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UNDP Annual Report 2013: Supporting Global Progress
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UNDP Annual Report 2013: Supporting Global Progress

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Report Summary …

Report Summary

In 177 countries and territories, UNDP supports actions to lift living standards, create opportunities and enable people to live fulfilling lives. Our 2012-2013 Annual Report showcases how we deliver results through programmes on poverty reduction and the Millennium Development Goals, democratic governance, crisis prevention and recovery, and the environment and sustainable development. It highlights the reach of our diverse partnerships, and our globally recognized initiatives on transparency and accountability.

Report Highlights

UNDP has assisted the development of the Ethiopian Commodities Exchange, the first of its type in sub-Saharan Africa. We've helped 100,000 farmers adapt agricultural practices to become resilient to weather changes.
Mobile legal services units in Sri Lanka have aided over 175,000 people to access documents—and their rights—related to marriage, property and citizenship. Streamlined one-stop assistance encourages public use and reduces corruption.
A UNDP-backed programme in Colombia has helped around 40,000 people displaced by internal conflict resettle in new localities. The idea is simple: give people the tools they need to start over, from small plots of land to core social services.
In Croatia, with Global Environment Facility (GEF) financing, UNDP has aided systematic energy monitoring raising efficiencies in around 11,000 public buildings in 95 out of 127 cities.

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  • 1. United Nations Development ProgrammeAnnual ReportSupporting Global Progress20122013
  • 2. Table of ContentsForeword: A Reinvigorated Agenda for Development...........................................................1Introduction: Development Works......................................................................................................2Reducing Poverty and Achieving the MDGs ........................................................................6UP CLOSE • Ethiopia: To Cut Poverty, Cultivate Agriculture...............................................8Building Inclusive Societies..............................................................................................................10UP CLOSE • Moldova: Teaming Up to Improve Public Services....................................12Preventing and Recovering from Crisis...................................................................................14UP CLOSE • Colombia: Displaced People Restart Their Lives..........................................16Managing Resources for Sustainability...................................................................................18UP CLOSE • Nepal: Power to the People......................................................................................20UNDP by the Numbers.............................................................................................................................22Partnerships Make a Bigger Difference...........................................................................................24UN Capital Development Fund: Better Than Cash for the Poor......................................30UN Volunteers: Talented People for Development..................................................................31UNDP and the UN System: Leadership Through UN Coordination..............................32Inside UNDP: Accountability and Trust...........................................................................................34UNDP Resources...........................................................................................................................................38cover: In Peru, a UNDP programme helpsstudents learn to use computers for analysingenvironmental data. They exchange informationwith other school children around the world.
  • 3. A reinvigorated agenda for development2012 marked the beginning of a process ofreinvigorating the global development agenda.At Rio+20, the UN Conference on SustainableDevelopment, UN Member States agreed thatsustainable development is the only viablepath forward, based on integrated approachesto economic and social development andenvironmental protection. Towards that end,Member States agreed to shape sustainabledevelopment goals which could guide nationaland international actions beyond 2015.Much has changed since the MDGs werelaunched over a decade ago. Across thedeveloping world, there has been muchremarkable progress. The clarity, conciseness,and measurability of the MDGs have ralliedpolicy makers, development experts, and civilsociety together around a common cause.The more that can be achieved under the MDGs,the more it will be possible to build confidence inand support for a bold and ambitious post-2015development agenda which could realisticallyaim at eradicating extreme poverty.UNDP has long played important roles as alead advocate for the MDGs and a supporter ofmeasures to achieve them, both through ourown programmes and our leadership of theUN development system.We are currently working with national andinternational partners in some 46 countries toapply the MDG Acceleration Framework endorsedby the UN Development Group. It seeks toaccelerate achievement of the Goals by identifyingand overcoming bottlenecks to progress.Governments, working with partners, are usingthe approach to reshape national plans, budgets,and actions. Donors such as the European Unionand Japan have aligned their support with someof the acceleration action plans. The Presidentof the World Bank has thrown his weight behindthese acceleration efforts. Our joint work canspeed up progress through to the 2015 date forreaching MDG targets.The MDGs are valuable for the progress theyhave spurred, and because the process of strivingfor them has produced a wealth of experienceand evidence of what works. These should informa renewed global development agenda.UNDP has played an important part in thefacilitation of a very large global conversation onfuture goals. Outreach through ICT platforms andconventional methods of gathering communitiestogether have been used to collect perspectiveson future development priorities from morethan 750,000 people around the world. Manyhave highlighted the need to complete theunfinished agenda of the MDGs, place greaterfocus on inequalities in development progress,and broaden opportunities for people’s voiceand participation.UNDP will continue to be heavily engaged inthese discussions, at the same time as we striveto contribute to real improvements in people’slives, as outlined in this report. We are preparingour new strategic plan oriented aroundsustaining human progress and environmentsand managing risks in a volatile world. Wewill be fine-tuning our services, improvingour effectiveness, and strengthening ourpartnerships. We are working for a world wheredevelopment is sustainable and equitable, andwhere all people and communities can buildresilience to adversity.The MDGs have taught us all to aim high andthink bigger. The well-being of people and theplanet we share depend on that.Helen ClarkUNDP AdministratorUNDP Administrator Helen Clark(right) visits a women’s organizationin Uganda that helps impoverishedcommunities solve economic andsocial problems in environmentallysustainable ways.1UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 4. Advancements in human well-being are at the coreof what UNDP does as the UN’s global developmentorganization. From our presence in 177 countriesand territories, we support actions to lift livingstandards, create opportunities and enable peopleto live fulfilling lives.Our vision is a hopeful one: aworld free from poverty, unshackledfrom inequalities and exclusion, andoriented around the common benefits ofsustainable human development.Our optimism is rooted in the factthat today the world can celebrateunprecedented progress on almostevery dimension of human well-being.With the right commitment andinvestments, development works.UNDP’s 2013 Human Development Indexfound that countries in all regions havebeen converging towards higher levelsof human development. Where data arecomplete, no country is behind where itwas in 2000. Sustained economic growth istransforming many developing countriesinto the engines of the global economy.More evidence comes from the achievementof some of the MDGs. Far fewer people areliving in extreme poverty; many more haveaccess to clean water. We are close to seeingevery child in primary school; gender parityin primary education has been reached.Focused spending on vaccines, bed nets andnutrition has helped push child mortalityrates in sub-Saharan Africa down by 41percent. Over 98 percent of ozone-depletingsubstances have been phased out.IntroductionDevelopmentWorks“We all benefit if developing countries have vibrant economies, are well governedand peaceful, have educated and healthy populations, and can support the fightagainst climate change by pursuing low-carbon routes to development.”— Helen Clark | UNDP Administrator2UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 5. We also know that great challengesremain, from climate change to wideningdisparities. Too many people are stillhungry and undernourished; too manywomen still die in childbirth. Not enoughhas been done to attain the MDG targeton extending improved sanitation, vitalto human health and dignity. Fifty statesdeemed fragile by the World Bank will notachieve a single MDG by 2015.At UNDP, we recognize both thepossibilities and the perils in today’sworld. Many are complex and interrelated,fostering volatility. But as a nimble,responsive development partner, widelytrusted by the people we serve, we arerising to the challenges, knowing fromexperience that development works;solutions can be found.This report highlights some from2012-2013, across our four areas offocus: poverty reduction, democraticgovernance, crisis prevention andrecovery, and the environment andsustainable development.above: The eight MDGs encapsulate some foundationsof development.Top Left: With UNDPsupport, Afghanistan’s Bamyanprovince has electricity thatruns computers and lights,and allows girls to learn.Top Right: As part of theformation of a new nation,women police train in WesternBahr el Ghazal, South Sudan.3UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 6. “UNDP’s Human Development Reporthighlights the deep change in globaldynamics, by which I mean the riseof developing countries like Brazil,China, India, South Africa and Turkey,and of course Mexico. These emergingnations today are transforming theirreality with active social policies andimproved living conditions of the mostvulnerable groups.”— Enrique Peña Nieto | President of Mexico, at the launch of the 2013 Human Development ReportAt the Report launch (from left):Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator;Enrique Peña Nieto, President ofMexico; Khalid Malik, UNDP HumanDevelopment Report Office Director;Ricardo Lagos, ex-President of Chile;and José Antonio Meade Kuribreña,Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico.Each of these is critical to the final push toachieve the MDGs by 2015. They are integralto the 2012 Rio+20 commitments to acommon path of sustainable development,where further economic and socialdevelopment depends on the carefulstewardship of environmental resources.UNDP stands by countries in their effortsto put people at the centre of sustainablehuman development. We help makelinks—across countries, peoples, partners,issues—so that development worksharder and faster, and the dividends arewidely shared.In a time of global interdependence, that’simportant to everyone. People and ourplanet are our most worthwhile investments.The Rise of the SouthUNDP’s landmark 2013 HumanDevelopment Report, The Riseof the South, drew worldwideattention to one of the mostprofound shifts in the modernworld—the transformationof once poor nations. Today’sdynamic developing countriesdrive economic growth, lifthundreds of millions of peoplefrom poverty and send billionsmore into the middle class.Never before have so many livesimproved so fast, so dramatically.An epochal rebalancing dwarfsthe Industrial Revolution, withthe South steering global progressfor the first time in centuries.The report chronicles how theproportion of people livingin extreme income povertyplunged from 43 percent in1990 to 22 percent in 2008.Between 1980 and 2010,developing countries doubledtheir share of world merchandisetrade, touching 47 percent.Mobile phones with Internetconnections are found inhouseholds across the South,most made by industriesbased there.While the successes of countriessuch as Brazil, China and Indiaare well known, more than 40countries have made significantleaps forward in humandevelopment. These largely stemfrom deliberate investments ineducation and health care, as wellas strategic engagement in theglobal economy. Innovative socialpolicies to reduce inequalities insome countries are being widelyemulated in others.Looking forward, countriesin the North and Southface common challenges insustaining human developmentachievements, such asenvironmental pressures andclimate change. At thesame time, given a growingconcentration of resources andexpertise in the South, there arepossibilities for new partnershipsto advance solutions.The report stresses that humandevelopment is not a zero sumgame of winners and losers. “TheSouth needs the North,” it says,“and, increasingly, the Northneeds the South.”4UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 7. UNDP Provisional Programme Expenditure Distributions*Achieving the MDGs and reducing human povertyFostering democratic governanceSupporting crisis prevention and recoveryManaging energy and the environment forsustainable developmentOther programme expensesby Practiceby region* Provisional as of February 2013, extracted prior to the finalization and auditing of UNDP financial data.Source: Operations Support Group/UNDP31%1,256,604,982987,193,511968,933,870555,091,581306,318,8157%24%24%14%Total4,074,142,759US$ • 201227%1,100,757,563950,349,107925,305,517515,334,218343,066,390239,329,96423%23%13%8%6%Total4,074,142,759US$ • 2012Asia and the PacificLatin America and the CaribbeanAfricaArab StatesEurope and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)Other programme expenses5UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 8. Reducing poverty, the first of the MDGs, remains the greatestglobal challenge. While the world can celebrate reaching the MDGtarget of halving poverty before the 2015 deadline, large pockets ofimpoverishment persist in both poor and better-off countries.Poverty reduction lies at the heart of everything UNDP does toadvance human dignity and inclusive development. To bringabout deep-rooted change, we help countries act on the multipleand interconnected dimensions of poverty and inequality. Ourprogrammes, among other aims, connect people to livelihoods,secure food sources, better health care and higher standards of living.“The MDGs are the most successfulglobal anti-poverty push in history.”— Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-GeneralReducingPoverty &Achievingthe MDGsIn Myanmar, UNDP has helped residents of 8,000 villagesimprove their livelihoods, including through microcreditgroups. Around 427,000 people enjoy better food security.6UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 9. 7UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013UNDP inActionA tailoring course gives Nino Narmania hope for her future.Under the African Facility for Inclusive Markets, UNDP promotes regionalvalue chain development, including trade links between Burkina Faso,Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Tanzania and Uganda. More than10,500 smallholder farmers and 80 small and medium enterprises areproducing and trading commodities such as sorghum, onions and mangoes,building on better local agricultural extension services, and technology toimprove quality and reduce post-harvest losses. Better livelihoods and newjobs have led to higher incomes.People in rural areas of Upper Egypt are by far the poorest in the country.UNDP is collaborating with three other UN agencies to upgrade farmers’cultivation, management and marketing skills. An agri-business companyhas increased their bargaining power. Reduced use of pesticides has securedhigher prices and paved the way for scaling up European Union exports.A grant and microcredit programme in Bolivia has targeted poor indigenouswomen, helping more than 4,600 obtain funding to boost agriculturalproductivity or start small businesses. The programme also provides trainingon management and technical skills, and facilitates access to legal documents,such as those to vote or to secure a bank loan.Under the MDG Acceleration Framework, UNDP has assisted 45 countries toidentify bottlenecks to the goals and take high-impact actions to reduce them.In Bangladesh, which has done well on the goals overall, the south-easternhill districts still lag behind. We have helped improve health services with80 satellite clinics and 1,000 mobile health workers to provide care to about1.2 million people.Globally, the Gender and Economic Policy Management Initiative hasequipped more than 600 policy makers, economists, statisticians andgender equality experts from 58 countries with skills to designmacroeconomic policies that support gender equality and the MDGs.Europe and THE CIS:For Youth, A FutureAleksandr Vrhovac was desperate. He had looked fora job with no success. His only option seemed to beleaving Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the youthunemployment rate tops 60 percent.But then he found the Centres for Information,Counseling and Education, part of the nationalpublic employment bureaux, and sponsored byUNDP in partnership with UN Volunteers (UNV)and three other UN agencies. Spanning the country,the 17 centres offer its first specialized youthemployment services.Aleksandr applied new job-hunting skills and founda position at a national retailer.“Centre staff gave meconfidence,”he says.“I’m so happy to work.”The centres have provided counselling and trainingto nearly 42,000 youth so far, and introducedinnovations like sharing job ads on a Facebook page,with almost 32 million hits by early 2013.In Georgia, UNDP has supported youth employmentin conflict-affected regions. Gori University now hasone of the country’s best professional educationprogrammes, with a full menu of vocational courses.At new facilities in Poti and Zugdidi, about half the1,500 students have been displaced by conflict.Nino Narmania is one. Her professional tailoringprogramme has been a dream come true.“I can find anice job,”she says.“This college is my future.”
  • 10. EthiopiaUpCloseTo Cut Poverty, Cultivate AgricultureEthiopia aims to become a middle-income country in the next 15 years.But despite high economic growth rates, itstruggles with poverty and food insecurity.For development to be successful, benefitsmust be widely shared.That’s why UNDP has focused asignificant portion of its support toEthiopia on agriculture. It accountsfor nearly half the economy and over80 percent of employment.One intervention has been to help reducevulnerability to climate change and erraticrainfall. Mohammed Hassen was one ofmany farmers who did not know howto adapt. People in his rural district hadfarmed the same way for as far back asanyone could remember.Changes came through a partnershipbetween the Ministry of Agriculture,UNDP and the Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF). It equipped Hassen andhis neighbours with drought-resistantseeds. Based on experiences in Zimbabwe,UNDP introduced simple plastic raingauges so farmers in one locality couldtrack weather patterns and plan fordroughts. Farmers were encouraged tore-adopt inexpensive and environmentallyfriendly traditional pesticides.Today, Hassen marvels at how his incomehas doubled, and his family enjoys threemeals a day instead of two. And he can buysupplies for his children to go to school.The Ministry of Agriculture has suppliedthe rain gauges nationwide; local extensionoffices collect data complemented bysatellite feeds for national forecasts. Croplosses from pests have declined, and farmershave saved substantial sums on costlyimported pesticides. Initially, the three-yearproject sought to assist 41,000 people. Butword of its success spread rapidly; over100,000 farmers practise the new methods.UNDP has also helped the Governmentof Ethiopia devise a national Growthand Transformation Plan with goals thatinclude doubling agricultural outputand strengthening links to markets.An Agricultural Transformation Agencywas established to guide implementation,and UNDP mobilized internationaldonors behind a $300 millioninvestment programme.One major step forward has been creatingthe Ethiopian Commodities Exchange,the first of its type in sub-Saharan Africa.It connects buyers, sellers, distributorsand exporters, who trade agriculturalproducts collected by 16 warehousesacross the country. The exchange ensuresthat deliveries and payments happen ontime, particularly important for smallerproducers. Both buyers and sellers canaccess up-to-the-minute information onpricing through electronic notice boardsin market centres.In 2012, trading volumes on the exchangerose by 23 percent over the previous year,and earnings grew by 31 percent.Since the exchange facilitates links withglobal markets, it has fostered new waysof managing the quality and marketing ofcommodities, particularly coffee. Ethiopiais the birthplace of coffee, and the industrytoday employs more than 20 percent ofeconomically active Ethiopians.When Japan found traces of chemicalsin coffee purchases, UNDP aided a quickresponse by the Ministry of Agriculture,putting in place a laboratory to screenthe beans. The exchange now has systemsfor regular quality control. Furtherimprovements include coding systems totrack the origins of beans, important tobranding in premium markets.Watch Ethiopia CommoditiesExchange video8UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 11. The Ethiopian Commodities Exchange, the first of itstype in sub-Saharan Africa, drew on UNDP assistance insetting up systems for quality control. Coffee productionemploys 20 percent of Ethiopians and is a particularlyimportant industry. Beans are coded by origin, boostingthe brand of premium varieties on international markets.80% of employmentis in agriculture.Over100,000 farmers practise newagricultural methods.Over23%increase in Ethiopian CommoditiesExchange trading volume in 2012.9UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 12. 10UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013BuildingInclusiveSocietiesUNDP backed the My Voice for Her campaign in Libya,which encouraged 1.3 million women to register tovote in 2012 elections. An elated voter casts her ballot.In inclusive societies, all citizens can pursue opportunities and realizetheir potential. They fully participate in democratic governance, andcan depend on well-functioning public institutions and fair justice.Social stability takes root; development is sustained.Different local and national institutions have central roles infurthering social inclusion. UNDP helps them cultivate essentialcapacities and knowledge, including during transitions whengovernments modernize in response to people’s growingaspirations. The results include better public services, progressivelaws, peaceful elections, and new options for women, the poor,people with disabilities and others struggling on the margins.All of these are essential for achieving the MDGs.
  • 13. 11UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013UNDP inActionAsma used free legal aid to assist with a divorce.UNDP helped invest in the future of Libya’s fledgling democracy in the run-upto the 2012 congressional elections, the first in 60 years. Training of a coregroup of civic educators allowed them to reach out to youth—the half millionstudents in Libya’s public universities and 18,000 members of the LibyanScouts Organization—with messages on voting and public participation. TheMy Voice for Her campaign, conducted with civil society groups, helped ensurethat 1.3 million women registered to vote.For the 2013 poll in Kenya, UNDP managed a $36 million electoral fund, withefforts geared towards preventing violence. Among other activities, assistancewent towards training 240,000 polling staff, setting up an early warningsystem to detect incidents of violence and hate speech, and dispatching nearly3,000 volunteers to educate voters and spread messages of peace. Supportto elections in Timor-Leste contributed to women garnering 38 percent ofparliamentary seats, the highest proportion in Asia.A significant portion of UNDP’s democratic governance programmesadvances legal reform. Over the past eight years, UNDP-supported mobiledocumentation clinics in Sri Lanka have assisted over 175,000 people toapply for legal documents, including more than 31,000 in 2012. Over 2 milliondocuments have been digitized, helping uphold legal rights related tomarriage, property and citizenship, among others. With the clinics increasinglystreamlined and efficient, many services can be completed through one stop,encouraging public use and reducing corruption.In El Salvador, UNDP has helped 27 municipalities with high rates of crimeand the central Government devise citizen security and violence preventionplans that target at-risk youth, including gang members. The plans stressnew employment and education options, and have contributed to a nearly42 percent decline in armed violence.occupied Palestinian territory:Advancing Women’s RightsPalestinian women have a far greater chance ofprotecting themselves and their rights under the firstnational strategy to combat violence against women.Through a joint UN programme backed by the MDGFund, UN Women and UNDP helped bring governmentofficials, politicians and women’s activists together todesign and pass it.UNDP has followed up by encouraging six ministriesto implement it. The Ministry of Justice, for example,is reviewing all laws and legal practices to improveresponses to violence—a recent presidential decreemade so-called honour killings illegal for the first time.A complementary UNDP initiative has set up anetwork of 18 legal aid clinics in Gaza that have sofar provided free services for 10,000 people, mostlywomen. Many come because violence at home isdestroying their lives.Asma is one—a clinic helped her divorce and securecustody of her children after years of abuse.“Withouttheir help, I would never have obtained justice,”she says.Besides the work to end violence, the joint UNprogramme has acted on other issues essential towomen’s empowerment, with UNDP leading in itsareas of expertise. Government institutions nowcollect higher quality data on women and genderequality to guide more targeted programmes. Duringthe 2012 local elections, we helped the Ministry ofLocal Government uphold an agreed 20 percent quotafor women. While still too low, women’s representationrose from 16 percent.
  • 14. For 20 years, basic water, sewer andgarbage services were a rare luxuryfor most people in Telenesti, Moldova.The town of 9,000 used to be one of thecountry’s poorest. Decaying infrastructurelanguished without repairs.For residents like Mihai Druta, 76, thatmeant struggling to carry water over akilometre to his home, where a rancid smellfrom uncollected garbage fouled the air.But today, he speaks with pride about acommunity initiative that made sure thewater flows, sewer connections run andgarbage is regularly collected. “It’s a changethat makes our life easier,” he says. “Theprice is reasonable and the service is good.”The transformation came about whenUNDP encouraged Telenesti’s municipalgovernment to team up with localresidents to improve basic services. Alongstanding problem in Moldova is thatlocal governments have limited experiencein guiding local development. Historically,under socialism, they depended on thedistant central Government for direction.Based on its experiences with decentralizinggovernment functions in a range ofcountries, UNDP knew that local problemsusually require local solutions. It introduceda model where community members andlocal officials began meeting to define theirdevelopment concerns—like gaps in basicservices. They then created a strategy withactions to resolve them, and successfullyraised domestic and international donorresources to pay for changes.Telenesti has gone on to renovate itswater network, better light its streets,and construct new roads. It became thefirst town in Moldova where all residentshave access to the sewage system. Sevenneighbouring villages joined an effortto create an inter-municipal solid wastemanagement system.The participatory model has worked sowell that 70 towns and communities haveadopted it, with 350,000 Moldovans involvedin improving local development. “This isthe only way to strengthen local autonomy,”says Victoria Cujba, the central governmentofficial in charge of decentralization.In 2012, Parliament adopted the NationalDecentralization Strategy, the first publicpolicy document based on widespreadpublic consultations. It bolsters localgovernment roles in managing publicservices, and promotes participation,including among marginalized groups. Toimplement the law, UNDP helped trainover 10,000 local officials—80 percent ofthe national total—on how to engage withcommunity members and better managepublic services.UNDP has encouraged Moldova tobuild on its successes in other ways.Many communities have ranked energyshortages as among their top concerns,for example, especially as imported fuelhas become expensive. In response, thecentral Government has decided to scaleup renewable energy, aiming for a futureof energy independence.Over 100 villages in 21 districts haveintroduced biomass heating systems inpublic buildings, using readily availableagricultural wastes such as straw. Systemshave begun operating in schools, healthcentres and other facilities, demonstratinga new option for low-cost heating. Anadded benefit is the creation of jobs, withentrepreneurs coming on board to supplythe fuels. By 2012, within the first year ofthe project, the number of biomass fuel-producers had soared more than 10 times.MoldovaUpCloseTeaming Up to Improve Public Services12UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 15. When local governments in Moldovateam up with residents, propergarbage collection is one of manynew services to improve communitylife. The two groups come togetherto define and act on pressingmunicipal priorities, a model nowspreading across the country.350,000 Moldovans involved inplanning local development. 100 villages have introducedbiomass heating. 10,000 local officials trained to bettermanage public services.13UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 16. 14UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013Preventing& Recoveringfrom CrisisLongstanding UNDP support to Azerbaijan’s national mine actionagency has made it independent of international assistance; itnow advises counterparts in Afghanistan, Georgia and Turkey.Disasters and conflicts undercut all aspects of development, interruptingeducation and jobs, and compromising health and well-being. Since thepotential for crisis exists worldwide, the vast majority of UNDP officesnow conduct activities related to prevention and recovery.The most important response to a threat is to be well-prepared.We assist countries in identifying and managing risks, and buildingresilience so that people can more readily overcome setbacks.When crisis strikes, UNDP is on the ground helping countries andcommunities recover and rebuild. Our expertise aids in reorientingaround better, more sustainable development paths, such as throughimproved public institutions and services, modernized legal systems,more inclusive governance and new livelihoods. Close coordinationwith humanitarian partners streamlines operations and reducesadministrative burdens on fragile states.
  • 17. 15UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013UNDP inActionTsunami drills are among many measures to cut disaster risks.Philippines: Blunting Falloutfrom Natural HazardsWith over 7,000 islands, the Philippines is among thecountries most vulnerable to natural hazards, moreso with climate change. A single typhoon in 2012killed over 1,000 people, displaced more than 700,000families and cost about $900 million in damages.The Philippines knows it needs to be better prepared.Over the past several years, UNDP has providedexpertise to the Government as it passed newclimate change and disaster risk reduction laws. In2012, the People’s Survival Fund was set up to financeclimate adaptation.A presidential order now requires all provincialgovernments to integrate disaster risk reductionin planning. UNDP has helped identify low-costmeasures such as early warning systems and safeevacuation sites, and provided comprehensivetraining to officials in all 81 provinces.These efforts began to pay off during the 2012 storm,especially among cities most actively pursuingchanges. Surigao City evacuated at-risk citizens ontime and in an orderly fashion. The cities of Iligan andCagayan de Oro, which had nearly 1,200 casualties ina 2011 typhoon, suffered one between them.In Albay, where more than 1,300 local officials havelearned to climate-proof development plans, thereis growing interest in exploring how‘savings’fromreduced exposure to disasters can be invested inlocal economies. The province has set up a ClimateChange Academy so officials continue to learn, andthe issue remains at the top of their agendas.In Pakistan, where 1.7 million Afghan refugees wait to return to their country,UNDP has helped over 8,300 Afghans and Pakistanis come together in nearly650 community organizations. These build social cohesion as the two groupsjointly identify solutions to common development problems. In 2012, theycarried out 212 local projects, such as to improve water supplies.UNDP manages the $115 million South Sudan Recovery Fund, part of thelargest state-building exercise of a generation. It sponsors major infrastructureprojects in insecure areas, helping to extend government services andmitigate conflict. New police posts, water reservoirs, radio stations and roadshave reached 1.6 million people across four states.Burundi has used support from UNDP, in partnership with UNV, to introducean innovative employment scheme for ex-combatants and returnees. In eightprovinces, it provides a mix of temporary jobs, business start-up capital andbusiness support services, all geared towards repairing community infrastructureand jumpstarting local economies. Over 17,000 people have participated; theGovernment has agreed to scale up the programme nationwide.When Kyrgyzstan in 2012 became the first Central Asian country to adoptparliamentary democracy, UNDP assisted in drafting a new Constitutionguiding a peaceful transfer of power. During elections, local early warningand response systems successfully managed the risk of ethnic tensions. UNDPis now aiding the new Parliament to improve budget and audit systems, keymeasures of accountability.In Iraq, UNDP is helping courts and police strengthen judicial systems to extendaccess to justice. Three cities in Kurdistan set up legal aid help desks; mobileclinics provide outreach to prisons, women’s shelters and camps for internallydisplaced people. Since 2011, one-on-one consultations have assisted nearly3,700 people to answer legal queries; over 500 people have received legalrepresentation.
  • 18. Salomón Manuel Petro once had a happylife with his family in northwesternColombia. He made a living as a farmer,and was known in his community for hisskill in singing popular songs.Then everything changed. The paramilitarygroups that terrorize parts of Colombia,often pitting powerful interests againstthe poor, arrived in town. They beat DonManuel with the flat sides of their machetesand threatened him with death if he did notleave immediately.He and his family fled to Medellín,Colombia’s second largest city. Theyconsidered themselves lucky. “I receivedonly blows; others were killed,” Don Manuelsays. “And my family was unharmed.”In Medellín, thousands of people displacedby Colombia’s longstanding internal conflictend up trying to survive by selling trinketsor begging on the streets. Once proudlyself-sufficient, they have few other options,including to return home.But some are gaining hope and rebuildingnew lives through a partnership betweenUNDP, the UN High Commissioner forRefugees (UNHCR), and the Governmentof Colombia. Operating in eight areas of thecountry, it has helped around 40,000 peopleestablish themselves in new localities.The idea behind the programme is simple:give people the tools they need to start over.These include basic housing, small plots ofland for cultivation, core social services andeconomic development programmes. Newcommunity centres and better schools helpbring new and existing residents together.Primary health care for the first time isavailable in settlements of displaced peopleonce deemed illegal.Today, Don Manuel lives on a new plotof land in La Argentina, in southwesternColombia. With tears in his eyes, he sayshe misses his former life. But he and hisfamily are safe and beginning to thrive.“I feel more at peace,” he says. “The mostimportant thing is to be willing to act,to recover what was lost. That is why weresisted so much hardship.”Since Colombia may be addressing theproblem of displacement for decades tocome, UNDP support has gone beyondassisting people directly affected by it.We are also helping the Governmentdevelop a framework for returning topeace and stability.One major step was the 2011 passage of theVictims’ Rights and Land Restitution Law.It emerged through public and politicalconsultations backed by UNDP andother UN agencies. The process allowed4,000 survivors of violence to express theirconcerns and make recommendations,many of which were reflected in the law.The Government is committed to returningabout 20,000 square kilometres of illegallyobtained land to the rightful owners, mainlypoor rural people. A special temporaryjustice system mediates disputes, and anew government unit, established withUNDP expertise, assists survivors. In 2012,157,000 people received reparations.In three territories designated as ruralreserves, where displaced farmers will beguaranteed opportunities to restart theirlivelihoods, UNDP has helped set up RuralDevelopment Municipal Committees. Forthe first time, survivors have an avenue todirectly negotiate with the Government onhow land will be allocated and used.ColombiaUpCloseDisplaced People Restart Their Lives16UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 19. Don Manuel fled a paramilitary assault,joining thousands of people displacedby conflict. With UNDP support, todayhe is rebuilding a life for himself andhis family, with a new plot of land, andaccess to social services and economicdevelopment programmes.4,000 survivors of violence participated in shapingthe Victims’Rights and Land Restitution Law. 157,000 people receivedreparations in 2012. 20,000square kilometres of landslated for return to rightfulowners, mostly poor people.17UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 20. 18UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013ManagingResources forSustainabilityIn Sudan’s River Nile State, UNDP is helping villages manageclimate change impacts, including through new agriculturalpractices to increase crop yields and bolster food security.Ecosystems and natural resources sustain life. They are fundamentalto reducing poverty and advancing human development, as the2012 Rio+20 Earth Summit affirmed. Fulfilling basic human needsfor food, water, energy and jobs, they must be shared equitably andmanaged for the long term.For decades, UNDP has been a global leader in connecting social,economic and environmental needs—the three pillars of sustainabledevelopment. Our priority is ensuring that the poor have fair accessto the resources they need for survival and development, now andin the future. We help extend energy and water services, boostenergy efficiency, and sustainably manage land, forests, biodiversityand other resources.
  • 21. 19UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013UNDP inActionLatin America: Cleaner EnergySaves Health and the EnvironmentIn poorer areas of Peru, families live in clay houses witha single room and no connections to electrical grids orgas for cooking and staying warm. Traditional wood-burning stoves operate without ventilation, producingclouds of toxic smoke that permanently damageresidents’lungs.UNDP has worked closely with the Government of Peruto introduce improved cookstoves. These produce thesame heat for 50 percent less wood and use a chimneyto direct smoke outside the house. By early 2013,over 88,000 stoves had been installed in six provinces,particularly among remote communities high in theAndean mountains. Around 530,000 people havereaped the benefits.One of them is Angélica Flores Farfán.“I used tosuffer from bronchitis and my walls were black. Noweverything has changed,”she says.Other positive changes include spending less timeto collect wood, which frees women to earn incomesand help their children with school. Since less woodneeds to be burned, Peru has reduced its carbonemissions by about 105,000 tonnes of carbon dioxidea year. The Government expects to eventually tradethis reduction on international carbon markets forfunds to apply to development.In Brazil, a partnership between UNDP and local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) has introducedsimilar stoves. Distribution has targeted indigenouscommunities. About 53,000 people will haveopportunities to lead healthier lives as a result.An energy-efficient cookstove has improved Pilar Valladolid’s health.In Croatia, with Global Environment Facility (GEF) financing, UNDP has aidedsystematic energy monitoring resulting in new efficiencies in around 11,000public buildings in 95 out of 127 cities. Along the Dalmatian coast, ourpartnerships with local governments and banks have mobilized $28 million innew green business investments, mostly for organic agriculture. The numberof organic producers has soared from 60 to 178.Eritrea has its first wind energy pilot programme through UNDP support andGEF financing. Windmills near the port city of Assab generate 20 percent ofthe city’s energy needs; annual energy costs have dropped by more than30 percent. Success convinced the national Government to draft a RenewableEnergy Policy.Across the nine islands of Tuvalu, in collaboration with Pacific regionalpartners, UNDP has introduced water-efficient sanitation technology. On theisland of Funafuti, six percent of households have adopted composting toilets,with water savings of 30 percent. The Federated States of Micronesia,Vanuatu, Nauru and the Republic of the Marshall Islands have begunto use the devices.Through the UN-REDD Programme, UNDP assists governments in designingnational strategies to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, mobilizingover $67 million for 16 countries. In 40 countries, the MDG Carbon Facilityhas screened 200 carbon emissions reduction projects. By 2012, 12 had beenregistered with the Clean Development Mechanism and are expected tocatalyse $180 million in clean energy investments.To eliminate ozone-depleting substances, mitigate climate change andimplement the Montreal Protocol, UNDP since 1991 has supported 115 countriesto access $650 million from the Multilateral Fund and $34 million from the GEF.In 2012, we helped secure $39 million in funding. With our support, for example,Colombia converted its entire domestic refrigeration industry to ozone-friendlytechnology, aiding local industry and avoiding job losses.
  • 22. NepalUpClosePower to the PeopleIn rural Nepal, life without power meanschildren have no light to study late atnight. Women spend hours a day collectingwood to burn. And people leave for thecities or migrate abroad because they can’tscrape together enough income to sustaintheir families.Nepal faces particular challengesin extending modern energy to itspeople—namely, the towering Himalayanmountains. Only around 60 percentof Nepalis in rural areas have access toelectricity; where power is available,supplies can be sporadic.But slowly this barrier to development isbeginning to fall, in part because of aninnovative UNDP programme. It is helpingthe country overcome its power deficitsusing two of its greatest resources—itswater and its people.Nepal’s massive mountain glaciers feedstreams and rivers that could generateenough electricity for the entire country.Instead of proposing a series of large,unaffordable dams, however, UNDPsought to harness this potential withinindividual localities.It developed a model where communitieslearned to create their own micro-hydroprojects. Water flows into a powerhouseand turns a flywheel on a generator, andout comes electricity. The communities digchannels for the water, string power linesand install lights.Today, 1,140 micro-hydro power plantshave reached the most remote andimpoverished regions of Nepal, providingthe first access to power for over 960,000people in 55 districts.The central Government has mandatedlocal governments to establish the systems,providing funds to them and grants torural households under the nation-wideMicro-hydro Village ElectrificationProgramme. Supporters have includedUNDP as well as the World Bank and theGovernments of Denmark and Norway. Insome areas, mini-grids now connect theplants, balancing electrical loads to ensuresteady supplies.While the UNDP model has always beenabout providing power, it has a bigger goal:to advance human well-being. In areas thatnow have electricity, progress on the MDGshas surpassed the national average.Many individuals can tell how electricityhas changed their lives. Tul Bahadur Thapa,a third grade student, describes new waysof learning in school. “My teachers use aprojector to teach math and science. We usecalculators and computers,” he says excitedly.New local businesses include mills to grindrice, carpentry factories and poultry farms.Pabitra Giri started a business manufacturingherbal soap sold across Nepal. “My dreamwas to run this business,” she says. “It hasbeen very beneficial for my family.”This simple solution to what was once acomplex problem has been so successfulthat the US Agency for InternationalDevelopment (USAID) has funded aregional centre on micro-hydro power inNepal, designed to share experiences withother developing countries.Already, micro-hydro systems have spreadto Afghanistan’s Bamyan province, whereuntil recently the only power came fromburning kerosene, wood and cow dung.Afghanistan has one of the world’s lowestrates of energy consumption.But now Bamyan has 18 micro-hydroelectric plants. An idea proven to help onecountry is illuminating lives in another.20UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 23. Access to energy opens opportunitiesfor people. After UNDP-sponsoredmicro-hydropower reached Nepalesevillages, almost 20,000 adults wereable to participate in over 250 literacyclasses. Others have opened newbusinesses. Areas with electricity haveprogressed faster towards the MDGs.1,140micro-hydro power plants have reachedNepal’s remote regions. 18 micro-hydro plants introduced inAfghanistan’s Bamyan province.960,000 people have theirfirst access to power.21UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 24. UNDP by theNumbersSource: Operations Support Group/UNDP22UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 25. countries built resilience tofuture disaster risks in 2008-201270countries better equipped to managetransboundary marineand freshwater systemsin 2008–2012100more people could votein 2011-201217.3millionof UNDP country programmeoutcomes supportedgender equalityin 2012, up from 30 percentin 200871percentUNDP Country Offices supportedSouth-South cooperationin 2012128of UNDP country programmeoutcomes helpedexpand long-termnational capacitiesin 201291percentpeople had greaterfood securityin 2011–201215.3million23UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 26. Partnerships are at the heart of how UNDPoperates in an increasingly interdependent world.“UNDP is a true leader andpractitioner of development.Japan fully aligns itself withthe UNDP efforts to empowerlives and build resilient nations.Together with UNDP, Japanstrives to achieve humansecurity and the MillenniumDevelopment Goals and toestablish an effective post-2015development agenda.”— Fumio Kishida | Minister for Foreign Affairs, JapanPartnershipsMake a Bigger DifferenceWe collaborate with governments,businesses, civil society, multilateralorganizations and others. By bringingpeople together—and their knowledge,commitment, connections andresources—we make a bigger differencefor development.UNDP’s partners know that we havea universal presence, and deepreservoirs of trust and expertise. Ourpartnerships emphasize value throughsustainable solutions and prudenttrusteeship of resources.New resources for developmentUNDP has longstanding relationships withgovernments in the 177 countries andterritories where we provide assistance. Weare ideally positioned to assist countriesnow poised to offer their own resources andknowledge to other developing nations.UNDP and China signed a new agreementto promote South-South cooperation—the first such arrangement between Chinaand a multilateral or bilateral partner.UNDP has helped broker connections,develop knowledge of foreign aid systems,and expand engagement in regional andglobal forums.In 2012, UNDP linked Chinese expertsand Cambodian officials to reduceCambodia’s dependence on low-valueunprocessed cassava exports. Chinahas shared strategies to boost higher-value processed products and, towardsimplementation, for the first time allocatedfunding through UNDP. Other effortshave included a programme, backed byDenmark, to transfer low-cost renewableenergy technology from China to Ghanaand Zambia. With support from the UnitedKingdom, UNDP has helped Bangladesh,China and Nepal cooperate on improveddisaster management.24UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 27. South-South cooperation catalysed by UNDP,the African Development Bank and Japan meansLiberian farmers cultivate high-yielding NERICA(new rice for Africa) rice. Grown in 31 countries,it bolsters food security.2013 marked the 20th anniversary ofthe Tokyo International Conferenceon African Development (TICAD). Apartnership to promote cooperationbetween Asia and Africa, it involves theGovernment of Japan, the UN Office of theSpecial Adviser on Africa, UNDP, the WorldBank and the African Union Commission.Governments, businesses and civil societygroups meet regularly to develop jointprogrammes, foster business developmentand exchange new technology.As part of TICAD commitments, fundsfrom Japan, for example, helped Africancountries to extend roads and improveborder posts to enhance regional trade. TheWorld Bank is also scaling up financing oftransport corridors among other measures.UNDP has led UN efforts to accelerateprogress on lagging MDG targets.At the 2011 Fourth High-Level Forumon Aid Effectiveness in Busan, a rangeof governments endorsed landmarkcommitments. In 2012, UNDP begancollaborating with the Organisationfor Economic Co-operation andDevelopment (OECD) to monitor theseand jointly support national ministers from160 countries to review progress.Major challenges, global actionGlobal partnerships tackle majorchallenges by pooling knowledge andresources. The Global Fund to FightAIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria involvesgovernments, international agencies, civilsociety groups, businesses and localities.In over 40 countries, UNDP has helpedimplement large-scale programmes,managing around $2.7 billion of thefund’s portfolio since 2003, with benefitsfor millions of people. In Tajikistan, forexample, strategic support to a network ofpublic and civil society organizations withdeep roots in their communities has helpedensure the nearly universal use of sterileinjecting equipment by intravenous drugusers, up from 69 percent in 2010.UNDP is a founding implementing agencyof the Global Environment Facility, theworld’s largest public funder of measuresto improve the environment. Since 1991,the GEF has provided $11.5 billion ingrants to over 165 countries. In Europeand the CIS, for example, UNDP hashelped countries apply GEF financing to25UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 28. In Haiti, UNDP and the cell phone company Digiceljoined forces on a mobile money payments system tofund the repair of earthquake-damaged houses.The Black Sea Box, conceived through a UNDPpartnership with The Coca-Cola Foundation, usescreative games to teach students the fundamentalsof caring for shared water resources.improve the management of 395 protectedareas totaling over 87 million hectares.Management effectiveness scores haveincreased on average by 23 percent.UNDP has aided over 70 developingcountries to participate in theUN Secretary-General’s SustainableEnergy for All programme. During Rio+20,businesses, governments and internationalorganizations pledged over $300 billionto extend sustainable energy services,particularly to people in poverty.Through the World Alliance of CitiesAgainst Poverty, UNDP provides aplatform for more than 900 cities tosolve common development challenges.Members meet in conferences, througha website and on social media. In early2013, the alliance held its 8th world forumin Dublin. Representatives from 500municipalities—joined by 2.8 million onlinefollowers—exchanged ideas for makingcities safer, improving environmentalmanagement and applying technology toreduce poverty.Business works for inclusionUNDP knows that businesses anddevelopment can work for each other.Our global Business Call to Action hasengaged 55 companies in pursuingbusiness models that are commerciallysuccessful and benefit the poor.Collectively, they have taken measures thathave employed nearly 240,000 people, andprovided new energy services to 80 million,better health care to 75 million andimproved financial services to 40 million.In 2012, for example, Japan’s giantUnicharm Corporation agreed to localizeproduction, streamline manufacturing andsimplify packaging to provide affordablehygiene products to 36 million low-incomewomen in Asia and the Arab states. Thecompany will employ 8,000 women in itsmanufacturing plants, and expects annualproduction to grow from 10 billion to12 billion diapers and feminine napkins.Two other Japanese companies, ITOCHUCorporation and kurkku, agreed to scaleup organic cotton cultivation in India,where 30,000 famers can expect largerincomes and a healthier environment. Thecompanies predict that by 2015 they willsell organic cotton to 250 Japanese apparelbrands, up from 60.UNDP’s Growing Inclusive Marketsinitiative, a collaboration with bilateraldonors, business associations and academicinstitutions, has encouraged companiesto see the value of poorer people asconsumers, producers, business owners and26UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 29. New Yorkers were among people from 100 locations in 50 countriesparticipating in the Social Good Summit on using technology for abetter world. Mashable, the UN Foundation, the Bill & Melinda GatesFoundation, UNDP and New York’s 92nd Street Y organized the event.In Uganda and elsewhere, people flocked tospecial centres with technology enabling real-timeparticipation in the Social Good Summit. employees. In earthquake-damaged Haiti,for example, a partnership with the cellphone company Digicel led to the world’sfirst project to repair houses through asystem of mobile money payments. Theproject notified poor householders by textmessage that they had been given grants forbuilding materials; they could then collectbuilding supplies at local stores, whichreceived electronic payments. Around 1,200households and 15 small businesses havebenefited, with sales topping $1.3 millionin 2012.Foundations share expertisePhilanthropic foundations are increasinglysignificant participants in internationaldevelopment. UNDP’s Every DropMatters partnership with The Coca-ColaFoundation combines our developmentknowledge with their expertise inoutreach and water management. Theinitiative has extended access to waterand sanitation for 350,000 peoplebetween 2007 and 2012, and currently has62 projects in Eastern Europe and the CIS,the Arab States and Asia. One in southernLebanon, for instance, has doubled thestorage capacity of a communal reservoir,ensuring a more reliable water supply andboosting agricultural productivity throughbetter irrigation.National and regional awarenesscampaigns have reached mass audienceswith messages about water conservation,using creative means to capture attention.The Black Sea Box, a kit of educationalgames and exercises, has helped teach halfa million students in Turkey, the RussianFederation and Ukraine about cleaningup a critical shared water resource. In 2013-2014, the kit will be rolled out for another1.5 million students in Bulgaria, Georgiaand Romania.The online news site Mashable, the Bill& Melinda Gates Foundation, the UNFoundation, UNDP and New York’s 92ndStreet Y in 2012 hosted the Social GoodSummit on using technology to solveglobal challenges. Tens of thousandsof people in 100 locations in nearly50 countries tuned in, with the first-everuse of technology allowing simultaneousstreaming in seven languages. The meetingshared highly replicable innovations—such as the use of inexpensive LED lightsto protect livestock from wild predators,an invention by a nine-year-old Kenyan boythat has spread around the world. A webplatform will sustain the event’s networks,and sense of connection and community.27UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 30. UNDP has helpedestablish new marketsin remote areas ofthe Lao People’sDemocratic Republic.Poor communities haveincreased incomes.Norway: An incubator of ideas,and known for pioneering workon governance assessments,context analysis, and measuringgovernance in the post-2015agenda, the Oslo GovernanceCentre initiated work in 2012on the governance of politicaltransitions. A major South-Southconference in Oslo created newpartnerships and identifiedglobal policy issues for followup in 2013, including throughregional knowledge exchanges onevidence-based policy options aswell as research and dialogue.Republic of Korea: TheUNDP Seoul Policy Centrefor Global DevelopmentPartnerships emphasizesthe middle-income stage ofdevelopment, with research onissues such as the roll-out ofsocial protection programmes.It supports discussions on aidand development, as well asimplementation of the BusanGlobal Partnership for EffectiveDevelopment Cooperation.Singapore: Created in 2012, theGlobal Centre for Public SectorExcellence focuses on researchand sharing knowledge amongpublic service thinkers andpractitioners. It encourages theuptake of public service policiesand institutional practices that areefficient, reduce inequalities, andcontribute to human well-beingand sustainable development.Turkey: The UNDPIstanbul InternationalCenter for Private Sector inDevelopment, a partnershipwith the Government of Turkey,advocates for inclusive marketsand business models, whilegenerating knowledge thatencourages businesses to take agreater role in poverty reduction,including through job creation.In 2013, the centre is focusingits work on private sectorprocurement and vocationaltraining approaches.Global CentresBring PeopleTogether to LearnUNDP affiliates with a growingnetwork of global centres thatprovide cutting-edge researchto extend the frontiers ofthinking on development. Theycontribute to global debatesand inform policy advice.Mostly situated in developingcountries, on the request ofnational partners with richexperiences to share, thecentres foster learning acrossnations in the global South.Brazil: The International PolicyCentre for Inclusive Growthshares knowledge and supportsdialogue across a networkof over 30,000 developmentpractitioners in 189 countries.With a focus on innovations toaccelerate inclusive growth, thecentre has produced more than500 reports, op-eds, blogs andother communication products,with over a million downloads.Recent events included a 10-dayglobal e-discussion on climate-smart agriculture.India: The International Centrefor Human Developmentpromotes policy dialogueon human development inthe global South. It aims toplace people at the centreof development agendas. Itprovides technical assistancewith planning, budgeting andpolicy-making, and helpstranslate human developmentanalysis into action.Kenya: The DrylandsDevelopment Centre backsimplementation of the UNConvention to CombatDesertification. Projects in 16African and Arab countriesassist with new policies andpractices to improve resilienceand livelihoods. In Uganda, forexample, 200 poor communitiesdeveloped environmental actionplans that introduced householdrainwater harvesting and energyefficient stoves, among othermeasures. The centre’s Africa-Asia network on drought riskmanagement brings togethermore than 2,000 members.28UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 31. Left: At the MatchAgainst Poverty, GoodwillAmbassadors ZinédineZidane (left) and Ronaldo(right) join UNDPAssociate AdministratorRebeca Grynspan.RIGHT: GoodwillAmbassador AntonioBanderas called for men tostep up and stop violenceagainst women.Reaching 224,000 Twitterfollowers, GoodwillAmbassador MariaSharapova urged actionon the MDGs.Civil society accelerates changeCivil society organizations have provenvalue as partners in advocacy. In LatinAmerica, UNDP has helped the RegionalNetwork of Transgender People(REDLACTRANS) develop leadership skillsand mobilize resources to advance legalprotections for transgender people. In2012, the group successfully lobbiedthe Argentinian Senate to adopt a newGender Identity Law, which makes sexreassignment surgery a legal right.Parliamentarians from six countries havenow signed an agreement to advocatefor similar laws; REDLACTRANS is aidingthem to exchange information on movinglegislation forward.A UNDP partnership with the HuairouCommission has raised attention todifferences in how men and womenexperience corruption. A groundbreakingstudy collected data and testimonies fromeight countries, finding, for example, thatwomen caregivers are most vulnerableto corruption because they have thehighest need for public services. The reportreceived global media attention, andwas discussed at the UN Commission onthe Status of Women and the UN HumanRights Council. UNDP is now funding pilotprojects in a handful of countries thatengage women in fighting corruption.Ambassadors for a better worldUNDP’s global and national GoodwillAmbassadors freely lend their publicprominence to advocate for a better world.On International Women’s Day in 2013, filmstar Antonio Banderas launched an appealto end violence against women, urgingmen to stand up against it.2012 was the 10th anniversary of theMatch Against Poverty, sponsored bythe Fédération Internationale de FootballAssociation (FIFA) and the Union ofEuropean Football Associations (UEFA).Broadcast around the world, the matchtook place in Porto Alegre, Brazil, where50,000 fans cheered teams led by GoodwillAmbassadors and football legendsRonaldo and Zinédine Zidane. Ronaldoemerged the victor but the big winnerswere marginalized youth in Brazil and CapeVerde. All proceeds—$360,000—went toprogrammes to improve their educationand foster social inclusion through sports.Other global Ambassadors include IkerCasillas, Didier Drogba, Misako Konno,Maria Sharapova, Marta Vieira da Silva andCrown Prince Haakon Magnus of Norway.29UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 32. UN Capital Development FundBetter ThanCash forthe PoorMobile money services have reached450,000 people in five Pacific countries, ashift from an insecure, costly cash system.Inexpensive payment and savings servicesincrease financial access for the poor.Syria’s conflict has forced thousands to flee to Turkey. Toprovide basic necessities, the World Food Programme(WFP) is distributing aid funds on prepaid cards widelyaccepted in Turkish shops. The cards give refugees, mostlywomen, the dignity of making choices for themselves.They are quick and cost-effective to distribute, andincrease security, transparency and financial inclusion.This is just one recent exampleof how UN organizations, NGOs,governments and the private sector areworking together to encourage a shift fromcash to electronic payments to assist poorand vulnerable populations.The UN Capital Development Fund(UNCDF), a UNDP partner, is the UN’scapital investment agency for the world’s49 least developed countries. As the leadUN agency working to promote inclusivefinancial systems, in 2012 it began hostinga new global initiative: the Better ThanCash Alliance.The partnership promotes electronicpayments and helps members achieveshared goals of empowering people andboosting economies. Cash assistanceprogrammes typically have hightransaction and administrative fees, andoften reach poor families through a seriesof intermediaries. Electronic paymentscan significantly lower costs while goingdirectly to people who need them most.The Better Than Cash Alliance is a dynamicpublic-private partnership funded by theBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CitiFoundation, the Ford Foundation, theOmidyar Network, USAID and Visa Inc.Members include the Governments ofAfghanistan, Colombia, Kenya, Peru andthePhilippines;internationalorganizationssuch as UNDP and WFP; and developmentorganizations such as ACDI/VOCA, CARE,Chemonics, Concern, the GrameenFoundation and Mercy Corps.30UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 33. UN VolunteersTalentedPeople forDevelopmentA UNV from France, Kevin Kiffer(right) surveys people in theRepublic of Congo on their needsand aspirations. The goal is toencourage communities to takeactive roles in local development.Throughout 2012, 6,807 UN Volunteers (UNVs) from159 countries supported UN partners in peace anddevelopment activities. Eighty-one percent came fromdeveloping countries; 39 percent were female.Under UNDP’s partnership withUNV, about 2,038 volunteer developmentpractitioners worked to reduce poverty,advance MDG progress, strengthendemocratic governance, prevent crisis andaid post-crisis recovery. In South Sudan,an exercise to build key public institutionsdrew on 150 specialist volunteers. InUkraine, volunteers trained 124 teachersand coaches on youth developmentthrough football and fair play, engagingover 1,200 young people.About 3,000 volunteers worked in UNpeacekeeping and special politicalmissions, supporting, for example, disasterrelief and recovery efforts in Haiti, andpost-conflict electoral processes in Côted’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic ofthe Congo and Timor-Leste. Another1,000 engaged in humanitarian reliefwith UNHCR, working with refugees andinternally displaced people in 82 countries,such as Colombia, Kenya and Sudan.The UNV Online Volunteering Servicein 2012 allowed some 11,000 onlinevolunteers to undertake nearly 16,000assignments to support UN developmentactivities, as well as those of NGOs andgovernments. Sixty-two percent were fromthe South, 56 percent were women and2 percent reported having disabilities.A key priority has been creating a UNVYouth Volunteer Programme, in accordancewith the UN Secretary-General’s 2012 Five-Year Action Agenda. Launched in 2013,the programme will focus on engagingyoung people as agents of change intheir communities, giving them access tovolunteering opportunities and promotingcooperation across developing countries.The Arab Youth Volunteering for a BetterFuture programme, which began in 2012,helps develop regional and nationalinitiatives to support youth volunteers. FiveUNV youth development specialists workedwith 45 community volunteers to organizenational youth consultations in Egypt,Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia and Yemen,as well as a regional workshop. Attendeescalled for creating new opportunitiesfor social, political, civic and economicinclusion, with special attention to womenand minorities. The programme will supportyoung volunteers in working towards theseand other goals through 2015.31UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 34. UNDP and the UN SystemLeadershipThrough UNCoordinationPatricia Saffa holds the identification cardthat allowed her to vote in Sierra Leone’s2012 elections. Fourteen UN agenciesprovided coordinated assistance.UNDP helped set up a biometric voterregistration system.From climate change torising inequalities, the worldfaces complex challenges thatdemand well-orchestratedactions. UNDP, the premiereUN development agency,leads the coordination ofUN development activitiesglobally and within nations.By 2012, most UN country teams had jointplans or programmes to manage assistancein line with national development priorities.Seventeen conflict-affected countries hadspecial strategies guiding collaborationbetween UN peacekeeping and specialpolitical missions, and development agenciesaiding relief and recovery.Thirty-two countries had embraced Deliveringas One, a strategy entailing extensivecoordination within a given nation. A 2012independent evaluation concluded thatit has bolstered national leadership of UNactivities, lowered costs for governments andincreased transparency. UN Member Stateshave recognized these results and asked theUN Development Group—which providescoordination guidance to 32 UN organizationsand is led by UNDP—to support countrieswishing to adopt the model with a set ofstandard operating procedures.Well-coordinated UN support can makethe best use of valuable resources. A recentglobal survey of 90 countries, for example,found average savings of 12.5 percent fromjoint long-term procurement agreements.Eighty percent of the countries noted adecline in duplicated procedures, and74 percent reported enhanced serviceprovision. Globally, the UN system saved$20 million in 2011-2012 by harmonizingcurrency exchange practices.As the head of the system of UN ResidentCoordinators, who lead UN developmentcoordination within countries, UNDP has takensteps to improve the rigour of selection andtraining. A continued drive for gender parityand geographical diversity in 2012 resulted inthe highest-ever shares of women and peoplefrom the global South in the position, at41 percent and 44 percent, respectively.32UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 35. Funding Common PrioritiesUNDP administers 55 multi-partner trust funds that foster more effectiveUN coordination. By encouraging UN organizations to work together, thefunds streamline the management of resources, reducing costs for donors andbeneficiaries. They encourage a unified focus on common priorities, countries orstrategies such as Delivering as One.In 2012, UNDP received about $753 million for the UN funds that it administers.Since 2004, donors have contributed $6.3 billion. Seven new multi-partner funds in2012 included the South Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund, a national transitionfund for Yemen, two development funds and three funds for work on climate change.The MDG Achievement Fund has been instrumental in tackling complexdevelopment issues, such as gender equality and youth employment, and hastriggered significant changes for millions of people. Sponsored by the Governmentof Spain and managed by UNDP on behalf of the UN system, the fund has funneledaround $900 million into joint UN programmes in 50 countries since 2006.$6.3 billioncontributed by donors since 2004.$900 millionfunneled into UN programmes by theMDG Achievement Fund since 2006.Sierra Leone: Partnershipsfor PeaceUN support for Sierra Leone has drawnon contributions from 14 UN developmentagencies and a peacebuilding missionmandated by the UN Security Council.Working together in the wake of thecountry’s brutal civil war, UN organizationshave helped establish a Human RightsCommission, provide reparations to morethan two-thirds of registered war victims,double the size of the rural road system,extend health services and improve theeffectiveness of the civil service.Successful presidential, parliamentaryand local elections in 2012 heraldedanother step in Sierra Leone’s return to afunctioning state. European Union andother observers praised the conduct ofthe poll. In advance, UN organizationscoordinated logistical arrangements,security and public outreach. The UNsystem and bilateral donors trusted UNDPto manage a $40 million common electionfund, a mechanism that aligned activities,increased transparency and encouragedthe most strategic use of resources.UNDP’s many other contributions includeddeveloping skills at the National ElectionCommission and supporting passage of aPublic Elections Law establishing the firstelectoral offences court. A sophisticatedbiometric voter registration system was setup; 2.7 million voters were registered andissued voter ID cards.In tandem, the UN peacebuilding missiontrained over 12,500 police and securitypersonnel on polling duties and theinvestigation of electoral offences. Trainingsessions on new electoral laws builtcommon understanding—and reduced thepotential for disagreement—across all 10registered political parties.Mexico: Collaborating toKeep Youth in SchoolIn Mexico, UNDP partners with the UNChildren’s Fund (UNICEF) and the UNEducational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization (UNESCO) to improve thequality of education and keep youngpeople from dropping out of school.ConstruyeT (Build Yourself) encouragesyouth to learn how to successfullynegotiate the transition to adult life, suchas by cultivating self-confidence andavoiding destructive behaviours.UNDP brokered longstanding relationshipswith the Government of Mexico andcivil society groups to implement theprogramme. UNICEF and UNESCO providedexpertise on life skills education. Theprogramme now operates in 18 percent ofMexico’s high schools, with nearly 350,000young people participating.33UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 36. Inside UNDPAccountabilityand Trust“Winning on transparency.”— Joe Torsella | US Ambassador to the United Nations, on Twitter when UNDP began making all internal audit reports publicly availableThroughout 2012, UNDP accelerated improvementsunder its internal Agenda for Organizational Change.Significant business process reforms ensure UNDPdelivers maximum results for every development dollar,and remains a nimble, highly valued development partner.UNDP puts a premium onaccountability and transparency, integral totrust in its stewardship of public resources.By 2012, anyone with a computer couldexamine the results of our over 6,000development projects in 177 countriesand territories. These are available onopen.undp.org, a website launched as partof implementing the International AidTransparency Initiative (IATI).The Task Force for Financial Integrity andEconomic Development, a global coalitionof civil society organizations and morethan 50 governments, commended UNDPfor showing that detailed reporting isfeasible and cost-effective. Even beforethe site launched, UNDP became thehighest-ranking UN agency on PublishWhat You Fund’s Global Campaign for AidTransparency index.In 2013, a UNDP-led consortium wona bid to manage IATI. The consortiumcomprises representatives from Ghana andSweden, the UN Office for Project Services,and the United Kingdom-based groupDevelopment Initiatives. More than 100UN agencies, multilateral banks, bilateraldonors and NGOs providing 76 percent ofaid publish data in line with IATI guidelines.UNDP maintains high standards of financialmanagement. In 2012, the UN Board ofAuditors gave us our third consecutiveclean audit opinion; all UNDP internal audit34UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 37. reports are now publicly available online.Finance staff from 50 Country Offices areobtaining international qualifications fromthe Chartered Institute of Public Financeand Accountancy, cultivating high-levelfinancial skills required by UNDP, especiallyfollowing adoption of the InternationalPublic Sector Accounting Standards.A number of measures have furtherstrengthened results-based management.A robust annual business planningprocess gives greater cohesion andfocus across the organization by steeringactions and resources to consistentlyback strategic goals. Through improvedmonitoring, managers can readily respondto off-track areas.Globally, UNDP country programmeshave become more focused, with fewer,more targeted strategic objectives, anda 50 percent reduction in the number ofprojects. In early 2013, we began rolling outthe Country Office Support Initiative to helpall offices, large and small, develop capacitiesfor collecting evidence that improvesprogramme responsiveness and results.Anyone can go online atopen.undp.org and finddetailed information aboutthe funding and progress ofUNDP projects. The website ispart of UNDP’s commitmentto aid transparency under theIATI. We rank highest of anyUN agency on Publish WhatYou Fund’s Global Campaignfor Aid Transparency index.35UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 38. Since UNDP works in increasingly diversenational contexts, we are updating ourcountry office business models to ensureoperations are‘fit for purpose.’Specificallyfor crisis countries, in 2012, we adopted a14-Point Action Plan and revised standardoperating procedures. Managementdecisions have become faster, moreefficient and better informed. A new uniton crisis governance guides programmesfor fragile and crisis-affected countries.These strengthen interactions between astate and its people as essential for lastingtransitions to stability.UNDP manages one of the UN’s largestprocurement operations, procuring almost$3 billion in goods and services each year.We help ensure that developing countrieshave cost-effective access to electionmaterials, for example, and emergencyrelief. Over 70 percent of purchases comefrom suppliers in developing countries.Our value-for-money approach hasshortened contracting times. Newe-tendering procedures are expectedto save $500,000 annually in staff timeand other costs, with additional savingsof $1.3 million over five years fromLeading theWay TowardsGender EqualityThree UNDP offices in 2012took top honours under thecorporate Gender Seal awards.The initiative showcasesleading gender equalityachievements in programmesand internal practices.UNDP Argentina has a genderunit dedicated to keeping itsgender equality strategy ontrack. The office invests around40 percent of its budget ingender equality aims, andhas played a major role innew measures to implementthe national law on stoppingviolence against women.At UNDP Bhutan, managersregularly encourage male andfemale staff to balance workand family responsibilities.A system to integrate genderequality across all programmeshas accelerated gender equalityresults. UNDP advocacy, forexample, helped the passage of alaw mandating gender reviews ofall new national legislation.In Kyrgyzstan, UNDP hasrigorously applied guidelineson avoiding gender biases inhiring and trained all staff toactively support gender equalitygoals. It helped the Governmentdevelop a series of action plansto implement the 2012-2020National Gender Strategy.36UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 39. UNDP Offices Give High Marks to the Organization’s Global Support ServicesPercentage client satisfactionPovertyReduction& MDGs HIV & AIDSDemocraticGovernanceEnvironment& SustainableDevelopmentGenderEqualityCapacityDevelopmentPractice leadership & policy guidance/programme advice and support 80 88 80 79 81 74Programme/project formulation andimplementation support 73 83 76 78 79* 71Knowledge management frameworks,products and services 76 81 76 75 78 77* Refers to gender mainstreaming/capacity support.Source: Global Products and Services Survey 2012/UNDPelectronic signatures for purchase orders.An externally accredited procurementcertification programme for staff supportscompliance with international standards. Itwon the prestigious 2012 European SupplyChain Excellence Award for Training andProfessional Development.As part of our commitment to sustainabledevelopment within corporate operations,UNDP adopted a set of environmentaland social screening procedures in 2012.All larger projects are now assessed forimpacts on gender equality, indigenouspeoples, climate change, ecosystems,biodiversity, livelihoods and health,among other issues.In our operations, we have led theUN system in systematically trackinggreenhouse gas emissions, and reducingtravel, purchasing renewable energy andupping use of electronic communicationsto reduce our carbon footprint. UNDPheadquarters in 2012 became climateneutral for the first time through a34 percent reduction in emissions over2008, and the purchase of emissionsreduction credits that support sustainabledevelopment and the MDGs.37UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 40. UNDP is funded entirely fromvoluntary contributions by a range ofpartners, including UN Member States, andmultilateral and other organizations. Thesecontributions are provided as either regularbudget resources or as other resourcesearmarked by contributors. Fifty countriescontributed to regular resources in 2012,which totalled $846.1 million.Other resources reached $3.79 billionin 2012. Local resources provided byprogramme countries increased by5.7 percent in 2012 over 2011. Multilateralcontributions rose to over $1.5 billion.Development is a long-term challengethat requires both strategic focus, and theability to actively respond to crises andopportunities. In a changing developmentenvironment, UNDP is working towardsdiversification and consolidation of itsresource base.UNDPresourcesRegular resources Preliminary as of March 20132011 (millions of US dollars) 2012 (millions of US dollars) % difference from 2011Bilateral $974.5 $846.1 (13.2)other resources Preliminary as of March 20132011 (millions of US dollars) 2012 (millions of US dollars) % difference from 2011Bilateral $1,450 $1,330 (8.3)Multilateral $1,510 $1,530 1.3Local resources(governmentcost-sharing)$884 $931 5.3Total otherresources $3,844 $3,791 (1.4)UNDP is working towardsdiversification and consolidationof its resource base.38UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 41. CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNDP: 2003-2012 Preliminary as of March 2013 • In millions of US dollars* Includes income received by UNIFEM from 2003-2009.0100020003000400050006000Multilateraldonor resourcesBilateral donorresourcesLocal resourcesOther sources of fundsRegular (core) resources6,0005,0004,0003,0002,0001,0000channelled through UNDPby programme countriesincl. contributions toUNIFEM*, UNCDF and UNV2003 20120 100 200 300 400 500 600UN SystemEuropean CommissionGlobal Fund to Fight AIDS,Tuberculosis and MalariaGlobal Environment FacilityOthers 0 100 200 300 400 500 600SUPPORT FROM NON-BILATERAL PARTNERS Top contributors to other resources • Preliminary as of March 2013 • In millions of US dollars201020112012Source: UNDP39UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 42. DonorsResourcesRegular* Other TotalJapan 80,472,261 363,200,230 443,672,491United States 78,403,644 246,636,333 325,039,977Sweden 103,375,844 113,299,306 216,675,150Norway 137,819,939 65,848,906 203,668,845United Kingdom 87,301,807 105,762,446 193,064,253The Netherlands 71,428,571 39,774,127 111,202,698Germany 29,036,903 75,461,395 104,498,298Switzerland 58,064,516 31,465,757 89,530,273Australia 21,565,762 66,935,652 88,501,414Denmark 57,668,048 27,468,736 85,136,784Republic of Korea 5,000,000 57,928,893 62,928,893Spain 8,000,000 41,183,081 49,183,081Finland 24,875,622 17,557,127 42,432,749Belgium 27,775,837 3,493,707 31,269,544Canada ** 31,225,935 31,225,935France 18,286,235 1,239,018 19,525,253Ireland 11,930,295 6,375,212 18,305,507New Zealand 6,514,658 10,071,686 16,586,344Saudi Arabia 2,000,000 8,955,306 10,955,306Luxembourg 3,917,663 6,360,011 10,277,674China 3,625,000 1,552,000 5,177,000Austria 2,390,438 1,979,326 4,369,764Turkey 1,100,000 2,374,256 3,474,256India ** 2,080,000 2,080,000Russian Federation 650,000 662,500 1,312,500Italy – 1,143,932 1,143,932Portugal 550,000 389,610 939,610Thailand 865,112 – 865,112Kuwait 570,000 – 570,000Bangladesh 401,000 1,000 402,000* List of donors based on contributions to regular resources, thematic trust funds and third-party cost sharing.** The contributions of Canada and India for 2012 were received in 2013.Gross Income Received in 2012 Ranked by top contributors to totalresources • Preliminary as of March 2013 • In US dollarsSUPPORT FROM PROGRAMME COUNTRY GOVERNMENTSTop 10 contributors to local resources in 2012 • Preliminary as of March 2013 •In millions of US dollars0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350ArgentinaBrazilEgyptVenezuelaColombiaEl SalvadorMexicoPeruSaudi ArabiaParaguay 0 100 200 300Top recipients of other resources in 2012 Preliminary as of March 2013 • In US dollarsAfghanistan 615,638,298Zimbabwe 195,005,739Sudan 136,906,931Democratic Republic of the Congo 114,162,066South Sudan 95,167,748Bangladesh 53,707,650Zambia 53,606,373Kenya 49,902,551Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People 48,741,011Pakistan 47,814,045Somalia 47,220,163Haiti 36,874,420SOURCE: UNDP40UNDPAnnualReport2012/2013
  • 43. For further information, contact your local UNDP office or:Bureau of External Relationsand AdvocacyOne United Nations PlazaNew York, NY 10017, USATel: 1 (212) 906 5300UNDP Representation Office1775 K Street, NW, Suite 420Washington, DC 20036, USATel: 1 (202) 331 9130UNDP Representation OfficePalais des Nations CH-1211Genève 10, SwitzerlandTel: (41-22) 917 8536UNDP Representation Office14 Rue MontoyerB-1000Bruxelles, BelgiumTel: (32-2) 505 4620UNDP Representation OfficeUN City, Marmorvej 5,2100 Copenhagen Ø, DenmarkTel: (45) 45 33 5000UNDP Representation OfficeUN House8F 5-53-70 JingumaeShibuya-kuTokyo 150-0001, JapanTel: (813) 5467 4751UNDP Regional Service Centrefor AfricaKirkos Sub CityDemocratic Republic of Congo StreetKebele 01, House No. 119PO Box 60130Addis Ababa, EthiopiaTel: (251) 115 170707UNDP Regional Centre in Cairo2 Hegaz Street, CEDARE BuildingHeliopolis Bahary –11737Heliopolis, Cairo, EgyptTel: (20) 2 2456 4942UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional CentreUnited Nations Service Building3rd floor, Rajdamnern Nok AvenueBangkok 10200, ThailandTel: (66) 2304 9100, Ext. 2UNDP Pacific Centrec/o UNDP Private Mail BagSuva, FijiTel: (679) 330 0399UNDP Regional Centre Europe and theCommonwealth of Independent StatesGrossinglova 35 811 09Bratislava, Slovak RepublicTel: (421-2) 59337 428UNDP Panamá Regional CentreCasa de las Naciones Unidas PanamáClayton, Ciudad del SaberEdificios 128 y 129Apartado Postal 0816-1914Panamá, República de PanamáTel: (507) 302 4500Photo creditsCover: Antonio Escalante/ UNDP PeruPage 1: Stephen Wandera/UNDPPage 3: (L) Joel van Houdt/UNDP;(R) Brian Sokol/UNDP South Sudan;MDG icons/UNDP BrazilPage 4: Courtesy of the Office of thePresident, MexicoPage 7: Mark Garten/UNDPPage 8: Daro Sulakauri/UNDP GeorgiaPage 9: Pete Lewis/Department forInternational DevelopmentPage 10: Samia Mahgoub/UNDP LibyaPage 11: Programme of Assistanceto the Palestinian People/UNDPPage 13: UNDP MoldovaPage 14: Courtesy of the AzerbaijanNational Agency for Mine ActionPage 15: UNDP PhilippinesPage 17: UNDP ColombiaPage 18: UNDP SudanPage 19: Musuk Nolte/GEF-UNDPPage 21: Thomas Kelly/UNDP NepalPage 25: UNDP LiberiaPage 26: (L) Victoria Hazou/UN/MINUSTAH; (R) UNDP UkrainePage 27: (L) Gary He/Insider Imagesfor United Nations Foundation:(R) UNDP UgandaPage 28: UNDPPage 29: Jefferson Bernardes/Preview.comPage 30: Mereseini Senikau/UNCDFPage 31: Seraphin Ngoma/UNDPPage 32: A.K. Bah/UNDP Sierra LeonePublished by the Bureau of External Relations and AdvocacyUnited Nations Development ProgrammeNew YorkWRITER: Gretchen LuchsingerDesign: Design Lab 360Printer: Consolidated GraphicsPrinted on environmentally-friendlypaper with vegetable-based inks.The printed matter is recyclable.© UNDP June 2013AcronymsCIS Commonwealth of Independent StatesIATI International Aid Transparency InitiativeMDG Millennium Development GoalNGO Non-governmental organizationNERICA New Rice for AfricaFIFA Fédération Internationale de Football AssociationGEF Global Environment FacilityOECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentREDD Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradationREDLACTRANS Regional Network of Transgender PeopleTICAD Tokyo International Conference on African DevelopmentUEFA Union of European Football AssociationsUNCDF UN Capital Development FundUNDP UN Development ProgrammeUNESCO UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUNHCR UN High Commissioner for RefugeesUNICEF UN Children’s FundUNIFEM UN Development Fund for WomenUNV UN VolunteersUSAID US Agency for International DevelopmentWFP World Food Programme
  • 44. United Nations Development ProgrammeOne United Nations PlazaNew York, NY 10017www.undp.org“The time is now toconvert good intentionsinto concrete actionsto make a real difference.”— Helen ClarkUNDP Administratorwww.facebook.com/undpwww.twitter.com/undpwww.youtube.com/undp