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19 sonja protic conference_presentation_v1

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  • 1. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 The right to access electricity in rural areas Sonja Maria Protic, MSc Institute of Public Social Responsibility, Vienna, Austria 1
  • 2. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 OVERVIEW EU Legislation EU Primary Law EU Secondary Law National Legislation National Primary Law National Secondary Law Implementing Legislation at Federal State Level 2
  • 3. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 EU-LEGISLATION (1) Energy supply is a service of general public interest (SGI) SGIs: Services, which are subject to public regulation to meet public needs Services can be split into those with and those without economic interest: SGEIs SGNEIs Services of general economic interest Services of general non economic interest Market liberalisation Public Service Obligations (PSO) Specified and realized by the Member States 3
  • 4. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 EU-LEGISLATION (2) Additional Protocol 26, Treaty on theFunctioning of the European Union: „[...] a high level of quality, safety and affordability, equaltreatment and thepromotion of universal access and of userrights.“ Directiveconcerningcommonrulesfortheinternalmarket in electricity (2009/72/EC), Art. 3: “Member States shall ensure that all household customers [...] enjoy universal service, that is the right to be supplied with electricity of a specified quality within their territoryat reasonable, easily and clearly comparable, transparent and non-discriminatory prices. [...] [...] MemberStates [...] shalltakemeasures to protect final customers in remoteareas.“ Principle of subsidiarity Differences among the Member States in terms of quality level, sectors concerned, organisation and terminology 4
  • 5. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 AUSTRIANLEGISLATION (1) Federal Act Providing New Rules for the Organisation of the Electricity Sector (ElWOG 2010 [Electricity Act 2010]) 5. Public Service Obligations ”(2) The implementing legislation shall provide that the following public service obligations be imposed upon electricity undertakings in the general economic interest: 1. to perform the obligations imposed upon them by law in the public interest; [...] ” The implementing legislation implements those issues in greater detail (e.g. they name a BASIC SUPPLY of public household customers.) 5
  • 6. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 AUSTRIANLEGISLATION (2) 77. Suppliers of Last Resort “(1) Electricity traders and other suppliers whose function includes supply to household consumers [...]shall be obliged, at their general terms and conditions in force and at these rates, to deliver electricity to consumers [...] that claim their right to be supplied with electricity (obligation to provide universal service). [...] (2) The rates for supply of last resort to consumers as defined in 1 para. 1 item 2 Consumer Protection Act may not exceed the rates at which most of their customers that are consumers in the meaning of 1 para. 1 item 2 Consumer Protection Act are supplied. [...] ” 6
  • 7. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 GERMAN LEGISLATION Energiewirtschaftsgesetz (EnWG 2005 [Energy Act 2005]) 36 Grundversorgungspflicht „(1).[...]Die PflichtzurGrundversorgungbestehtnicht, wenn die Versorgungfür das EnergieversorgungsunternehmenauswirtschaftlichenGründennichtzumutba rist.“ 7
  • 8. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 CROATIANLEGISLATION (1) Zakon o tržištu električneenergije(8. veljače 2013. godine) Članak 5. InteresRepublikeHrvatske „(2) Osiguravanjedostatneproizvodnjeiisporukeelektričneenergijepotrebnezaživ otiradgrađanateposlovanjeirazvojgospodarskihidruštvenihsubjekatainjihovaop skrbaelektričnomenergijomnasiguran, pouzdanikvalitetannačin, porealnimcije nama, kaoienergetskirazvoj, odinteresa je zaRepublikuHrvatsku.“ 8
  • 9. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 CROATIANLEGISLATION (2) Electricity supply of household customers is an universal serviceobligation (Art. 61) Članak 48. Opskrbaelektričnomenergijomuokviruuniverzalneusluge “(1) Kupciuokviruuniverzalneuslugemorajubitiopskrbljenielektričnomenergijompropis anekvalitetekoja se naplaćujesukladnotarifnimmetodologijama. [...] (3) VladaRepublikeHrvatskeiAgencijaćeosiguratiraspoloživostuniverzalneusl ugenacijelompodručjuRepublikeHrvatskeiuzetiuobziropskrbljivačesaznačajni mudjelomnatržištuelektričneenergijeuRepubliciHrvatskojupogledubrojakrajnjihk upacaiprodajeelektričneenergije.” Law of Energy (Zakonoenergiji, 2012): Vulnerable customers (Članak 39) The definition of a vulnerable customer does not include customers in remote regions. The criteria for achieving the status of a vulnerable customer relate to the level of income and health problems or disability. 9
  • 10. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 COMPARINGLEGISLATION  EU-legislationunderlinestheimportance of providing all customerswithaccess to electricity, butdoesnotrecommendconcreteimplementationstrategies  The implementation - due to the principle of subsidiarity – is a responsibility of the Member States  Compared with Austria, Croatia puts a lower emphasis on the right to access electricity (in rural areas) 10
  • 11. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 STUDY -ISOLATEDSUPPLY SYSTEMS (1) The study (in cooperationwith UNDP Croatia)came up witha methodology to financiallycompareisolatedgridsolutions to an extension of thepublicelectricitynetworkforremoteareas in Croatia.  An isolatedgridsupplyproves to beveryoften an economicallypreferableoption to supplyremoteregionswithelectricityeven in thecase of shortdistancesbetweenthe potential region and theexistinggrid. 11
  • 12. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 STUDY - ISOLATEDSUPPLY SYSTEMS (2) Question: Whynotsupporttheestablishment of self-sufficientregions in Croatia? Article 3, Directive concerning measures to safeguard security of electricity supply and infrastructure investment (2005/89/EC) refers to the importance of distributed generation: “1. Member States shall ensure a high level of security of electricity supply by taking the necessary measures to facilitate a stable investment climate [...] (3) In implementing the measures referred to in paragraph 1, Member States may also take account of: [...] (c) the importance of encouraging energy efficiency and the adoption of new technologies, in particular demand management technologies, renewable energy technologies and distributed generation” 12
  • 13. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 CONCLUSION Croatian Energy Strategy „The goal is to enable an equal quality of energy supply on the Croatian territory. It is specially related to availability of networked energy forms, i.e. electricity [...] in remote regions, such as islands and disclosed rural areas.“ Problem: Lack of investment in ruralelectrificationprojectsdue toinvestmentbarriers AFRAMEWORKWITH AN EXTENSIVE SET OF MEASURESISNECESSARY TO FACILITATERURALELECTRIFICATIONPROJECTS IN WB Local cooperativescouldoffer an attractive alternative to publicsectormangementor to principallyprofit-orientated private sectorinvolvement 13
  • 14. Sub-RegionalConference on Sustainable Energy in South-East Europe Zagreb, Croatia, 10 December 2013 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Sonja Maria Protic, MSc Institut für Public Social Responsibility, Vienna, Austria E mail: sonjamariaprotic@gmail.com 14

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