Challenges and Opportunities to establish Nuclear Safety Practices within the Sub-Mediterranean Region [Mahmoud Nasreddine, Lebanon]

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Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology across the Sub-Mediterranean Region …

Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology across the Sub-Mediterranean Region
3-4 April 2012. Palazzo Zorzi, Venice
Session 2. Science and Society - Identifying Priorities and New Technologies Challenges

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  • 1. Challenges and opportunities to establish nuclear Safety practices Mahmoud Nasreddine Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 1
  • 2. Atomic bombing of Hiroshimaand Nagasaki 1945-Atom for peace ( Eisenhower 8December 1953- UN assembly)-Creation of the IAEA in1953 . The Statuteoutlines the three pillars of the Agencywork: - verification and security - Safety -Technology transfer Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 2
  • 3. Atomic bombing of Hiroshimaand Nagasaki 1945-NPT -Opened for signature in 1968 -Entered into force in 1970 -Extended indefinitely in 1995 -Reviewed every 5 years Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 3
  • 4. Atomic bombing of Hiroshimaand Nagasaki 1945-Comprehensive SafeguardsAgreementsThe IAEA’s safeguards system functions asa confidence-building measure, an earlywarning mechanism, and the trigger thatsets in motion other responses by theinternational community if and when theneed arises. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 4
  • 5. Atomic bombing of Hiroshimaand Nagasaki 1945-Comprehensive SafeguardsAgreements-IAEA safeguards aims to increase thelikelihood of detecting a clandestinenuclear weapons programme and to buildconfidence that States are abiding by theirinternational commitments. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 5
  • 6. Three Mile Island Nuclear Station(1979 )Chernobyl (1986) accidents-Convention on Nuclear Safety (for NPPcountries) - Adopted in Vienna on 17 June 1994 -Entered into force on 24 October 1996 -The Convention is an incentive instrument based on the common interest of the parties to achieve higher levels of safety. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 6
  • 7. Three Mile Island Nuclear Station(1979 )Chernobyl (1986) accidents-Convention on Nuclear Safety (for NPPcountries) - National report -Nuclear law -Regulatory body -Regular review meetings organized by the IAEA. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 7
  • 8. WTC terrorist AttackSeptember 2001-Security of nuclear facilities andmaterials (IAEA ,WINS, CoE, schools….)- Security Council resolution 1540adopted on 28 April 2004- IAEA 3 S missions (Safety, Security,Safeguard) Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 8
  • 9. Fukushima -Daiichi accident(2011)-After the Fukushima-Daiichiaccident, many nations arereconsidering the future oftheir nuclear power plants ortheir projects to build NPP (Germany, Switzerland) Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 9
  • 10. Fukushima -Daiichi accident(2011)-The Nuclear Safety attractsmore attention : governmentand Industries are reviewingtheir NPP designs, safetyrequirements, emergencyplans … Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 10
  • 11. Fukushima -Daiichi accident(2011)-An extraordinary reviewconference of the Conventionon Nuclear Safety in 2012.One possible amendment willcover all the nuclearactivities (not only NPP) Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 11
  • 12. Proposals to strengthenthe Nuclear safety in the region Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 12
  • 13. A free zone of Nuclear weapons inthe Middle East will allow theestablishment of a MEATOM (to becompared to the EURATOM): -civil cooperation, -mutual inspection and peerreview…-strengthening of the nuclear safetyin the region Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 13
  • 14. 1-Technical department -N. Power plants inspection -Preliminary technical assessment for licensing -Any technical work requested by any National Regulatory body in the member states Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 14
  • 15. 1-Technical department ?? - Any technical report produced by the department is confidential and must be sent to the concerned National regulatory body which stays the only regulatory authority in the M.S. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 15
  • 16. 2-Nuclear Safety and Securityinstitute (NSSI)-Special diploma-Long and short term training courses-Safety and security documents innational languages.-Specific training for police andcustoms to avoid illicit trafficking.-Research Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 16
  • 17. 3- Action Plan to face nuclearevents and accidents-National Emergency agency -(natural disaster, Nuclear accident…)-National Emergency Action plan-regional Emergency Action Plan-High level experts (National andregional levels)-Specialized Medical Doctors-Specialized hospital(s)…. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 17
  • 18. The Nuclear Safety andSecurity Agency (NSSA)1-The Technical 2-The Nuclear department Safety and Security Institute Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud Nasreddine 18
  • 19. Principles for a Strong Nuclear SafetyCulture (Institute of Nuclear Power Operations 2004)1. Everyone is personally responsiblefor nuclear safety.2. Leaders demonstrate commitmentto safety.3. Trust permeates the organization.4. Decision-making reflects safetyfirst.. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 19
  • 20. Principles for a Strong Nuclear SafetyCulture (Institute of Nuclear Power Operations 2004)5. Nuclear technology is recognizedas special and unique.6. A questioning attitude is cultivated.7. Organizational learning isembraced.8. Nuclear safety undergoes constantexamination.. Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 20
  • 21. THANK YOU Venice 3-4 April 2012 Mahmoud NASREDDINE 21