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How citizens run the electrical grid and what it means for the energy transition (EN)
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How citizens run the electrical grid and what it means for the energy transition (EN)


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Author: Tanja Gaudian

Author: Tanja Gaudian

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  • 1. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. The story of the Elektrizitätswerke Schönau (EWS) How citizens run the electrical grid and what it means for the energy transition Tanja Gaudian Krk, 18.10.2013
  • 2. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Chernobyl Accident 1986 Launching of the citizens' initiative "Eltern für eine atomfreie Zukunft" (parents for a nuclear free future)
  • 3. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Anti-nuclear motivation Inviting children from Chernobyl Competitions in energy saving Seminars with experts on electricity themes Recalling of hydroelectric power plants Financing of block-type thermal power plants (cogeneration) and solar power plants
  • 4. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Democratic Legitimation 1991: First referendum. The licence for electricity supply will not be prolonged prematurely 1994: Foundation of the Elektrizitätswerke Schönau (EWS) 1996: Second referendum. EWS gets the licence for electricity supply in Schönau
  • 5. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Buying the grid of Schönau Social bank from Bochum makes a fund of 4 Mio DM to buy the electricity grid Nation-wide donation campaign "Ich bin ein Störfall“ scores 2 Mio DM 1997: EWS buys the local grid. 100% clean energy supply in Schönau! I am a disturbance/ an incident
  • 6. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. The revolution goes on 1998: 150 Anniversary of the Baden Revolution. The parson and the citizens install the first solar panels on the church without permission
  • 7. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Liberalization of the energy market Since 1998 national supply of clean energy 140.000 customers for electricity, 8.500 customers for gas Including 10.200 businesses, institutions and industry Ursula Sladek gets the Goldman Environmental Prize – She thanks President Obama with the brochure „100 good reasons against nuclear power“
  • 8. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Company structure: A cooperative
  • 9. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Guidelines Demokratization of energy production and supply Nuclear phase out and climate protection Energy equity
  • 10. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Saving Energy Consulting Free hiring of ammeters Replacement of old energy pumps is subsidized In Schönau: 800 pumps = 320.000kWh savings Low base fee, higher electricity fees
  • 11. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Energy-Contracting EWS gets 150.000€ for modernizing the street lights of Schönau with LED Municipality saves 35.000 kWh or 20.000€/year, amortization after 6 years The lights are produced in the region
  • 12. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Support program Every kilowatt-hour contains 0,5ct to subsidize renewable energy plants owned by citizens The so called "Sonnencent“ can voluntarily be increased up to 1 or 2 ct/kWh – 10% of the customers do so 2150 renewable energy plants 22.093.230 kWh in total Total invests of more than 35 Mio €
  • 13. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Clean energy producers 23% of the energy in Germany was produced by renewables (2012) 5 % 7 % 11 % 35 % Only 5% of the renewable energy plants are owned by the big 4 energy suppliers 4 Million people are member of a renewable energy cooperative 13 % 14 % 14 % More than 700 REScoops in Germany
  • 14. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Changing the distribution network Formerly four monopolists allocated the whole marked Electricity was sent over huge transmission grids from big generating plants to customers Since 2007 more than 200 municipalities have bought back their electricity grid Grids are no longer one-way systems: Thousands of small generators must be able to feed into the grid Grids on the local level must be expanded
  • 15. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Buying a grid Profitable investment: low riscs, guaranteed rate of return Local value creation: jobs, trade tax, contracts, citizens can participate Save supply: current investments to maintain and extend the grid
  • 16. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Managing a grid Setting up of smart grids and a foresightly planning to reduce peak loads High investments (on the level of the tax writeoff) Underground cabling for more efficiency and less disruptions Partizipation in research projects (smart-meter-project, integration of RES, storage technologies)
  • 17. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Feed-ins in Schönau 922 kW solar power 2000 kW wind 370 kW hydro power 95 kWel cogeneration 50 kW natural gas
  • 18. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Energy transition 100% Renewables Decentralization Citizens involvment
  • 19. atomstromlos. klimafreundlich. bürgereigen. Thank you