UNEP-IETC Activities on on Water and Sanitation
Water: Global Environmental Priority <ul><li>Importance of freshwater issues raised at the local, national, regional, and ...
Framing of Water Issues in UNEP Programming UNEP  Water Policy and Strategy (2007-12) UNEP Medium  Term Strategy (2010-13)...
UNEP Water Policy and Strategy <ul><li>Background:   </li></ul><ul><li>UNEP requested by governments to develop water poli...
UNEP Medium-Term Strategy 2010-2013 <ul><li>Six cross-cutting thematic priorities :  to deliver tangible results  </li></u...
Bali Strategic Plan (BSP) <ul><li>Bali Strategic Plan for Capacity Building and Technology Support </li></ul><ul><li>Inter...
IETC Water Contributions in UNEP Programming UNEP  Water Policy and Strategy (2007-12) UNEP Medium  Term Strategy (2010-13...
IETC ’ s Contributions <ul><li>BSP Contributions: </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic areas:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshwater reso...
IETC’s Comparative Advantages <ul><li>Identifying and promoting  innovative approaches and technologies  that can give con...
IETC ’ s Approaches Identification of innovative technologies and approaches Demonstration of their applicability Results ...
Water Issues at Stake for IETC <ul><li>Lack of integrated methodologies and tools to enhance efficiency and quality in wat...
IETC’s Water and Wastewater EST Focus <ul><li>Decentralized and augmentation-oriented ESTs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-site ...
Work Done So Far <ul><li>Demonstrating and piloting promising ESTs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraqi Marshlands project (2004-20...
Work Done So Far (continued) <ul><li>Helping to make decisions for technology applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water use...
Environmentally Sound Water and Sanitation Provision for Rural Communities in Jamaica <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><u...
Jamaica Project: Results <ul><li>Results:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water supply system extended to a new community, with lo...
Water Footprint, Neutrality & Efficiency  (WaFNE) Project <ul><li>Objective :  To enhance water efficiency and water quali...
Application of Phytotechnology to Improve  Water Quality in Bocaina City (Sao Paulo, Brazil) <ul><li>Objective:   </li></u...
Bocaina Project: Results <ul><li>Results:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A survey proved that the existing sewage treatment facil...
2010-11 POW RE/SCP Project on Technology (61-P4) <ul><li>Technology assessments, technology policy and environmentally sou...
2010-11 POW RE/SCP Project on Polices ad Tools (61-P8) <ul><li>Policies and Tools at the City Level:  </li></ul><ul><li>Be...
2010-11 POW Ecosystem Management Project on Tools and Methodologies for Water Ecosystems (31-P1) <ul><li>Tools and methodo...
Possible Partnerships <ul><li>UN agencies:  to develop and implement initiatives of mutual and complementary interests, to...
Emerging Cooperation <ul><li>KOICA through UNEP-ROAP is seeking increasing cooperation on waste management, especially for...
Thank You… Osaka Office 2-110 Ryokuchi Koen,  Tsurumi-ku,  Osaka 538-0036, Japan Tel : +81 (0) 6 6915 4581 Fax : +81 (0) 6...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

UNEP IETC Water and santiation activities

15,859 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
15,859
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
12,952
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
90
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • UNEP Water Policy and Strategy: UNEP uses this a s tool to address the priorities of the MTS, which are now reflected in the PoW. BSP provides guidance for the implementation of the UNEP water policy, particularly as it related to coordinated action and cooperation with partners at the national and regional levels. MTS priorities are delivered through the PoW.
  • UNEP Water Policy and Strategy: UNEP uses this a s tool to address the priorities of the MTS, which are now reflected in the PoW. BSP provides guidance for the implementation of the UNEP water policy, particularly as it related to coordinated action and cooperation with partners at the national and regional levels. MTS priorities are delivered through the PoW.
  • UNEP IETC Water and santiation activities

    1. 1. UNEP-IETC Activities on on Water and Sanitation
    2. 2. Water: Global Environmental Priority <ul><li>Importance of freshwater issues raised at the local, national, regional, and global levels in MDG, WSSD, CSD and other fora </li></ul><ul><li>UNEP has been engaged in water issues since its establishment in 1972. UNEP’s key areas of work have included the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitate and catalyze water resource assessments in various countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>implement projects that assisted countries in developing integrated water resource management (IWRM) plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create awareness of innovative alternative technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assist to develop, implement and enforce water resource management policies, laws and regulations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To do so, UNEP has formed partnerships: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNEP is part of UN Water, with 25 other UN agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNEP has formed partnerships with numerous organizations and donors to support and carry out its programming </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Framing of Water Issues in UNEP Programming UNEP Water Policy and Strategy (2007-12) UNEP Medium Term Strategy (2010-13) UNEP Bali Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity-building Operationalized through UNEP Programme of Work (POW) BSP provides guidance on WPS implementation WPS is a tool to address MTS priorities All 6 POW Sub-Programme areas include water issues, implemented by various branches of UNEP 1. Climate Change 2. Disasters Conflicts 3 .Ecosystem Management 4.Environ’tal Governance 5. Harmful substances 6. Resource efficiency
    4. 4. UNEP Water Policy and Strategy <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>UNEP requested by governments to develop water policy with guidelines, incentives and institutional/substantive responses to the water challenge </li></ul><ul><li>It provides strategic directions for UNEP’s actions in freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>It positions UNEP to provide advisory service packages to promote ecosystem approaches in integrated water resources management (IWRM), at global, regional and national level </li></ul><ul><li>It positions UNEP to provide coordinated leadership for IWRM </li></ul><ul><li>It makes contributions to the internationally agreed targets and goals relevant to water and socio-economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic principles to focus UNEP work: </li></ul><ul><li>Promote ecosystem-based approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to sound economic, and social development, including poverty reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Address risks </li></ul><ul><li>Build national and regional capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Build on existing programmes & partnerships and form new ones </li></ul><ul><li>Promote multi-stakeholder participation </li></ul>
    5. 5. UNEP Medium-Term Strategy 2010-2013 <ul><li>Six cross-cutting thematic priorities : to deliver tangible results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disasters and conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecosystem management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmful substances and hazardous waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource efficiency - sustainable consumption and production (RE/SCP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The strategic direction contained in the MTS provides a clear, results-based focus for the UNEP Programme of Work (POW), initially for the biennium 2010-2011 </li></ul>
    6. 6. Bali Strategic Plan (BSP) <ul><li>Bali Strategic Plan for Capacity Building and Technology Support </li></ul><ul><li>Intergovernmentally agreed approach to strengthen technology support and capacity building by UNEP, with emphasis on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying and disseminating best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fostering entrepreneurship and partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting efficiency and effectiveness in using financial and human resources through better coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More effective implementation at all levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of an integrated approach to allow optimal use of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19 thematic areas and 13 cross-cutting areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water-related thematic areas: freshwater resources, wetland conservation, oceans and seas and coastal areas, sanitation </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. IETC Water Contributions in UNEP Programming UNEP Water Policy and Strategy (2007-12) UNEP Medium Term Strategy (2010-13) UNEP Bali Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity-building Operationalized through UNEP Programme of Work 1. Climate Change 2. Disasters Conflicts 3 .Ecosystem Management 4.Environ’tal Governance 5. Harmful substances 6. Resource efficiency BSP provides guidance on WPS implementation WPS is a tool to address MTS priorities IETC’s water programming contributes to Resource Efficiency and Ecosystem Management IETC Water and Sanitation Pillar
    8. 8. IETC ’ s Contributions <ul><li>BSP Contributions: </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshwater resources, wetland conservation, and sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-cutting areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to scientific and technological information, including information on state-of-the art technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating access to and support for ESTs and corresponding know-how </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UNEP Water Strategy and Policy Contributions: </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecosystem restoration, water resource augmentation, sanitation, wastewater collection, reuse and reallocation , ESTs, demand management and conservation , mainstreaming of environment into development processes , technology transfer , capacity building, urban water resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to sound economic &social development, incl. poverty reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build national and regional capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build on existing programmes & partnerships, and form new partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MTS/Programme of Work Contributions: </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption and Production, and Ecosystem Management </li></ul>
    9. 9. IETC’s Comparative Advantages <ul><li>Identifying and promoting innovative approaches and technologies that can give concrete environmental and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting countries and municipalities in selecting and adopting best available, locally feasible and economical technologies and management practices </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing information on technologies, their applications and management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Located in, and supported by, Japan , with a wealth of experience and information on ESTs and innovations </li></ul>
    10. 10. IETC ’ s Approaches Identification of innovative technologies and approaches Demonstration of their applicability Results and lessons learned Upscaling and replication (national and regional levels) Improved technologies and approaches
    11. 11. Water Issues at Stake for IETC <ul><li>Lack of integrated methodologies and tools to enhance efficiency and quality in water consumption and to engage stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient capacities for technology adoption/utilization and for accessing affordable and appropriate technologies, and lack of tools/capacity to apply the assessed technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of relevant experience and data for assessing and selecting ESTs and management approaches for ecosystem management </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate institutional, policy, and managerial frameworks that incorporate water-related sustainable production/consumption practices </li></ul>
    12. 12. IETC’s Water and Wastewater EST Focus <ul><li>Decentralized and augmentation-oriented ESTs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-site decentralized systems with potential for nutrient recycling, enhanced cost benefits and resource efficiency, reduction of eutrophication and pathogens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phytotechnology for water treatment, water quality management, ecosystem management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmentation-oriented approach, including cascading use of water and wastewater, efficiency improvements, recycling… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not mean low-tech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applied for resource efficiency improvements and ecosystem management </li></ul>
    13. 13. Work Done So Far <ul><li>Demonstrating and piloting promising ESTs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraqi Marshlands project (2004-2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EST demonstrations and survey in rural communities in Jamaica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality improvement and sanitation in Bocaina, Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot case studies on lake & reservoir management: Indonesia, China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological/Decentralized Sanitation in Philippines (on-going) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing applicability of innovative management approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water footprint and neutrality project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing and implementing longer-term management initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNEP-UNESCO - Natural and cultural management of the Iraqi Marshlands as a World Heritage (On-going) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging Iraqi accession to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Work Done So Far (continued) <ul><li>Helping to make decisions for technology applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water use efficiency and sanitation in urban and domestic sectors – Every Drop Counts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phytotechnology applications and software development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supporting replication of good practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming pilot project lessons learned document </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numerous other efforts in partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Sourcebook on ESTs for Wastewater and Stormwater Management, with IWA and Murdoch University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESTs for Wastewater Treatment for the implementation of UNEP Global Plan of Action (GPA) “Guidance on Municipal Wastewater” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidelines on Phytotechnology & Ecohydrology, with UNESCO-IHP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration on the World Lake Vision, with ILEC and Shiga Prefecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sourcebooks on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water and Wastewater Reuse: An Environmentally Sound Approach for Sustainable Urban Water Management, with GEC </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Environmentally Sound Water and Sanitation Provision for Rural Communities in Jamaica <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation provision has been identified as key environmental and social priorities in Caribbean countries, including Jamaica. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural communities, especially those in ecologically sensitive areas, have limited access to water and sanitation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A critical need to identify and implement small-scale, decentralized water and sanitation systems that are environmentally sound and manageable by communities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline data and information available on these communities to obtain funding for such interventions are also lacking  “Chicken or egg situation” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to analyze local conditions of water and wastewater provision in a number of ecologically sensitive areas in Jamaica, and to identify potential provision options that are environmentally sound and manageable by communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNEP Caribbean Regional Coordinating Unit (CAR-RCU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Water and Housing / Rural Water Supply Limited, Jamaica </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Jamaica Project: Results <ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water supply system extended to a new community, with local labour for construction as in-kind support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements made at the water intake to minimize source contamination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interventions identified to improve existing household rainwater collection in Breadnut Walk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary analysis of 43 communities that lack water and/or wastewater provision conducted and detailed analysis of 3 communities carried out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshop organized to share experiences from community projects in Caribbean countries and to explore innovative ways to finance small-scale projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A tool for planning rainwater harvesting enhancements made by IETC </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Water Footprint, Neutrality & Efficiency (WaFNE) Project <ul><li>Objective : To enhance water efficiency and water quality management through the refinement of water footprinting and water neutrality methodologies with support of related management tools, their testing and application in industry and financial sector as well as in water stressed / scarce regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint initiative with Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch, UNEP Financial Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of 61-P4, GEF proposal being developed, with various partners including GEC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities: Applying water footprinting and related concepts in selected geographical locations under water stress/water scarcity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Assessment and demonstration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water footprint accounting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of the negative impacts of water footprints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offsetting the residual impacts of water footprints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Awareness raising and replication </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Application of Phytotechnology to Improve Water Quality in Bocaina City (Sao Paulo, Brazil) <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To provide capacity to local authorities and institutions in the use of ESTs for water quality improvement and design a pilot facility to treat the discharge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Train local authorities and institutions on wetland management and IETC software SubWet to design artificially constructed wetlands for water quality improvement and domestic waste water treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design a pilot facility to treat a portion of the effluent and prove the efficiency of the EST for further scaling-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disseminate the technology in other municipalities which face similar problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise awareness at the local level on the application of ESTs/ Phytotechnology and community involvement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipality of Bocaina; State of Sao Paulo; Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Institute on Ecology and Environmental Management (IIEEM), Sao Carlos; San Paulo; Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International lake Environment Foundation (ILEC), Shiga; Japan. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Bocaina Project: Results <ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A survey proved that the existing sewage treatment facility (stabilization ponds) is not performing hence contaminating the local rivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The treated sewage also has concentration of chromium (originated from the local tanneries) which is expected to be absorbed by the plants of the wetland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A pilot artificial wetland facility to treat a portion of the effluent from the stabilization ponds was designed. The detailed engineering design has been produced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State agency in charge of sanitation in Sao Paulo (SABESP) has indicated that the similar facilities may be designed in other municipalities facing with similar problems </li></ul>stabilization ponds and outflow quality Designed Wetland facility capacity: 150 m³ / day
    20. 20. 2010-11 POW RE/SCP Project on Technology (61-P4) <ul><li>Technology assessments, technology policy and environmentally sound technologies to empower public and private organisations to advance resource efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated by IETC: </li></ul><ul><li>Developing guidance on technology assessment and carrying out illustrative assessments for augmenting efficiency of resource consumption, and developing technology policy recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Building capacity on how to apply ESTs as well as management and technology policies by examining cost benefit, transfer barriers, and measures to promote their update in key priority sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing an information exchange mechanism with examples of ESTs in key priority sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Convening global/regional technology forums to promote EST use and to provide policy recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a technology innovation initiative, including water management accounting and off-setting (water footprint) </li></ul>
    21. 21. 2010-11 POW RE/SCP Project on Polices ad Tools (61-P8) <ul><li>Policies and Tools at the City Level: </li></ul><ul><li>Best practices to improve waste management, water and sanitation and energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated by IETC, with water and sanitation lead on: </li></ul><ul><li>Support municipal level water (drinking water, waste water) and sanitation initiatives to advance best practices through capacity building and demonstration projects on use of appropriate tools and models displaying the link between efficiency, environmental health and quality (project SWEET) </li></ul>
    22. 22. 2010-11 POW Ecosystem Management Project on Tools and Methodologies for Water Ecosystems (31-P1) <ul><li>Tools and methodologies for assessing and maintaining freshwater ecosystems/ Building capacity to incorporate ecosystem management into development processes </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated by Division on Environmental Policy Implementation, with IETC lead on: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a compendium of EST and analyse emerging ESTS, organise symposium to discuss EST and build capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Organize international symposium on ESTs and water management for Iraqi Marshlands with Government of Iraq at CBD COP10 and identify potential follow-up management initiatives within the CBD framework </li></ul><ul><li>Identify drivers of ecosystems degradation, and develop and implement plans to address the drivers and testing tools and ESTs for: Iraq World Heritage Site , and for Iraqi Marshlands ecosystem management </li></ul>
    23. 23. Possible Partnerships <ul><li>UN agencies: to develop and implement initiatives of mutual and complementary interests, to anchor IETC’s outputs into national level programming </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral institutions: to provide support for IETC’s programming, to coordinate initiatives of mutual and complementary interest </li></ul><ul><li>Academic institutions , to provide technical and policy-relevant support, to assist in project formulation and implementation </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs: to provide technical and managerial support to implement initiatives on the ground, to advise as stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Development banks: to utilize IETC’s services in technical assistance, and to provide complementary programming </li></ul><ul><li>Networks and others: to provide feedback on key technical and substantive issues, and to support replication </li></ul>
    24. 24. Emerging Cooperation <ul><li>KOICA through UNEP-ROAP is seeking increasing cooperation on waste management, especially for integrated solid waste management, technologies, partnerships, and training </li></ul><ul><li>ISWA on waste and climate change as well as for Global Partnership on Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>UNCRD on 3R and integrated solid waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Secretariat of Basel Convention on E-waste </li></ul><ul><li>Academia and other civil society organizations on research and capacity building </li></ul>
    25. 25. Thank You… Osaka Office 2-110 Ryokuchi Koen, Tsurumi-ku, Osaka 538-0036, Japan Tel : +81 (0) 6 6915 4581 Fax : +81 (0) 6 6915 0304 E-mail : [email_address] Web: http://www.unep.or.jp International Environmental Technology Centre

    ×