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Biotechnology for Health and Food Security [Najat Mokhtar, Hassan II Academy of S&T, Morocco]
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Biotechnology for Health and Food Security [Najat Mokhtar, Hassan II Academy of S&T, Morocco]

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Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology across the Sub-Mediterranean Region ...

Workshop on Higher Education and Professional Responsibility in CBRN Applied Sciences and Technology across the Sub-Mediterranean Region
3-4 April 2012. Palazzo Zorzi, Venice
Session 2. Science and Society - Identifying Priorities and New Technologies Challenges

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  • Whoever controls the seed today could rule over nations tomorrow ’. Mary C. Carras
  • According to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity, biotechnology is: “Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.”

Biotechnology for Health and Food Security [Najat Mokhtar, Hassan II Academy of S&T, Morocco] Biotechnology for Health and Food Security [Najat Mokhtar, Hassan II Academy of S&T, Morocco] Presentation Transcript

  • Biotechnology for Health and Food Security Pr. Najat MokhtarHassan II Academy of Sciences & technology‘ Morocco
  • biotechnologyAny technological application that uses“biological systems, living organisms, orderivatives to make or modify productsor processes for specific use.”
  • biotechnology• considerable benefits• potential risks
  • Potential benefits• increase crop yields.• drought- and pests resistant and salt- tolerant crops• Biofortified staple foods
  • Potential benefits• Vaccines• Sequencing pathogen genomes• Molecular diagnostics• Tissue engineering• Recombinant drugs,…..
  • Potential risks• Effect on human & animal health• Effect on the environment
  • Who are the beneficiaries?• Private sector• Developed countries
  • Intellectual propertyProblems of: rights assuring equal access to genetic resources, sharing benefits on a global level, avoiding monopolization Effect on food security in developing countries
  • Food securityFood security‘’all people, at any time, have access to nutritious & safe food”
  • Impact of Biotechnology on food security and health• Biotech R&D in private sector in developed countries• International patents• Absence of regulatory framework in developing countries
  • Conclusions & Recommandations• Biotech can be relevant to food security and health needs in developing countries,• Role of the university, regional collaboration, and the establishment of legal framework and regulation policies• Public sector involvement• Research & development activities
  • Increased DevelopingCountries’ Contributions but Large Knowledge Gap Developed countries Developing countries Number of Papers in Health Biotechnology in SCI Expanded 1993-2005
  • Role of international organizations• Provide assistance to:• Help developing countries to strengthen the scientific & legal capacity to properly manage biotechnology products development and related risk assessment.• can play a paramount role in fostering south-south collaboration and should consider this collaboration as a part of their global health efforts
  • Thank you