On the path to sustainable development
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On the path to sustainable development

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Global progress and plans to the ensure the next generations get the sustainable future they deserve.

Global progress and plans to the ensure the next generations get the sustainable future they deserve.

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    On the path to sustainable development On the path to sustainable development Presentation Transcript

    • On the path to sustainable developmentPresentation Ms Anne-Isabelle D. Blateau Director UNDP Seoul Policy Centre 27 April 2012
    • On the path to sustainable development• MDGs …will we achieve them by 2015?• Key threats to sustainable development• The “new “ debate on sustainable development and post 2015• Addressing inequality…at the core On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012 2
    • MDGs…will we achieve them ?Nepal -Syangboche – 3800 m Their choices in life ? 3 On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • Will the MDGs reach them? Access to education ?Access to health ? How are their voices heard ? On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D. Blateau- 27April 2012 4
    • MDGs…the picturevery little time left , still quite some work to do.…Strong call from SG for developed countries to fulfill their commitments tothe world’s poorest people, reminding that aid is not charity, but a smartinvestment in security and prosperity and engine of growth..UNDP is the custodian of the MDGs responsible for monitoring/ analyzing andpushing forwardProduced successive 5 year reportsFollowing the 2010 report : Acceleration frameworks at country leveltargeting the problematic goals On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D. Blateau- 27April 2012 5
    • MDGs… the Global picture On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D. Blateau- 27April 2012
    • MDGs…the more detailed picture On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • MDGs…the more detailed picture• poverty : Hungry people # rose form 842 Mio -90-92 to 1.02 Bio 2009 some good stories ( Malawi 53% food surplus in 2007 v 43% food deficiency in 2005 through natl input subsidy programme)• Universal primary education enrolment : gap in primary school enrolment : narrowed to 95/100 but progress for poor girls slow• Gender : – Women in parliament increased to 19% , with Rwanda in the lead with 50.9% but Korea only at 14.7% - still far from parity – Maternal mortality declined only marginally from 480 to 450 death/100,00 live birth, esp in Sub Saharan Africa Korea, among the developed countries still has 18 death/100,000 3 x Japan’s rate• Under 5 Mortality : Rural children More at risk - 2009 :, nearly 1/4 of the children in the developing world were underweight, & poorest children most affected. - Children from the poorest households in the developing world are more than twice as likely to die before their fifth birthday as children in the richest households. • Safe water target : on track, but 884 Mio people still use unimproved water sources Sanitation lagging : in 2006 2.5 bio people _ 37% of pop- did not hv access to latrines, toilets or sanitation ( open defecation 1.2 bio people) • ODA up by 16 % from 2007 to 2008 to 119,8 Bio USD – but value decreased for first year to devaluation of some currencies Duty free Imports from developing countries rose from 54% in 1996 to 79% in 2007; from LDCs from 70% in 2005 to nearly 80% in 2007 Question of post MDGs …new indices? Same indices but more in depth ? ongoing discussion Need to keep global agenda coherence On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012 8
    • Key threats to sustainable development Bio fuels land useGradual build-up Oils prices: foodRelocation to Oil crisis Food crisis prices – transport,poorer countries fertilizers, etc.. New agenda Move from • Resilience agriculture to industry • Regionalization Cc Climate • South- south Change • Environment GovernanceDroughts Sharp export • New energies FinancialFloods declineFresh water • Prevention crisis Stocks collapsePests • New dimensions Liquidity- loans • Global responsibility Disasters Conflicts Pak : floods Japan: Tsunami Haiti :earthquake Over-abuse of the planet Globalization : market expansion but increased vulnerabilities On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 9 27April 2012
    • Where do we go from here ..• Globalization is here to stay and expand• Population is increasing rapidly putting more demands for services and on resources• Crisis are not going to disappear• Governance institution need to be more reponsible/able to deal with new challenges• Incresasing demand for participation• Increasing role of emerging economies• Resources are dwindling fast and under major threat• Dramatic urbanization : by 2050 > 70% pop will be urban need to find more global solutions On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 10 27April 2012
    • The “new” debate on sustainable development• Busan: Nov 2011 new development agenda New aid environment : emerging countries everyone responsible and has a role Need all the actors on board Country driven : sustainable development happens primarily at the country level• Rio +20 : sustainable development – 3 pillars go hand in hand Economic growth + Social + environmental sustainability• Post 2015: moving towards more holistic Sustainable Development Goals -SGDs..what will they cover? On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 11 27April 2012
    • The “new” debate on sustainable development• Rio +20 :• progress in 6 areas is particularly important:• From MDGs to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): progress towards attaining the MDGs must be accelerated and sustained, and the post-2015 global development goals must evolve into SDGs.• Green is not enough. ‘Triple-win’ policies and programming are the way forward.• Better governance and capacity development matter.• Finance for development must be revisited.• Beyond GDP and the bottom line—new metrics for sustainable development are needed.• Leveraging knowledge and innovation to deliver results On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 12 27April 2012
    • Sustainable development: not either or… “triple wins’ expand the sustainable development ‘sweet spot’ where its strands intertwine (Figure 1). The more we gear policy towards that intersection the more it expands, and the less daunting the trade-offs become On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012 13
    • Linking the 3 pillars…impact on inequality • Income poverty, gender gaps, unequal access to resources, basic services, and decent work, heightened exposure to disaster and environmental risks—all go together. • the human costs of environmental degradation and social underdevelopment are born predominantly by the poor, whose livelihoods and welfare are most closely linked to natural resources and social protection, and who are therefore most likely to bear the social costs of unsustainable environmental practices. On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 14 27April 2012
    • Landless and held by loan sharks • Bad crops prevented them to repay the loan..they lost everything • They now live on a floating house on the lake but are held in ongoing poverty by loan sharks for fishing supplies • Their fish is bought by intermediates who do not give them fair market price • Kids no longer go to school Engaging and empowering them as a community to Vietnam-Tonle SAP • Taking turns to get several kids to schoolThey once had a piece of land for • Selling their fish themselves ontheir house and to grow crops… the market getting better prices • Looking at credit alternatives On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012 15
    • Environment and inequality threats to human development UNDP Human development report 2011 On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • … and development gaps will be harder to close UNDP Human development report 2011 On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • Overlapping deprivationsUNDP Human Development Report 2011 On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • Electricity transforms lives…. They are now connected ..to beyond the mountain This “Untouchable” has now a thriving metalNepal –North west- 2000m+ forging businesscommunity built & managedmicro hydro Women do not have to carry heavy water buckets Kids can learn basic computer skills On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 19 27April 2012
    • On the way to Rio+20...the messages• Equity and environmental sustainability must go hand in hand• Expanding choices of the poor – the route to long term sustainability• Empowerment, accountability and participation are of both intrinsic and instrumental value in this path-crucially gender equality and women’s empowerment• Balanced regional growth needed to correct the inequality between the regions• Decentralization, local and inclusive governance, and social mobilization are needed for empowered citizens to ‘think globally while acting locally’• Governance: the glue that holds sustainable development together On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012
    • On the road to post 2015• Discussions have already started• Different proposal are starting to emerge• Preparing for the Special conference in 2013, the UN is : – Preparing study on lessons learned with recommendations for the Secretary General (May) – Engaging in country level broad, thematic , regional & global consultations – engaging in discussions and dialogues with partners – producing discussion and position papers on the post 2015 development agenda – taking advantage of the opportunities provided by global social networks and mobile technologies• The UN Secretary General will appoint a High Level Panel “We must deliver on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) while moving towards Sustainable Development Goals after 2015. The transition process must build on what worked with the MDGs and learn from what did not.” Olav Kjorven Director of the bureau for development policy ( former minister of ……Norway On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 21 27April 2012
    • The UN & sustainable development• UNDP & the UN system support national transitions to sustainable development, by:• Promoting genuinely integrated national development approaches that focuses on “triple-win” policies and programming;• Supporting governments with policy and technical support, including through innovative development programmes like the Poverty and Environment Initiative, the Green Commodities Facility, and Legal Empowerment of the Poor, which can help them move towards “triple-win” development results;• Pull the joint effort of UN’s in countries, through UNDP’s stewardship of the Resident Coordinator system;• Brokering partnerships—including between donors, the private sector, and civil society—to turn national visions of sustainable development into reality On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 22 27April 2012
    • “We all aspire to reach better living conditions. Yet, this will not be possibleby following the current growth model . . . We need a practical twenty-firstcentury development model that connects the dots between the key issuesof our time: poverty reduction; job generation; inequality; climate change;environmental stress; water, energy and food security.”UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon . On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 27April 2012 23
    • The “new” debate on sustainable development– You are welcome to put your opining on our website  www.undp.org/uspc Facebook.com/UNDPSPC On the path to sustainable development- UNDP- Ms Anne-Isabelle D.Blateau- 24 27April 2012