3 borko raicevic en c sustainable energy, december 2013

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3 borko raicevic en c sustainable energy, december 2013

  1. 1. PROMOTION OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IN THE ENERGY COMMUNITY UN Sub-Regional Conference on Sustainable Energy in South East Europe 9 – 10 December 2013, Zagreb, Croatia Energy Community Secretariat Energy Community Secretariat
  2. 2. CONTENT ENERGY COMMUNITY TREATY THE COMMON LEGAL FRAMEWORK EE AND RES: DIRECTIVES, REQUIREMENTS, TARGETS ACTIVITIES Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 2
  3. 3. ENERGY COMMUNITY TREATY SIGNED IN 2005, ENTERED INTO FORCE IN 2006 EXTENDS THE EU INTERNAL ENERGY MARKET TO SOUTH EAST EUROPE AND BEYOND TO CREATE A SINGLE AND STABLE REGULATORY SPACE AND STABLE MARKET TO ATTRACT INVESTMENTS TIES THE CONTRACTING PARTIES TOGETHER WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION CONTRIBUTES TO SECURITY OF SUPPLY IN WIDER EUROPE MEANS: APPLICATION OF THE EU ACQUIS RELATED TO ENERGY, INCLUDING ALSO: PROMOTION OF INVESTMENTS, SOCIAL ASPECTS, ENERGY STATISTICS, SUSTAINABILITY ETC. Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 3
  4. 4. PARTIES : • EU/ European Commission • 8 Contracting Parties • 1 Candidate • 3 Observers • 15 Participants ENERGY COMMUNITY Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat DYNAMIC PROCESS: • 01/01/2007 BG + RO joined EU • 01/05/2010 MD became a member of EC • 01/02/2011 UA became member of EC • 01/07/2013 HR joined EU 4
  5. 5. ENERGY COMMUNITY  INSTITUTIONS: ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒ Ministerial Council (MC) Permanent High Level Group (PHLG) Regulatory Board (ECRB) Secretariat (ECS)  WORKING GROUPS, TASK FORCES: Energy Efficiency, Environment, Regional Energy Strategy  FORUMS: Electricity, Gas, Oil, Social Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat
  6. 6. THE COMMON LEGAL FRAMEWORK ► Gas (Third package) (3 Directives, 2 Regulations) ► Electricity (Third package) (2 Directives, 3 Regulations) ► Environment (3 Directives) ► Competition (some provisions of the Treaty) ► Renewable energy sources (RES Directive) ► Energy efficiency (7 Directives, 5 Regulations) ► Antitrust and state aid (some provisions of the Treaty) ► Statistics (1 Directive, 1 Regulation) ► Oil (1 Directive) Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 6
  7. 7. PROGRESS IN IMPLEMENTATION ANNUAL IMPLEMENTATION REPORT 2013 1. Regional Overview 2. Status in Contracting Parties 3. Progress made in 2012/2013 4. State of compliance 5. Conclusions and key priorities http://www.energy-community.org/portal/page/portal/ENC_HOME/AREAS_OF_WORK/Implementation/Report Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 7
  8. 8. EU 20-20-20 TARGET Source: EU DG ENER Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 8
  9. 9. ENERGY INDICATORS Energy self sufficiency (2011) 100% 80% 68% 71% 67% 65% 69% 68% 57% 60% 49% 45% 40% Self sufficinecy 20% 4% 0% * Source IEA * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 9
  10. 10. ENERGY INDICATORS Energy intensity in 2011 (toe per 1000 USD – 2005) 1.33 1.40 1.20 1.00 0.89 0.80 0.80 0.63 0.54 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.50 0.26 0.18 0.15 0.43 0.26 0.57 0.41 0.27 0.28 0.34 TPES/GDP 0.11 0.08 TFEC/GDP 0.00 * Source IEA * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 10
  11. 11. RENEWABLE ENERGY ACQUIS 18 October 2012 - Ministerial Council Decision on the adoption of the new RES Directive in the Energy Community – D2012/04/MC-EnC http://www.energy-community.org/pls/portal/docs/1766219.PDF Amending Article 20 of Energy Community Treaty Implementation of Directive 2009/28/EC in the Contracting Parties Implementation deadline – 1 January 2014 Submission of NREAP – 30 June 2013 Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 11
  12. 12. 2020 RES TARGETS 34.0% BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA 21.9% FYR OF MACEDONIA 28% 25% 18.9% KOSOVO* 17% 11.9% MOLDOVA 33% 26.3% MONTENEGRO 21.2% SERBIA 0.0% 40,0% 20% 12.6% CROATIA UKRAINE 38% 31.2% ALBANIA 5.5% 5.0% 27% 11% 10.0% 15.0% RES Share 2009 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 2020 RES target * Throughout the entire document, this designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 12
  13. 13. Energy Community Strategy and PECIs  A Strategy paper endorsed by the Ministerial Council in October 2012, and  List of Projects of Energy Community Interest (endorsed in October 2013)  projects which have the highest positive impact in the largest possible number of Contracting Parties  14 electricity generation projects  9 electricity infrastructure  10 gas infrastructure  2 oil infrastructure http://www.energy-community.org/portal/page/portal/ENC_HOME/AREAS_OF_WORK/Investments/PECIs * PECIs WERE SELECTED BASED ON A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY, FOLLOWING AN EXTENSIVE PUBLIC CONSULTATION. IF A PROJECT BREACHES THE ENERGY COMMUNITY ACQUIS OR NATIONAL LEGISLATION, OR AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT HAS NOT BEEN PERFORMED PROPERLY, THE PECI LABEL MAY BE REMOVED. Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 13
  14. 14. PECIs – RES PROJECTS Contracting Party Generation capacitites Renewable Energy Albania Albania HPP Skavica BiH HPP Dabar BiH + HR HPP Dubrovnik (Phase II) BiH + RS 4 HPPs Upper Drina and 3 HPPs Midlle Drina Montenegro HPP Lim Serbia 10 HPPs Ibar River Serbia Energy Community Secretariat WPP Vajc-Velipoje 5 HPPs Velika Morava Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 14
  15. 15. ACQUIS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY MINISTERIAL COUNCIL DECISIONS (Dec. 2009/Sep. 2010/Oct. 2011):  DIRECTIVE 2006/32/EC ON ENERGY END USE EFFICIENCY AND ENERGY SERVICES (ESD) - by 31 December 2011 (1st NEEAPs by 30 June 2010)  DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU ON THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS (EPBD) – RECAST DIRECTIVE 2002/91/EC - by 30 September 2012  DIRECTIVE 2010/30/EU ON LABELING OF ENERGYRELATED PRODUCTS (RECAST DIRECTIVE 92/75/EEC) AND IMPLEMENTING DIRECTIVES/DELEGATED ACTS (ELD) – by 31 December 2011 / 31 December 2012 Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 15
  16. 16. DIRECTIVE 2006/32/EC (ESD) Key directive for creation of overall framework for EE: Indicative energy savings targets (min 9 % for the 9 years of implementation), National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) Exemplary role of the public sector, EE criteria in public procurement, Improvement of end-users’ energy efficiency Obligation of the energy companies, Intelligent metering systems, Innovative EE financial instruments, Energy auditing system, Procedures for monitoring and verification of energy savings , etc. Key transposition approaches: preparation of general EE law or extensive chapter in energy law + changes in procurement law + package of secondary legislation NEEAPs (based on the template) Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 16
  17. 17. DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU (EPBD) Focused on EE improvements in building stock: Methodology for calculating the integrated energy performance of buildings, Minimum EP requirements for new and existing buildings, building units and technical building systems, Certification of buildings, Financial incentives, Regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems, “Nearly zero-energy buildings” - concept and plans. Key transposition approaches: amendments of the law for buildings + certain provisions in EE law + package of secondary legislation and standards Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 17
  18. 18. DIRECTIVE 2010/30/EU (ELD) Labels help consumers choosing energy efficient product. Framework Directive establishes the legal framework for labelling and consumer information regarding energy consumption for energy-related products: Obligations for dealers and suppliers, Public procurement , Conditions for distance selling, etc. The delegated regulations deal with the labelling of specific energy-related products: Tumble driers, air conditioners, dishwashers, refrigerators, washing machines, TVs… Key transposition approaches: Basic provisions in EE Law (framework directive) + Technical Regulations for Energy Labelling + standards Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 18
  19. 19. IMPLEMENTATION RODAMAPS UPDATED ROAD MAP STRUCTURE ROADMAP TEMPLATE PREPARED IN JANUARY 2011 by ECS! National roadmaps prepared by March 2011 I. DIRECTIVE 2006/32/EC ON ENERGY END USE EFFICIENCY AND ENERGY SERVICES Available at EnC web-site II. DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU ON THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS III. DIRECTIVE 2010/30/EU ON LABELING OF ENERGYRELATED PRODUCTS Energy savings targets Definitions and methodology Scope and Definitions Promotion of energy end use efficiency and energy services Energy performance requirements Establishing the framework Energy performance certificate Implementing Directives/Delegated Acts RM – REPORTING OBLIGATIONS: • Status of transposition • Responsible institution(s) • Intermediate milestones (planned actions and date) • Overall deadline for implementation – defined (MC Decisions) Inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems Information and penalties Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 19
  20. 20. EU - NEW EE DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU EU – ADOPTED IN NOVEMBER 2012, TRANSPOSITION BY JUNE 2014 TO ENSURE THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE EU 2020 20 % TARGET ON EE MORE COMPREHENSIVE NEEAPS >> DEMAND AND SUPPLY SIDE STRICTER MEASURES: public sector, energy audits, energy management, EE obligation schemes .. ENERGY COMMUNITY APPROACH: RECOMMENDATIONS IN 2013 (VOLUNTARY APPROACH) ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF THE DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU, IF ADOPTED BY CPs (2013-2014) ADOPTION IN 2014 (UPON DECISION OF MC) Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 20
  21. 21. ENERGY COMMUNITY EE ACTIVITIES EETF (2008-2012) - key activities: EE directives: roadmap development, exchange of experiences and best practices, progress reports, NEEAPs: development, monitoring of implementation, evaluation of savings, Promotion of availability of information and alternative financing mechanisms for EE, capacity building, Update on support programmes, coordination, Analysis of the impact of the new EU EE acquis ECS assistance: direct, studies (on energy efficiency in buildings, new EE Directive etc.) Strong donor’s support (EU/EC, GIZ, EBRD, WB, USAID, bilateral TA projects ) Work on regional level: EE COORDINATION GROUP Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 21
  22. 22. EXAMPLE – NEEAP DEVELOPMENT PROCESS  NEEAPs o o 1st NEEAP by June 2010: 9% target for 2018 2nd NEEAP by June 2013 (in progress)  Financing options for NEEAPs  Integrated Monitoring and Verification Platform (MVP) for Energy Efficiency Action Plans Implementation , GIZ ORF-EE  Capital Cities network, joint development of SEAPs (“Covenant of Mayors”) and implementation of EE projects  Awareness raising campaigns  Energy services market support (ESCO, TPF) + EPBD + Procurement EBRD/EU REEP Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 22
  23. 23. ONGOING ACTIVITIES EECG WORK PROGRAMME 2013 – 2014 2nd NEEAP >> development, monitoring Public Sector EE Procurement >> review, identify good practices, disseminate results ESCOs and energy services >> secondary legislation, good practices and dissemination Funds and financing for energy efficiency >> mapping, analysis and dissemination Energy performance requirements/ cost- optimal level >> methodologies and software, calculation Certification of buildings and inspections of systems >> Coordinated development of certification scheme and National Control Systems Support schemes for renovation of buildings/ use of EPC/ESCOs >> existing schemes and recommendations Energy labeling >> development of by-laws, analysis of new EU regulation, market surveillance practices Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 23
  24. 24. CONTRACTING PARTIES - COMMON CHARACTERISTICS AND BARRIERS • High potential for EE and RES, especially hydro, biomass, wind, solar • Many existing barriers to are still slowing down the implementation of EE and RES policies. New legislation, but real implementation is still a challenge. • The vast investment needs for major retrofit, and new power plants • CPs are facing more barriers to financing energy efficiency than EU Member States (economic structure, public budget constraints, lower income etc). Severe effect of economic and financial crisis - substantially reducing economic growth rates, decreasing investment and increasing poverty rates, increase of public debt and the general financial insolvency of the public sector • Low electricity prices, well below cost recovery level, especially for residential consumers • Lack of information, skills and practical knowledge of both the providers and the end users of services (too good to be true symptom!!!) • Need for a strengthened regional cooperation Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 24
  25. 25. Thank you for your attention! borko.raicevic@energy-community.org www.energy-community.org Energy Community Secretariat Sustainable Energy in SEE Energy Community Secretariat 25

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