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    Thaildn Thaildn Presentation Transcript

    • Human Development Sector Country Presentation: ThailandMitigating Vulnerabilities & Promoting Resilient GrowthSequencing, cost-efficiency and fiscal-sustainability social protection– Policy Dialogue Kwanpadh Suddhi-Dhamakit 1 November 2012
    • Human Thailand Need SP? Does Development Sector• Poverty has declined but vulnerability to poverty is high:• Ex-post coping strategies of vulnerable households: – increasing working hours, borrowing money outside HH, and drawing down savings by selling assets• Asset decapitalization to cope with a shock can create irreversibilities on education, health and nutrition spending among vulnerable HHs
    • Thailand’s Context Population ~ 66 m Human Development Sector Population aged 15 and above ~ 52m Labor Force ~ 38-39 m Non-Labor Force Popn aged 15 and above = 52 m ~ 14 m Informal ~ 24m Formal ~ 14m– Children and Youth – Agriculture & Fishery: 14.5m – Government– Elderly and Old-aged (60%) Employees:1.26m (9%)– People with Disabilities – Manufacturing: 1.3m (5%) – State Enterprise – Construction & Utility: 1m (4%) Employees: 0.2m (1%)– Beggars and Destitute – Commerce: 3.9m (16%) – Private Employees and– Other Economically Employers in Non- Inactive Groups – Services: 3.5m (15%) Agriculture Sector: 11.5m – Migrants? (82%) – Agri’ workers in private Sector: 1.2m (8%) Labor Market Mechanisms/Policies Unemployed ~ 0.5m
    • Human Development Sector SP Schemes/Programmes Labor Force Non-Labor Force Informal Sector Formal Sector• Gov’t Social Assistance • Farm Income • Civil Service Welfare Programs (orphans, children Guarantee/Rice Mortgage Scheme: 1.26m from poor /unsecured Scheme Programme families, disadvantaged o Health: CSMBS&SoE:6m women, elderly, homeless, • Universal Health (including dependants) disables, HIV infected, Coverage: 48m o Old Age: GPF/SOE:1.4m panhandlers) • Voluntary SS Extension • SSS/WCF/PF: 8m• Non-gov’t social assistance • Non-resident health programs benefits • PSTW: 0.2m• 500/600/700 baht pensions • Housing scheme Private insurance: 1.5m• 500 baht disability benefit • Community-Based Community-Based savings• Village Funds, School-meal Savings Programs • National Saving Fund• Informal Mechanisms • Credit cards for specific occupations
    • Human Development Sector Benefits by Work Status Sickness Invalidity Death/ Survivors Child Maternity Child Ed Old U/E /health Funeral Allowance Childbirth Support age Grant grantFormal SectorAgri and Non-agri        private sectoremployeesPrivate school teachers       Civil servants        State Enterprise        EmployeesInformal SectorInformal workers under     voluntary SS extensionsEntrepreneurs and business ownersFarmers and Agri sector workersNon-labour force and others
    • Human Development Sector Life-course Welfare System?Age 0 - 18 Age 18 - 24 Age 24 – 60+ 60+ Education Health Care Housing Employment and Income Recreational Activities Justice and Legal Process Other Social Services
    • Human Development Sector SP Challenges• Coverage and Targeting: – Informal sector? Agricultural workers? Life-course (birth to death) welfare system?• Design and Budget: – Western style welfare state Vs Community-based welfare? Middle path? Thai context? – Affordability Vs Adequacy? – Short-term needs Vs Long-term plan? Implications of future labour market and technological changes?• Implementation: – National agenda Vs responsibilities of line agencies? Holistic approach Vs Disintegrated proposals? – Equity, Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Capacity ? – Affordability, in context of aging society
    • TheHuman Development Sector UNPAF (2012-2016) on SP• Social protection was chosen as one of the six key areas of the UNPAF (RTG/UN)• Focus on enhancing Thailand’s capacity to provide universal basic social protection and higher levels of benefits, with the overall objective of ensuring the financial and institutional sustainability of the system
    • Human Development Sector Social Protection Floor Joint Team in Thailand• Created in March 2010 to support the Royal Thai Government (RTG) in the development of a holistic and coherent social protection system.• The team members• ILO = chair National Line ministries (Labour, Statistics Health, Social Office, Development, Education, academia Finance), NESDB Workers and employers organisations Civil society
    • Human Development Sector Social Protection Floor Joint Team in Thailand• The UN SPF Team’s brochure: ourceId=30388&pid=1325