Eg study on african american pop : hv better salaries that in less developed countries , yet their standard of living is worse…actual purchasing power is less Jews in ghettos lots of money but no rights
Gabon huge GDP?capita Hugh NIC compared with GDP in europe..but how people liove completely different and lag wsay behing in terms of HD MPI many poepole graduating fgorm 1 USD /day ,live in richer countries ut uinequalities are growings. Envt degrsting , social fabric desintegrating , need opt sacrifice to get increased revenues
. Most people today are healthier, live longer, are more educated and have more access to goods and services. Even in countries facing adverse economic conditions, people’s health and education have greatly improved. And there has been progress not only in improving health and education and raising income, but also in expanding people’s power to select leaders, influence public decisions and share knowledge Gabon huge GDP?capita Hugh NIC compared with GDP in europe..but how people liove completely different and lag wsay behing in terms of HD MPI many poepole graduating fgorm 1 USD /day ,live in richer countries ut uinequalities are growings. Envt degrsting , social fabric desintegrating , need opt sacrifice to get increased revenues DGDP is an average and Poverty line is about basic income Does not reflect : structural differences within income earners limitations some people face in different dimensions of their life Geographical disparities wi counties Gender , ethnic ,disparities & different forms of social exclusion egHIV/AIDS When there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income, the HDI of an average person in a society is less than the aggregate HDI; the lower the IHDI (and the greater the difference between it and the HDI), the greater the inequality. Countries with less human development tend to have greater inequality in more dimensions—and thus larger losses in human development The disadvantages facing women and girls are a major source of inequality. All too often, women and girls are discriminated against in health, education and the labour market—with negative repercussions for their freedoms complements money-based measures by considering multiple deprivations and their overlap. The index identifies deprivations across the same three dimensions as the HDI and shows the number of people who are poor (suffering a given number of deprivations) and the number of deprivations with which poor households typically contend It can be deconstructed by region, ethnicity and other groupings as well as by dimension, making it an apt tool for policymakers Different types of HDR : Global – regional, country , thematic Eg1st Africa HDR – food securityDifferent types of HDR : Global – regional, country , thematic Eg1st Africa HDR – food security
Choices may be difficult : priviledge over millions – find any kind of job to survive
Supporting the High Level Panel on post 2015 with DESA inc’ facilitating national consultations Support to Rio+20 earlier this year and implementing its commitments Supporting development related knowledge exchange the G20 and other international fora Providing a joint secretariat with the OECD for the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation agreed at Busan
strengthen development gains in post-crisis countries by addressing the underlying causes of violence; reinforcing governance and the rule of law; supporting livelihoods; and by using short-term employment schemes that allow local people to rebuild critical infrastructure following disaster. fostering partnerships and sharing ways to promote participation, accountability and effectiveness at all levels. We aim to build effective and capable states that are accountable and transparent, inclusive and responsive — from elections to participation of women and the poor making growth and trade benefit everyone in developing countries. Stregies on natual resources extraction – for the future- price volatility increases risks Conflict prevention by addressing potential destabilizers – mediation – adressing sources of tentions Ghana – set up a Ntl Peace Council porvided ways ot resolve/ mediate conflicts related ot land- porperty issues land ownership was one of thoirny issues- tribekl cheifs, traditional ownership
Empowered lives. Resilient nations.
undp.org/uspc Matthew Taylor – Public Affairs Specialist www.undp.org/uspcAnne-Isabelle Degryse-Blateau. Director, UNDP Seoul Policy Centre
Amartya Sen Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard. Former Head of Trinity college, Cambridge.Inspirational economist and key thinkerbehind much of UNDP’s global work today.
Amartya Sen’s key messages• Putting people at the center of the development debate v development economics mainstream,• income poverty (GDP- Income per capita ) : not the single most important factor in assessing the level of development.• Studies of different population groups :’there are multiple factors defining what rich and what poor means” : health, education, roof on your head, participation in decision making..• Introduced the notion of “capabilities” and peoples’ welfare• 1999 Enhancing peoples choices - “Development as freedom”• In a world of sheer abundance, some people cannot realize their capabilities & living in a state of unfreedom,• people’s choices determine their well being ..• freedoms constitute not only the means but the end in development. Participation, capacity to claim rights
‘Human development, as an approach, is concernedwith what I take to be the basic development idea:namely, advancing the richness of human life, ratherthan the richness of the economy in which humanbeings live, which is only a part of it.“ Amartya Sen
The UNDP - HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT Story1990Launch of the first UNDP Human Development Report with Mahbub ul Haq &introduction of the UN Human Development Index with its new indices oflife expectancy & literacy in addition to national income .The objective of development should be to create an enabling environment forpeople to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives,At the time ,this new way of thinking and measuring development of the HDIconsidered as radical : A country’s success or an individual ‘s well being cannotbe evaluated by money alone. Income is required for progress, but need to see ifpeople can lead long & healthy lives , have the opportunity to be educated, freeto use their knowledge & talents to shape their destinies YET : recognition that national averages concealed skewed distribution & the absence “ a quantitative measure of human freedom” A key reference for development practitioners worldwide Every year a different critical development theme
The UNDP - HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT Story2010A new turning point – looking at 20 years of developmentThe varied pathways to human development showed there is no single formulafor sustainable progress—impressive long-term gains , eg health-education, canand have been achieved even without consistent economic growth.Despite overall progress, also increasing inequality— within and across countries— and production & consumption patterns increasingly unsustainable.Addressing these issues requires new tools : introduced 3 measures—theInequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the Gender Inequality Index andthe Multidimensional Poverty Index.
• Recognizing that development is about people• Putting people at the center of development & using rights based approach• Giving people the tools & means to make more choices to lead a healthy and productive life and to participate actively in the decisions that affect their lives • Allowing women to have land titles • Registering people in remote areas on the voter lists so they can vote • Shifting mind sets so “untouchables” are no longer discriminated against • Connecting people to markets through mobile phone….• Helping strengthen institutions & systems to respond efficiently to peoples needs ( duty bearers) Supporting Transformation
How do we work ? Global Policy LevelPolicies Country Central levelimpactingpeople acrossthe country • Policy advice • Technical assistance • Capacity-building • Advocacy • On the ground activities Pilots educating Policies Decentralized – local level 12
How do we work ?•Help create institutions and infrastructure fundamental totransforming economies, governments and societies. In the 60’s UNDP funded a study of the hydroelectric potential of Brazil helping create billions of dollars’ worth of investment opportunities• promote Innovation and risk-taking : introduced broccoli to China•Knowledge generation & sharing•Faciliting and promoting South-South and triangularexchanges
How do we work ?Priority target population:• poorest of poorest Principles:• marginalized groups • social mobilization• disadvantaged groups • active community• young people participation (even financial) Special attention to : • Gender United Nations • Social Inclusion Volunteers • Climate Change Knowledge sharing • Responding to HIV/AIDS Capacity development 14
Who are our partners ? Private Civil Society sector Media Government UN System UNDP Municipalities Donors Academia Judiciary/ communities National Human Rights Research Commissions Institutions 15
UNDP’s areas of work todayWe work with countries around the world to help them find solutionsto their development challenges - according to their own needs andinterests - in 4 main areas:
Cross cutting issues• Gender and women’s empowerment• Capacity development
Shocks can put countries human development back by years/ decades• If Haiti was as prepared for its 2010 7.0-magnitude quake as Japan was with its much larger 9.0 quake, the number of casualties could have been reduced from 200,000 to in the tens of thousands.• One flood in Pakistan resulted in 10 years of lost development• The 1998 and 2008 financial crisis rocked economies around the world and full recovery has not yet happened. Many jobs lost have not bee reinstated..• Oil price crisis impacted nations by driving prices of all oil related activities and products sharply up affected the poor countries importing food as prices of food also dramatically rose…Shocks , crisis, new challenges eg CC will continue affecting worldTo protect human development progress UNDP helps countries build resilience
OUR RESPONSE Resilience is at center of UNDP Programming – Identifying risks – Assessing risks – Building scenarios – Identifying mitigation measures preparedeness – Building response & recovery Bringing together 3 pillars of sustainable development – Economic – Social – Environmental sustainability Strengthening governance: – To make the right decisions – Enhancing efficiency and accountability – Enhancing participation
Resilient Nations …examplesNatural disasters & Climate change•Making disaster risk reduction a policy priority ( eg NepalNational DRR Strategy)•Empowering institutions dealing with natural disasters•Carrying risk assessments & building early warning systems•Knowledge innovation & education (eg awareness in case ofearth quake)•Planning for risks eg CC strategies•Building preparedness & effective response• promoting low carbon climate resilient cities , agricultureetc•2010 Earthquake risk, vulnerability and capacity assessmentwere conducted in urban areas in Bangladesh, India, Jordan,Nepal and Pakistan.
Crisis Prevention and RecoveryIn 2010, UNDP implemented crisis prevention and recovery programmes in 86countries;•Created 8 million work days through cash-for-work initiatives•In Cambodia, UNDP and the Mine Action Centre cleared more than 6 millionsquare metres of mines-affected areas and destroyed over 7,000 landmines.Responding to increasingly complex developmentdynamics•Increasing # middle income countries : needs are more sophisticated & issuesmore complex•Helping mitigating risks and maximizing opportunities from an ever globalizingworld.
UNDP arrived in RoK in 1966•40 years of development support•Provided over $100 million•275 programmes delivered across 20 areas: industry,science and technology, agriculture and socialdevelopment.•Supported efforts to modernize the Port of Busan•ROK became a DAC member January 2010
• Began work in January 2011.• Part of the UN global development and knowledge network.• Key role : serve as a bridge between developing country policy makers and Korea’s development experience• Supports Korea’s efforts to boost global development agenda (eg post-2015, post-Busan)
The Centre:• Documents Korea’s development experience through research, a web portal, a documentary and other tools• Shares knowledge by bringing policy makers to Korea, facilitating policy dialogue and reaching out to developing countries• Is developing a knowledge portal with key information on Korean partners, policies, documentation
What we’re planning• Major regional conference on social protection• Training / knowledge transfer events• Documentary film on Korea’s transformational policies The beauty of the Korean development experience is that many who led it can still share their wisdom with others today .
Amartya Sen : “Twenty years after the appearance of the firstHuman Development Report, there is much to celebrate in whathas been achieved. But we also have to be alive to ways ofimproving the assessment of old adversities and of recognizing—and responding to—new threats that endanger human well-being and freedom.“ 2010 HDR
Giving people choices. Protecting human development. our clients are nations, our measure of success are people