Implementation of the 2003 Convention of UNESCO in Bulgaria


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Bulgaria - Mr. Nikolai Vukov, Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum (IEFSEM) – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

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Implementation of the 2003 Convention of UNESCO in Bulgaria

  1. 1. Implementation of the 2003 Convention ofUNESCO in BulgariaNikolai VukovInstitute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with EthnographicMuseum (IEFSEM) – Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSeventh Annual Regional meeting on Intangible Cultural Heritage“New strategies for sustainable development, tourism and partnership”Sofia, Bulgaria, 27-28 May 2013
  2. 2. General policies National Council of Intangible Cultural Heritage –at the Ministry of Culture National System “Living Human Treasures” National Center for ICH at the Institute of FolkloreStudies with Ethnographic Museum (IEFSEM) atthe Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Partnership between institutions Regional Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage inSofia
  3. 3. Living Human Treasures “LHT – Bulgaria. Inventory of activities” – theInstitute of Folklore and the Ministry of Culture(since 2001, handed officially in 2002); Questionnaire Inventory, methodical guidelines, analythical texts 2005 – “Bistritsa Grannies – Archaic Poliphony,Dance and Practices from the Shoplouk region” 2009 – “Nestinarstvo – Messages from the Past” The creation of an archival fund of ICH The procedure of proposing and selectingnominations
  4. 4. Legislation The new Law of Cultural Heritage (February 2009) –substituted the Law for monuments of culture andmuseums (1969) It introduced new categories of cultural heritage:“intangible and material moveable and immoveableheritage as a set of cultural values that bear historicalmemory, national identity and have scholarly or culturalvalue” (article 2) The expanded range of objects considered as culturalheritage – intangible, industrial, underwater, audiovisualheritage, cultural landscape, etc. Experts from IEFSEM – BAS developed the text on ICH The need of steps for legislative improvement
  5. 5. Inventorying ICH National Inventory: Traditional holidays and rituals; Traditionalsinging and dancing; Traditional narration; Traditional craftsand household activities; Traditional medicine Regional Inventory – by the 28 administrative regions; Prospects:- Further expanding the inventorying of certain realms oftraditional culture;- The need to work more on inventories’ updating;- Elements in need of urgent safeguarding;- The on-going process of awareness raising;- Digitalization
  6. 6. Consultative bodies and networks The National Expert Council of ICH; The Expert Council of IEFSEM; The National Center of ICH at IEFSEM; Regional Cultural and Information Centers; Regional governments; The network of the cultural centers (chitalishta)and museums; Regional forums (fairs, festivals, overviews offolklore and regional traditions)
  7. 7. Main activities for safeguarding ICH Measures taken for awareness raising Educational programmes; Media campaigns; Activities organized by the Regional Center inSofia for the Safeguarding of ICH inSoutheastern Europe; Six new nominations for UNESCO’sRepresentative List and Register of BestSafeguarding Practices
  8. 8. Bulgaria’s nominations for 2013For the Representative List: The Folk Feast Surova in Pernik Region; Visoko multipart singing from Dolen and Satovcha; Chiprovtsi Carpets; Nedelino Two-part Singing;For the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices: The Festival of Folklore in Koprivshtitsa; The Bulgarian Chitalishte
  9. 9. Benefits of the nomination process accummulation and utilization of expert potential; strengthening of productive expert capacity; training and development of key competencies; continuing collaboration between IEFSEM andthe Ministry of Culture; active partnership with communities in preparingthe nominations; enhanced collaboration with the Regional Center
  10. 10. Opportunities and challenges National inventory policies The management of sustainable culturaltourism The involvement of local communities,community centered safeguarding The issue of transmission The transnational dimension of ICH Training and capacity building