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  • We have witnessed three economic transformations in the past century. First came the industrial revolution, then the technology revolution, then our modern era of globalization. We stand at the threshold of another great change: the age of green economics.” UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon
  • underlines the urgency of implementing commitments related to finance and TT;recognizes the commitment by developed countries to jointly mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020 in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency of implementation, and the importance of providing clarity on the level of financial support; acknowledges the pledges and announcements by developed countries since COP 18;requests parties to enhance their enabling environments and policy frameworks;urges developed countries to maintain continuity of mobilization of public climate finance at increasing levels from the fast-start finance period from a wide variety of sources, including public, private and alternative;calls on developed countries to channel a substantial share of public funds to adaptation and recalls that a significant share of new multilateral funding for adaptation should flow through the GCF; requests developed countries to prepare biennial submissions on their strategies and approaches for scaling up climate finance from 2014-2020, including information on quantitative and qualitative elements of a pathway; requests the SCF to consider ongoing technical work on operational definitions of climate finance; and decides to continue deliberations on LTF, including in in-session workshops, and convene a biennial high-level ministerial dialogue on climate finance from 2014-2020.USD 100million committed to the Adaptation Fund. Donors include Belgium (€3.25m), Austria (€500,000), Norway (€1.8m), Finland (€5m), France (€5m), Germany (€30m), Switzerland (€8.1m), Sweden and the Brussels Capital ((€23.5 million).Japan: $16 billion over three years (2013 – 2015), with an additional $3billion from private sources. The package to be a mix of concessionary loans, loans, grants through bilateral and multilateral sources, with some focus on “Pacific, African and Asian nations”.Korea: USD 48 million to the Green Climate FundNetherlands: € 304millionSweden: 300 million Swiss Krona (approx. USD 45 million) in 2014 to the GCFNew Zealand: USD 80million over the next 3 years to the Pacific RegionEuropean Union: total of USD 1.6 billion. Part of this is expected to include an increase to the LDCF (least developed countries Fund, managed by GEF) in the near future, possibly USD 150m according to one intervention by the EU.

4 daniela carrington 2 zagreb nam as  dc_1 4 daniela carrington 2 zagreb nam as dc_1 Presentation Transcript

  • © 2009 UNDP. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Proprietary and Confidential. Not For Distribution Without Prior Written Permission. Low emission development paradigm as a framework for sustainable energy Daniela Carrington Climate change policy advisor BRC UNDP
  • Science -AR5 IPCC Climate change is no longer a future threat but something which is happening today Failure of decision-makers in business and government to appreciate the magnitude of what has already happened, and the implications these changes have for the future, are putting the long term sustainability (and indeed survival) of natural systems, communities and companies at risk
  • Post 2012 international CC regime: Entering into new era of green global economic growth, through significant mitigation of GHG emissions and generating funding for mitigation and adaptation actions and thus creating new investment opportunities We have witnessed three economic transformations in the past century. First came the industrial revolution, then the technology revolution, then our modern era of globalization. We stand at the threshold of another great change: the age of green economics.” UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon High level CC Summit 23 Sept 2014
  • COP19/CMP9 The outcomes of the UNFCCC negotiations in Warsaw successfully met expectations of being “implementing” COP - Adopting significant new decisions “Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage,” and the “Warsaw Framework for REDD+” - Work towards a universal climate agreement in 2015, to both close the pre-2020 ambition gap and establish an agreement for the post-2020 period – all to submit mitigation contributions by the first half of 2015 - Ratification of the SCP of the KP is not on track, of 144 only 4 countries ratified to date - Japan has decreasing its mitigation target and Australia may do the same - Finance – new funding for the AF and GCF capitalized by mid 2014 - On the development of New Market Based Mechanisms (NMM) a moratorium has been placed by Bolivia, supported by others - Issues of specific interest for some of the countries in the region (Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine and Turkey)
  • NAMAs Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity-building, in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner • Domestic MRV adopted • Guidance for NAMA design (UNFCCC, UNDP, UNEP) http://unfccc.int/files/cooperation_support/nama/application/pdf/guidance_for_nama_design_(2013)_final.pdf • • • • MRV on cycling (Climatefocus and UNDP) NAMA Registry operational GCF capitalized mid 2014 Already developed and supported NAMAs – 36 NAMAs seeking support are currently uploaded in the UNFCCC Registry – – 12 seeking support for development and 24 seeking support for preparation – (as per October 2013)
  • New opportunities and commitments area action institutions funding Adaptation NAPs DNA SCCF/AF/ GCF Mitigation LEDS/NAMAs + MRV system A I to submit info on LEDS DNA for submitting to UNFCCC & approval GCF, GEF, bilateral Technology Transfer TNA to be integrated with NAMAs, NAPs and LEDS; TRM? DNE to participate in global CTCN GCF Reporting Biennial reports National system GEF Access to GCF Readiness activities for direct access Institution/Fund GCF Market mechanisms No JI and CDM ETS? converting CDM to NAMA, NMM?? To transform CDM Nat./int. DNAs to NAMA DNAs Post 2020 Politics and public awareness, positions, ambition Committees National and int.
  • Urbanization – new issue under the convention • • • • Half of humanity ( 3.5 billion people) – live in cities today By 2030, ≈ 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas 95 % of urban expansion in the next decades in developing world The world’s cities occupy just 2% of the Earth’s land, but account for 60-80% of energy consumption and 75% of carbon emissions • Rapid urbanization is exerting pressure on fresh water supplies, sewage, the living environment, and public health • The high density of cities can bring efficiency gains and technological innovation while reducing resource and energy consumption • Urban development will have to fundamentally change to facilitate the transition towards a green economy • Unique opportunities exist for cities to lead the greening of the global economy
  • Regional project on supporting ECIS transition to Low-emission development - 2010-2015 Governmental agencies in the region have an enhanced capacity to design, access finance and implement lowemissions development strategies, including trough NAMAs Our experience • • • • • • • • • Bosnia and Herzegovina: LEDS + NAMAs Croatia: LEDS + domestic NAMAs UNMIK Kosovo: LEDS Albania: streamlining of CC in the cross sectorial strategy Turkey: NAMA Kazakhstan: LEDS, energy sector LEDS, and 2 NAMAs Uzbekistan: LEDS + paper mainstreaming gender in CC Moldova: LEDS, cont. with HQs on LEDS Turkmenistan: LEDS + LED AP 7 7
  • Urban NAMA in Bosnia and Herzegovina – town of Tuzla Complex Urban NAMA for implementation Actions: 1. Increased capacity of Municipality in mainstreaming CC challenges into development plans, Municipal EE&RES Revolving-Fund 2. Awareness: Tuzla CC&EE Educational-Centre 3. Increased EE (cogeneration) Tuzla District Heating 4. Increased EE of all Municipal public-buildings increased 5. Coal-heating replaced with biomass in 3400 households with technical/geographical barriers for District-Heating connections 6. Overall public-lightning optimised 7. 1MW photovoltaic power-plant constructed on 3 multi-purpose locations in city-centre 8. 5km bicycle-path constructed in city-centre operational 8 8
  • Continuation - Tuzla NAMA Mitigation potential: 440,777 tons CO2-reduction Co-benefits: • 23,516 man-month green-jobs generated by end Year13) • Reduced market-barriers for households, SMEs and investors • Significant environmental impacts & improvement of citizens’ health conditions Total budget for 5-year Project timeline: 28,253,040.00 Euro, with 15,000,000.00 Euro provided by NAMA mechanism. Remaining 13,253,040.00 Euro will be provided by: Tuzla Municipality , Tuzla District Heating company, Private sector /Fund-clients (households, SMEs) 9 9
  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!! 1010