2 Waste Plastics The world’s annual production of plastic materials has been steadily increasing at a rate of nearly 5% over the past 20 years due to economic growth and the change of consumption and production patterns. 265 million tons produced in 2010 More resources used - more plastic waste generated Waste plastics becoming major stream in solid waste In developing countries waste plastics posing problems to the environment and human health due to the lack of environmentally sound disposal practices These practices ignore the fact that waste plastics can represent a great potential for resource conservation as this waste can be converted into a valuable resource
Converting Waste Plastics into a ResourceUNEP started a 3-year project on converting waste plasticsto fuel to: Strength local capacity in data collection and analysis to develop baseline scenarios for cities/countries Build local capacity for identification of appropriate technologies. Assess their feasibility with regards to local socio- economic and environmental characteristics Assess their potential for resource conservation and GHG reduction The Government of Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs is financially supporting the project.
Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource Phase I – Scoping Phase – Selection of cities Phase II – Technology Assessment Phase Phase III – Implementation phaseSupporting publications: Guidelines for Assessment (quantification and characterization) of waste plastics in industrial/municipal waste streams Compendium of Technologies on Converting Waste Plastics into Fuel
5 Results Nakhon Ratchasima has purchased and is operating a technology for the pelletisation of mixed plastics from Geor-Ding Machinery Co. Ltd. The technology will pelletise one tone of mixed plastics per hour. The fuel product is under quality control by a cement company in the surroundings. Phitsanulok, in partnership with Muang Sa-Ard Co. Ltd, have constructed a waste plastic to liquid fuel facility to be fed with the plastics from recent inputs at the MBT facility. The plant produces 2000l per day and it is being mixed with diesel and used as fuel for trucks.
Results Cebu Municipality will convert waste plastics along with coconut and mango peels into solid fuel in the form of Refuse Plastic Fuel (RPF). The supplier is Suki Tradings, a local supplier who will adapt his technology to the needs of the project. One ton per day will be produced during the piloting period. Next Steps Up-scale of the pilot plant if the products probe to met the quality standards of identified users.
7 Japanese Companies Tsukuba Workshop in partnership with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). Creative Co. Ltd. showed interest in investigating further the opportunities in Cebu as they see potential for their establishment. Creative Co. Ltd. submitted a proposal to METI and NEDO last year to undertake a preliminary study in Cebu.