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21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12
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21 zoran kordic energy poverty 10_12

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  • 1. Energy efficiency advisors to low income households Vulnerable energy customers in Croatia
  • 2. Contents • Vulnerable energy customers in Croatia • Energy efficiency advisors to low income households
  • 3. Vulnerable energy customers in Croatia Percantage of average energy costs in average basic income 2012. 12.21 2011. 9.98 2010. 2009. 11.05 9.65 2008. 9.14 2007. 9.09 2006. 10.21 2005. 9.90 2004. 9.92 2003. 9.50
  • 4. Vulnerable energy customers in Croatia • almost 10% of households are unable to keep their home adequately warm • 26% of households have arrears on utility bills • almost 50% of the building stock is dated before 1970 • 2% of GDP is devoted to a permanent social assistance • the share of permanent social assistance recipients (energy vulnerable customers) in total population grew to 2,59% (cca 50.000 households) • A research conducted jointly by the GfK Centre for Market Research and UNDP shows that almost two-thirds of Croatian households spend more than 10 percent of their income on basic energy needs (21% spend more than 20 percent)
  • 5. Level of energy poverty using material deprivation factors 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SILC (2010) 2011 2012 •The level of energy poverty in Croatia using this approach is around 35 %. • The level of severe material deprivation in Croatia is around 30% • People at the risk of poverty is 20,5% (2012)
  • 6. Where do we spend energy? 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.3 0.31 0.32 Share of final energy consumption in households in total energy consumption (%) Households in Croatia participate with 30,7% in the total energy consumption in Croatia in 2011
  • 7. What influence high energy consumption in households? Percentage growth in energy consumption in households, 2007-2011 average GDP per capita Energy intensity Final energy consumption in households per capita (MJ) Population Final energy consumption in households Final energy consumption -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Increase in per capita energy consumption in households can be explained by decreasing level of energy efficiency level in households
  • 8. Use of traditional wood 2011 20.58 2010 17.31 2009 15.75 Traditional wood for heating 2008 14.87 2007 14.96 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 Due to high costs of natural gas and electricity traditional wood for heating is often only alternative option
  • 9. Energy prices • Croatia had one of the highest percentage increases in energy prices within EU in 2012(first in electricity and third in natural gas price) Cyprus Bulgaria Greece Slovakia Poland Belgium European Union (28 countries) Austria France Latvia Denmark Spain Hungary Portugal -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Percentage change in electricity prices for household consumers, 2012-2011 20
  • 10. Practical solutions to tackle energy affordability – EE measures • Solar heating systems • Passive social housing • Usage of cogeneration biomass for heating
  • 11. Energy efficiency advisors to low income households • Young and long term unemployed people • Curriculum and education materials for energy efficiency advisors • Emphasize on practical work and simulation of vistits to households Education and qualification Low income households • Identification of low income households by Social Welfare Centre • PR campaign to motivate households to apply for the visits • Synergy with Caritas/Red Cross • 1st and 2nd visits to households • 1st visit – data collection and assesment • 2nd visit – implementation of immediate help • EvalutionVisits to of savings households
  • 12. Energy efficiency advisors to low income households https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =DWnbSVCambg Employment Social aspects Education Climate protection
  • 13. Good bye... Thanks for your attention! Prepared by Zoran Kordić, UNDP Croatia

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