken for the safeguard of intangible heritage in Croatia. The legal protection of intangible cultural property. A number of measures for its protection are already being implemented or else are planned in the near future. The Ministry of Culture cooperates intensively with the bearers. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia SAFEGUARDING MEASURES
  • 32. •Various awareness-raising programmes •Exhibitions, festivals, talks, workshops, open days and other activities for the general public and schoolchildren Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia PROMOTION AND AWARENESS-RAISING PROGRAMMES
  • 33. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia MASS MEDIA
  • 34. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia ETHNO POSTERS
  • 35. POSTAGE STAMPS Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia
  • 36. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia THE EUROPEAN HERITAGE DAYS • 2008 THE EUROPEAN HERITAGE DAYS - “TREASURE OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS” • In 1995 Croatia started participating in the event of the European Heritage Days • Ministry of Culture and Ethnographical Museum in Zagreb • On the topic of intangible cultural heritage • ICH inscribed in the National list • System for protecting ICH in Croatia
  • 37. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia INTERNATIONAL FOLKLORE FESTIVAL 2010 • 44th INTERNATIONAL FOLKLORE FESTIVAL IN ZAGREB • 2010 - the International Year of the Rapprochement of Cultures • participants - representatives of elements of ICH listed in national inventories, and on the Representative List
  • 38. ANNUAL CONCERT OF THE NATIONAL FOLK DANCE ENSEMBLE OF CROATIA LADO, 2013 Ministarstvo kulture Republika Hrvatska
  • 39. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaEXHIBITION CROATIAN ICH ON UNESCO LISTS
  • 40. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaBROCHURE
  • 41. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaBROCHURE
  • 42. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaCROATIAN CATALOGUE OF NATIONAL RURAL TOURISM
  • 43. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia EDUCATIONAL AND AWARENESS-RAISING PROGRAMMES • awareness-raising programmes during exhibitions, festivals, talks, workshops, open days and other activities for the general public and schoolchildren in particular • formal and non-formal educational programmes • different governmental bodies, cultural artistic societies, experts and bearers • local museums and folk universities collaborate with schools, and thus contribute to the transmission and the popularization of the intangible cultural heritage
  • 44. • The Open University in Ivanec - a training course for lace- makers • The skill of producing children’s toys - included in the curriculum of the Woodwork Department of the Secondary School in Oroslavje • The skill of producing clay pots and objects has been included in the curriculum of the Secondary Crafts School in Bedekovčina - regular - extra-curricular - workshops Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia SCHOOL PROGRAMME
  • 45. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia HANDBOOKS AND MANUALS
  • 46. •ICH was included in a textbook to be promoted among schoolchildren as part of extra-curricular activities. •In 2011, the UNESCO Handbook on world heritage, “World Heritage in Young Hands” was presented to the public •The Handbook contains the first list ever published in Croatia of all tangible and intangible elements of cultural and natural heritage listed by UNESCO •The Handbook is intended to help teachers prepare lesson plans and raise awareness among young people of the need to safeguard these elements. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia WORLD HERITAGE IN YOUNG HANDS
  • 47. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia SCHOOL BOOKS
  • 48. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia PROJECT: LET THE CHILDREN ROOTS AND WINGS
  • 49. NEW MUSEUMS: •the Lepoglava Lace-Making Museum (Northern Croatia) •the Children’s Toy Museum (Northern Croatia) •the Alka Museum (Sinj, Southern Croatia) •the Easter Egg Museum (Central Croatia) •the Museum of Traditional Fishing and Boatbuilding (Southern Croatia, Komiža) Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES
  • 50. • Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research. • to bring together all institutions in Croatia and cooperating institutions in other countries •to produce a database •digitalisation •the setting up of a network through its website •to publish documentary material •compiling material from the field and information on the activities of NGOs and the local communities, particularly elements of ICH inscribed in the National Registry. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia THE REFERENCE CENTRE FOR ICH
  • 51. • The Istrian Centre for Intangible Culture of the Ethnographical Museum of Istria • Research, documenting, caretaking and popularization of Istrian intangible culture • New communication with members of local communities • Creating and developing new collections of documents intangible culture of Istria • Educational programs and tips for the bearers • Conferences, educational programs and events • Production and Publishing Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia THE ISTRIAN CENTRE FOR INTANGIBLE CULTURE
  • 52. •Ministry of Culture and its Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage •Department for UNESCO and the Croatian Commission for UNESCO •Ratification In 2005 •17th country who ratified the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaCROATIA AND UNESCO
  • 53. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia MEMBERSHIP • member of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2008 up to 2012) • member of the Subsidiary Body of the Committee, up to 2012 • participation in all the Committee’s meetings as well as meetings of the General Assembly • various working meetings of international experts on intangible cultural heritage
  • 54. •The participation in South East European Experts’ Seminars on ICH: •2007, Arbanassi, Bulgaria •2008, Safranbolu, Turkey •2009, Zagreb, Croatia •2010, Ramnica Valcea, Romania •2011, Belgrade, Serbia •2012, Athens, Greece •2013, Sofia, Bulgaria •2014, Limassol, Cyprus •in 2009, the Croatian Ministry of Culture - workshop in Zagreb •in 2011, Category II Centre for the South-East Europe region in Sofija, Bulgaria •The participation in Middle European Experts’ Seminars on ICH: •June 2013, Vienna, Austria •September 2013, Ljubljana, Slovenia Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia REGIONAL COOPERATION
  • 55.  14 ICH elements inscribed on the UNESCO's Lists  Representative List: 1. Annual carnival bell ringers’ pageant from the Kastav area (2009) 2. The festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik (2009) 3. Lacemaking in Croatia (2009) 4. Procession Za Krizen (‘following the cross’) on the island of Hvar (2009) 5. Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani (2009) 6. Traditional manufacturing of children’s wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje (2009) 7. Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale (2009) 8. Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia (2010) 9. The Sinjska Alka, a knights’ tournament in Sinj (2010) 10. Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia (2011) 11. Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland (2011) 12. Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia (2012) 13. Mediterranean Diet (2013)  Urgent Safeguarding List: 14. Ojkanje singing (2010) Ministry of Culture Republic of CroatiaCROATIAN ICH ON UNESCO LISTS
  • 56. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia CROATIAN ICH ON UNESCO LISTS
  • 57. Ministry of Culture Republic of Croatia www.min-kulture.hr MARTINA ŠIMUNKOVIĆ Phone: + 385 1 4866 631 Fax: + 385 1 4866 680 e-mail: martina.simunkovic@min-kulture.hr THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION