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  • 1. Green Jobs Calculator Lin Herenčić, UNDP Croatia Zagreb, 9.12.2013.
  • 2. Contents • • • • • • Koncept Purpose Methodology Outputs Applications Further development Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 2
  • 3. Idea • How many jobs are created by supporting low-carbon technologies? • What is the GHG reduction? • What are the costs and benefits for the society? • Game - tool for prioritization and optimization of measures Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 3
  • 4. Purpose: understand better green energy • Raising awareness about types and effects of measures in energy sector • For workers, students: information about trends, new job opportunities • For policy-makers: helping tool • For public: interesting and intuitive overview of effects of various energy decisions, technologies and policies Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 4
  • 5. Model scheme Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 5
  • 6. Green Jobs • UNEP, 2008: “...work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute(s) substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution." Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 6
  • 7. Input data • Renewable energy targets until 2020. Installed RES power and plans [MW] 7,000 Heat pumps 6,000 Biomass heating 5,000 Solar thermal Biogas CHP 4,000 Waste CHP 3,000 Geothermal CHP 2,000 Solid biomass CHP 1,000 Hydro Solar PV 0 2010 2020 Wind • Goals for energy efficiency – 30% of buildings renewed • Shares of domestic jobs in production, installation and operation and maintenance Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 7
  • 8. Methodology – job creation • Society – RES jobs in EU 27 Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 8
  • 9. Methodology – job creation • Society – new jobs created per MW installed Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 9
  • 10. Methodology – job creation • Society – new jobs created per MW installed • Value of jobs created – tax income increase, social help decrease, education payback... ~ 10.000 EUR/job/year Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 10
  • 11. Support mechanisms • Feed-in tarifs (14 years), subvention of investment • APP 0,53 kn/kWh in 2012. Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 11
  • 12. Results • Society - man-year jobs in 2020 Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 12
  • 13. Results • Society - jobs created in lifetime of technologies Scenario S1 Low 146 Scenario S2 High 528 Scenario S3 Moderate 367 Solar PV 29 104 72 Hydropower plants 14 61 41 Biomass CHP 109 281 222 Wind power plants Geothermal CHP 5 14 11 Waste CHP 18 48 37 Biogas CHP 8 21 17 Solar heat 96 320 229 Biomass heat 707 1,787 1,424 Heat pumps 51 165 119 Energy efficiency, buildings 3,377 11,316 7,721 Energy efficiency, public buildings 271 907 619 Biofuel 232 600 473 Coal power plants 20 71 50 3 5,083 19 16,242 11 11,412 121,360 334,271 242,334 Gas CHP Summary 2020 Summary in lifetime of technologies Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 13
  • 14. Results • Society - total jobs in energy sector in Croatia 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Extracting of energy materials 2018 2019 2020 Gas production and distribution Gas and oil trading 2017 Oil Products production Elekctrical energy productinon, transmission and maintenance 2016 New RES and EE jobs Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 14
  • 15. Results • Cost and benefit for the society (State) in the lifetime of technologies, Moderate scenario Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 15
  • 16. Results • Cost and benefit for the society (State) in the lifetime of technologies, Export scenario Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 16
  • 17. Results • Simple Period of Return of supporting measures Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 17
  • 18. Results • Visualisation of multidimensional impacts of measures Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 18
  • 19. Conclusions (1) • At the beginning of measure implementation – higher costs than benefits for the society. • This cost is reflected mostly as an increased energy price. Macroeconomic impact of increased energy prices tends to reflects negatively on the level of investment, employment, and wage rate as known. • After period of investment and support, all considered measures have shown multidimensional Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia positive effects. 19
  • 20. Conclusions (2) • The challenge of energy policy based on subsidies for renewable energy technologies is to achieve greater benefits in terms of new jobs, reduced GHG emissions, taxes and the acquisition of knowledge and experience for competition on the open market. • Visualisation of long-term impacts of measures indicated what measures and by what assumptions will have positive impacts on sustainable development. Additionally, it showed what measures should be reexamined to optimise the consequences. Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 20
  • 21. Opportunities to use • Overview of projects and need for work force • Promotion and rising awareness about green energy • Area for discussion and creation of energy policies and measures • Tool for planning of sustainable development of local areas and countries/regions Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 21
  • 22. Thank you for your attention! Discussion? Lin Herencic Lin.herencic@gmail.com Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 22
  • 23. Other results • Marginal Cost Abatement Curve, S2 Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 23
  • 24. Green Jobs Calculator, UNDP Croatia 24