Armenia prImplementing the UNESCO convention for the safeguarding intangible cultural heritageesentation sofia 2013

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Armenia - Ms. Yeranuhi Margaryan, Chief specialist of the department of cultural heritage and folk crafts. Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia

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Armenia prImplementing the UNESCO convention for the safeguarding intangible cultural heritageesentation sofia 2013

  1. 1. REPUBLIC OF ARMENIAREPUBLIC OF ARMENIAIMPLEMENTING THE UNESCO CONVENTIONFORTHE SAFEGUARDING INTANGIBLECULTURAL HERITAGE1
  2. 2. Ratification of conventionRatification of conventionArmenia ratified the convention in 20062
  3. 3. Competent bodies for safeguardingCompetent bodies for safeguardingintangible cultural heritage In Armeniaintangible cultural heritage In Armenia areareMinistry of CultureMinistry of Education and Science“Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography” ofthe National Academy of Science“Institute of Arts” of the National Academy ofScience“Yerevan State Conservatory after Komitas”"History Museum of Armenia”“Folk Art Centre after Hovhannes Sharambeyan”State Museum of Armenian Ethnography3
  4. 4. Institutions for training in intangibleInstitutions for training in intangiblecultural heritage managementcultural heritage managementA number of state higher educationinstitutions provide formal education inintangible cultural heritage management inthe Republic of Armenia, amongst which theeducation institutions mentioned below dothe most work. There are-Yerevan State UniversityArmenian State Pedagogical UniversityYerevan State ConservatoryYerevan State Academy of Fine Arts4
  5. 5. Documentation institutions for intangibleDocumentation institutions for intangiblecultural heritagecultural heritageDocuments and other documentary materialsabout the intangible cultural heritage of theRepublic of Armenia are kept in relevant scientificand educational institutions, museums, StateArchive of the Republic of Armenia.The documents on intangible cultural heritage arethe original materials that are written, videorecorded, photographed, audio recorded byholders, studiers, witnesses; certificates aboutintangible cultural elements, as well as thematerialised bearers of intangible cultural heritageelements.5
  6. 6. The state institutions authorised to preserve theThe state institutions authorised to preserve theaforementioned materials areaforementioned materials are “Institute of Archaeology andEthnography” of the National Academy ofScience of the Republic of Armenia“Institute of Arts” of the NationalAcademy of Science“Institute of Literature after ManukAbeghyan” of the National Academy ofScience6
  7. 7. “Folk Art Centre after HovhannesSharambeyan”“Sardarapat memorial, State Museum ofArmenian Ethnography"History Museum of Armenia”“Museum of Literature and Arts afterEghishe Charents”“Yerevan State Conservatory afterKomitas”"National Archive of Armenia”7
  8. 8. The aforementioned institutions organise theiroperations through state financing, by submitting theintended programmes to the budget of each year.State scientific institutions organise research work inthe sphere by cooperating with communities, groupsand individuals bearing intangible cultural heritage.For the purpose of studying, identifying the elementsof heritage, finding, recording, registering newmaterials, regular scientific expeditions are carriedout, the collected materials are deciphered,documented, originals are archived. Publication isdone by printing relevant scientific works and articles.Since 2007, scientific institutions, museums, theNational Archive have been doing substantial workfor the digitalisation of the materials that they hold.8
  9. 9. There are around 30 history and 10 area-studystate museums in the Republic, which conductstudies of materials on intangible culturalheritage, ensure the documentation and archivingof those materials, organise exhibitions based onavailable materials, and for the purpose ofcommunicating these, accessible conditions areensured for all social groups. All the museums inthe system of the Ministry of Culture have webpages, which introduce the permanent,temporary exhibitions of the museums, thecontent of the materials available in funds. Infuture this materials will be posted to the websiteof intangible cultural heritage.9
  10. 10. For the purpose of ensuring the effective implementation of theConvention, since 2008, the State has been actively cooperatingwith non-governmental organisations operating in the sphere andcreated by communities, groups bearing intangible culturalheritage.The following non-governmental organisations implement severalprogrammes within the sphere, in active cooperation with theState:1. “Education Support Fund”,2. “Calendar: Revival of Traditional Festivals”,3. “Kenats Tsar”,4. “Kenats Tun”,5. “Sasna Tun”,6. “Union of Progressive Scientists of Gavar”,7. “Armenian Cookery Traditions Development and Protection”,8. “Areni Fund”,9. “Noyn Araratyan”,10. “Meghri 1”,11. “Areguni”,12. “School of Cross-Stone Craftsmanship”, etc.10
  11. 11. LegislationLegislationBy the Protocol Decision No 46 of 23 November2006 the Government of the Republic ofArmenia approved of the “Concept onpreservation of intangible cultural heritage,protection of its viability”, and by the ProtocolDecision No 17 of 3 May 2007 it approved the“Timeline of the measures stemming from theconcept on preservation of intangible culturalheritage, protection of its viability”. The latter, infact, became the main document for organisingactivities in the sphere, in line with which the2008-2010 measures for the preservation ofintangible cultural heritage, protection of itsviability and for its celebration were organised.11
  12. 12.  On 7 October 2009, the National Assembly adopted theLaw of the Republic of Armenia “On intangible culturalheritage”. In 2010-2012, the Government of the Republic of Armeniaapproved a number of legal acts, which ensure theimplementation of the law and clarify the procedure forfulfilling the requirements of law. Particularly:1. “The criteria for preparing the lists of intangible culturalvalues of the Republic of Armenia and the list of intangiblecultural heritage values”,2. “Procedure of identification, documentation, protection andinformation of intangible cultural heritage”,3. “The criteria for preparing the lists of intangible culturalheritage needing immediate protection, and the list ofintangible cultural heritage values based thereon”,4. “The criteria for recognising the cultural areas of theRepublic of Armenia and the list of cultural areas”.12
  13. 13. InventoriesInventoriesThe process of inventory taking for intangible culturalheritage started in 2008.In 2009, a professional council for matters of protectingintangible cultural heritage was created adjunct to theMinister of Culture of the Republic of Armenia, whichcooperates with organisations that know the sphereand carry out educational activities.As a result of inventory taking, 3 state lists of intangiblecultural heritage approved by the Government of theRepublic of Armenia were created, which are subjectto regular replenishment. The lists are preparedbased on the viability, need for immediate protectionof the element, and on inventory taking for culturalareas.13
  14. 14. The replenishment of the lists of intangible culturalheritage of Armenia is carried out in accordancewith the “Procedure of identification,documentation, protection and information ofintangible cultural heritage”The procedure defines that for the purpose ofdiscovering, registration and study of intangiblecultural elements, as well as modernisation,correcting, processing the data in state lists ofintangible cultural heritage of Armenia andintangible cultural elements in need of immediateprotection, the Ministry of Culture regularlyorganises rout scientific expeditions,systematically comprising the territories of all theregions of Armenia.14
  15. 15. Formal andFormal and non-formal educationnon-formal educationInstruction of a number of domains ofintangible cultural heritage, in particular,craftsmanship, folk decorative-applied art,national cuisine skills, has been includedin the state programmes of primary(handicraft) and middle level vocationaleducation.15
  16. 16. “Special education centre for children"state non-commercial organisationoperates under the Ministry of Culture.About 614 children have received andcontinue to receive knowledge and skillsrelated to folk song, folk dance, appliedand decorative arts, crafts, carpetweaving knowledge and using musicalinstruments in the centre in 2006-2012.At present respective studies are carriedout regarding possibilities of opening newbranches of the centre in other marzes.16
  17. 17. In 2007 the government approved theprogramme "Compensation of tuitionfees of folk instruments education atmusical schools and art schools of theRepublic of Armenia“, with the purposeof developing and spreading educationenvironment and establishing conditionsfor affordable education.17
  18. 18. "Preservation of intangible cultural heritageof the Republic of Armenia" discipline hasbeen introduced and has been instructedin the chair of museum managementstudies and monument studies of theDepartment of Culture of Yerevan’sArmenian State Pedagogical Universitystarting from 2010 with methodologicalsupport of the Ministry of Culture andthrough formal education programmeswith participation of the ministry’sspecialists.18
  19. 19. At present a programme of establishmentof State Culture Gymnasium in the city ofGyumri is discussed in the agenda of thegovernment. Implementation of theprogramme will provide opportunity toinclude also almost all domains ofintangible cultural heritage in the sphereof formal education.19
  20. 20. Proceeding from the importance ofpreservation of intangible cultural heritage,transmission thereof to generations inunaltered state, enhancement of the role ofbearing communities and application of theheritage, non-formal education standardshave been developed as well. The Ministry ofCulture has implemented about 21 non-formal education programmes in 2008-2012with participation of bearers, non-governmental organisations and statecultural organisations in the framework ofprogrammes organised based on the abovestandards.20
  21. 21. "School of Heritage” established by“Revival of Traditional Holidays” NGOwith support of the Ministry of Culturewas a new phenomenon in the sphere ofpreservation of intangible culturalheritage in 2008-2010.21
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  26. 26. The school is well established at presentand continues to operate independently.Ethnographers, dance specialists,musicologists and bearers mastering skillsand knowledge in various domains ofintangible cultural heritage, living in theregions, have been involved in instructioncourses at the school.Thank you26

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