Urban NAMAs (EN)


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Author: Daniela Carrington

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Urban NAMAs (EN)

  1. 1. © 2009 UNDP. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Proprietary and Confidential. Not For Distribution Without Prior Written Permission. Urban NAMAs Daniela Carrington Energy and Environment Practice UNDP BRC
  2. 2. Climate change is no longer a future threat but something which is happening today (FAR IPCC) • Failure of decision-makers in business and government to appreciate the magnitude of what has already happened, and the implications these changes have for the future, are putting the long term sustainability (and indeed survival) of natural systems, communities and companies at risk 2
  3. 3. URGENCY • • To keep within 2C threshold CO2eqv concentration should stabilize at 450 ppm A sustainable emissions pathway will require the world to cut of 50 percent by 2050 McKinsey : Resource Revolution “ Meeting the world’s energy, materials, food, and water needs greater pressure on resource systems together with increased environmental risks present a new set of leadership challenges for both private and public institutions.” A window of opportunity of 100 months Long global economic crises The Stern Review – cheaper to take action now World population predicted to reach nearly 9 billion by 2050 3
  4. 4. Urbanization • • • • Half of humanity ( 3.5 billion people) – live in cities today By 2030, ≈ 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas 95 % of urban expansion in the next decades in developing world The world’s cities occupy just 2% of the Earth’s land, but account for 60-80% of energy consumption and 75% of carbon emissions • Rapid urbanization is exerting pressure on fresh water supplies, sewage, the living environment, and public health • The high density of cities can bring efficiency gains and technological innovation while reducing resource and energy consumption • Urban development will have to fundamentally change to facilitate the transition towards a green economy • Unique opportunities exist for cities to lead the greening of the global economy + economic, social, environmental benefits 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Possible urban mitigation actions A package measures or stand alone policy, measure, project with transformational change: • Transport measures (e.g. optimization, change of fuel, cycling paths, parking, better public transport) • Energy efficiency (in buildings) • RES – (domestic solar, street lights) • Waste management • Energy – (heating, biomass) • Parks and green areas • Introduction of Standards • Green procurement • Public awareness, behaviour change (3R), GHG registry 6
  7. 7. Carbon neutral cities In the deserts of Abu Dhabi, construction is under way on a green oasis Masdar City, a zero-carbon, zero-waste, self-contained community meant to house 50,000 people The $22 billion megaproject will include cutting-edge solar power and water treatment systems, nonpolluting underground light rail, and a small research university operated in conjunction with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Denmark's second largest city Aarhus, decided to finance a plan to become carbon-neutral by 2030 The City of Sydney is the first local Government in Australia to be certified as carbon neutral under the National Carbon Offset Standard http://www.ge.com/innovation/masdar/index.html 7
  8. 8. Benefits • Attracting finance, technologies, private investments • Better energy security • Economic -Green jobs • Social – improved quality of life • Environmental • Meeting EU and int.obligations • Supporting sustainable development 8
  9. 9. Thank you! daniela.carrington@undp.org 9