CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION     Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property                 in So...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONThe Internet is a double-edged sword
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONtraffickers have a convenient way to sellstolen works of art from anywhere in...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONEasy way to monitor, identify and recover works of art
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION But… Police don’t check online transactions
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONToday, the Internet isprobably     the    easiestmethod by which Police canid...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONIt is impossible for the Police to monitor the entireonline market.National P...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONExperts, archaeologists, art historians, museum curators withtheir expertise ...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPolice have difficulties to recognize parts of paintings
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION                                     Interpol                              Na...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION                 Or          Diplomatic channels
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION                                      Interpol                               ...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION                 Or          Diplomatic channels
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION            Monitor catalogue auction houses            and specialized websi...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPolice have to identify not onlybuyers and sellers, but alsomiddlemen, transp...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONOnly the national Police force (or, even better, aspecialized unit) can effec...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONSpecial agreements
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION   Special tools
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONINTERPOL stolen works of art database
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPOLICE                               EXPERTS
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONInterpol Expert Group on Stolen Cultural Property, Lione 7 – 8 Mach 2006
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION    Basic Actions to counter the Increasing Illicit Sale of Cultural         ...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION2. Request Internet platforms to disclose relevant information to  law enforc...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION4. Cooperate with national and foreign police forces and INTERPOL as well as ...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION5.Maintain statistics and register information on the checks  conducted conce...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONSix years passed since the preparation of thisdocument, but it seems that ver...
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONAlberto Deregibus a.deregibus@unesco.org
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Alberto Deregibus - Fighting against illicit traffic in internet

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Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe.
Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 November 2012.
Link: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/venice/about-this-office/single-view/news/building_capacities_for_the_fight_against_the_illicit_trafficking_of_cultural_property_
in_south_east_europe/

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Alberto Deregibus - Fighting against illicit traffic in internet

  1. 1. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe Gazientep, Turkey, 19 – 21 November 2012 Fighting against illicit traffic in internetAlberto Deregibus a.deregibus@unesco.org
  2. 2. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONThe Internet is a double-edged sword
  3. 3. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONtraffickers have a convenient way to sellstolen works of art from anywhere in theworld to anyone in the world, without seriousrisk of getting caught. Police have an easy way to monitor, track, isolate and identify potentially suspicious transactions. It can lead to greater chances of recovery for stolen pieces, as well as greater chances of identifying and arresting those individuals responsible for thefts.
  4. 4. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONEasy way to monitor, identify and recover works of art
  5. 5. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION But… Police don’t check online transactions
  6. 6. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONToday, the Internet isprobably the easiestmethod by which Police canidentify stolen or illegallyexported works of art.
  7. 7. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONIt is impossible for the Police to monitor the entireonline market.National Police units need to consult specialized websites and comb through vast numbers of trades tolocate stolen or illegally exported works of art, fromeach nation.
  8. 8. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONExperts, archaeologists, art historians, museum curators withtheir expertise are vital for the Police.a police officer will hardly be able to identify whether a particularpiece online has been accurately described in terms of its countryof origin or its age classification.
  9. 9. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPolice have difficulties to recognize parts of paintings
  10. 10. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Interpol National Central Bureau
  11. 11. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Or Diplomatic channels
  12. 12. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Interpol National Central Bureau
  13. 13. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Or Diplomatic channels
  14. 14. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Monitor catalogue auction houses and specialized websites
  15. 15. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPolice have to identify not onlybuyers and sellers, but alsomiddlemen, transporters, agentshandling cash transactions Investigations!
  16. 16. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONOnly the national Police force (or, even better, aspecialized unit) can effectively search for yourcountry’s stolen works of artProbably no one else will do it!
  17. 17. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONSpecial agreements
  18. 18. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Special tools
  19. 19. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONINTERPOL stolen works of art database
  20. 20. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONPOLICE EXPERTS
  21. 21. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONInterpol Expert Group on Stolen Cultural Property, Lione 7 – 8 Mach 2006
  22. 22. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION Basic Actions to counter the Increasing Illicit Sale of Cultural Objects through the Internet ( UNESCO, INTERPOL, ICOM )The member States of INTERPOL and UNESCO and the States with ICOMNational Committee are invited to:Strongly encourage Internet sales platforms to post the following disclaimer on all their cultural objects sales pages:“With regard to cultural objects proposed for sale, and before buying them, buyers are advised to: - check and request a verification of the licit provenance of the object, including documents providing evidence of legal export (and possibly import) of the object likely to have been imported; - request evidence of the seller’s legal title. In case of doubt, check primarily with the national authorities of the country of origin and INTERPOL, and possibly with UNESCO or ICOM.”
  23. 23. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION2. Request Internet platforms to disclose relevant information to law enforcement agencies and to cooperate with them on investigations of suspicious sales offers of cultural objects;3. Establish a central authority (within national police forces or other), which is also responsible for the protection of cultural properties, in charge of permanently checking and monitoring sales of cultural objects via the Internet;
  24. 24. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION4. Cooperate with national and foreign police forces and INTERPOL as well as theresponsible authorities of other States concerned, in order to:  Insure that any theft and/or any illegal appropriation of cultural objects be reported to INTERPOL National Central Bureaux, in order to enable relevant information to be posted on the INTERPOL Stolen Works of Art Database;  Make information available about theft and/or any illegal appropriation of cultural objects, as well as about any subsequent sale of such cultural objects, from or to national territories, using the Internet;  Facilitate rapid identification of cultural objects by: i) ensuring updated inventories with photographs of cultural objects, or at least their identification, for example through the Object ID standard; ii) maintaining a list of recommended experts;  Use all the tools at their disposal to conduct checks of suspicious cultural property, in particular the INTERPOL Stolen Works of Art Database;  Track and prosecute criminal activities related to the sale of cultural objects on the Internet and inform the INTERPOL General Secretariat of major investigations involving several countries.
  25. 25. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTION5.Maintain statistics and register information on the checks conducted concerning the sale of cultural objects via the Internet, the vendors in question and the results obtained;6.Establish legal measures to immediately seize cultural objects in case of a reasonable doubt concerning their licit provenance;5.Assure the return of seized objects of illicit provenance to their rightful owners
  26. 26. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONSix years passed since the preparation of thisdocument, but it seems that very little has beendone and many States have not established anyspecific tool to fight illicit traffiking of culturalgoods via the internet
  27. 27. CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION TREATIES SECTIONAlberto Deregibus a.deregibus@unesco.org

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